The English Renaissance Period

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The English Renaissance Period. 1428-1625. 1485: Henry 7- 1 st Tudor King 1534: Act of Supremacy- church of England is established 1549: Book of Common Prayer written 1558: Elizabeth 1 becomes queen 1564: Wm. Shakespeare is born 1599: Globe Theater opens - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The English Renaissance Period

1428-1625The English Renaissance Period1English Renaissance1485: Henry 7- 1st Tudor King1534: Act of Supremacy- church of England is established1549: Book of Common Prayer written1558: Elizabeth 1 becomes queen1564: Wm. Shakespeare is born1599: Globe Theater opens1603: Elizabeth 1 dies; James 1 becomes king1611: King James Bible published

2Important PeopleHenry VII : rebuilt nations treasury and established law and orderHenry VIII: split w/ the Catholic ChurchKatharine of Aragon (Mary): divorcedAnne Boleyn (Elizabeth I): beheadedJane Seymour (Edward): died naturallyAnne of Cleves: divorcedCatherine Howard: beheadedKatherine Parr: survived KH8

3The Age of ExplorationThe New World: The Renaissances thirst for knowledge prompted a burst of travel by sea1497: New Foundland- 1st British colony4ReligionQuestioning: The sense of growing nationalism prompted the Brits to question the authority of the RCCMartin Luther: Nailed 95 Theses to the door: Protestant Reformation: LutheranismAct of Supremacy: King is in control of the Church of England5The TudorsHenry VIIHenry VIIIDefied papal authorityEdward VIEnglish replaced LatinBook of Common PrayerMary I Bloody MaryElizabeth IAblest monarch since William the ConquerorMary Stuart6Stuarts and PuritansKing James I of EnglandPersecuted the Puritans7LiteraturePoetry: changed from narrative poetry to poetic forms (sonnets)Elizabethan DramaTragediesDramasChristopher Marlowe: 1st major dramatist, but he died early onWilliam ShakespeareElizabeth 1 and James 1 supported the arts, so it was a good time to be an artist.

8ShakespeareWrite the following phrases and fill in the blanks.Neither a ____ or a ____ be.All the worlds a _____.With the bated _____.Break the ______.Come full _____.Eaten me out of house and ______.A foregone _______.Laugh yourselves into ______.Not ________ an inch.Too much of a good ______.9Classic UnititesTimePlaceAction10TragedyDefinitionsA drama that is serious and ends in an unhappy catastropheEssential ElementsPlot (Aristotle said was the most important)Character (Shakespeare most important)Thought/ ThemeDialogueStagingPurposes: To excite fear/ compassion in viewerAristotle, the first drama critic, said measure for success of a tragedy is whether or not the viewer experiences catharsis11Tragic Hero1. Noble Stature2. Great, but not perfect- must have a tragic flaw3. Downfall results from a choice freely made4. Heros punishment exceeds the crime5. Tragic flaw is not fully lost. Hero learns something before the end, either about himself or about mankind12Additional Characteristics of a Shakespearean Tragic Hero

1. Learns what he is or what he stands for2. Tends to become his own antithesis (from loyal, noble, brave, kind, worthy thane to vicious, ruthless, uncaring murderer)3. Recovers one or more of his good qualities

13TermsHubris: insolence or arrogance resulting from excessive prideHamartia: fatal flaw/ tragic flaw, frailty, or errorCatharsis : a cleansing of emotions14Types of Tragedy (Shakespearean)RevengeDomesticRomanticPolitical (fall of Princes)Tragedy of Ambition153 Levels of Justice1. Divine- karma2. Civil- law/ courts3. Personal- revenge

* Each of these will be present in Macbeth16Elizabethan Great Chain of BeingGodAngelsKing/ PopeKnights/ NoblemenPeasantsAnimalsPlantsEarth**** DISORDER*****The Elizabethans believed that if one tried to skip the pre-ordained place assigned to him/ her, then there would be natural disorder in the world. (ie in Macbeth, 2 horses eat each other after the death of the king)17ThemesUncontrolled/ excessive ambitionAppearance vs. RealityGood vs. EvilNatural Order18