Oxford Kinship care

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Kinship Care - Training programme for foster care workers

Text of Oxford Kinship care

  • 1. Issues in Kinship Care : assessment and support inDutch kinship foster careFlexus Foster Care Rotterdam Anneke Vinke, PhD Child Psychologist/ General Health Psychologist www.adoptiepraktijk.nl 2008 Oxford

2. Outline Perspectives Context of Dutch foster care Flexus Practice issues Training: questions and needs Future developments 3. Context: Dutch Foster Care28 Foster Care FacilitiesLocal organization (15 regions)2007: 20591 children in DutchFosterCare,of whom > 33 % in kinship care City regions up to 80% in kinship care 4. Youth care System in the NetherlandsCentre for Youth and Family (local)Bureau of Youth Care (province)Youth Care (voluntary)Mental HealthChild Protection (involuntary) judgePrivate Practice 5. Routing formal Youth Care 6. Flexus Foster careRotterdam RegionMulticultural societyUp to 80% kinship care placementsDifferent procedure for acceptanceNeed for strengthening assessment and support in kinship careTraining and development (2006 ongoing) 7. Perspectives: conflicts of interest?Family perspective child perspective?Short term solution long term solutionFreedom of choice responsibility for child safety and well beingFoster care facility family 8. Statistics and research findingsIs there a difference between kinshipand regular foster care ?(Strijker, Zandberg &vd Meulen, 2001; Broad, 2001; Calder & Talbot, 2005)Defining the childrens needs in regard to fostering 9. Practice issues Routes into kinship care Double parenthood & contact issues Formal requirements & practicalpitfalls Timing Knowledge & skills Transparency 10. Bring in the theory: evidence base! Child development theory Decision making framework Parenting capacities Risk and protective factors Risk assessment Transparency 11. Honour good practices: practice base!Evaluate good practicesMake implicite practical knowledgeexplicitRaise awareness (e.g personal referencepoints)Find anchor point in existingprocedures to improve practice 12. Professional intuition:human factor!(Munro,2002) Formal knowledge: Evidence Base Work experience : Practice Base Emotional wisdom Values: Value Base Reasoning skills Human elements need to be honoured 13. Framework (DoH, 2000) 14. Adapted for kinship care (Calder & Talbot, 2006) 15. Assessment: what do children needfrom their foster care workers? Sound theoretical basis -> tools Decision making framework Honouring the human element Transparent choices Ongoing training and supervision Monitoring by research 16. Risk issues: good enough?Which risks weighs most?What needs to be done to counter the risks?Which risks can be changed in due time?Which strengths can be used to counter the risks?Need for systematic risk evaluation (checklist,instrument) 17. Risk evaluation:an example (Turnell & Edwards, 1999) 18. Child protection work makes heavydemands on reasoning skills. With anissue as important as childrenswelfare, it is vital to have the beststandard of thinking that is humanlypossible. Mistakes are costly to thechild and the family. Overestimatingthe danger is as harmful asunderestimating it Munro (2002, p. 161) 19. Training Adressing the knowledge, skills andpersonal base of foster care work Introducing tools (SoS, decisionthreshold, intuitive reasoning, riskassessment instruments) Education permanente (1 - 2 * eachyear) 20. Evaluation by Flexus workers (n=40)Training and tools were evaluatedpositivelyIncreased sense of professionalismIncreased transparency in decisionmaking 21. Future directionsMonitoring and feedbackNeed for more training on- Cultural sensitivity- Good enough parenting- Risk evaluation instrumentsNew training planned (fall 2008) 22. ReferencesMeer lezen.... Berge, I.J. ten & Bakker, A. (2005). Veilig Thuis? Utrecht: NIZW Berge, I.J. ten, & Vinke, A. (2006 in press). Methodiek enhulpmiddelen ORBA, Onderzoek Risicotaxatie Besluitvorming AMKs.Utrecht/Woerden: NIZW/Adviesbureau Van Montfoort. Broad, B. (2006). Some advantages and disadvantages of kinshipcare: a view from research. In : C. Talbot & M.C. Calder. Assessmentin Kinship Care. Dorset: Russell House Publishing. Dalgleish, L.I. (1997). Risk assessment and decision making in childprotection. Brisbane, Australia: The University of Queensland,Department of Psychology. Munro, E. (2002). Effective child protection. London: Sage. Pas, A. van der (2006, 4e dr.). Naar een psychologie van hetouderschap. Handboek methodische ouderbegeleiding, deel 2.Utrecht: SWP 23. References Turnell A., & Edwards, S. (1999). Signs of Safety. A solution and safetyoriented approach to child protection casework. New York/London: W.W.Norton. Talbot, C. &. Calder (2006). Assessment in Kinship Care. Dorset: RussellHouse Publishing. Talbot, C. (2006). Kinship Care: the Research Evidence. In : C. Talbot & M.C.Calder. Assessment in Kinship Care. Dorset: Russell House Publishing. Vinke, J.G. (1999). Geschikt voor het adoptiefouderschap? De ontwikkeling enhet gebruik van een taxatie-instrument voor gezinsfunctioneren met het oogop interlandelijke adoptie. Delft: Eburon. Vinke, J.G. & Mortel, M. vd. (2003) Methodisch bronnenboekNetwerkverkenning. Utrecht/ Woerden: VvP de Rading / Adviesbureau VanMontfoort. Vinke J.G. (2004). Methodisch bronnenboek Van Huis Naar Thuis -hulpverleningsvariant pleegzorg. Utrecht/ Woerden: VvP de Rading /Adviesbureau Van Montfoort. Scripties via: http://ppswmm.ppsw.rug.nl/~strijker/ 24. AcknowledgmentsFlexus Foster Care RotterdamLeiden University ADOCwww.adoptionresearch.nl