of 74 /74
Pelvic Fracture Pelvic Fracture Anatomy Anatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis ilium,ischium,pubis Join by strong ligament Join by strong ligament complex complex 1

Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Pelvic FracturePelvic FracturePelvic FracturePelvic Fracture

AnatomyAnatomyAnatomyAnatomy

• 2 innominate 1sacrum2 innominate 1sacrum

• Innominate boneInnominate bone

ilium,ischium,pubis ilium,ischium,pubis

• Join by strong ligamentJoin by strong ligament

complex complex

1

Page 2: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Minor injuryMinor injury

• Minor fallMinor fall

• Stable vital signStable vital sign

• Non-displaced FxNon-displaced Fx

• Fx not involve ringFx not involve ring

• Treatment-bed restTreatment-bed rest

2

Page 3: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Minor injuryMinor injury

3

Page 4: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Major injuryMajor injuryMajor injuryMajor injury

• High energy traumaHigh energy trauma

• Unstable vital signUnstable vital sign

• High mortality,morbidityHigh mortality,morbidity

• Associated injuryAssociated injury

4

Page 5: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Associated injuryAssociated injury

Rupture bladderRupture bladderRupture urethraRupture urethra

L-S plexus injuryL-S plexus injury

5

Page 6: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Associated injuryAssociated injuryAssociated injuryAssociated injury

Hypovolemic shockHypovolemic shockHypovolemic shockHypovolemic shock

Retroperitonium hematomaRetroperitonium hematoma

bleeding bony surfacebleeding bony surface

venous plexus bleedingvenous plexus bleeding

vascular injury vascular injury

6

Page 7: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Mechanism of injuryMechanism of injuryMechanism of injuryMechanism of injury

AP compression (open book)AP compression (open book)AP compression (open book)AP compression (open book)

SI joint wideningSI joint widening

Symphysis seperationSymphysis seperation

7

Page 8: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Mechanism of injuryMechanism of injury

Lateral compression(internal rotation)Lateral compression(internal rotation)

Fx iliumFx ilium

Lock symphysisLock symphysis

8

Page 9: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Mechanism of injuryMechanism of injury

Vertical shear (Malgaigne Fx)Vertical shear (Malgaigne Fx)

SI dislocateSI dislocate

SymphysisSymphysisdislocatedislocate

9

Page 10: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Major injury initial managementMajor injury initial management

•RecuscitationRecuscitation•Pelvic stabilizationPelvic stabilization

external fixator external fixator•Definite treatmentDefinite treatment

pelvic sling pelvic sling

ORIF ORIF

10

Page 11: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture of proximal femurFracture of proximal femur

Surgical anatomySurgical anatomy Vascular anatomyVascular anatomy

11

Page 12: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture neck of the femurFracture neck of the femur

• Intracapsular FxIntracapsular Fx• High rate of nonunion,High rate of nonunion,

avascular necrosis avascular necrosis• 2 aged groups2 aged groups

1.Young adult 1.Young adult

high energy high energy

2.Older with osteoporosis 2.Older with osteoporosis

minor fall minor fall

12

Page 13: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture neck of the femurFracture neck of the femur

13

Page 14: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture neck of the femurFracture neck of the femurFracture neck of the femurFracture neck of the femur

PE:PE:

• Limb slightly shorteningLimb slightly shortening

• Pain at groinPain at groin

• Tenderness at midinguinal pointTenderness at midinguinal point

Older patient ,minor injuryOlder patient ,minor injury

PleasePlease X ray both hip AP ,lat crosstable X ray both hip AP ,lat crosstable

14

Page 15: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Young adult ,good bone qualityYoung adult ,good bone qualityReduction and multiple pinningReduction and multiple pinningYoung adult ,good bone qualityYoung adult ,good bone qualityReduction and multiple pinningReduction and multiple pinning

TreatmentTreatmentTreatmentTreatment

15

Page 16: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

TreatmentTreatmentTreatmentTreatmentOlder with osteoporosisOlder with osteoporosis

HemiarthroplastyHemiarthroplastyOlder with osteoporosisOlder with osteoporosis

HemiarthroplastyHemiarthroplasty

16

Page 17: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• NonunionNonunion

• Avascular necrosisAvascular necrosis

• Venous thrombosisVenous thrombosis

• NonunionNonunion

• Avascular necrosisAvascular necrosis

• Venous thrombosisVenous thrombosis

ComplicationComplication

17

Page 18: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Intertrochanteric FractureIntertrochanteric Fracture

• Fx line from greater to Fx line from greater to

lesser trochanter lesser trochanter

• More common in woman More common in woman

menopause menopause

• Extracapsular fractureExtracapsular fracture

• Older with osteoporosis -minor fallOlder with osteoporosis -minor fall

18

Page 19: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

PE:PE:

• Limb shortening,externalLimb shortening,external

rotation rotation

• Swelling ,ecchymosis at hipSwelling ,ecchymosis at hip

• Tenderness at greater Tenderness at greater

trochanter trochanter

19

Page 20: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Treatment Treatment

Non operativeNon operative traction 6 wks. traction 6 wks. high complications high complications

Non operativeNon operative traction 6 wks. traction 6 wks. high complications high complications

Pressure sorePressure sorevenous thrombosisvenous thrombosisinfectioninfection

Pressure sorePressure sorevenous thrombosisvenous thrombosisinfectioninfection

20

Page 21: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Operative treatment is preferableOperative treatment is preferable surgical risk, early ambulation surgical risk, early ambulation

21

Page 22: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Subtrochanteric FractureSubtrochanteric FractureSubtrochanteric FractureSubtrochanteric Fracture

• Fx at level of lesser trochanter Fx at level of lesser trochanter

and a point 5 cm. Distally and a point 5 cm. Distally

• thick cortical bonethick cortical bone

• high mechanic stresshigh mechanic stress

• high energy traumahigh energy trauma

22

Page 23: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Treatment Treatment

Operative treatment is preferableOperative treatment is preferable

23

Page 24: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Posterior dislocation 80%

most common

• Anterior dislocation 5%

• Central dislocation 15%

Hip DislocationHip Dislocation

24

Page 25: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Dashboard injuryDashboard injury

Blow to femur inadduction internalrotation of the hip

Blow to femur inadduction internalrotation of the hip

Posterior dislocationPosterior dislocation

25

Page 26: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Posterior dislocationPosterior dislocation

PE:PE:

• hip flexion,internal rotate

and adduct

• ass.knee ligament injuries

• assess sciatic nerve

26

Page 27: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

X-rayX-ray

• Head out of acetabulum

• smaller femoral head

• femur adduct, internal

rotate(disappear lesser

trochanter)

27

Page 28: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

TreatmentTreatment

• Early diagnosis• prompt closed reduction• Allis’s maneuver• failed closed reduction-

open reduction

28

Page 29: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Posterior dislocationPosterior dislocation

Allis’s maneuverAllis’s maneuver

• Stabilized pelvis

• longitudinal traction

• 90 degree hip flexion

• upward traction

29

Page 30: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Posterior dislocationPosterior dislocation

Allis’s maneuverAllis’s maneuver

30

Page 31: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Management after reductionManagement after reduction

• Test for stability• X-ray both hip AP evaluate joint space• Stable reduction skin traction- pain subside ambulation with crutches• Unstable reduction ORIF

31

Page 32: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Posterior dislocationPosterior dislocation

Fragment entrap in jointFragment entrap in jointJoint space widening Joint space widening

32

Page 33: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Anterior dislocationAnterior dislocation

Blow to femur in abduction,externalrotate of hip joint

Blow to femur in abduction,externalrotate of hip joint

33

Page 34: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Early diagnosis• prompt closed reduction• Allis’s maneuver• failed closed reduction-

open reduction

TreatmentTreatment

34

Page 35: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• General anesthesia

• Traction along axis

• Internal rotation

• Lateral traction

Anterior dislocationAnterior dislocation

Reduction techniqueReduction technique

35

Page 36: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Anterior dislocationAnterior dislocation

Clinical manifestationClinical manifestation X rayX ray

36

Page 37: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Anterior dislocationAnterior dislocation

Traction along axisTraction along axis

Internal rotationInternal rotationStabilized pelvisStabilized pelvis

Lateral tractionLateral traction37

Page 38: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Anterior dislocationAnterior dislocation

Post reductionPost reduction

• X ray pelvis AP

• Skin traction until

pain subside(5-7 d)

• Ambulation with crutches

38

Page 39: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture shaft of the femurFracture shaft of the femur

• High energy injury

• Bleeding 1- 2.5 L.

• Ass. femoral neck Fx.

• Ass. hip dislocation

• High energy injury

• Bleeding 1- 2.5 L.

• Ass. femoral neck Fx.

• Ass. hip dislocation

39

Page 40: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Deformity of thigh

angulation shortening

• PE.of hip and knee

•Vascular assessment

dorsalis pedis a.

posterior tibial a.

• Deformity of thigh

angulation shortening

• PE.of hip and knee

•Vascular assessment

dorsalis pedis a.

posterior tibial a.

Physical examinationPhysical examination

40

Page 41: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Splinting - Thomas’s splint

• Film femur include hip-knee

detect neck Fx-dislocate hip

• Temporary stabilization with

proximal tibial traction

• Splinting - Thomas’s splint

• Film femur include hip-knee

detect neck Fx-dislocate hip

• Temporary stabilization with

proximal tibial traction

ManagementManagement

41

Page 42: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

ManagementManagement

• Non-operative treatment

Traction 6-8 wks.

Femoral castbrace 10-12wks.

• Operative treatment

ORIF with plate-screw

Intramedullary nailing

• Non-operative treatment

Traction 6-8 wks.

Femoral castbrace 10-12wks.

• Operative treatment

ORIF with plate-screw

Intramedullary nailing

42

Page 43: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Transverse Fx midshaft femurTransverse Fx midshaft femur ORIF with plate-screwORIF with plate-screw43

Page 44: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Comminuted Fx midshaft femurComminuted Fx midshaft femur Intramedullary nailIntramedullary nail44

Page 45: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Fx distal femoral metaphysis

9 cm. above joint line

• Posterior displacement of

the distal fragment

• High rate of stiffed knee

• Fx distal femoral metaphysis

9 cm. above joint line

• Posterior displacement of

the distal fragment

• High rate of stiffed knee

Supracondylar fractureSupracondylar fracture

45

Page 46: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

How to described Fx?How to described Fx?

T or Y Fx(combined)T or Y Fx(combined)

Intercondylar Fx(intra-articular)Intercondylar Fx(intra-articular)

Supracondylar Fx(extra-articular)Supracondylar Fx(extra-articular)

46

Page 47: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Conservative Traction stiffed knee

• Conservative Traction stiffed knee

• Operative Early function Early knee motion

• Operative Early function Early knee motion

TreatmentTreatment

47

Page 48: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

T Fracture of distal femurORIF with plate and screwT Fracture of distal femurORIF with plate and screw

48

Page 49: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Largest sesamoid

• Function

-lever arm for knee

extension

-protect condyle

• Largest sesamoid

• Function

-lever arm for knee

extension

-protect condyle

Fracture of the patellaFracture of the patella

49

Page 50: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Mechanism of injuryMechanism of injury

•Avulsion(traction) Quads. pull up Knee flexion

•Avulsion(traction) Quads. pull up Knee flexion

•Direct injury•Direct injury

50

Page 51: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Sign & symtomSign & symtom

• Swelling,effusion

• Palpable defect

• Unable to extend

knee actively

• Swelling,effusion

• Palpable defect

• Unable to extend

knee actively

51

Page 52: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Non displaced FxNon displaced Fx Cylinder castprevent knee flexion

Cylinder castprevent knee flexion

52

Page 53: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Displaced transverse FxDisplaced transverse Fx ORIF ORIF

53

Page 54: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Most common long bone Fx

• medial surface palpable

• Open Fx common

• frequent complication

• Most common long bone Fx

• medial surface palpable

• Open Fx common

• frequent complication

Fracture of the tibiaFracture of the tibia

54

Page 55: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Swelling ,deformity• Ascess vascular

dorsalis pedis a.

posterior tibial a.• marked swelling

compartment syn.

• Swelling ,deformity• Ascess vascular

dorsalis pedis a.

posterior tibial a.• marked swelling

compartment syn.

Symtom & SignSymtom & Sign

55

Page 56: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

TreatmentTreatmentConservativeConservative Closed reduction

apply long leg castClosed reduction

apply long leg cast

56

Page 57: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

X ray post reduction

X ray post reduction Criteria for accept alignmentCriteria for accept alignment

• Varus,vulgus < 5 degree

• AP angulation <10 degree

• Malrotation <10 degree

• Shortening < 1cm.

• Contact surface >50%

• Varus,vulgus < 5 degree

• AP angulation <10 degree

• Malrotation <10 degree

• Shortening < 1cm.

• Contact surface >50%

57

Page 58: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

After long leg cast4-6 weeks

After long leg cast4-6 weeks

Change to PTB cast 8-12 wks.

Until Fx consolidation

Change to PTB cast 8-12 wks.

Until Fx consolidation Patella Tendon BearingPTB cast

Patella Tendon BearingPTB cast

58

Page 59: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

TreatmentTreatment

Operative Operative

• Failed closed reduction

• Unacceptable alignment

• Multiple fractures

• open fracture

• Failed closed reduction

• Unacceptable alignment

• Multiple fractures

• open fracture

Intramedullary nailIntramedullary nail

59

Page 60: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

External fixatorExternal fixatorORIF plate & secrewORIF plate & secrew

60

Page 61: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

ComplicationComplication

Compartment syndrome

Compartment syndrome

• Early detection

• Release pressure

remove cast,splint

fasciotomy

• Early detection

• Release pressure

remove cast,splint

fasciotomy

61

Page 62: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

MalunionMalunionVascular injuryVascular injury InfectionInfection62

Page 63: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

A man 23 yr. MCA 10 min . Single injuryPain at Rt. ankle, can’t palpable dorsalis pedisand posterior tibial artery

A man 23 yr. MCA 10 min . Single injuryPain at Rt. ankle, can’t palpable dorsalis pedisand posterior tibial artery

63

Page 64: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

X ray ankle AP, LatX ray ankle AP, Lat

Fx of distal fibularFx of distal fibular

Diastasis of syndesmosisDiastasis of syndesmosis

Fx of medial mall.Fx of medial mall.

Ankle subluxationAnkle subluxation

64

Page 65: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

How do you managethis case?

How do you managethis case?

Vascular injury?Joint subluxationVascular injury?Joint subluxation

•4 R•R egcognition•R eduction•R etention•R ehabiliation

•4 R•R egcognition•R eduction•R etention•R ehabiliation

65

Page 66: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

AP viewAP view Mortise viewMortise view Lateral viewLateral view66

Page 67: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

head

body

neck

Fracture of the talusFracture of the talus

67

Page 68: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

• Talar neck Fx most common

• Caused by hyperdorsiflexion

• 3/5 cover by cartilage

• Vascular enter at talar neck

• Talar neck Fx most common

• Caused by hyperdorsiflexion

• 3/5 cover by cartilage

• Vascular enter at talar neck

Fracture of the talusFracture of the talus

68

Page 69: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Subtalar jt. dislocation

Talar neck Fx

Ankle dislocation

69

Page 70: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

ORIF talar neck with screwORIF talar neck with screw

70

Page 71: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Fracture of the CalcaneusFracture of the Calcaneus

• Most common tarsal bone Fx

• Extra-articular Fx

Direct injury

• Intra-articular Fx(Subtalar Jt.)

Fall from height

• Most common tarsal bone Fx

• Extra-articular Fx

Direct injury

• Intra-articular Fx(Subtalar Jt.)

Fall from height

71

Page 72: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

Physical ExaminationPhysical Examination

•Heel widening,short

•Ecchymosis

•Tenderness at heel

•Squeeze test

•T-L spine exam

•Heel widening,short

•Ecchymosis

•Tenderness at heel

•Squeeze test

•T-L spine exam

72

Page 73: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

X rayX ray

•Calcaneus lateral•Axial view•Calcaneus lateral•Axial view

73

Page 74: Pelvic Fracture AnatomyAnatomy 2 innominate 1sacrum 2 innominate 1sacrum Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Innominate bone ilium,ischium,pubis Join

TreatmentTreatment

•Non displaced Fx

Short leg cast 6 wks.•Displaced Fx

ORIF

•Non displaced Fx

Short leg cast 6 wks.•Displaced Fx

ORIF

74