The League of Nations Revision PowerPoint ... WOODROW¢â‚¬â„¢S AMBITIOUS PLAN 1. All the major nations would

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  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS POWERPOINT

  • WHAT WAS THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS?

    • an idea of American President Woodrow Wilson following the First World War

    • an international police force made up of representatives of many countries

    • an organisation that would allow disputes to be settled without resorting to war, based in Geneva (neutral).

  • DIFFERING VIEWS ON HOW THE LEAGUE SHOULD OPERATE:

    A world parliament where representatives would meet regularly to decide on matter which affected all of them

    A simple organisation that would meet during emergencies

    A strong League capable of enforcing decisions with its own army

    America Britain France

    http://www.intercan.org/images/FR.gif http://www.intercan.org/images/FR.gif http://www.kliv.com/images/OldGlory.gif http://www.kliv.com/images/OldGlory.gif http://images.google.ch/imgres?imgurl=http://www.childrenscancermalawi.ncl.ac.uk/images/union%2520jack.jpg&imgrefurl=http://community.aon.at/a/board.topic%3Fid%3D43436%26page%3D4%26view%3D1&h=233&w=388&sz=17&hl=de&start=1&tbnid=jwx9QIRDeDQNOM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dunion%2Bjack%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Dde http://images.google.ch/imgres?imgurl=http://www.childrenscancermalawi.ncl.ac.uk/images/union%2520jack.jpg&imgrefurl=http://community.aon.at/a/board.topic%3Fid%3D43436%26page%3D4%26view%3D1&h=233&w=388&sz=17&hl=de&start=1&tbnid=jwx9QIRDeDQNOM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dunion%2Bjack%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Dde

  • EACH OF THESE TYPES OF LEAGUE HAS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES:

    although France’s idea of a strong league would mean it could be an effective force, the league was meant to be centred on peace. potentially, its own army could provoke another war

    Britain's simpler idea would mean that the league would merely dealing with emergencies rather than working on preventing them from of occurring in the first place

    America's version of the league would be expensive and a complicated to organise, although it might have been the most effective version in terms of keeping peace

  • SO WHO WON?

    PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON

  • WOODROW’S AMBITIOUS PLAN

    1. All the major nations would join

    the league.

    2. They would disarm.

    3. If they had a dispute with the

    league, they would take it to the

    league.

    4. They promised to accept any decisions

    made by LON.

    5. They promised to protect one another

    if they were invaded.

    6. Members are to stop trading with the

    rule breaker.

    7. Troops would be sent to stop the war

    if necessary.

    ^o^

  • PEOPLE’S REACTIONS

    TOWARDS LON

    He’s so arrogant.

    He thinks he knows

    everything.

    What is his

    purposes of all

    these things? I

    smell something

    fishy.

  • HOW SUCCESSFUL WAS THE LEAGUE OF

    NATIONS IN THE 1920S? LET’S TAKE A GUESS…

    50-50? OR…

  • PROBLEMS~

    • NEEDED TO GET APPROVAL FROM

    HIS CONGRESS (AMERICAN

    PARLIAMENT) BEFORE CARRYING

    OUT HIS PLAN; JOINING

    &LEADING ROLE.

    • DID HE MANAGE TO GET THE

    APPROVAL?

  • HOWEVER, THE IDEA OF JOINING THE LEAGUE WAS NOT POPULAR WITH ALL AMERICANS…

    Many Americans did not think the Treaty of Versailles was fair. As the League was linked with the treaty, they did not want to be a part of it

    Americans wanted to stay out of disputes that might enter their troops into the kind of carnage of the first world war

    Others wanted to avoid the economic cost of joining the League

    Many Americans were anti-French or Anti-British. They thought the League would be run by these countries and did not want to get involved with their affairs

    http://www.fightingfantasy.org.uk/Parchment-scroll copyright.jpg http://www.fightingfantasy.org.uk/Parchment-scroll copyright.jpg http://images.google.ch/imgres?imgurl=http://www.childrenscancermalawi.ncl.ac.uk/images/union%2520jack.jpg&imgrefurl=http://community.aon.at/a/board.topic%3Fid%3D43436%26page%3D4%26view%3D1&h=233&w=388&sz=17&hl=de&start=1&tbnid=jwx9QIRDeDQNOM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dunion%2Bjack%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Dde http://images.google.ch/imgres?imgurl=http://www.childrenscancermalawi.ncl.ac.uk/images/union%2520jack.jpg&imgrefurl=http://community.aon.at/a/board.topic%3Fid%3D43436%26page%3D4%26view%3D1&h=233&w=388&sz=17&hl=de&start=1&tbnid=jwx9QIRDeDQNOM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dunion%2Bjack%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Dde http://www.intercan.org/images/FR.gif http://www.intercan.org/images/FR.gif

  • WILSON’S PARTY LOST THE ELECTION IN 1919. HIS OPPONENTS PROMISED TO FOLLOW A POLICY OF ISOLATIONISM (STAYING OUT OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS). AND SO AMERICA DID NOT JOIN THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS…

  • AIMS OF THE LEAGUE 1. DISCOURAGE AGGRESSION FROM ANY COUNTRY

    2. ENCOURAGE CO-OPERATION IN BUSINESS AND TRADE

    3. ENCOURAGE DISARMAMENT

    4. IMPROVE WORKING AND LIVING CONDITIONS FOR PEOPLE ACROSS THE WORLD

  • WHEN IT OPENED, SOME COUNTRIES WERE NOT

    MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE: AMERICA:- HAD BECOME ISOLATIONIST

    GERMANY:- AS A DEFEATED COUNTRY WHO WAS BLAMED FOR STARING THE GREAT WAR, GERMANY WAS NOT INVITED TO JOIN

    RUSSIA:- WERE NOT INVITED TO JOIN THE LEAGUE, MAINLY DUE TO THEIR COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT

  • THE STRUCTURE OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY

    FOR THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE

    KNOWN AS THE SECRETARIAT.

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY

    FOR THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE

    KNOWN AS THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL

    WITH WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY

    FOR THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE

    KNOWN AS THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL

    WITH WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

    THE SMALLER STATES COULD HAVE

    THEIR SAY IN THE ASSEMBLY AND

    THROUGH BEING NON-PERMANENT

    MEMBERS ON THE COUNCIL. THEY MET

    ONCE A YEAR.

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY FOR

    THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE KNOWN AS

    THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL WITH

    WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

    THE SMALLER STATES COULD HAVE THEIR

    SAY IN THE ASSEMBLY AND THROUGH BEING

    NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS ON THE

    COUNCIL. THEY MET ONCE A YEAR.

    REAL POWER LAY WITH THE LEAGUE

    COUNCIL WHICH WAS DOMINATED BY RICH

    AND POWERFUL COUNTRIES: JAPAN,

    FRANCE, ITALY AND BRITAIN.

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY FOR

    THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE KNOWN AS

    THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL WITH

    WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

    THE SMALLER STATES COULD HAVE THEIR

    SAY IN THE ASSEMBLY AND THROUGH BEING

    NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS ON THE

    COUNCIL. THEY MET ONCE A YEAR.

    REAL POWER LAY WITH THE LEAGUE

    COUNCIL WHICH WAS DOMINATED BY RICH

    AND POWERFUL COUNTRIES: JAPAN,

    FRANCE, ITALY AND BRITAIN.

    Veto: council decisions

    had to be unanimous.

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY FOR

    THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE KNOWN AS

    THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL WITH

    WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

    THE SMALLER STATES COULD HAVE THEIR

    SAY IN THE ASSEMBLY AND THROUGH BEING

    NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS ON THE

    COUNCIL. THEY MET ONCE A YEAR.

    REAL POWER LAY WITH THE LEAGUE

    COUNCIL WHICH WAS DOMINATED BY RICH

    AND POWERFUL COUNTRIES: JAPAN,

    FRANCE, ITALY AND BRITAIN.

    Veto: council decisions

    had to be unanimous.

    What progress can be made

    from meeting once a year?

  • THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: STRUCTURE

    OFFICIALS WHO WORKED PERMANENTLY FOR

    THE LEAGUE IN GENEVA WERE KNOWN AS

    THE SECRETARIAT.

    COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS: DEAL WITH

    WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. E.G.

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION,

    HEALTH ORGANISATION.

    THE SMALLER STATES COULD HAVE THEIR

    SAY IN THE ASSEMBLY AND THROUGH BEING

    NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS ON THE

    COUNCIL. THEY MET ONCE A YEAR.

    REAL POWER LAY WITH THE LEAGUE

    COUNCIL WHICH WAS DOMINATED BY RICH

    AND POWERFUL COUNTRIES: JAPAN,