Landholder participation in the Loddon Stressed Rivers Project Landholder participation in the Loddon

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  • Landholder participation in the Loddon Stressed Rivers Project

    A report to the

    North Central Catchment Management Authority

    Allan Curtis, Royce Sample, Simon McDonald & Nicki Mazur

    Institute for Land, Water and Society Charles Sturt University

    March 2010

    ILWS Preliminary Report

  • Landholder participation in Loddon Stressed Rivers Project: 2009

    ii

    Research commissioned by:

    North Central Catchment Management Authority

    All rights reserved. The contents of this publication are copyright in all countries subscribing to the Berne Convention. No parts of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, in existence or to be invented, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the authors, except where permitted by law. Cataloguing in Publication provided by the Institute for Land, water and Society (ILWS) – Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, 2640.

    Curtis, Allan, Sample, Royce, McDonald, Simon & Mazur, Nicole (2010). A project in conjunction with the North Catchment Management Authority, by A. Curtis, R. Sample, S. McDonald, N. Mazur. Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, 2640. 1v., - (Report / ILWS, No. ) ISBN:

    Acknowledgments

    The research team from the Institute for Land, Water and Society (ILWS) – Charles Sturt University, Albury, thanks Rohan Hogan, North Central Catchment Management Authority (GB CMA), for his assistance in the design and implementation of this research. The research team would also like to sincerely thank the many landholders and agency staff who contributed valuable time and effort to completing the survey and participating in interviews. These people are not identified in this report to preserve their anonymity.

    Disclaimer

    The views expressed in this report are solely the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Charles Sturt University, North Central Catchment Management Authority or any other individual or organisation consulted during the research.

  • Landholder participation in Loddon Stressed Rivers Project: 2009

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Section Page 1 Introduction

    1.01 Background 1

    1.02 Research objectives 2

    2 Methodology

    2.01 Introduction 3

    2.02 The mail survey 7

    2.03 Data analysis 9

    3 Findings by research topic

    3.01 Task 1: Assessing the effectiveness of LSRP in engaging river frontage landholders

    12

    3.01.1 Participation in river frontage management programs, including the LSRP

    12

    3.01.2 Some background property and personal data for respondents 12

    3.01.3 Participants and non-participants in LSRP 14

    3.01.4 LSRP participants and non-participants: background property and social data

    16

    3.01.5 Does participation explain differences in LSRP outcomes? 22 3.01.6 Does LSRP participation make a difference? comparison of participants and non-participants

    23

    3.01.7 Does LSRP participation make a difference? factors linked to achievement of intermediate program outcomes

    32

    3.01.8 Did the LSRP employ appropriate processes and tools effectively?

    65

    3.02 Task 2: Identifying constraints to implementing recommended practices by those not engaged in the LSRP

    68

    3.03 Task 3: Explore/ identify factors influencing long-term commitment by landholders and the community to LSRP outcomes

    76

    4 Overall Background of respondents 4.1 Property background 77 4.2 Social background 79 4.3 Survey topics 84

    5 References

    Figures

    Page

    Figure 1: Location of the Loddon catchments 1 Figure 2: Survey statements used about Current Recommended Practices (CRP) of the NCCMA for the LSRP improved river health outcomes

    5

    Figure 3: Property previously owned or operated by others in family 76 Figure 4: Property is the principal place of residence 78 Figure 5: Gender for all respondents 80 Figure 6: Farmer and other occupations for all respondents 80 Figure 7: Hours worked on farming/property activities past 12 months; all respondents

    81

    Figure 8: Days paid off-property work in the past 12 months; all respondents 81 Figure 9: Completed a short course relevant to property management; all respondents, past 12 months

    82

    Figure 10: Involved in property management planning; all respondents 83 Figure 11: Involved in property succession planning; all respondents 83 Figure 12: Assessment of river health issues by all respondents 86

  • Landholder participation in Loddon Stressed Rivers Project: 2009

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    Tables Page Table 1: Survey response rate 8

    Table 2: Property and social information for all respondents 13

    Table 3: Property data; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    16

    Table 4: Social data; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    17

    Table 5: Values; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    18

    Table 6: Long term plans the next 5 year; comparison between LSRP participants and non-participants

    19

    Table 7: Issues; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    20

    Table 8: Attitudes; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    21

    Table 9: LSRP Intermediate outcomes - Assessment of river health issues (awareness of issues); comparison of LSRP participants and non- participants

    27

    Table 10: LSRP Intermediate outcomes - Knowledge and understanding of degradation processes and remedial actions; comparison of LSRP participants and non-participants

    28

    Table 11: LSRP Intermediate outcomes - Confidence in/acceptability of recommended practices; comparison between LSRP participants and non- participants

    29

    Table 12: LSRP Intermediate outcomes - Implementation of recommended practices; comparison between LSRP participants and non-participants, amounts undertaken

    30

    Table 13: Reasons for non-participation in CMA river health programs during the past 5 years

    66

    Table 14: Assessments of support provided by CMA/DPI LSRP staff 67

    Table 15: Constraints to managing river frontages in your district; comparison of LSRP participants and non-participants

    69

    Table 16: The extent LSRP participants implemented work as agreed in their management plan

    76

    Table 17: Property information for all respondents 77

    Table 18: Property size for all respondents 77

    Table 19: Distance Loddon River runs along/ through property (one side 77

    Table 20: Social data for all respondents 79

    Table 21: Age for all respondents 79

    Table 22: Occupation for all respondents 80

    Table 23: Property enterprise mix for all respondents 81

    Table 24: Landcare participation for all respondents 82

    Table 25: Amount of on and off-property profit income (2008/2009) 82

    Table 26: Assessment of property issues, all respondents 84

    Table 27: Assessment of district issues; all respondents 85

    Table 28: Values for all respondents 87

    Table 29: Knowledge of different topics; all respondents 88

    Table 30: Attitudes to stakeholder roles and responsibilities; all respondents 89

    Table 31: Long-term plans for all respondents 90

    Table 32: Confidence in/acceptability of recommended practices All respondents

    91

    Table 33: Implementation of recommended practices, activities undertaken by all landholders

    92

  • Landholder participation in Loddon Stressed Rivers Project: 2009

    1

    1.0 INTRODUCTION

    1.01 Background

    The North Central Catchment Management Authority (NCCMA) contracted Charles Sturt University‟s Institute for Land, Water and Society (ILWS) to examine landholder participation in the Loddon Stressed River Project (LSRP). The LSRP has focussed on building partnerships with rural landholders along a 360 km section of the regulated Loddon River. Downstream of Durham-Ox, the project has been delivered by Department of Primary Industries (DPI) staff and upstream of Durham-Ox, by staff from the NCCMA [Figure 1]. The equivalent of 1 full-time person has worked across the two reaches of the Loddon.

    Figure 1: Location of the North Central Catchment Management Authority region and the Loddon Stressed Rivers Project

    Map supplied by SPAN CSU

  • Landholder participation in Loddon Stressed Rivers Project: 2009

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    Landholders have been engaged in the LSRP through a variety of communication and learning tools and processes, supported by strong public contributions to the costs of implementing work to improve river health. The NCCMA has funding to continue supporting work along the Loddon to improve river health; however, this funding is unlikely to continue beyond 2011/2012. With approximately 200 km of 360 km of Loddon River frontage fenced (on both sides) to improve management of the river, NCCMA staff believe the LSRP has been an effective project. At the same time, NCCMA staff is committed to a collaborative, format