The Middle AgesDark Ages, Medieval PeriodFrom _______ to _________10661485
The Norman ConquestThe Norman Conquest took place in ______ at the ____________________. It lasted ______.King _________ of England and Duke ___________ of Normandy (France) both fought over the ______________. Because ______________, the previous king, died without an heir, each thought he had been promised the crown. _______ won.1066Battle of Hastings, England1 DAYHaroldWilliamThrone of EnglandKing EdwardWilliam
The Norman Conquest continuedThis battle had a dramatic effect on English ____________________.
The Duke of Normandy, also known as William the ________, did not wish to eliminate the Anglo-Saxons. Instead, he wanted to _____ them.
As a result of this wish, the two societies ______ (combined into one).
history, language, and cultureConquerorrulemerged
The Norman Conquest continuedThe Normans brought ___________ ability, ______, and cultural _____ to the new society.
The Anglo-Saxons brought __________________ tendencies to the new society.
administrativelaw and orderunitydemocratic and artistic
The Norman Conquest continuedOne of Williams greatest administrative feats was the ____________, an inventory of nearly all English _________ (land, cattle, buildings, etc.). This great achievement made it possible for people to be _____ for the first time in European history.
The joining of the Normans with the Anglo-Saxon culture formed a powerful __________entity that brought England into the ________ of European ________.
The Norman Conquest continuedKing William took the holdings of land, cattle, etc. from the fallen _______ landowners and gave these to the __________.
These noblemen brought with them the ______________ and a new ___________ called feudalism that displaced the Anglo-Saxon culture described in such writings as ______.
EnglishFrench nobilityFrench languagesocial systemBeowulf
FeudalismFeudalism involved different kinds of systems: the ____ system, a social ranking based on birth, job; the property system and the _____ system.
Feudalism was based on a religious concept of a ________ with ______ being the supreme overlord. Because of this, the people believed that the king was placed into power by_____ and so he was authorized to rule and hold land by __________.
Feudalism continuedThe structure of feudalism can best be visualized as a _______, with God on the top, then the _____, then the knights who owned ______, then the ________ knights, other vassals (those under the protection of a ___________ to whom he has vowed homage and extreme loyalty), and lastly ______. Each person was a vassal to the one above him, for example, the King was a vassal of God and the serf was a vassal of his overlord, the landless knights, the landed knights, the King and God.
Each vassal owed economic and/or military _________ to his overlord. Vassals who chose to _______their overlord, or _____ overloads who couldnt control their people, could cause feudalism to break down.
Feudalism continuedIf the vassals dont _______their oaths of ______ to their overlords, knights would fight with each other and _________ would prevail.
Even with its faults, ________ gave this time period a _________ of form (structure) and ___________ that permeated ____________.
honorloyaltyanarchyfeudalismsocial ordermanners and artliterature and life
Feudalism continued The primary duty of every male above serf class was a _______________ to his overlord. These males were trained at an early age (from around age 7) to become ________. Not every boy could become a knight, only those whose parents were ________enough to buy him a horse, armor, and weapons. Knights were often the sons of _________. A knights education involved instruction in good _________ and ______ skills, such as ________, dancing, and playing ______. He also learned to use a sword and _________ at this time. This training was often very harsh taking place in homes not their own to ensure the _________. At this time, he would be known as a ______. military obligationwarriorsRich rich noblesmannerssocialsingingchessshieldstrictnesspage
Feudalism continued At around age 14, the young boy would become a ______, a kind of personal servant to the knight. If he completed all the training successfully, the culmination of all this training would result in a ______, a hard ________ to the shoulder, at which time he earns the title of _______ and full rights to the _______ caste.squiredubbingtesting blowknightwarrior
Feudalism continuedThe institute of knighthood was based on the feudal idea of ______ and was related to a whole system of ________, the breaking of which could ___________ the knights position and the whole __________ of knighthood and government.loyaltysocial codesundermineinstitution
The Womans Place in Medieval Society A peasant womans place in medieval society was to do _________________, fieldwork, and bear ____________.A woman of higher status would __________ the house, estate or fieldwork and would bear children. A woman was always subservient to a _____ within or above her social status. That means her husband, her father, her brother or even her ________ when he became an adult.
The Womans Place in Medieval Society continued In this primarily military system, a woman had no ______________ rights.Depending on the social standing of her male (husband, father, etc.), a woman had some degree of __________.
political or propertyrespect
Chivalry and Courtly Love Chivalry was a system of _______ and social codes that governed behavior of _____________________ (upper class). Chivalry included adhering to ones ____________ to the overlord, rules of _______ (for example, one would not attack an __________ knight or opponent), and ________________________ to a particular lady for _____________.COURTLY LOVE is holding a lady (usually of a higher class) far above you (on a pedestal) in order to ______ yourself. The belief is that this kind of love ________ you. It is NOT sexual at all; instead it is more _________. It is an _________ attitude toward women, but did little to ___________ their station.idealsknights and gentlewomenoath of loyaltywarfareunarmedreverence (strong adoration)self-improvementbetterpurifiesspiritualidealizedimprove
Chivalry and Courtly Love continuedIf the boundaries between courtly love and physical love were crossed, it would mean _______________ and _________________. The system of feudal would weaken and ________________.Chivalry was responsible for the form of literature known as _________________________ (a knight on a __________________________). The greatest example of this genre (type) of literature is ________________________________________, from the King Arthur legends.
chaosanarchycollapseRomancequestSir Gawain and the Green Knight
New City ClassesWhile medieval society centered around the feudal ____________________, people began to migrate to _______________________, causing new professions and classes, such as tradesmen and middle class. This eventually would render feudalism _________________________.The new classes that developed were the ___________________________ classes, including the merchant class.
castlecitiesobsoletelower-middle, middle, and upper-middle
New City Classes continuedEvidence of each of these classes can be seen in Chaucers ____________________________________.This new world was not centered around the castle, but was defined by the ___________________ of the cities (London, Canterbury) and the _________________________ of the people. These people were ___________________ from the land; they were not tied to the castle.
New City Classes continuedThe ________________________________ was the most important one emerging because the people in that class had different tastes in art and ________________________ and they had the ________________ to buy or make the products they needed. This new class produced _______________________________ . New ideas and freedom of expression of quality can be found in _____________________________ (buildings, cathedrals, etc.), _____________ (ballads, plays), and ________ and craft unions.
merchant classideasmoneypeoples artarchitectureartguilds
The Great HappeningsTo understand English literature from the period of King William to that of Henry VII (1485 1509), we must be aware of several specific events that radically influenced the course of English _____________________________ and English _______________________. The Crusades, the martyrdom of Thomas a Becket, the Magna Carta, The One Hundred Years War, and the Black Death changed England and affected world history.
The Great Happenings continuedThe struggle between the ____________________ in the 14th century (1300s) was really an extension of the Crusades, a series of __________________________ during the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. Both groups were fighting for ___________________________, also known as ___________. ________________________ played significant roles in these Crusades, most notably ______________________________ who took part in the 3rd Crusade. The _____________________ won. Muslims and Christiansreligious warsJerusalemHoly LandEnglish KingsRichard the LionheartedMuslims