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Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion”

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Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion”. September 25, 2013. Symposium Goal. To share information and identify actions and programs to support the healthy growth, development and education of children and youth from prenatal to young adulthood. Agenda. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion”

Youth Symposium

Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium A Community Leaders DiscussionSeptember 25, 2013

1Symposium Goal

To share information and identify actions and programs to support the healthy growth, development and education of children and youth from prenatal to young adulthood.2AgendaSymposium Goal & Agenda Overview Jon Van Arnam1:00-1:10Opening Remarks and Self IntroductionsBoard Chairs1:10-1:20Children Deserve Our Help to SucceedTana Ebbole1:20-1:30Staff Presentations Demographics, Lisa Williams-Taylor1:30-2:10Key Factors & RecommendationsMarsha Guthrie Keith OswaldMike RodriguezMimi CoenenKeynote Presentation Essential Life Skills Ellen Galinsky 2:10-2:45Refreshment Break 2:45-3:00Facilitated Roundtable Discussion Ellen Galinsky 3:00-4:30Wrap-UpEllen Galinsky 4:30-4:45Closing Remarks Board Chairs4:45-5:003Keynote & FacilitatorEllen GalinskyPresident and Co-Founder of Families and Work Institute

4Goal for Our Children and YouthTo support the healthy growth, development and education of our children and youth prenatal through young adulthood so that they graduate from high school and succeed in life.

5Palm Beach County77% of our children (high school seniors) are graduating, leaving approximately 2,500 not receiving a standard diploma annually67% of all graduates go on to post-secondary education, leaving approximately 3,000 who do not 5.1% (3,273) of youth ages 16-19 are not working and not in school6Over-Represented PopulationsImpoverished 65%Black and Hispanic 64% and 72%Exceptional Student Education (ESE) 54%English Language Learners (ELL) 47%7Cross-Sectional InputSteering committee and three sub-committees50+ people25+ organizations8Guiding QuestionsWhat framework should we use?What are the key factors impacting goal?What do these key factors look like in Palm Beach County? What can we do to make a difference recommendations?9Prenatal-Birth3KindergartenEntryThirdGradeMiddle SchoolEntryHigh SchoolEntryHigh SchoolGraduation22Lead: Childrens Services CouncilLead: School DistrictLead: Criminal Justice Commission & Workforce AllianceChild/Youth Framework


Steps to SuccessHealthy births

Secure attachment to caregiversEffective parentingSafe & nurturing families & communitiesMeeting educational standardsReady for schoolCareer readinessConnectednessGraduation & successful entry to adulthoodPoor school attendanceNon-proficient readersDiscipline referrals/suspensionsNot connectedToxic StressDepressionSubstance AbuseExposure to violenceLate or no Prenatal careDJJ ReferralsTeen pregnancyAdolescents substance useIdle youth (not working and not in school)Prosocial adolescent behaviors

11Prenatal care ParentingToxic stressDepressionSubstance abuseExposure to violence School readiness Key Prenatal-Five Factors Impacting Goal

12Prenatal care access - healthy babies and developmental delaysPreterm birth - third grade reading and math performanceLow and very low birthweight - poor school performance and chronic health issues.In PBC, the rate of late or no prenatal care access is 6.9% compared to 4.8% for FloridaKey Factor: Prenatal Care

13Key Factor: ParentingSecure, stable, supportive relationships - brain development and school readiness Parenting skills and knowledge of child development - protective factors Sensitive and responsive parent/child relationships - cognitive skill development

14Toxic stress - brain architecture and impact on learning, behavior, and physical and mental healthDepression - childrens behavior, IQ scores, impulsivity, and developmental delaysPostpartum Depression is estimated to occur in approximately 10 to 20 percent of new mothers 2,100 in PBC2nd highest maltreatment type (verified) in PBC Substance Misuse (302 cases - 21% in 2012)

Key Factor: Toxic Stress Depression & Substance Abuse15Exposure to violence - depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, poor physical health, and poor academic achievementEmotional stability, self-regulation, problem solving skills and resilience are negatively affected by maltreatment 1,207 children (0-5) were abused and neglected in PBC in 2012Family Violence Threatens Child was the most common maltreatment type (verified) in PBC (619 cases - 42% in 2012)

Key Factor: Toxic StressExposure to Violence

16Key Factor: School ReadinessStrongest predictors of later school achievement - kindergarten-entry (math, reading, and attention skills)30% of our children are not ready based on kindergarten assessmentsPreschool participants (3 & 4 year olds)h High school completioni School dropouti Juvenile arrestsi Grade retentioni Special education17


Importance of First Five Years

18Kindergarten to High School

19Reading proficiencyAttendanceDiscipline and suspensionsConnectedness

Key School Factors Impacting Goal20Reading on Grade LevelAbout 16 % of children who are not reading proficiently by the end of third grade do not graduate from high school on time, a rate four times greater than that for proficient readers.For children who were poor for at least a year and were not reading proficiently, the proportion failing to graduate rose to 26%.For children who were poor, lived in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and not reading proficiently, the proportion jumped to 35%.Key Factor: Reading Proficiency21

Key Factor: Reading Proficiency54% of 3rd Grade Students 58% of 10th Grade Students 22Key Factor: AttendanceChronic absence in kindergarten was associated with lower performance in 1st gradeResearch shows this gap of lower academic performance continues through high schoolKids who miss more than 10 days of school are 20% less likely to graduate from high school

23 Key Factor: Attendance

Provided by: 24How many students miss more than 10 days annually?26% of students in elementary school14% of students in middle school 12% of students in high schoolApproximately 6% of students K-12 are missing more than 20 days of school a year Key Factor: Attendance25Florida Study on Suspensions and Graduations75% - never suspended, graduated on time52% - suspended once, graduated on time38% - suspended twice, graduated on timeKey Factor: Discipline & Suspensions Source: Florida Study on Suspensions and Graduation 26Discipline ReferralsHigh Schooli from 41,601 in FY12 to 33,335 in FY 13Middle School i from 40,208 in FY 12 to 27,278 in FY 13 Elementaryi from 15,839 in FY 12 to 11,282 in FY 13Key Factor: Discipline & Suspensions 27Students Who Feel ConnectedFeel like they belong Less likely to use substances, exhibit emotional distress, demonstrate violent or deviant behavior, attempt suicide, and become pregnant, etc.Less likely to skip school or be involved in fighting, bullying, and vandalism. These students are more likely to succeed academically and graduate.Key Factor: Connectedness 28Key Factor: Connectedness If I need to, I can talk to at least one adult about personal problems82% in elementary school 72% in middle school 65% two years ago70% in high school 59% two years ago

29Key Factor: Connectedness My family encourages me to participate in clubs, groups or team activities81% in elementary school75% in secondary school

30 to High School

31High School to 22

32ConnectednessDJJ referrals High risk behaviorsTeen pregnancy Substance use Idle youth Career readinessKey Young Adult Factors Impacting Goal33Key Factor: Connectedness2012 Total Population 0 12 vs. July 2012- June 2013 Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care and Afterschool Services in Palm Beach CountyIn 2012, 8.6% of Palm Beach Countys 0-12 population received subsidized child care and afterschool services Source: Palm Beach Early Learning Coalition34School Year 2012-2013 Slots Available for After School Programs 6th- 12th GradersKey Factor: Connectedness In 2012-2013, there were afterschool slots available to accommodate 5% of the student population.Source: Palm Beach County School District, CJC Community Survey, 201335Over the past five years, DJJ referrals decreased by roughly one-third.Predictably, the Juvenile Detention Center population also decreased during that same period.This can be attributed to a reduction in juvenile crime on a national, state, and local level, coupled with the implementation of innovative crime prevention and diversion initiatives.One in five juveniles processed at the Juvenile Assessment Center is for Domestic Violence.Key Factor: DJJ Referrals36Nationally, 70% of teen mothers DO NOT earn a high school diploma.38% of PBC High School youth used alcohol compared to 33.9% statewide as self reported.Adolescent marijuana users are 2.3% more likely to drop out than their non-using peers.Key Factor: High Risk Behaviors37 Not working, not in school Disconnected 3,273 in a one-year period, trending unfavorably Economic impact on society and youth

Key Factor: Idle Youth (16-19)Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, 2009, 2010, & 2011

38Career Readiness

Key Factor: Career Readiness39

RecommendationsSteps to Success

Programs/ServicesExpand assessments for maternal depression (e.g., general practitioners, OBs, pediatricians)Launch a community wide public awareness campaign focused on empowering parents and caregiversContinue literacy-based initiatives that begin in early childhood through high school and beyondUniversally offer transition programs in every school (entry into kindergarten, 6th, 9th, and post-graduate) Increase access to quality pre-school and afterschool programs


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