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  • MusicAppreciation

    Listening, Research &

    Analysis

    M MATTHEWS 2013

  • M Matthews 2013

    i

    Copyright

    The photographs are used courtesy of pixabay.com who offer images under Creative Commons Deed CC0.

    All score extracts included have been created by the author and are traditional pieces out of copyright.

  • CHAPTER 1

    Irish Folk Songs

    Irish folk songs come from many differ-ent categories. The categories developed over time including songs about work, lullabies and patriotic songs to name a few.

    Songs include:She Moved Through the FairRocky Road to DublinRed is the RosePreab san Ol

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. Find two different artists who have recorded this piece (youtube will help).

    2. Describe the accompaniment for each version.

    SECTION 1

    She Moved Through the She moves through the fair is a famous traditional Irish folk song.

    ANALYSIS

    Use the music provided for you.

    1. Is the music major, minor or modal?

    2. Are there any Flattened 7ths? If so mark them.

    3. Are there repeated notes at the end of phrases?

    4. Is the rhythm strict? (Hint think about the recordings you have heard)

    5. What is the shape of the melody?

    6. What is the metre?

    7. Explain the time signature marked?

    8. What is the general structure/form?

    3

    IMAGE 1.1 She Moved Through the Fair

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/She_Moved_Through_The_Fairhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/She_Moved_Through_The_Fair

  • 4

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. This is an unusual Time Signature. Research what type of Irish Dance it is used in.

    2. A very famous Irish Group Recorded this.

    SECTION 2

    Rocky Road to Dublin The Rocky Road to Dublin is a much faster paced piece than She Moved through the Fair. It is also a very famous Irish piece.

    ANALYSIS

    Use the music provided for you or any other source for the sheet music.

    1. Is the music major, minor or modal?

    2. Are there any accidentals?

    3. Are there repeated notes at the end of phrases?

    4. Is the rhythm strict? (Hint think about the recordings you have heard).

    5. What is the metre?

    6. Explain the time signature marked.

    7. What is the general structure/form?

    8. Describe the tempo

    5

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Road_to_Dublinhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Road_to_Dublin

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. Compare and contrast two recordings of the song.

    2. This song is usually transcribed in the key of F. This has been deliberately transposed to make it easier to learn. Practise playing in an Irish Traditional style. Remember that the written version is not strict rhythmically.

    SECTION 3

    Red is the RoseRed is the Rose is an example of an Irish Tradi-tional Song where multiple versions exist. If you research the lyrics you will find that some begin with the verse on the left, others begin with the chorus Red is the Rose.

    ANALYSIS

    Use the music provided for you.

    1. What key is this version in?

    2. Are there any bars which are variations of each other?

    3. Are there repeated notes at the end of phrases?

    4. Is the rhythm strict? (Hint think about the recordings you have heard)

    5. What is the metre?

    6. What is another name for the time signature shown?

    7. What is the form?

    6

  • CHAPTER 2

    Folk Songs from Other Countries

    Irish Folk Songs are not the only type of folk songs. Like Ireland songs developed over time and were passed down orally over the years.

    Songs Include:Scarborough FairSkye Boat SongThe Banana Boat Song

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. Perform a google image search for the sheet music for the song. What do you notice about the time signatures? Explain your answer.

    2. This song will allow you to practise low C on the recorder. Learn to perform the piece.

    SECTION 1

    Scarborough Fair ANALYSISDescribe the song musically. Discuss the following:

    1. Key

    2. Time Signature

    3. Rhythm

    4. Range

    8

    REVIEW 2.1 Scarborough Fair Quiz

    Question 1 of 9What Key is this piece in?

    A. A

    B. B

    C. C

    D. D

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. This is a type of Calypso song. Research this style of song and create a poster showing the main characteristics of the style.

    2. Choose a version of the song to listen to. Describe the texture of the song.

    SECTION 2

    Banana Boat Song

    ANALYSIS

    Describe the song musically. Discuss the following:

    1. Melody

    2. Rhythm

    3. Tempo

    4. Intervals

    9

  • CHAPTER 3

    Historical and Modern Ballads

    Historical Ballads developed from the folk song tradition and are often based on major events.Modern Ballads are generally slow style Love songs.

    Songs Include:The Fields of AthenryThe Streets of London

  • SECTION 1

    The Fields of Athenry

    11

    Unusually for an Irish song, the Sheet Music for this song is not in the public domain and is still licensed. It is available via several sources, here is one:Musicnotes.com

    LISTENING & RESEARCH

    As the sheet music is not widely available this is a good example for listening exercises.

    1. Listen to one version of the song. Describe the overall form of the song and explain what the song is about.

    2. Now listen to a second version of the song. How does it differ to the first? Listen for instruments, texture, voice and harmony.

    3. This song is used in several movies and is popular at football matches. Create a poster describing the history of the piece and its use.

    REVIEW 3.1 Analysis (Uses Musicnotes edition)

    Question 1 of 6What key is the song in?

    A. Gm

    B. B flat

    C. F

    D. C

    http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0106683&http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0106683&

  • SECTION 2

    The Cliffs of DoneenLISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. Planxty recorded a version of this song with Christy Moore. Planxty are a famous Irish Folk Group. Create a profile of this group including their members, instruments and famous songs.

    2. Compare the instrumentation used by Tommy Fleming, Planxty and Paddy Reilly. Create an instrument profile of each of the instruments including famous performers of each instrument and whether they were traditionally an Irish instrument.

    ANALYSIS

    1. Describe the form of the piece. Rewrite the score into your manuscript, highlighting the differences between each phrase.

    2. This is an Irish piece. Analyse the score and your recording and list all features of Irish Music you find. Give an example and explanation of each one in the context of the piece.

    12

    IMAGE 3.1 Cliffs of Dooneen

  • CHAPTER 4

    Pop songs, Negro Spirituals, Jazz & BluesThis is a very broad category covering older songs from American History, right through Jazz, Blue and Pop Songs.

    Songs Include:Down to the River to PrayFeeling GoodHit The Road JackAnother One Bites the Dust

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. The song is a negro spiritual. Listen to a gospel version of this song. Describe the texture, instrumentation and voices in the song.

    2. Is the song major or minor? Concentrate on recognising this by ear.

    3. Practise singing or playing the song. Remember to transpose it into a suitable key if you are singing.

    SECTION 1

    Wade in the Water ANALYSIS1. This piece is in a minor key. What key is it?

    Describe the two methods you use to identify it as a minor key. What is the relative major?

    2. There are a lot of thirds in this piece. Identify the major thirds and minor thirds. Mark them in your piece.

    3. What is the range of the piece? Is this wide or narrow? What implication does this have for singers?

    14

  • LISTENING & RESEARCH

    1. Listen to a sample of the song. Can you identify the time signature? Is it simple or compound? Describe how you identified it.

    2. Describe the tempo of the piece. Does it change?

    3. Compare the Nina Simone version with the Michael Buble cover. Which do you prefer? Justify your answer using musical references.

    SECTION 2

    Feeling GoodANALYSIS (USES MUSICNOTES.COM EDITION)

    1. There is more than one time signature in this piece. Find both and explain each of them.

    2. What Key is the piece in? How can you identify this from the score?

    3. Explain the marking moderately slow, in 4 in the context of the time signature

    4. Does this piece change key? If so, what key does it move into? (Hint: check the whole piece!). Complete the sentence, The word for changing key is m_____

    5. At the bottom of page four describe the left hand of the final stave.

    6. What is the marking Led in the final bar?

    7. Who composed the piece?

    15

    The Sheet Music for this song is not in the public domain and is still licensed. It is available via several sources, here is one:

    Musicnotes.com

    http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0082543&http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0082543&

  • ANALYSIS (USES THE MUSICNOTES EDITION)

    1. The first four bars are marked as N.C. Explain this marking and why it applies to these bars.

    2. This is an unusual key signature, what is the major key signature? What would the minor key signature be? Is this piece major or minor?

    3. The Bass line (left hand of the bass clef) has a distinctive musical feature. Describe it.

    4. Explain the key signature in the score.

    5. Why i