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Ohio Statewide Freight Strategy. Ohio Transportation Planning Conference July 15, 2014. Strategic Challenges. Trucking Productivity Hours of service, fuel cost Rail Adaptation for Growth Developing intermodal partnerships Inadequate federal waterways investment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Ohio Statewide Freight Strategy

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Ohio Statewide Freight StrategyOhio Transportation Planning ConferenceJuly 15, 2014

Ohio Department of TransportationStrategic ChallengesTrucking ProductivityHours of service, fuel costRail Adaptation for GrowthDeveloping intermodal partnershipsInadequate federal waterways investmentDredging on lakes, locks and dams on riverChanged air cargo landscape

Ohio Department of TransportationThrough and OH-based shipping use different roads

Roadway Freight System

Through vs. Total Trucks 2012Ohio Department of TransportationRoadway Freight SystemI-71 is the most important route for intra-state trucks

Steering Committee Meeting #1May 30, 2012

OH-Based vs. Total Trucks 2012Ohio Department of TransportationPrincipal network:Balances Ohios needsConcentrates Ohios resources

Principal Roadway Network

Ohio Department of TransportationTrucking BottlenecksTrucking bottlenecks mainly urban, mainly interstatesCapital program generally is addressingBottlenecks affect OH target industries - but not alikeRegional system needs are differentOH Auto-motive Products by Truck, with Bottle-necksOH Chemical Products by Truck, with Bottle-necks

Ohio Department of TransportationBottleneck InvestmentsCounty NameRouteLocationProject StatusConstruction YearSummitI-76I-76/I-77 at SR 8 InterchangePreliminary developmentN/AMontgomeryI-75I-75 at US 35 InterchangeIn Construction2014LucasI-75I-75/Lewis Ave/I-280 InterchangeIn development2015HamiltonI-75I-75 at W 7th /W 9th St. Interchange (Brent Spence Bridge)In development Pending innovative financeHamiltonI-75I-75 at US 27 Interchange (Mill Creek Expressway)In development2017HamiltonI-74I-74/US 52 at I-75 Interchange (Mill Creek Expressway)In development2017HamiltonI-71I-71 at I-275 InterchangeNot programmedN/AFranklinI-70I-70 at I-71 Interchange (East Interchange)In development2017FranklinI-71I-71 at I-670 Interchange (Columbus Crossroads)Construction Complete2010FranklinI-71I-71 (South Trench)In development2023FranklinI-71I-71 S Freeway at I-70 Interchange (70/71/315 Interchange)In development2017, 2022FranklinI-270I-270 (Trabue Road to Hilliard-Cemetery Road)In development 2017FranklinI-70I-70 at I-270 Interchange (east side; Far East Freeway Study)In development N/AFranklinI-70I-70 at I-270 Interchange (west side)Not programmedN/AFranklinI-270I-270 (Easton Way/Morse Rd Collector-Distributor)Construction Complete2010ErieUS 250US 250In development2015CuyahogaI-77I-77 at I-90 Interchange (CCG3)In development2025CuyahogaI-77I-77 at SR 14/SR 43 Interchange (CCG6A)In development2023CuyahogaI-480I-480 at I-77 InterchangeNot programmedN/ACuyahogaI-480I-480 at US 422 InterchangeNot programmedN/AOhio Department of TransportationTruck WeightOhio Truck VolumesTruck Traffic TypeIntrastateOtherTotalCurrent Truck Count (80k pounds) 63,491,36833,746,50197,237,869Truck Count (90k pounds) 62,272,11733,655,40395,927,519Difference(1,219,251)(91,099)(1,310,349)Percentage Difference-1.9%-0.3%-1.3%What if Ohio could increase truck weights by 10,000 pounds?Answer: minimal impact, becauseLimited to intra-state and Ohio-Michigan trips onlyMost commodities dont max out at 80,000 poundsOhio Department of TransportationTruck Speed LimitsIn 2013 the Ohio General Assembly increased truck speed limits from 65 to 70MPH on rural interstatesUsing the Statewide Travel Demand Model, analysis found: Truck VHT predicted to decrease by 2.5%Truck VMT predicted to increase modestly due to route changes

Ohio Department of Transportation

Regional System Management

KentonThe two-lane U.S. and State Route systems are critical to the supply chainRegional system disruptions not chronic, but have ramificationsPerformance risks require operational managementStatewide ITS coverage: speeds, closures, etc.Incident management responseAbility to reroute through the systemOhio Department of Transportation

Natural Gas Fuel Conversion

Natural gas is much lower cost freight fuel Half the cost of diesel; sustainable difference Hugely important to supply chain costs Justifies equipment investment Cleaner fuel for NOx, particulates (carbon mixed) Industry taking natural gas seriously P&G target: 20% of truck shipping in 2 years All UPS 2014 Class 8 (large) truck purchases will be NG Half of large truck fleets evaluating

Source: ForbesOhio Department of Transportation

Development Strategy

Source: Altfuelsources.comMAP-21 supports fuel station expansion in STP, CMAQ

Natural gas is Ohio fuelOH shale, OH truck manufacture, OH supply chainsTruck operating ranges reasonable, significantCNG 300-400 miles: regionalLNG 500-600 miles: interstateStrategic steps with industry:Increase fueling stationsExpand LNG stations in non-attainment areasIncentivize fleet conversion

Ohio Department of Transportation

Strategies Rail Freight

Ohio Department of Transportation

Improvements & ExpansionBring full system up to industry standard 286K lbs.204 miles, roughly $36 million requiredSupport network development in shale countryTransload facilities, spurs, upgrades and possible reactivation of line

Ohio Department of TransportationIntermodal Rail ShiftsDomestic growth, shorter distancesDue motor carrier fuel costs, asset utilization, transloadingEastern roads leading: 550+ Mile MarketNew cranes & operating modelSorting efficiency allows hubGreater terminal capacity and greenNew terminals in bigger network More markets in play, OH is epicenter

Ohio Department of TransportationRail/Highway ImpactCase Study: North Baltimore Ohio to Atlanta, GA400,000 tons of divertable truck freight(shipment size, distance)Equates to about 60 trucks per day, or 1.5% of truck traffic on I-75

Ohio Department of TransportationWater ChallengesFederal funding is inadequate for long term dredging and maintenance of Lake Erie PortsSimilar investment shortfalls exist for the inland waterway systemPrivate terminals, and competitive issues, hinder public investment programsOhio Department of Transportation

Port StrategiesAdvocate for more federal funding for waterway maintenance:Lake Harbor DredgingThink of the alternative: lower drafts? Barges? Port closures?River Locks and DamsAlternative: shifts to truck and rail?Assure waterway accessRoad and railDevelop OpportunitiesOil/natural gasHeavy lift and project cargo

New rail spur at the Port of ToledoOhio Department of TransportationAir Cargo ChallengesExtremely tight margins for competitorsRecession of 2008 2009 eliminated the weakMode shift to two-day trucking serviceNext-day parcel service is now dominated by FedEx and UPSInternational cargo lands in major population centers: New York, Chicago, Los Angeles. Belly cargo in passenger planesRedundant schedules if a shipment misses a certain flightOhio Department of Transportation

Air StrategiesEach former air cargo hub needs a unique strategy, e.g.,Rickenbacker charter serviceToledo truck logistics centerOther niches unique to the geography

Ohio Department of TransportationHoward WoodVice PresidentParsons Brinckerhoff(614) [email protected] Ohio Department of Transportation

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