Bones Anatomy & Physiology. Skeleton System Infant Skeleton about 300 bones Adult about 206 bones

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Text of Bones Anatomy & Physiology. Skeleton System Infant Skeleton about 300 bones Adult about 206 bones

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Bones Anatomy & Physiology Slide 2 Skeleton System Infant Skeleton about 300 bones Adult about 206 bones Slide 3 The Skeletal System Supports Protects Slide 4 Bones make (produce) blood Bone marrow produces blood cells- Blood cells must be reproduced Slide 5 Bones Important for storage: Stores minerals that are important for your entire body to function, such as: Phosphorus Calcium Potassium, magnesium, zinc and more. What do you mean.are you saying they store stuff? Slide 6 What else will help to make bones strong? Vitamin D Exercise Slide 7 Bone Structure Outside: periosteum Slide 8 Compact bone & Spongy Bone Slide 9 Spongy Bone Slide 10 Bone Marrow Human Bone Marrow Beef Bone Marrow Slide 11 Why do infants have more bones then adults anyway? Osteoblast- Osteo=Bone, blast=immature Osteoclast osteo=bone, clast= to break Slide 12 Still Growing- Babies are born with more cartilage Slide 13 Bones are placed into two groups The axial skeleton forms the central axis of the body. It consists of the skull, the vertebral column, the ribs and the sternum or breastbone Slide 14 Appendicular skeleton The Upper Extremities The Lower Extremities The Shoulder Girdle The Pelvic Girdle Slide 15 Vertebra Column Slide 16 Rib Bits Called Thoracic Cage- Protects vital organs The rib cage flexes when we breathe Slide 17 Skull Slide 18 Smallest bones in the body Ear Slide 19 Sizes and Shapes Long Bones Short Bones Flat Bones Irregular Bones Sesamoid Bones Slide 20 Arm & Hands Slide 21 Legs & Feet Slide 22 Male and Female Skeletons are a bit different Males- slightly thicker, longer legs and arms Females- wider pelvis and larger space, so they can deliver children Slide 23 Joints 6 kinds of joints in your body There is special fluid in the joints called synovial ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Hinge Elbow/Knee Slide 24 Pivot Joint Slide 25 Ball and socket joint Shoulder/Hip Slide 26 Saddle Joints Slide 27 Condyloid Slide 28 Quick Trivia What mineral is important for bone growth and protects from osteoporosis? Slide 29 Calcium Slide 30 Infants have less bones then adults? True or False Slide 31 False, they have more (Cartilage that turns into bone) Slide 32 What are the things that are produced in the bone marrow? Slide 33 Red Blood Cells and Yellow bone marrow, which stores the fats. Slide 34 What are the 4 functions of the bones? Slide 35 Supports Protects Produces Stores Slide 36 Periosteum (pare-ee-os-tee-um). Is located on what part of the bone? Slide 37 The outside of the bone Slide 38 The ______ ____, protects the bone and helps it to bounce back. Slide 39 Spongy Bone Slide 40 Osteo means? Slide 41 Bone Slide 42 A -----------------is an area of growing tissue located near the end of the long bones of the body Slide 43 growth plate Slide 44 When you are born, the growth plates are actually --------------,which is a soft, rubbery material. Slide 45 cartilage Slide 46 The bones of the _______ ______support and protect the organs of the head, neck and trunk, including the skull, sternum, ribs, and vertebrae. Slide 47 axial skeleton Slide 48 The _______ ________is composed of bones that anchor the appendages to the axial skeleton. Slide 49 appendicular skeleton Slide 50 Slide 51