LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 550: LANDSCAPE 523... LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 523: LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY Spring

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  • LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 523: LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY Spring Semester 2012 Lecture: 9:30-10:45 Tuesday and Thursday CALA building, Triangle West Instructor: Margaret Livingston, mlivings@u.arizona.edu 621-5359, A303L Landscape Architecture PURPOSE: Discussion and application of the theory of landscape ecology to illustrate

    principles of the field and its relevance to the practice of landscape architecture. DESCRIPTION: The emphasis of this course is the understanding and subsequent use of principles of landscape ecology. This will be accomplished through the study of how spatial heterogeneity in landscapes influences various ecological processes in natural and created landscapes. Lectures will primarily focus on an abbreviated review of ecosystem processes, characterization of landscape pattern and dynamics, and the consequences of these factors on the environments we examine in the profession of landscape architecture. Material will typically be presented with a more global perspective, whereas class discussions and field trips will generally focus on regional examples. Topics and concepts related to landscape ecology such as creating sustainability in environments and rehabilitation of terrestrial plant communities will also be highlighted in the course. This course will provide students with sufficient background to formulate questions related to ecological processes in urban, exurban, and natural areas. Furthermore, students will understand the reasoning behind methods of spatial data collection and analyses used to address ecological questions. COURSE OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of the course students should have: 1. an understanding of the basic concepts and terminology of landscape ecology; 2. an understanding of general ecological processes and their interactions with the

    landscape; 3. an understanding of landscape patterns and structure and their impact on ecological

    processes; 4. a recognition of general ecological changes in landscape patterns over time; 5. the ability to use principles of landscape ecology to evaluate relationships among spatial

    patterns and ecological processes. COURSE REFERENCES: The first two texts will provide a foundation for material covered in lectures. I would recommend purchasing the second text. A copy of these books will be on reserve in the office for students to check out. Additional readings will be predominantly journal articles and chapters from Nassauer (1997) available as PDFs in the D2L site. Additional books listed provide different views about and approaches to the field of landscape ecology. Texts: Forman, Richard T.T. and M. Godron. 1986. Landscape Ecology. John Wiley and Sons. (1 copy on reserve in office; available for 2 hour checkout) Dramstad, W.E., J.D. Olson, and R.T.T. Forman. 1996. Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning. Island Press. (Reasonably priced, provides effective overview of concepts) Nassauer, J. I. Placing Nature: Culture and Landscape Ecology. 1997. Island Press. (1 copy on reserve in office; available for 2 hour checkout)

  • Additional texts discussed in lecture: Forman, Richard T.T. 1995. Land Mosaics: The Ecology of Landscape and Regions. Cambridge University Press. Gergel, S.E. and M.G. Turner. 2002. Learning Landscape Ecology: a practical guide to concepts and techniques. 2002. Springer Press. Turner, M.G., Gardner, R.H., and R.V. O'Neill. 2001. Landscape ecology in theory and practice: pattern and process. Springer Press. Arizona Soils, by David M. Hendricks. Tucson, Ariz.: College of Agriculture, University of Arizona, 1985. This electronic copy was produced in February 2002 in part with grant funds provided by the Library Services and Technology Act.

    Additional References: Books: Design with Nature, McHarg Ecological Design and Planning, Thompson and Steiner Landscape Planning, Marsh Landscape Ecology and Land Use, Vink

    Journals:

    Landscape Ecology

    Ecology

    Oikos

    Bioscience

    Journal of Ecology

    Ecological Applications

    Conservation Biology

    EVALUATION:

    Assignment reports/discussions 15%

    2 Lecture exams 50%

    2 projects 25%

    Participation/article summaries 10%

    Evaluation of assignments will be based on organization, and presentation.

    Reading summaries should consist of a 150-250 word summary of each assigned article. Note drop

    dates for each article(s).

    Academic integrity:

    You are encouraged to share intellectual views and discuss freely the principles and applications

    of the course materials. However, class exercises must be executed independently, except as

    noted by the instructor. This course operates under the Academic Code:

    catalog.arizona.edu/policies/974/acacode.htm

    Incomplete Policy:

    Any incomplete grade given must be verified with a written agreement with the student that

    specifies the work to be done and a timetable for completion.

    Teachers open the door, but you must enter by yourself

    Chinese Proverb

  • Week/Date

    Topic

    *Reading(s)

    T = text, A = article Week 1

    January 8

    What is landscape ecology? Introduction to

    landscape ecology (TH)

    A: Stenitz, Wiens, Franklin,

    Ludwig, Makhzoumi (1/22*, D2L)

    LE terminology also available in

    D2L for review Week 2

    January 15

    Introduction; Landscape ecology principles and

    concepts, Assignment one assigned (TH)

    T: Forman and Godron (F and

    G) Ch. 1, Dramstad (Dstd) pp. 5-

    14 (support) Week 3

    January 22

    Ecological concepts, discuss Assignment one (T)

    (Summary dropped by one team member: 1/29, D2L)

    Assignment two assigned (2/13, D2L)

    T: F and G Ch. 2

    A: Haber and McClaran & Brady

    (2/5, D2L) Week 4

    January 29

    Ecological concepts contd, Arizona communities

    T: F and G Ch. 3, Dstd pp. 19-31

    Week 5

    February 5

    Ecological concepts

    T: F and G Ch. 4, Dstd pp. 36-39

    A: Lienert (2/19, D2L)

    Week 6

    February 12

    Ecological concepts, Patches

    Project one assigned (T) Guest lecture (TH)

    A: Nassauer Introduction (2/26,

    D2L) Week 7

    February 19

    California Field trip no class this week

    Week 8

    February 26

    Patches continued and Corridors

    Field trip/Assignment three assigned (TH): Rillito River

    (3/26 D2L)

    T: F and G Ch. 5, Dstd pp.41-45

    A: Nassauer Ch.3, Naiman et al.,

    Revkin, Harris (3/11, D2L) Week 9

    March 4

    Exam one (Thursday)

    Matrix and Networks, Natural processes in landscape

    development

    T: F and G Ch. 6 and 7

    Week 10

    March 11 SPRING BREAK

    Week 11

    March 18

    Human role in landscape development

    T: F and G Ch. 8

    A: Nassauer Ch. 1, 2 and 7

    (4/1, D2L) Week 12

    March 25

    Flows and movement across landscapes

    Present Rillito River assignment (T)

    T: F and G Ch. 9

    Week 13

    April 1

    Movement continued: metapopulation dynamics

    T: F and G Ch. 10

    Week 14

    April 8

    Landscape function and change

    Project one due 4/10, 9:30 a.m. (or drop in D2L)

    Project two assigned (T)

    Third-year presentations (TH)

    T: F and G Ch. 11 and 12

    A: Nassauer Ch. 4 and 5, Spirn

    (4/22, D2L)

    Week 15

    April 15

    Landscape heterogeniety and management

    Field trip: Cienega Creek (TH, 4/19)

    T: F and G Ch. 13 and 14

    A: Grumbine, Kondolf, Orr

    (4/29, D2L) Week 16

    April 22

    Landscape heterogeniety and management

    T: F and G Ch. 13 and 14

    Week 17

    April 29

    Exam two (Tuesday, 5/1) T: Dstd 47-70

    Week 18

    May 6

    Project two due 5/8, D2L

    * Due by 11:59 pm, unless otherwise stated.

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