The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church

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The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church. Pope Innocent III. Accomplishments of someone so Innocent?. Increased papal authority through the plentitude of power . Had the authority to declare saints. Turned the church into a secular authority as well as spiritual one. Pope Urban IV. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church</p> <p>The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church</p> <p>Pope Innocent III</p> <p>Accomplishments of someone so Innocent?Increased papal authority through the plentitude of power.Had the authority to declare saints.Turned the church into a secular authority as well as spiritual one.</p> <p>Pope Urban IVCreated own Church court known as the Rota Romana, which made the Church even more political. </p> <p>Boniface VIIIYou tax my people, Ill hit you with a Papal Bull! </p> <p>Enemies of Boniface VIIIEdward IPhilip T. Fair </p> <p>Bonifaces Unam SanctumPut the Church ahead in all matters religious or otherwise, angering Philip.What did Philip T. Fair do? </p> <p>Unfortunately for Boniface VIIIPhilips Henchmen beat him up, later he died from the injuries. </p> <p>Clement VChanged much of what Boniface had done.Important: He moved the papacy to Avignon, France!</p> <p>Hey, hows it going? </p> <p>The Avignon Papacy 1309-1377Became a huge moneymaker, increasing taxes of local people and selling indulgences. </p> <p>The Avignon Papal Complex</p> <p>Pope John XXIIMost powerful Avignon PopeBattled with Louis IV over moving the papacy back to Italy.</p> <p>Supporters of Louis IVMarsilius of PaduaDefender of the Peace- depicted the pope as a subordinate member of a society.William of OckhamArgued against papal authority.</p> <p>John Wycliffe*started the Lollards in England.</p> <p>Accused of Donatism- the teaching that the Church sacraments are only as effective as the people who administer them.John HussStarted the Hussites in Bohemia.</p> <p>The Great Schism 1378Clement VII (French)Urban VI (Italian)</p> <p>The Great Schism: 1378-1417</p> <p>The Great Schism</p> <p>Lets elect one more Alexander V</p> <p>Conciliar MovementThe Church should be subject to councils, eliminating the absolute rule of the Pope.Council of PisaCouncil of ConstanceCouncil of Basil</p> <p>ConsequencesSecular control of churches increasedKings asserted power over the Church.Religious life regulated.</p> <p>How was the power of the Church permanently weakened after the late 14th century? ********</p>