Storage (Maintain in memory) Retrieval (Recover from memory) Encoding (Code and put into memory) Basic Memory Processes

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  • Storage (Maintain in memory) Retrieval (Recover from memory) Encoding (Code and put into memory) Basic Memory Processes
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  • TIP OF TONGUE EXPERIMENT Provide a word that satisfies each of the following definitions. A blood feud in which members of the family of a murdered person try to kill the murderer or members of his family. A protecting charm to ward off spirits. An old coin of Spain and South America. A dark, hard, glassy volcanic rock. A secretion from the sperm whale used in the manufacture of perfume. A building used for public worship by Moslems. An Egyption ornament in the shape of a beetle. The staff of Hermes, symbol of a physician or of the medical corps. A Russian sled drawn by three horses. A sword with a short curved blade, used by the Turks and Arabs. A navigational instrument used in measuring altitudes. A narrow strip of land by which two larger bodies of land are connected.
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  • ANSWERS 1.A blood feud in which members of the family of a murdered person try to kill the murderer or members of his family. [vendetta] 2.A protecting charm to ward off spirits. [amulet] 3.An old coin of Spain and South America. [doubloon] 4.A dark, hard, glassy volcanic rock. [obsidian] 5.A secretion from the sperm whale used in the manufacture of perfume. [ambergris] 6.A building used for public worship by Moslems. [mosque] 7.An Egyptian ornament in the shape of a beetle. [scarab] 8.The staff of Hermes, symbol of a physician or of the medical corps. [caduceus] 9.A sword with a short curved blade, used by the Turks and Arabs. [scimitar] 10. A Russian sled drawn by three horses. [troika] 11. A navigational instrument used in measuring altitudes. [sextant] 12. A narrow strip of land by which two larger bodies of land are connected. [isthmus]
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  • A SIMPLE EXPERIMENT ON MEMORY INSTRUCTIONS: Read each of the words below at a slow and steady rate, say, one word/sec.
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  • DISTINGUISHED
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  • FENCE
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  • FRAGRANCE
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  • FANTASY
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  • TOWN
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  • ROBIN
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  • EVENING
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  • ARMCHAIR
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  • WOOL
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  • ELEGANT
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  • FABRIC
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  • CRIMINAL
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  • BEVERAGE
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  • EXPENSIVE
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  • BARRICADE
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  • WHEEL
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  • SUMMER
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  • ALLIGATOR
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  • MILKSHAKE
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  • CINEMA
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  • WEALTH
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  • DRINK
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  • Some of those words listed below are the same as those shown on the previous list. Can you recognize any? Write down which words you recognize. SPRINGFINCH ODOR COTTONPOST BEVERAGE HAMBURGERTIRE FAMOUS ALLIGATORIMPORTANTSPARROW ROCKING CHAIRMAPVILLAGE RICHCRIMINALSUMMER GLOVESSODASCARF FILMMOVIEAROMA ELEGANTPERFUMEFENCE DREAM
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  • SPRING [SUMMER] FINCH [ROBIN] ODOR [FRAGRANCE] COTTON [WOOL]POST [FENCE]BEVERAGE HAMBURGER HAMBURGERTIRE [WHEEL] FAMOUS [DISTINGUISHED] ALLIGATORIMPORTANT[DISTINGUISHED] SPARROW [ROBIN] MAPVILLAGE ROCKING CHAIR [ARMCHAIR] MAPVILLAGE RICH RICH CRIMINALSUMMER GLOVESSCARF GLOVESSODA [BEVERAGE] SCARF FILM [CINEMA]MOVIE [CINEMA]AROMA [FRAGRANCE] ELEGANTPERFUME [FRAGRANCE] FENCEDREAM Some of those words listed below are the same as those shown on the previous list. Can you recognize any? Write down which words you recognize.
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  • 6 2 7 4 1 8
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  • 2 5 3 1 9 7 1 7 6 8
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  • 1 8 5 4 6 9 4 2 9 3 7
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  • S L R R
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  • K H W D A G R O F Z
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  • Q M R H X Z D R P P E H
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  • CAT BOAT RUG
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  • CLOTHES CHOOSE GIFT DRIVE BOOK TREE HAIR THIS
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  • LOG DAY TIME CHESS LAKE CUT BIRD SHEET YOUR SEE STREET WHEEL
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  • MEMORY SPAN 9 2 5G M N 8 6 4 2S L R R 3 7 6 5 4 V O E P G 6 2 7 4 1 8X W D X Q O 0 4 0 1 4 7 3E P H H J A E 1 9 2 2 3 5 3 0Z D O F W D S V 4 8 6 8 5 4 3 3 2D T Y N R H E H Q 2 5 3 1 9 7 1 7 6 8K H W D A G R O F Z 8 5 1 2 9 6 1 9 4 5 0U D F F W H D Q D G E 9 1 8 5 4 6 9 4 2 9 3 7Q M R H X Z D R P P E H
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  • COMPUTER VS. HUMAN MEMORY COMPUTER HUMAN PERMANENT X PERFECT X PARTIALX VARIES WITH TIMEX LOCALIZED X UNLIMITED CAPACITYX INFLUENCED BY MEANINGX
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  • Chinese Room Problem Chinese text Man in room is a fluent Chinese-English interpreter English text Chinese text Man in room full of Chinese-English translation books. Man knows no Chinese. English text Do both men know Chinese?
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  • Three Types of Memory Iconic (Sensory) Memory: 100-300 msec. Short Term (Working) Memory: 1-30 sec. Long Term Memory: > 2 min.
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  • INFORMATION PROCESSING MODEL OF MEMORY
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  • A4QIB96Z4N7LA4QIB96Z4N7L
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  • TEST FOR ICONIC MEMORY
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  • Examples of Chunking SOHCATOA ROYGBIV 1433426086125 XFBICIADVDNHLUSAZ
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  • Remember This Position
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  • Serial Position Curve
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  • Contribution of Rehearsal to Serial Position Effect
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  • Effect of Rate Presentation on Serial Position Effect
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  • Manipulating the Recency Effect
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  • ShallowAre these words in the same typeface? HOUSE-trick MediumDo these words rhyme? BALL-TALL DeepAre these words synonyms? CAR-AUTOMOBILE Different Levels of Processing in Working Memory