Our T rip to Lake Baikal. Chelsea Noort and Kaylene Chan. Where we fled to. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
A trip to St. Petersburg
Chelsea Noort and Kaylene ChanOur Trip to Lake Baikal
Where we fled toWe vacationed to Lake Baikal, Siberia, which is nicknamed, the Pearl of Siberia, the worlds oldest and deepest (1260m) freshwater lake. Its just north of the Mongolian border. Wed always loved forest areas and this one was new to both of us. We first went to a village called Listvyanka. It was a 2 hour drive from Irkutsk airport, Russia.
The LakeThe lake was beautiful, clear and blue. Everything was very natural because it was a protected area. The lake was surrounded by extremely high mountains, dense forests, that still had snow resting on the very tops. This remote Siberian taiga presented remarkable and breathtaking views.
BaikalWe toured around Lake Baikal in August, which our tour guide,Vladamir, explained is one of the six months that the Lake is not frozen over. (Frozen from at earliest, December, to at latest, May) When we touched the water it was cold, being around 10-12 degrees, said Vladamir. It was about 10-17 degrees outside for the whole time we visited. We enjoyed the weather immensely because it was not too hot or cold. In the winter, around the lake the temperature drops significantly.
Frozen LakeVladamir told us that the lake freezes during the winter months and stays frozen for half the year. He also explained that the lake freezes about 20cm thick so that its safe a drive a car on the surface. Vladamir told us how he competed in the Baikal Ice-Running Marathon where he ran on the frozen lake in March.
Trees, trees, treesWhen we arrived at the Lake the first things we noticed were huge, thick, evergreen forests that surrounded the waters. There were a great vast amount of trees, such as larch, birch, poplar and alder (deciduous trees) that were closer to the water.
LarchBirchPoplarAlderTrees, trees, treesWhen we went higher on a hike, we noticed more coniferous trees, like spruce, fir and cedar. These cone-bearing trees looked very similar to the trees from our home in Canada. The forests had the same environment as the coniferous forests in British Columbia.
SpruceFirCedarPlants and soilWhile Kaylene and I were on our hike in the surrounding area of Lake Baikal, we both noticed that there were lots of bogs and then completely dry places in other areas. A bog is a low-lying area that is covered with water most of the year. We also saw lots of algae, lichens, and mosses on many plants and tree trunks. Vladamir explained to us that soils located in taiga regions are called podzols. The name is comes from two Russian words. Pod meaning under and zola meaning ash. This is a good name for the soil because of the grey color and the texture of the soil.
Journey to the animalsAfter we saw and took pictures of Lake Baikal, Kaylene and I wanted to see some of the mammals that Vladamir talked about. So we got onto a bus by Lake Baikal, and we drove until we got to a place called Primorsky Krai, all the way on the east coast of Siberia. Here, Vladamir explained, that we would be able to see two of the worlds largest endangered mammals.
Endangered Siberian Tigers The first large mammal that is endangered in Siberia is the Siberian Tiger. The Siberian Tiger is currently being protected in Primorsky Krai, near Korea and China. This tiger is endangered because of serious poaching. The population of these tigers, in China and Korea is almost extinct because the tigers skin, bones and internal organs are used in traditional Chinese medicine. You could see how this could be a problem.
Endangered Siberian LeopardThe second large mammal that is endangered in Siberia, is the Siberian Leopard. This leopard is located between Vladivostok and the Chinese border. Although this leopard is protected, farmers are setting fires, to burn old crops, which sometimes leads to lighting the forest on fire. The leopards then must clear out. Being short of food, the leopard will go for deer in the deer farms. He will then become the hunted instead of the hunter.
Many more animals
While we were travelling back, Kaylene and I saw many more different mammals, includingMooseGrey WolvesBrown bearsLynxWolverinesBaikal Sealand the Siberian Crane
Similar to .The Boreal Forest (Taiga) by Lake Baikal, is virtually the same throughout northern Siberia and Russia. The Boreal Forest is also similar to the forests in Finland and Scandinavia, as well as all across northern Canada.
Interesting FactsSome interesting facts that Kaylene and I heard while we were on our trip include..Boreal forest was named after Boreas, the Greek god of the north windLargest continuous expanse of forest on earth (covers about 15 million square kilometers) Lake Baikal is one of the clearest lakes in the world, on a clear sunny day, you can see 40 meters down into the lake.
Work CitedInformation: http://www.bww.irk.ru/baikalclimate/baikalice.htmlhttp://www.geographia.com/russia/baikal01.htmhttp://www.lakebaikal.org/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TaigaDay, Trevor. Taiga. New York: Chelsea House, 2006. PrintRyerson, McGraw-Hill. BC Science 10: Biomes and Ecosystems. Printed and bound in Canada, 2008. Print