MANNERISM SLIDES #11-13 Before: High Renaissance After: Baroque

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How to identify Mannerism… Renaissance: Harmony / perfection (e.g. Golden Mean) Realistic but idealized human anatomy (based on antiquity) Linear Perspective Contrapposto – natural pose Chiaroscuro (subtle use of lights and darks to show depth) Organized compositions Mannerism: Complex characters / compositions / subjects Dramatic, theatrical, and sometimes overly stylized Crisp and Frozen shapes Muscular and / or elongated figures (exaggerated bodies) Distorted / strange perspective views (not linear perspective) Figures are serpentinata (serpent-like) / complex poses Use of dramatic and / or unrealistic lighting effects

Text of MANNERISM SLIDES #11-13 Before: High Renaissance After: Baroque

MANNERISM SLIDES #11-13 Before: High Renaissance After: Baroque MANNERISM ( ) Mannerism is the period between the High Renaissance and the Baroque ( AD) Works from this period show more emotion than before Mannerism uses some of the Renaissance characteristics but abandons others Mannerism is from the term di mariera, referring to a work of art done according to an acquired style rather than depicting nature - often the art was very individual in style, but there are some shared characteristics How to identify Mannerism Renaissance: Harmony / perfection (e.g. Golden Mean) Realistic but idealized human anatomy (based on antiquity) Linear Perspective Contrapposto natural pose Chiaroscuro (subtle use of lights and darks to show depth) Organized compositions Mannerism: Complex characters / compositions / subjects Dramatic, theatrical, and sometimes overly stylized Crisp and Frozen shapes Muscular and / or elongated figures (exaggerated bodies) Distorted / strange perspective views (not linear perspective) Figures are serpentinata (serpent-like) / complex poses Use of dramatic and / or unrealistic lighting effects Slide # 11: El Greco. The Burial of Count Orgaz (1586) Oil on canvas What technical elements do you see? What Renaissance aspects do you see? What Mannerist aspects do you see? Artist: His name means the Greek Composition: Artist divides composition by the celestial / terrestrial worlds Places himself in the work (7 th figure in from the left) Uses triangular composition Dramatic lighting (chiaroscuro) What distinct features identify this work as a clear example of Mannerism as opposed to a High Renaissance work? Triangular composition Elongated arms, legs, fingers, bodies, and neck - his is done to give the body elegance Artist of this time seemed more interested in they style than the subject matter, trying to be different in his approach Are there any other strange things you notice about the piece? How about the scantily dressed angel? the small figure in the back? the Christ child? Slide #12 Parmagianino. Madonna with the Long Neck. ( AD). Oil on canvas. Details Slide #13 Giambologna. Abduction of the Sabine Woman. (1583 AD) Marble. How is this Mannerism? Meaning of the Work: How does this piece show technical advances beyond those of Michelangelo in terms of sculpture? Based on the story of Roman invading their neighbors, the Sabines, in order to obtain wives so that the population of Rome (under its founder, Romulus) could continue and thrive. What makes the following works Mannerism?