OARE Short Course. Short Course Table of Contents • Introduction to OARE including background, registration & copyright • Searching Strategies • Using

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OARE Short Course Slide 2 Short Course Table of Contents Introduction to OARE including background, registration & copyright Searching Strategies Using OARE homepage Searching for articles in OARE - Environment Index Searching for articles in OARE - Scopus Searching for articles in OARE -Environmental Science and Pollution Management CSA OARE Training material Appendix: Access problems and solutions for full-text articles Slide 3 Introduction to OARE Programme Objectives Increase access to high-quality, relevant literature in environmental sciences Improve research in environmental sciences and related disciplines Improve the quality and effectiveness of education and training Increase environment-related policy for the benefit of the population Slide 4 What is OARE? OARE = Online Access to Research in the Environment OARE is an Internet based portal Provides free or low cost access to major scientific and peer reviewed journals, e-books, databases, and other scientific materials in environmental sciences. Launched in October, 2006. Several thousand institutions are registered from over one hundred countries Has 3900 journals from more than 150 of the worlds leading academic publishers Full-text coverage from 1997 onward in most cases Slide 5 Eligible Countries Slide 6 Partners R4L Programs Major Publisher Partners - Blackwell Publishing, CABI, Elsevier, Kluwer Academic Publishing, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Oxford University Press, Nature Publishing Group, Springer Verlag, John Wiley & Sons United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Yale University & Cornell University World Health Organization (WHO) & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Microsoft Slide 7 Eligibility Overview 109 countries qualify Institutions in the public sector or with a not- for-profit status qualify for free access to the full-text articles in OAREs online collection. Institutions must register (just once) to receive a username and password Check with your information or communication officer to receive the username and password that gives you full access to OARE and full-text articles Slide 8 Country Eligibility Overview Country eligibility is based on GNI per capita (as of 01 January 2011). Free access is available to institutions in countries with a GNI per capita of $1600 or less Access to those with GNI of between $1601 and $4700 is at a yearly subscription of $1000 for each institution 70 countries are currently eligible under the Band 1 countries (those with GNI of $1600 or less) 37 countries are currently eligible under the Band 2 countries (those with GNI of between $1601 and $4700.) Slide 9 Institution Eligibility Overview All OARE users may browse collection and journal abstracts without log in. (You may still have full- text access through the OARE website if your institutions subscribe to the journals.) To view, download and print the full-text articles, users must be registered and must login first Login may only be done by registered institutions Students, faculty and staff at eligible, registered institutions can access full-text articles and other OARE resources. Slide 10 OARE: User Agreement All registered institutions will sign a User Agreement covering: Use of the OARE password Copyright and Fair Use Agreement shall be available in your institution Slide 11 Use of the OARE Password Do Please Share OARE username and password with colleagues, students, faculties in your institution Do not Share with those from outside the institution Do not Use outside the country Slide 12 Copyright and Fair Use Same as typical copyright and fair use principles: It is OK, for example, to: Download or print up to 15% of a journal issue or book Use material for educational purposes (course packs or reserves) Make copies for institution members or students Always credit sources Be cautious but sensible Slide 13 Abuse of Publisher Privileges It is NOT OK to: Charge for documents, except for cost recovery for teaching materials Post content to websites or blogs that are publically accessible Change content Download all articles from a single issue Violations result in the INSTITUTION or ENTIRE country denied access until the problem is resolved. Slide 14 Exercises Complete exercises #1 in the accompanying OARE Short Course Exercises (Word) document Slide 15 Planning a Search Strategy Slide 16 Example (Steps 1-4) health problems AND water pollution 1.Ask: What health problems are associated with water pollution? 2.Need: scholarly primary research 3.Main Concepts: health, water, pollution 4.Select terms: Broader terms: health, environmental degradation, agricultural management, Synonyms: health, illness, disease, etc. water, rivers, lakes, sea, domestic water, etc. pollution, oil spills, chemical, biological, toxicity, etc Alternative spellings: none Plurals: river(s), lake(s), disease(s) Capitals: e.g. name of a specific lake, disease, region Slide 17 5. Select a Source Slide 18 6. Search: construct a search using the appropriate commands and best practices Question: What health problems are associated with water pollution? Concept 1Concept 2Concept 3Concept 4 health pollution water problems 5. water 6. H2O 3. problems 4. complications 1.health 2.wellbeing 9 = 1 OR 2 10 = 3 OR 4 11 = 5 OR 6 12 = 7 OR 8 7. pollution 8. contamination 13 = 9 AND 10 AND 11 AND 12 Slide 19 7. Revise Review and refine you search be prepared to review/revise your search keep your search terms in concept sets/zones but remember to explore subtopics try new sources of information save the search and citations for future use promote use of high-quality resources Slide 20 8. Manage Results 9. Evaluate-Who? What? When? Where? Why? Download, print, save, e-mail results & search history Cite using a biomedical citation style Save search, set up alerts Accuracy Authority Objectivity Currency Coverage 10. Apply Answer the question. Slide 21 Boolean Operators AND Operator (to combine two concepts) the AND operator is used to combine two concepts e.g. groundwater AND heavy metals results are in the combined area of the two circles Note: the parentheses are used to limit the results to the exact phrase in this case (heavy metals) groundwater(heavy metals) Slide 22 the AND operator is used to combine three concepts e.g. groundwater AND (heavy metals) AND pollution - in the combined area of the three circles groundwater (heavy metals) AND Operator (to combine three concepts) pollution Slide 23 the OR is a means of combining terms e.g. mercury OR lead - in each circles area with the overlap in the middle having both search terms mercury lead OR Operator (info containing one or other term) Slide 24 NOT Operator (in one term or the other) the mercury NOT lead option limits the search to one term (mercury) only in the left area; it eliminates items in 2nd term (lead) or both terms (center) mercury lead Slide 25 Other search engine functions Phrase or proximity searching: or () allows you to search for an exact phrase, e.g. diseases AND (water pollution) or groundwater AND (heavy metals) Truncation/wildcards: * allow you to search alternative spellings and plurals river* for river OR rivers pesticide* for pesticide OR pesticides program* for programme OR program Alternate spellings: ? can be used to substitute for characters anywhere in a word wom?n for woman or women Slide 26 Africa AND (mercury OR lead) mercury lead Africa Africa AND (mercury OR lead) in the shaded area The OR operator retains items in each term and the AND operator is used to combine two concepts Slide 27 More Search Techniques Field Specific Searching author, title, journal, date, url, etc. Language Restrictions, Humans or Animals and other limits (to be discussed in SCOPUS) Relevancy Ranking a grading that gives extra weight to a document when the search terms appear in the headline or are capitalized every found document is calculated as 100% multiply by the angle formed by weights vector for request and weights vector for document found Slide 28 Evaluating Web Information Criteria for Evaluation - Accuracy - Authority - Currency - Coverage - Objectivity Slide 29 The Google search engine This is the Google search engines. Queries are typed into the Search box. Slide 30 Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. Slide 31 Exercises Complete exercises #2 in the accompanying OARE Short Course Exercises (Word) document Slide 32 Step 1 Start your web browser (Internet Explorer or Firefox). Step 2 Type: http://www.oaresciences.org/en/ in the Address box Step 3 Press Enter on the keyboard or GO How to Register for OARE Slide 33 Registration To register your institution, click on the Register hyperlink. Slide 34 To register, fill in the form. You only need to fill this in once as an institution. Slide 35 Fill in the six character registration code and click on the Send Registration box. Slide 36 Help Trouble registering or logging on? Technical issues? Questions about policy or use? Training inquiries? For support in Africa, contact ITOCA itoca@itoca.org itoca@itoca.org For support elsewhere, email adminunep@oaresciences.org Slide 37 Step 1 Start your web browser (Internet Explorer or Firefox). Step 2 Type: http://www.oaresciences.org/en/ in the Address box Step 3 Press Enter on the keyboard or GO How to USE OARE Slide 38 Accessing the Collection From the initial pages menu, you can find the link to journals and databases, information about OARE plus eligibility, how to register, training material, etc. From this page, you can login and also view this information in multiple languages. Slide 39 Logging In For full-text journal articles: Users institutions must be registered Users must log in using institutional user name and password. NOTE: OARE log in does not gi