Lake Baikal Neutrino Experiment Present and Future G.V.Domogatsky (INR, Moscow) for the Baikal collaboration

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Lake Baikal Neutrino Experiment Present and Future G.V.Domogatsky (INR, Moscow) for the Baikal collaboration Slide 2 1.Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow, Russia. 2.Irkutsk State University, Irkutsk, Russia. 3.Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics MSU, Moscow, Russia. 4.DESY-Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany. 5.Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia. 6.Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. 7. St.Petersburg State Marine University, St.Petersburg, Russia. 8. Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia. The Baikal Collaboration Slide 3 Slide 4 4km OffShore Depth: 1366 m Shore Station 1366m Depth Slide 5 Neutrino Telescope NT200+ (April, 2005) Slide 6 6 The NT-200 Telescope -8 strings: 72m height - 192 optical modules - pairwise coincidence 96 space points - calibration with N-lasers - timing ~ 1 nsec - Dyn. Range ~ 1000 pe Effective area: 1 TeV ~2000 m Eff. shower volume: 10TeV ~0.2Mt Quasar PMT: d = 37cm Height x = 70m x 40m, V=10 5 m 3 Installation 1993-1998 Slide 7 Camp Ice as a natural deployment platform ~ 2 months Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 GOALS Natural flux of neutrinos with energy E>15GeV (search for point sources of neutrinos) Natural flux of neutrinos with energy E>15GeV (search for point sources of neutrinos) WIMP WIMP Magnetic Monopoles Magnetic Monopoles Diffuse flux of very high energy (E>10 TeV) neutrinos Diffuse flux of very high energy (E>10 TeV) neutrinos Slide 16 Neutrino events from low hemisphere April 1998 - February 2003, 1038 d, 372 events. Slide 17 Atmospheric Muon-Neutrinos - With looser cuts, 1998-2002: 372 events. N (>15GeV)/N (>1GeV)~1/7 A higher statistics neutrino sample for Point-Source Search. - MC: 385 ev. Expected (15%BG). Skyplot (galactic coordinates) E_thr ~ 15GeV Slide 18 Search for fast monopoles ( N = n 2 (g/e) 2 N = = 8300 N g = 137/2, n = 1.33 ~E =10 7 GeV Event selection criteria: hit channel multiplicity - N hi t > 35 ch, upward-going monopole - (z i -z)(t i -t)/( t z ) > 0.45 & o Background - atmospheric muons 90% C.L. upper limit on the flux of fast monopole (994 livedays) Slide 19 19 Search for High Energy - Cascades NT-200 large effective volume Look for upward moving light fronts. Signal: isolated cascades from neutrino interactions Background: Bremsshowers from h.e. downward muons Final rejection of background by energy cut (N channel ) (BG) Slide 20 Baikal Absorbtion Length: 22 2 m Scattering Length ~ 30-50 m cos ~ 0.85-0.9 Optical properties Slide 21 Fiducial volume V g (NT-200) AMANDA II Position of cascade vertex Neutrino Energy, lg(E/eV) Slide 22 UPPER LIMITS ON THE DIFFUSE NEUTRINO FLUX (theoretical and experimental) -200+ 3 Slide 23 NT200+ commissioned April 2005 1. 3 outer strings were installed 2. New DAQ final modernization - 2 Underwater PC with Flex DSL modem (1 Mbod), - 2 Underwater PC with Flex DSL modem (1 Mbod), Underwater Ethernet Underwater Ethernet - Synchronization unit - Synchronization unit * time synchronization * time synchronization NT200 outer strings NT200 outer strings * event clusterization * event clusterization 3. New Software DOS -> Linux, Remote control DOS -> Linux, Remote control 4. New 2 cables to shore (2x4 km) 5. Calibration - New bright Laser Slide 24 1 10 100 1000 PeV 4 15 23 40 Mton NT200+ Slide 25 Cascade coordinates (energy) reconstruction efficiency NT - 200+ Slide 26 NT200+ time synchronization (new laser) mm Time differences NT200 outer string: 2-4nsec fwhm interstring/NT200 jitter >10 12 photons/pulse Slide 27 NT200+ Start of operation April 2005 Examples of events Slide 28 NT200+ as a module of Gigaton (km3) Detector in Lake Baikal Slide 29 Slide 30 A Gigaton (km3) Detector in Lake Baikal. Sparse instrumentation: 91 strings with 12 OM = 1308 OMs effective volume for 100 TeV cascades ~ 0.5 -1.0 km muon threshold between 10 and 100 TeV 624 m 280m 70m 120m 208m Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Baikal GVD Schedule Milestones 06-07 R&D, Testing NT200+ 06-07 R&D, Testing NT200+ 08 Technical Design 08 Technical Design 08-14 Fabrication (OMs, cables, 08-14 Fabrication (OMs, cables, connectors, electronics) connectors, electronics) 10-12 Deployment (0.1 0.3) km3 10-12 Deployment (0.1 0.3) km3 13-14 Deployment (0.3 0.6) km3 13-14 Deployment (0.3 0.6) km3 15-16 Deployment (0.6 0.9) km3 15-16 Deployment (0.6 0.9) km3 Overall cost with logistics ~ 20 MEuro Detector ~ 16 MEuro Logistics, including infrastructure ~ 4 MEuro Slide 34