Reshaping Economic Geography in Latin Reshaping Economic Geography in Latin America. We also published

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    Reshaping Economic Geography in Latin America. We also published 3

    policy booklets for the regions with the most complex challenges of economic

    geography: (a) Development in 3D -- Central Asia; (b) Africa’s Development

    in 3D; and (c) Pacific Islands: Development in 3D.

    iii. We made a movie out of the report because the subject of economic geography is both complicated and interesting. The idea was to make the

    subject simpler, and to show the human side to the economic arguments

    presented in the report. The film contains stories of people from Brazil,

    India, Nigeria, Turkey and China, and also stories from Russia. BBC World

    News showed a longer version of this film in January 2009 for 2 weeks.

    iv. Dissemination and discussion of the WDR2009 has been co-hosted by governments (e.g., the Prime Minister‟s Offices, Ministries of Finance,

    Ministries of Planning, and Ministries of Foreign Affairs) in the following

    countries during 2008-2010: Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Bhutan, Bolivia,

    Brazil, China, Colombia, Cote d‟Ivoire, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt,

    Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran,

    Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Malaysia, Moldova, Morocco,

    Nepal, the Netherlands, Norway, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal,

    Russia, Serbia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden,

    Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United

    States, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen.

     Video conferences were held to discuss the Report for the following countries: Afghanistan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Kyrgystan, Burundi,

    Rwanda, and Tanzania. WBI Marseille also organized a 2-day WDR

    event where officials from Algeria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Egypt, Oman,

    Yemen, and Jordan participated.

    v. Copies of the WDR2009 were mailed to Ministers of Planning and Ministers of Finance in over 90 developing countries. Several thousands of researchers

    and authors whose work the WDR2009 cited; and professors teaching course

    on economic development, urban economics, regional science, and trade were

    notified via email about the WDR2009.

    vi. Since the publication of the WDR2009, there are several area-, country-, and region-specific reports using the principles and insights of the WDR. These

    operationalizations include the following reports, respectively, on Mindanao,

    the Philippines; Chongqing, China; Sri Lanka, Iran, Central Asia, and North

    Africa and Middle East.

    vii. A course on the WDR2009 was developed and delivered to a few hundreds of officials from China‟s National Development and Reform Commission

    working on China‟s 12 th

    5-Year Plan in April 2010.

    viii. A second edition of the WDR2009 Overview Volume with revisions and new materials was published in April 2010.

    ix. Operationalization of the WDR2009 continues: Work on Russia, Egypt, and Colombia is ongoing and their reports are expected in FY2011.,,contentMDK:21966026~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

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    Selected Reviews of the WDR 2009:

    ―With this report the World Bank has once again shown itself to be worthy of the title

    ‗knowledge bank‘… In my view the authors of the WDR have succeeded in giving the

    debate on growth and distribution an extra geographic dimension.‖ Bert Koenders,

    Minister for Development Cooperation of the Netherlands

    ―Having read and benefited from nearly all of the 30-plus Development Reports the

    World Bank has published, I would rate Reshaping Economic Geography as by far the

    most comprehensive, productive and effective. It is simply a magisterial work. A new

    practical economic geography was needed, and the report provides it superbly. By

    casting economic development in ―topographic‖ terms at varying levels of scale, the

    report generates new comparative opportunities and novel insights. The World

    Development Report 2009 should be required reading for students of economic

    geography.‖ Harm J. de Blij, Professor Emeritus, Department of Geography,

    Michigan State University.

    ―The World Bank 2009 World Development Report is a masterpiece. By proposing to

    reshape economic geography, it is not always politically correct but it provides a lot of

    food for thought, particularly on the role of urbanization in development. ….. Reshaping

    Economic Geography is a much welcome and provoking must-read for all human

    settlements experts.‖ Daniel Biau, Director for Regional and Technical Cooperation,


    "Vor uns liegt das bedeutendste wirtschaftsgeographische Werk seit Paul Krugmans

    "Geography and Trade" von 1991... sei der diesjährige Weltentwicklungsbericht

    insbesondere auch Studenten und Schülern empfohlen".

    ―This is the most important work on economic geography since Paul Krugman's

    Geography and Trade in 1991, and is specifically recommended for students.‖

    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany)

    ―Hats off to [the] World Bank! This was the comment coming from all or most who

    attended the Conference on the World Development Report 2009 and Implications for Sri

    Lanka organized by the local think-tank, Institute of Policy Studies. The World Bank

    should be thanked for coming out with this great book ...‖ The Nation (Sri Lanka)

    ―In that dreadful year of 1809 no one could have even imagined that, at some stage in the

    distant future, Sweden and Finland would be among the world's twenty wealthiest and

    technologically most advanced countries… Three main factors have driven economic

    development over the last fifty years: communications, trade and economic integration…

    This year‘s World Bank Report, Reshaping Economic Geography, shows emphatically

    the importance of economic integration for the development of welfare.‖ Carl Bildt,

    former Prime Minister and current Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden at the

    Conference on the future of Finnish-Swedish relations -Landmark Year 1809

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    “The report is an extremely well-crafted document. It is compact, instructive and

    informative, and reads well. Its tripartite divisions of scale (local, national, and

    international), development dimensions (density, distance, and division), and solutions

    (institutions, infrastructure, and interventions) creates a sort of Rubik‘s Cube of

    development problems and solutions at different geographical scales which allows both

    for a simple understanding of the complexity of development and provides,

    simultaneously, basic guidelines but also an array of options about how to address

    development issues in different parts of the world. The ‗development in 3-D‘ idea

    becomes extremely appealing and contributes to make economic geography sexy. But

    perhaps the greatest novelty of the report lies in its policy recommendations….” Andrés

    Rodriguez-Pose, Professor of Economic Geography, London School of Economics,

    in Journal of Economic Geography.

    ―The 2009 World Development Report has been universally hailed as a step forward in

    the thinking of the World Bank. It represents a break with the Bank‘s traditional

    approach in which space is considered as neutral for economic development, and

    provides irrefutable proof of the importance of economies of localization and scale for

    the start, growth development and maintenance of economic activities in a given area.‖

    Jean-Pierre Elong Mbassi, Secretary General of the United Cities and Local

    Governments of Africa, in Villes en Développement

    ―The bank‘s research yields lots of new insights.‖ The Economist.

    ―A controversial report, no doubt, but a useful one, if it forces a policy rethink.‖ CNBC


    ―We need to use these types of reports to make the world a less miserable place live in…

    and ensure that people have better access to health, education and other services… the

    findings would help in driving policy and investment, especially in rural areas.‖ Pravin

    Gordhan, Minister of Finance of South Africa

    ―Economic development is both a cause and a consequence of urbanization…. But until

    now the literature has lacked an accessible account of the other direction of causation, by

    which urbanization propels economic growth. World Bank Development Report 2009

    provides that account in an elegant and compelling manner ... This is a volume that is

    meant to start a conversation, even to provoke, and because its thesis runs counter to the

    conventional wisdom, it will probably succeed in doing so when a more cautious

    academic treatment might have failed… WDR 2009 is also notable