Increasing Your Instructional Effectiveness through Student-Centered TeachingMary Lee Jensen,Head of Instructional ServicesKent State University
I hope that by the end of this session you will:
Feel more comfortable with the vocabulary of learner-centered teaching
Understand the importance of putting yourself in your students shoes when you are teaching.
I hope that by the end of this sessionyou will:
Understand the impact that you have on your students learning.
Leave with at least one new idea that you can incorporate into your teaching.
Please place a sticker on your bookmark every time one of the following statements resembles something you have said or thought.
Statement 1In the classes I teach, there is rarely enough time to cover everything I think my students should know.
Statement 2I have tried to have students work in groups, but they seem a bit .resistant.
Statement 3I am worried about trying something new when I teach and having it not work.
Statement 4I want to reduce the number of blank stares in my classes.
Statement 5Im not comfortable with the uncertainty that comes with doing unscripted instruction.
Statement 6I teach large classes of students and am not sure how to incorporate hands-on activities
Statement 7I want to be more effective in the classroom.
Count up your stickers!
The move away from lectures
The lecture works for students who learn auditorially, have high working memory capacity, have all the required prior knowledge, have good note-taking skills, and are not susceptible to information processing overload.Johnson, Johnson, and Smith (1991) in John C. Bean. Engaging ideas: the professors guide to integrating writing, critical thinking, and active learning in the classroom. P. 89
Learner-centered teachingAcknowledges the needs of the learner
Moves from teacher as imparter of knowledge toward teacher as facilitator
Recognizes different learning styles
Active learning Students learn by doing they are involved in more than just listening
Students are involved in higher order thinking analysis, synthesis, evaluation
Active learning in and of itself is not learner-centered objectives are important
Problem-based learningStudents are guided to learn on their own
There is no right answer emphasis on the process
Students identify tools they need to solve a problem
Cooperative learning Collaborative learning sometimes used interchangeably
Learning is facilitated through support of others
Facilitates the development of social skills
Works best when some direction is provided -- establish roles
Is not the same as group projects
Brain-based learningUses information about the construct of the brain to facilitate learning
Focuses on stimulating multiple neural networks and multiple areas of the brain
Recognizes the role of prior knowledge
Seeks to make connections -- senses
Mind mapping..Created by Tony BuzanBrain-friendly method for taking notesLinks verbal side (words) of the left brain with creative side (color, pictures) of the right brainCreates multiple pathways for recall
Your turn to try mind mappingPINKCharacteristics of a good learning experience you have had your perspective as a studentBLUECharacteristics of an instruction session that you think went particularly well your perspective as a teacher
Now partner with one other person who has the same color sheet.Share your mindmaps and decide on one characteristic you both agree on.Use the Sharpie pen that one of you has and write the characteristic on one of the post-it notes at the back of your folder. Add the word student if you are pink and teacher if you are blue.Pass your slip to the end of the row.The person at the end should put the slips on the correct easel sheet on the wall.
Multiple IntelligencesHoward Gardner1. Verbal-linguistic loves to read, talk, listen, and write2. Logical-mathematical loves to solve problems.3. Musical-rhythmic loves to sing, hum, tap to music4. Visual-spatial loves to imagine, manipulate objects in space, create art
Multiple intelligences (continued)5. Bodily-kinesthetic loves to move and express movement or action6. Interpersonal loves to communicate, listen, persuade, negotiateIntrapersonal loves to be alone, reflect, set internal goals
Be aware that learners have different strengths in addition to learning styles.
AuditoryVisualKinestheticLearning Styles: VAK
Time to pass the toy..Form a virtual circle with two rowsGreen = rightRed = left
Many articles in a database are available in full-text though not always. Sometimes you just get the citation. If you are using a database like Academic Search Premier and scan your search results you will see the words HTML and PDF. Clicking on HTML will give you the text version of the article which is sometimes harder to cite. The PDF version looks exactly like the article would when it was originally published,but you will need Adobe Acrobat to view it.
Sometimes the article is not in full text and you just get the citation. Sometimes the article is in full-text, but it doesnt say that on the screen. In some databases associated with OhioLINK you will see the term Find a Copy. Click on this and you will sometimes go to the link to full-text. It might say full-text available in the EJC. This is the Electronic Journal Center which is another database that is linked to this one.
Sometimes Find a Copy will link to another full-text source and you might have to click on one link and then another link and then the PDF icon to get the article. Sometimes you will click on Find a Copy and you wont get a link to the full-text. The screen will show you the journal holdings. In our online catalog, you will first see holdings for branch campuses. You will want to look for the word Main which is our campus.
You will see a list of the volumes we have received for that journal. Sometimes there are gaps where for some reason we stopped getting the journal for a couple years. Make sure you have the complete citation so you can find the journal on the second floor where the bound journals are arranged alphabetically by the title of the journal not the article.
Sometimes it looks like we dont own the journal, but we actually do. You will need to do a title search in the online catalog to confirm this. The record for the journal will show you whether we own the journal or not. If we dont, you can try to get the article through Interlibrary Loan. But that might take a couple weeks.
How did that feel?The activity requires reconciliation of different learning styles auditory, visual, kinestheticFrustration, confusion, fear, boredom are barriers to learning keep this in mind when teaching
A few observations about learner-centered teaching -- a personal perspective *
* (obligatory disclaimer)
Read the class and respond to cues that you might not be getting through.
Acknowledge that students bring different levels of knowledgeto the class.
Provide a context for why the information is important.
Pay attention to the importance of the physical space.
Acknowledge what is going on outside the classroom.
Show that you care!
70% of communication is nonverbal7% = words (actual content)
23% = tone of voice
33% = facial expression
35% = body language
Exley and Dennick. Giving a lecture from presenting to teaching. 2004, p. 91.
Reflect on your teaching.
You are already a great teacher because you are here and because you care!
Please use your evaluation forms to provide feedback!!!!Write your name and email address and institution on the index card in your baggie and give it to me before you leave. Share one new idea that you will try in your class.Ill collect the ideas and distribute them.Thanks!