John Dewey (1859-1952) Experiential Education. Failure is instructive. The person who really thinks learns quite as much from his failures as from his successes. John Dewey. What do you believe Experiential Education is??. Background:. Born in Burlington, Vermont - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
John Dewey (1859-1952) Experiential Education
Failure is instructive. The person who really thinks learns quite as much from his failures as from his successes.John DeweyWhat do you believe ExperientialEducation is??Background:
Born in Burlington, Vermont Attended local schools University of Vermont Doctorate from Johns Hopkins UniversityAccomplishments:
Deweys educational theories broke new ground and continue to wield influence at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
As an alternative to the drill-and-recitation methods of the nineteenth century, Deweys School and Society (1899) espoused the notion that ideas should be grounded in experience.
In Experience and Education (1938), he argued that education should be based on the childs psychological and physical development, as well as the world outside the schoolroom.
CONTAINERPICTURE OF DEWEYCORRECT ANSWERSINCORRECT ANSWERSJohns Hopkins UniversityExperimental EducationUniversity of VermontDrill and recitationExperienceTheory of Experience:We must understand the nature of how humans have the experiences they do, in order to design effective education.Dewey's theory of experience rested on two central tenets
continuity and interaction.Continuity:refers to the notion that humans are sensitive to (or are affected by) experience. In humans, education is critical for providing people with the skills to live in society. Dewey argued that we learn something from every experience, whether positive or negative. Thus, every experience in some way influences all potential future experiences for an individual. Continuity refers to this idea that each experience is stored and carried on into the future, whether one likes it or not.
Interaction:builds upon the notion of continuity and explains howpast experience interacts with the present situation, to create one's present experience.
Educators can't control students' past experiences, they can try to understand those past experiences so that better educational situations can be presented to the students. Ultimately, all a teacher has control over is the design of the present situation.
The teacher with good insight into the effects of past experiences which students bring with them better enables the teacher to provide quality education which is relevant and meaningful for the students.
Experiential Learning Theory
CONTAINERCorrectIncorrectcontinuitymemorizationinteractionDecisions by categorization Testing new situationsintuition
CONTAINERCONTINUITYINTERACTIONcontinuityinteractionIncorrect answersExperience is stored and carried into the futurePast experience interacts with the present situationPlaying a game of memoryDo you remember where you were on 9/11Brushing your teeth twice a day Learning how to dial 911During an emergency situation dialing 911Remembering to recycle.Learning cprPerforming cprJohn DeweyUsing what you know now, usethree words to describeExpreiential Education
There is an intimate and necessary relation between the processes of actual experience and education. John DeweyBibliography:PICTURES: