The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church

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The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church. Pope Innocent III. Accomplishments of someone so Innocent?. Increased papal authority through the plentitude of power . Had the authority to declare saints. Turned the church into a secular authority as well as spiritual one. Pope Urban IV. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church

The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church

Pope Innocent III

Accomplishments of someone so Innocent?Increased papal authority through the plentitude of power.Had the authority to declare saints.Turned the church into a secular authority as well as spiritual one.

Pope Urban IVCreated own Church court known as the Rota Romana, which made the Church even more political.

Boniface VIIIYou tax my people, Ill hit you with a Papal Bull!

Enemies of Boniface VIIIEdward IPhilip T. Fair

Bonifaces Unam SanctumPut the Church ahead in all matters religious or otherwise, angering Philip.What did Philip T. Fair do?

Unfortunately for Boniface VIIIPhilips Henchmen beat him up, later he died from the injuries.

Clement VChanged much of what Boniface had done.Important: He moved the papacy to Avignon, France!

Hey, hows it going?

The Avignon Papacy 1309-1377Became a huge moneymaker, increasing taxes of local people and selling indulgences.

The Avignon Papal Complex

Pope John XXIIMost powerful Avignon PopeBattled with Louis IV over moving the papacy back to Italy.

Supporters of Louis IVMarsilius of PaduaDefender of the Peace- depicted the pope as a subordinate member of a society.William of OckhamArgued against papal authority.

John Wycliffe*started the Lollards in England.

Accused of Donatism- the teaching that the Church sacraments are only as effective as the people who administer them.John HussStarted the Hussites in Bohemia.

The Great Schism 1378Clement VII (French)Urban VI (Italian)

The Great Schism: 1378-1417

The Great Schism

Lets elect one more Alexander V

Conciliar MovementThe Church should be subject to councils, eliminating the absolute rule of the Pope.Council of PisaCouncil of ConstanceCouncil of Basil

ConsequencesSecular control of churches increasedKings asserted power over the Church.Religious life regulated.

How was the power of the Church permanently weakened after the late 14th century? ********

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