Sonnets - David-Glen Spenser (1552 — 1599) || Amoretti Edmund Spenser crafted the Spenserian Sonnet combining the Italian sonnet with the English sonnet, following the three quatrains

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Text of Sonnets - David-Glen Spenser (1552 — 1599) || Amoretti Edmund Spenser crafted the Spenserian...

  • 106.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Sonnets

  • 2

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Edmund Spenser (1552 1599) || Amoretti

    Edmund Spenser crafted the Spenserian Sonnet combining the Italian sonnet

    with the English sonnet, following the three quatrains and couplet concept from

    the English traditional form.

    HisrhymeschemefollowsahybridofItalianandEnglish:

    Italian : ABAB / ABAB / CDC / CDC

    English: ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG

    Spencerian: ABAB/BCBC/CDCD/EE

    Likewisehedividesthethemeintothreesections:

    > statement of the problem, as a thesis; the opening quatrain is

    usuallyonesentence

    > exploration of the problemintheresultingoctave

    > a resolution appears in the ending couplet

  • 3

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Emund Spenser (1552 1599)

    from Amoretti || I

    (see page 676 in Longman for comparison)

    Happyyeleaves!whenasthoselillyhands,

    Whichholdmylifeintheirdeaddoingmight,

    Shallhandleyouandholdinlovessoftbands,

    Lykecaptivestremblingatthevictorssight.

    Andhappylines,onwhich,withstarrylight,

    Thoselampingeyeswilldeignesometimestolook,

    Andreadethesorrowesofmydyingspright,

    Writtenwithtearesinhartsclosebleedingbook.

    (octave ends/sestet begins; Spenser blurs the two together)

    And happyrymesbathedinthesacredbrooke,

    OfHelicon,whenceshederivd is,

    WhenyebeholdthatAngelsblessdlooke,

    Mysouleslonglackdfoode,myheavensblis.

    Leaves,lines,andrymesseekehertopleasealone,

    Whomifyeplease,Icareforothernone.

    thesis: problem

    established in opening

    quatrain

    problem discussed

    in following octave.

    problem resolved

    in final couplet

    A

    B

    A

    B

    B

    C

    B

    C

    C

    D

    C

    D

    E

    E

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    Edmund Spensers Poetry.Secondedition.HughMacLean,ed.W.W.Norton&Co.,NewYork,1982.Print.

    Rhyme scheme || Meter

  • 4

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Thispoemintroducesthefullsequenceof89sonnets,titledAmoretti.

    ThetitletranslatestolittleloveinItalian.

    ThemainimagethepoemshowsisthewomanSpensercourts,Elizabeth,

    holdingthecollectionofworksinherhands,reading.

    Theover-allthemesexpressedinthebookleantowardsamoreoptimistic

    approach,resultinginanti-Petrarchanconcepts.Atthesametime,Spenser

    willmaintainsomePetrarchanconceitssoastonottotallymoveawayfrom

    thetraditionalform.NoticeElizabethhaslifeanddeathpoweroverthe

    poet-persona,asshowninline2-4.

    AstressisplacedonElizabethseyes,developingacommonmetaphorofthe

    Belovedspoweroflove.

    SpenseralsoutilizesanimagefromGreekmyth:Helicon,themountainfrom

    wheretheNineMuseslivethenreturnstoChristiansymbols,by

    expressinghowhissoullongsfornourishmentfromherAngelsblessed

    looke(l.11)combiningherasbothGreekgoddessanddivineangel.

  • 5

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Emund Spenser

    from Amoretti || IX

    LongwhileIsoughttowhatImightcompare

    Thosepowerfuleyes,whichlightenmydarksight,

    YetfindInoughtonearthtowhichIdare

    Resemblethimageoftheirgoodlylight.

    Nottothesun,fortheydoshinebynight;

    Nortothemoon,fortheyarechangednever;

    Nortothestars,fortheyhavepurersight;

    Nortothefire,fortheyconsumenotever;

    Nortothelightning,fortheystillpersever;

    Nortothediamond,fortheyaremoretender;

    Noruntocrystal,farnoughtmaythemsever;

    Noruntoglass,suchbasenessmightoffendher;

    ThentotheMakerselftheylikestbe,

    Whose light doth lighten all that here we see.

    thesis: problem

    established in opening

    quatrain

    problem discussed

    in following octave.

    problem resolved

    in final couplet

    A

    B

    A

    B

    B

    C

    B

    C

    C

    D

    C

    D

    E

    E

    5

    5.5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5.5 /(6?)

    5.5

    5.5

    5.5

    5.5

    5

    5

    English Sixteenth-Century Verse: An Anthology.RichardS.Sylvester,ed.W.W.Norton&Co.,NewYork,1974.Print.

    Rhyme scheme || Meter

  • 6

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Noticetheemphasisinline4onthewordsight.Withitfallingastheextrahalf

    foot,itissubconsciouslystressedinthereadersmind.Thecorrelateswiththe

    themeofwantingtodescribehisBelovedseyes,whichblindhimwithlove.

    Withhisnewformula,inthisparticularcasetheoctaveestablishesahierarchy

    oficons,beginningwithmajorelementsfirst,thecelestialobjects,thenworksits

    waydowntoearthlyelements,indescendingorder:

    sun

    moon

    stars

    fire

    lightning

    diamond

    crystal

    glass

  • 7

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Helikewisetwistsallthenegativesintopositives,

    allthewhilecomplimentinghisBelovedseyes.

    Toforcethisidea,heutilizesatechniquecalled caesura, which is a pause

    innaturalspeakingwhichdoesnotinterferewithmeter.

    Here,thecaesurasrepresentanintakeofbreath.

    InSpenserscase,heemployedthistrickinthestructureofthelistitself,

    breakingbetweentheinferiormodelandtheperfectionoftheeyes.

    Theresolutioncouplettransformswhatappearstobeobviousfailure

    toassertionofpositive:onlyGodcouldbeequaltohereyes.

    ThePoetreachessalvationthroughhisBeloved.

    Likewise,noticeinthiscaseanemphasisisplacedonthepoetsrelationship

    withhispoetryandwithhisBeloved,Elizabeth.Sheisasourceofartforhim

    soitisvitalhemakesastrong,creativeconnectiontobothwritingandherself.

  • 8

    Sonnets

    06.24.13 || English 2322: British Literature: Anglo-Saxon Mid 18th Century || D. Glen Smith, instructor

    Emund Spenser

    from Amoretti || LXXV

    (see page 679 in Longman for comparison)

    OnedayIwrotehernameuponthestrand,

    Butcamethewavesandwashditaway:

    AgayneIwroteitwithasecondhand,

    Butcamethetyde,andmademypayneshispray.

    Vayneman,saydshe,thatdoestinvaineassay,

    Amortallthingsotoimmortalize,

    ForImyselveshalllyketothisdecay,

    Andeekmynamebeewypdoutlykewize.

    Not so,quodI,letbaserthingsdevize

    Todyindust,butyoushalllivebyfame:

    Myverse,yourvertuesrareshalleternize,

    Andinthehevenswryteyourgloriousname.

    Where when as death shall all the world subdew,

    Ourloveshalllive,andlaterliferenew.

    thesis: problem

    established in opening

    quatrain

    problem discussed

    in following octave.

    problem resolved

    in final couplet

    A

    B

    A

    B

    B

    C

    B

    C

    C

    D

    C

    D

    E

    E

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5

    5.5

    5

    5

    Edmund Spensers Poetry.Secondedition.HughMacLean,ed.W.W.Norton&Co.,NewYork,1982.Print.

    Rhyme scheme || Meter