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  • 1. City & Guilds ConstructionpProewseenrPtaotiionntUnit 201: Health safety and welfare in constructionHow to handle materials and equipment safely 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 1 of 20

2. City & Guilds ConstructionObjectivesBy the end of this session you will be able to: Identify requirements for welfare facilities in the workplace as per CDM State the health effects of noise and precautions that can be taken State the risks associated with drugs, alcohol and medication on site Identify the legislation in relation to safe handling of materials and equipment State the importance of manual handling State the importance of using lifting aids when handling materials and equipment 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 2 of 20 3. City & Guilds ConstructionWelfare facilities in the workplaceAll construction sites must have adequate welfare facilities which mustmeet the minimum requirements of Construction design management(CDM).The minimum requirements are: Hot and cold running water washing facilitates with soap and driers Drinking water Toilets Canteen facilities with chairs and tables and means of boiling water Secure locker / storerooms Drying rooms 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 3 of 20 4. City & Guilds ConstructionWelfare facilities in the workplaceExamples of acceptable facilities: 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 4 of 20 5. City & Guilds ConstructionNoise in the workplaceWhat is noise ?Is any sound but especially harsh, loud or disagreeableHow do we measure noise ?In DecibelsHow can noise damage our hearing?Our hearing is very sensitive, when sound levels are too high orconstant it will slowly damage our hearingWhen can noise damage our hearing ?Constant noiseLoud noise over a period of time 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 5 of 20 6. City & Guilds ConstructionNoise in the workplaceHow can we stop reduce the noise in the workplace ? Reduce the noise Dampen noise with absorbers and maintain tools Isolate the noise Use sound barriers, insulation of rooms Eliminate the noise Use different types of materials and tools Control the noise Work during quiet hours 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 6 of 20 7. City & Guilds ConstructionNoise in the workplaceActivityWhich activity has the highest noise level? Put them in orderUse Activity sheet 8 to complete the exercise.Noise Level 1-6 (1 being loudest)Carrying out the role of a JoinerUsing portable power toolsUsing a pneumatic drillUsing a bench sawUsing portable power toolsCarrying out roles as a bricklayer 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 7 of 20 8. City & Guilds ConstructionNoise in the workplaceRemember its your health!Employers should ensure risk assessments are in place and warningsigns are visible where protection should be worn.The HSE recommend the following safe guidelines: 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 8 of 20 9. City & Guilds ConstructionDrugs and AlcoholExcessive drinking and the use of drugs by employees is of serious concern toemployers, given the risk of the employee under-performing, and putting their ownhealth and safety, and that of others, at risk.Alcohol-related problems can be detrimental to the individual and the smooth running ofthe site, and can also result in waste and inefficiency. However, it is well known that suchproblems can be effectively treated.In groups explain the definitions of the following using Activity sheet 9 Alcoholic Alcoholism Drug (or drugs) Drug abuse Substance abuse. Under the influence 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 9 of 20 10. City & Guilds ConstructionDrugs and AlcoholIt is important to know that alcohol or drugs affect sensory perceptionand reaction times.Construction workers whose work involves driving or the use of handtools or machinery should be very careful of their intake of alcohol.Driving whilst under the influence of alcohol is a criminal offence.Penalties range from a fine, with or without disqualification, to a term ofimprisonment.The current legal limit is 80mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood (or 35mgper 100ml in the breath 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 10 of 20 11. City & Guilds ConstructionDrugs and AlcoholApproximate detection times of commonly used drugs when tested for in urineWhat is the detection times of the commonly used drugs below?Drugs Approximate detection timeMethadone 1 day 1 weekCocaine 1-4 daysDihydrocodeine 1-2 daysHeroine detected as Morphine 1-2 daysLysergide (LSD) 8 hoursBarbiturates 2-10 daysAlcohol 6-10 hoursCannabis 1 day-5 weeksAmphetamine 1-2 days 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 11 of 20 12. City & Guilds ConstructionSafe Handling of Materials And EquipmentThe Manual Handling Operations Regulations 2002 places the following dutieson employers and employees: 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 12 of 20 13. City & Guilds ConstructionSafe Handling of Materials And EquipmentEmployees duties1 Employees are responsible for complying with thesafe systems of work enforced by their employer2 Use the equipment provided by the employer3 Report hazards encountered4 Make sure that their activities do not endanger others 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 13 of 20 14. City & Guilds ConstructionManual HandlingWhat is Manual Handling?The definition of manual handling:The transportation or movement of a load (including person, animal orobject) from one place to another by lifting, handling, pushing, pulling orbodily force.FACTS Lifting and moving loads manually is one of the most commoncauses of injury at work. 56,000 Work Related MSD cases in construction per year There is no truly safe weight limit for manual handling operationsso try to find alternatives. 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 14 of 20 15. City & Guilds ConstructionManual HandlingWhen you have to manually handle loads consider: TILETask - how often, how much twisting or bending is needed?Individual capability, male or female, old or young, experienced or inexperienced?Load - how heavy? Good grip? Bulky? Heavier at one end?Environment - hot, cold, uneven floor, windy, stairs? 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 15 of 20 16. City & Guilds ConstructionManual HandlingKinetic lifting The correct posture before lifting The correct techniques when lifting When lowering a loadyou must adopt thecorrect posture andtechniqueSee activity sheet 10 on thestep by step guide to liftingcorrectlyThe mostcommon injurywhen liftingincorrectly isSpinal Injury 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 16 of 20 17. City & Guilds ConstructionThe use of lifting aids when handling materials andequipmentLifting GearThere are numerous items of small lifting equipment available to assistwith handling materials on site and in the workshop. Only use these ifyou are qualified to use them. 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 17 of 20 18. City & Guilds ConstructionManual HandlingAre you making the best use of lifting and handling aids?Many materials are delivered to the site on lorries equipped withmechanical off loaders. Once off-loaded, it is the employersresponsibility to move the materials to a safe place until required foruse.What lifting aids would you use with the following materials ? 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 18 of 20 19. City & Guilds ConstructionSummary / Recap What is CDM ? Name one of the minimum requirements of CDM ? How do we measure noise ? What is manual handling? 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 19 of 20 20. City & Guilds ConstructionAny questions? 2013 City and Guilds of London Institute. All rights reserved. 20 of 20