Subjects, Predicates, and Clauses

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Subjects, Predicates, and Clauses. Weeks 11 and 12. Complete Sentences. Every sentence has a subject and a predicate. The subject is ______ or what a sentence is about. The predicate is where the __________ is in the sentence. Example: The class went to lunch. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Subjects, Predicates, and ClausesWeeks 11 and 12Complete SentencesEvery sentence has a subject and a predicate.The subject is ______ or what a sentence is about.The predicate is where the __________ is in the sentence. Example: The class went to lunch.Class is who the sentence is about, and went is what they did._______ is the subject and ______ is the predicate.

Complete SentencesThe subject of your sentence is always a _______ or a ___________.The predicate of your sentence is always a _________.Underline the subject and circle the predicate in the following sentences:Ms. Dilsaver asked a question.The students answered it correctly.They got a piece of candy for the answer.

Lets Practice...Which of the following is a complete sentence?Fix the sentences that are incomplete.Ran down the hall.She ate the cookie.My mother sang.In the afternoon.Megan did her homework.

SubjectsWe know every sentence has a subject.It tells ______ or ______ the sentence is about.Every subject is built around one or more noun or pronoun.Example:The dog chased the cat.What is the noun or pronoun the sentence is about?

Simple SubjectsThere are two kinds of subjects: simple and complete.Lets talk about simple subjects first.The simple subject is quite simply the noun or pronoun the sentence is about.We have been finding this together all along when I ask you who or what the sentence is about.The crops are being harvested.Thanksgiving will be here soon.Then, it will be Christmas. Lets Practice...In the morning, the deer play in the fields.The beautiful sunset is nice.The creative artists are great at painting.I teach sixth grade.My brother ate the cake.

Complete SubjectsComplete subjects are just what they say. They dont include just the ______ or _______.They also include all the words that describe the noun or pronoun.Example:The four new students went to class.Who or what is the sentence about?Which words describe or modify the subject?This is the complete subject.

Lets Practice...In the morning, the deer play in the fields.The beautiful sunset is nice.The creative artists are great at painting.I teach sixth grade.My mother ate the cake.

Simple PredicatesJust like simple subjects, simple predicates are also very easy to identify.They are simply the _______ in the sentence.Example:I like to run on nice days.Run is the verb; it is the ________________.The weather is turning colder.Turning is the main verb; is is the ________ verb; is turning is the _______________.

Lets Practice...The leaves are changing colors.My little brother broke his finger.The painting was stolen.My cookies taste good.I love this class.

Complete PredicatesWe know that simple predicates include only the _______ in the sentence.Complete predicates include the verb and all the words that __________ or modify the predicate.Example:I tossed my penny into the wishing well.Tossed is the verb; my penny into the wishing well all modify or describe the ______; tossed my penny into the wishing well is the complete predicate.

Lets Practice...The leaves are changing colors.My little brother broke his finger.The painting was stolen.My cookies taste good.I love this class.

Find the Complete Subject and PredicateIn the morning, the deer play in the fields.The beautiful sunset is nice.The creative artists are great at painting.I teach sixth grade.My mother ate the cake.

Compound SubjectEvery sentence has a subject.It is _______ or ______ the sentence is about.Sometimes sentences can be about more than one person place or thing. This is called a ____________ subject.Example:The roses and daisies are blooming.Who or what is blooming?As you can see, more than one flower is performing the action in the sentence. Roses and daisies are the simple subjects in the compound subject.What is the complete subject?

Compound PredicatesWe also have compound predicates. Similar to how compound subjects include more than one noun or pronoun, compound predicates include more than one verb.Example:The dog was barking and scratching at the door. Barking and scratching are both verbs.Barking and scratching is the simple compound subject.What is the complete compound subject?

Lets Practice... The sisters and brothers ran and skipped down the street.Most flowers and trees begin to lose their leaves and become dormant in the winter.Many cities and towns ask and require their citizens to pay taxes.

Direct and Indirect ObjectsAll sentences require two parts in order for them to be complete: a _________ and a ___________.Example:The dog barked.Most sentences also have a third part to give more information and description.Example:The dog barked at the stranger.The extra information is known as the __________. Direct ObjectsDirect objects will always be a _________ or a ________.They complete the predicate by answering the question whom? or what? in the sentence.Example:The dog barked at whom? _________ is the direct object.Direct objects directly receive the _________ in the sentence.

Lets find the direct objects...Ms. Dilsaver plans lessons for our class.Schools need outstanding teachers for the students.She gave extra credit to the students.

Indirect ObjectsIndirect objects will always be a ________ or a ________.They complete the predicate by answering the question of to whom? or for whom? in the sentence.Example:She gave extra credit to Jimmy.To whom did she give extra credit?________ is the indirect object.

Lets find the indirect objects...Ms. Dilsaver plans lessons for our class.Schools need outstanding teachers for the students.She gave extra credit to the students.

Independent and Dependent ClausesWhat is a clause?Not a Claus..... A clause as in a sentence that contains both a subject and a predicate, otherwise known as a complete sentence.There are two types of clauses: independent and dependent clauses.

Independent ClausesIndependent clauses are complete sentences that can stand on their own.They are strong and contain all the parts they need to be complete: the __________ and the ___________.Example:We decorate our Christmas tree when December comes around.What is the simple/complete subject?What is the simple/complete predicate?

Dependent ClausesDependent clauses are not __________ sentences, and they cannot stand alone.They are either missing a _________ or a __________.Example:When December comes around,This is not a complete sentence because it is missing information.It must be joined to an independent clause in order to make sense and be independent.Example:When December comes around, we decorate the Christmas tree.Lets find the dependent and independent clauses...In the morning, I like to watch the news.I like to watch the news in the morning.After the movie, we will go to dinner.We will go to dinner after the movie.In 2013, you will graduate high school.You will graduate high school in 2013.