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  • THE INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE COASTAL ZONE OF BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

  • T ~ T E G R A T E D MANAGEMENT PLAN F R THE COA ZONE OF BRUNEI

    Department of Fisheries Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam

    - IBW~M =i?&

    Ti .i., j.i,

    Association of Southeast Asian NationsIUnited States Coastal Resources Management Project Technical Publications Series 7

  • The Integrated Management Plan for the Coastal Zone of Brunei Darussalam

    DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND PRIMARY RESOURCES BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

    Published by the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations/ United States Coastal Resources Management Projtxt.

    Printed in Manila, Philippines.

    DOF-MIPR (Department of Fisheries, Minisby of Industry and Primary Resources, Brunei Darussalam). 1992. The integrated management plan for the coastal zone of Brunei Damssalam. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 29,122 p.

    Cover design by Aque.

    ISSN 0115-5547 ISBN 971-8709-15-0

    ICLARM Contribution No. 778

  • List of Tables

    List of Figures

    viii

    List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

    Editorial Board

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Foreword

    Executive Summary

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    The Need for the Plan Plan Philosophy and A s d a t e d Concepts

    The dynamic interaction of high energies in the coastal zone

    Interrelationships among coastal resources Land-water interactions and human activities Climatic changes

    The Planning Process Goal and Objectives of the Plan Scope and Limitations of the Plan

    Plan organization and implementation period Coastal zone boundaries and planning level

    Chapter 2. Coastal Zone Environment and Resource Utilization

    Biophysical Environment Significant Coastal Features or Habitats

    Mangroves Islands Estuaries Coral reefs Offshore oil industry structures

    Socioeconomic Features Population and labor force Institutional and legal profile Economic performance and development path

    Coastal Economic Activities Oil and gas industry Fisheries Mangrove and coastal forestry

    xii

    ... Xl l l

    xiv

    xvii

  • Aquaculture Mining and quarrying Tourism and recreation Shipping

    Chapter 3. Coastal Zone Management Issues

    Uajor Issues Environmental quality

    Water quality Siltadon/sedimentation Solid wastes Critical habitats Endangered wildlife

    Resource utilization Oil spills Red tides Sustainable fisheries development Sustainable aquaculture development Sustainable coastal forestry Intersectoral/use conflicts

    Institutional concerns Multisectoral integration/coordination Transnational cooperation Institutional capabilities/appropriate manpower Public awareness/participation Ma1 framework

    Chapter 4. Functional Management Components

    Coastal Zone Management Programs Al. Water qudity management A 2 National red tide contingency system A 3 National oil spill contingency system A4. Capture fisheries management AS. Aquaculture management A6. Mangrove management A7. Coastal land forest management A8. Coral/artifkial reef management A9. Island management Bl. Integrated mnation scheme 82. Environmental impact assessment system B3. Public awa~ness/participation B4. Transnational collaboration K. Enadment of a Coastal Zone Management Act 86. Coastal zone research 87. Manpower development B8. Facilities upgrading

  • Contents

    Chapter 5. Implementation Arrangements

    Organization and Management Monitoring and Evaluation Implementation Period and Schedule Indicative Costs for Plan Implementation

    References

    Appendices

    Appendix A Appendix B

  • LIST OF TABLES

    CZM programs, the number of projects under each and their respective lead/coordinating agencies. The islands within the coastal zone of Brunei Darussalam. Population and labor force projections for 1985,1995 and 2005. Contributions to GDP by kind of economic activity for selected years. Exports of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products for the period 1965-1989. Mean quantity of fresh fish marketed in Brunei Darussalam by swrce. Quantity and value of fresh fish marketed in Brunei Darussalam for the period 1985-1989. Estimated gross production valuc for mangrove products. CZM programs in this plan and their respective lead/coordinating agencies. Management issues and programs in the plan for their resolution or mitigation. Types of industries based on their pollutive capacity. Proposed effluent/discharge standards for Brunei Darussalam. Basic parameters to be monitored for various sources and receiving waters. The logical framework. Summary of indicative costs for plan implementation using a fast-track schedule of activities.

    viii

  • LIST OF FIGURES

    Brunei Darussalam and its four administrative districts. Generalized schematic representation of the multisectoral ICZM framework. Manning procftss in the formulation of the ICZM plan. Geographical boundaries of the Brunei Darussalam coastal zone. Brunei Darussalam, its four districts and river systems and their basins draining into the coastal waters. Distribution of basic forest types in Brunei Darussalam. Sites for industrial development estates in Brunei Darussalam. Summary of existing, ongoing and planned land development activities along the coast. Depth distribution in the coastal waters of Brunei Darussalam. Distribution of mangrove forests in Brunei Darussalam. Distribution of known reef areas in the coastal waters of Brunei Darussalam. Distribution of population density, 1981 (MOD-DOTCP 1987). System framework of existing and potential CZM issues in Brunei Darussalam. Zone boundaries for the coastal waters of Brunei Darussalarn and their composite sensitivity index (C) scores. Distribution of areas where commercial fishing (trawlers and purse seiner^) is progbited. Distribution of rnangrcwe zones as defined in the mangrove zonation s&mw for Brunei Darussalarn. Elements d the mation scheme covering land and water uses in the coastal zone of Brunei Darussalam. Schematic representation of the proposed organizational structure and cwrdination/adrninistration flows for implementation of the ICZM plan. Simplified chart of the M & E system framework for the ICZM plan.

  • AD ASE AN BM 130D BSP CE COD CRM CRMP CZM CZMA DBI DM% DO DOF DOTCP EIA FAD FD FSD GDP "P IAC ICLARM

    ICZM Kg. LD LFA LFR logframe MB MCYS MD M & E MEY MHWST MIPR MOC MOD MOE MOH MOL MSY MUD NDP NGO NOSCP NOSCS

    X

    Agriculture Department Associatim of Southeast Asian Nations Brunei Museum biological oxygen demand Brunei Skll Petroleum Co. Council on Environment chemical oxygen demand coastal resources management Coastal Rhsources Management Project coastal zohe management Coastal Zbne Management Act Department of Broadcasting and Information Departmat of Medical and Health Services District Clffice Departmmt of Fisheries Department of Town and Country Planning environrrvontal irnpac t assessment fish aggregating device Forestry Department Fire Services Department gross domestic product horsepower Interagency Committee International Center for Living Aquatic Resources

    Mana~men t integrated coastal zone management Kampong, i.e., village Land Department logical framework analysis Labu Forat R e ~ r v e logical framework Municipal Board Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports Marine Department monitoring and evaluation maximum estimated yield mean high water spring tide Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources Ministry af Communications Ministry of Development Ministry of Environment Ministry of Health Ministry ob Law maximum sustainable yield Museums Department National Ikvelopmcnt Plan nongovernmental organization National Oil Spill Contingency Plan National Oil Spill Contingency System

  • Llst of Acronyms and Abbrevlarlons

    NRTCP NRTCS P. PD PFP PSP PWD RBAF RBPF SFR sg. SS SSL sm STW UBD us USAID

    National Red Tide Contingency Plan National Red Tide Contingency System Pulau, i.e., island Ports Department paralytic fish poisoning paralytic shellfish poisoning Public Works Department Royal Brunei Armed Forces Royal Brunei Police Force Selirong Forest Reserve Sungai, i.e., river suspended solids Scientific Services Laboratory sewage treatment plant sewage treatment works Universiti Brunei Darussalam United States United States Agency for International Development

  • EDITORIAL BOARD

    DEPARTMENT OF FEHERIES, MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND PRIMARY RESOURCES

    Hj. Matdanan Hj. Jaafar Pg. Sharifuddin bin Pg. Hj. Yusof Dr. M.W. Ranjith N. De Silva

    DEPARTMENT OF TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING, MINISTRY OF DEVELOPMENT

    Hj. Mohd. Zakaria Hj. Sarudin

    INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR LIVING AQUATIC RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

    Dr. Chua Thia-Eng Mr. Geronimo T. Silvestre Dr. Rogelio 0. Juliano Ms. Marie Sol M. Sadorra

    xll

  • Almost all economic activities in Brunei Darussalam occur in the coastal zone and more than 85% of the population lives there. As such, it is subjected to major development pressures and the resultant environmental concerns. The need for judicious management of the environment is now well recognized at both the conceptual and policy levels. The vital interdependence between environment and development is now widely accepted by policymakers. The government of Brunei Darussalam is consulted in the sustainable development of its coastal zone.

    In this regard, the successful completion of the national component of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations/United States Coastal Resources Management Project (ASEAN/US CRMP) is very much welcome.