Teachers' Job Satisfaction and Commitment TEACHERS' JOB

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Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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TEACHERS JOB SATISFACTION AND COMMITMENT IN GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF HADIYA

ZONE, IN SOUTHERN NATION NATIONALITY AND PEOPLE OF REGIONAL STATE

BY:

DESTA AYELE

JIMMA UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

JUNE, 2014

JIMMA, ETHIOPIA

Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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TEACHERS JOB SATISFACTION AND COMMITMENT IN GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

OF HADIYA ZONE IN SOUTHERN NATION NATIONALITY AND PEOPLE OF REGIONAL STATE

BY:

DESTA AYELE

ADVISORS:

Mitiku Bekele (PhD)

A THESIS SUBMITTED TO DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE REQUIREMENTS OF DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN

EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP

Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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Declaration

The researcher here by declares that the thesis on the title, Teachers Job Satisfaction and

Commitment in General Secondary Schools of Hadiya Zone in Southern Nation Nationality and

People of Regional State, is his original work and that all sources that have been referred to and

quoted have been dully indicated and acknowledged with complete references.

Name- Desta Ayele

Sign. ____________

Date ________________

This thesis has been submitted for examination with my approval as the university advisor.

Main advisor- Name ________________________________

Sign. _______________

Date __________________

Place: Jimma University

Institute of Education and Professional Development Studies

Department of Educational Planning and Management

Date of submission ___________________

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, I would like to thank the Almighty God for giving me an opportunity to this

wonderful opportunity to pursue a post-graduate program in Jimma University and for providing

me with good heath during the entire period of my studies.

My sincere gratitude goes to my advisor; Mitiku Bekele (PhD) for his unreserved professional

advice, guidance, and counseling by giving constructive comments and useful suggestions right

from the development of the research proposal, initiation of the study and to its completion and I

wish to thank all my instructors and educational leadership department members.

I am also grateful to sincere thanks for Hadiya Zone sample general secondary schools principals

and teachers, secondary schools supervisors and Woreda education office teachers, principals

and supervisors development coordinators for their participation to gave necessary information,

through questionnaire and unstructured interview, to finish the study successfully I would like to

extend my special regards to all my colleagues who provided me with moral support and

encouragement. Special thanks to Mr. Desalgn Demeka, Mr. Danile Hanidino, Mr. Ayira

Ashoro, Mr. Teshuma Ertiro, Mr. Mulatu Lombalo, Mr. Yayekob Ayele, Mr. Tadela Hayile, Mr.

Shugeta Dajemo, Mr. Adimasu Melese, Ms. Misgena Temasegn, Mr. Mulatu Wolde, Dr.

Yimare Mulugeta, Ms. Makidase Tadel, Mr. Samule Hayile, Mr.Abebe Manedo, Mr. Berekete

Temasegn, Ms. Deselach Tadela, Mr. Tamerat Hayile, Mr. Desta Chufe, Mr. Markose Tadela,

Mr. Birhanu kachine and all my classmate for their financial, material as well as moral support

starting from the initial to the completion of this research work.

Finally, I do not forget my family (father, mother, brothers, and sisters). For their moral and

financial support and encouragement, and also their efforts to overcome various challenges

which affect my work as well as the life of the family.

Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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Table of Contents

Contents ......pages

Acknowledgments ......i

Table of Contents....ii

List of Tables...v

List of figures.vi

Abbreviation/ Acronymsvii

Abstract.viii

CHAPTER ONE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Background of the Study .................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem .................................................................................................................... 4

1.3. Objectives of the Study ...................................................................................................................... 7

1.3.1. General Objective ....................................................................................................................... 7

1.3.2. Specific Objectives ..................................................................................................................... 7

1.4. Significance of the Study ................................................................................................................... 7

1.5. Delimitations of the Study ................................................................................................................. 8

1.6. Limitation of the Study ...................................................................................................................... 8

1.7. Operational Definition of Terms ........................................................................................................ 8

1.8 Organization of the Study ................................................................................................................... 9

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................................ 10

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE .............................................................................................. 10

2.1. CONCEPT OF JOB SATISFACTION ............................................................................................ 10

2.2. Job Satisfaction and Educational Implication .................................................................................. 13

2.2.1. Hierarchy of Need Theory ........................................................................................................ 14

2.2.3 The Expectancy Theory ............................................................................................................. 20

2.2.4 Adams Equity Theory ............................................................................................................... 21

2.2.5. Locks Value Theory ................................................................................................................ 22

Teachers Job Satisfaction and Commitment

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2.3 Importance of Job Satisfaction .......................................................................................................... 23

2.4 Teachers Commitment ..................................................................................................................... 24

2.5. Factors for Job Satisfaction .............................................................................................................. 26

2.6 Factors Influencing Teachers Job Satisfaction. ............................................................................... 27

2.6.1 Extrinsic Factors of Job Satisfaction .......................................................................................... 27

2.6.2 Intrinsic Factors of Job Satisfaction ........................................................................................... 30

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................................................................... 34

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY ...................................................................................... 34

3.1 Research Design ................................................................................................................................ 34

3.2 Research Method .............................................................................................................................. 34

3.3 Sources of Data ................................................................................................................................. 34

3.4 The Study Site ................................................................................................................................... 35

3.5 Target Popul