Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Management & Relocation Management & Relocation 28 October, 2009 Ministry of Nation Defense Republic of

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  • Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Management & Relocation28 October, 2009Ministry of Nation Defense Republic of Korea, MINISTRY OF STRATEGY AND FINANCE, Ministry of Public Administration and Security, Ministry of Environment Republic of Korea, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, Presidential Council on National Competitiveness

  • *BackgroundDeregulation of Military Installations Protection ZoneImproving Efficiency of Military Installations Relocation ProjectsAction PlanExpected Results*Table of Contents

  • *Background*

  • *Changes in National Defense EnvironmentCivilian-Military Tension Over Military InstallationsPlan To Rationalize Restriction on Protection Zone & To Improve Efficiency of Military Installations Project Necessary to Revitalize Local Economy & to Ensure Timely Relocation of Military InstallationsMany Military Installations Expected To Be Relocated By 2020 in Accordance With Defense Reform Program.Requests for Deregulation of Military Installations Protection Zone have repeatedly been filed even after drastic reduction of the zone in accordance with the amendment of Military Installation & Military Facilities Act in Sep. 2008. BackgroundStandards for Setting up Military Installations & Protection Zone Required As OperationalEnvironment ChangesDisconnection btw Local Urban Projects & Military Installations Relocation Plan

  • *Deregulation ofMilitary Installations Protection Zone*

  • *Conflict of Different Values Over Military Installations Protection ZoneNational Defense vs. CitizensRightsNational DefenseCitizensRightsMilitary OperationsMilitary Installations ProtectionSafety Zone Near Munitions StorageFlight Safety For MilitaryAircraftProperty RightsLiving QualityFree Business ActivitiesEfficient Use of Territory

  • *Total of 9,111 (9.1% of Entire Territory)2. Status of Military Installations Protection ZoneFlight Safety Zone34%Restricted Protection Zone47%19%Tightly Restricted Protection ZoneGangwon-Do35%Gyunggi-Do34%Inchon3%Etc. 23%By Local GovtsBy TypesChung Nam 5%

  • * 3. Efforts to Improve Military Installations Protection ZoneReduction of Controlled ProtectionZone Near MDL15km 10kmReduction of Restricted ProtectionZone In Rear Area1km 0.5kmMDLCivilian Restricted LineControlled Protection Line1km500mBase/InstallationsRestricted Protection Line15km10km Easing & Releasing Additional 4.04 million of Protection Zone(Oct.2009)New Construction/Enlargement of Residence Within Controlled Protection Zone(Banned Possible Upon Consultation With Military) Small-scale Construction Within Restricted Protection Zone (Military Consultation Required Not Required Any More)Easing Restriction on Construction Within Protection ZoneDeregulation Through Reduction of Protection Zone (Sep. 2008)

  • *4. Problems with Military Installations Protection ZoneInflexible Standard, Lack of Procedure to Assess Suitability of Protection ZoneTendency to Set Up Protection Zone Around Unit BoundaryIdentical Height Restriction For Every Military Air BaseLack of Suitability Verification Process For Protection ZoneDifficult to Consult Military Units Due to Lack of Standard For Setting UpProtection Zone, Too Many Requests and Conditions to Local CommunitiesUnclear Standard For Consultation on Development Activities Within Protection Zone &Lack of Local Communities ParticipationExcessive Restriction On Military Installations of Less Operational ImportanceWithin Protection ZoneLow Participation Rate of Local Communities & Stake-holders

  • *5. Improving System of Military Installations Protection ZoneReasonable Reduction of Protection ZoneImprove Standard For Setting Up Protection ZoneBoundary FencePresentGeneral InstallationsCore InstallationsBoundary Fence500m500mGeneral InstallationsCore InstallationsCore InstallationsFuture Protection Zone Set Up Within 1km from Range Boundary FenceCategorize Risk Level Based Upon Firing Zone & Munitions Target Zone, Prepare Separate Standard For Protection Zone Set-UpSet Up Regular Verification Session For Suitability of Protection Zone During Establishing Protection Zone PlanReview Flight Safety Zone Height Restriction Through Scientific Means (i.e. simulation, etc)Protection ZoneAround BoundaryProtection ZoneAround CoreInstallations

  • *5. Improving System of Military Installations Protection ZoneImprove Consultation Procedure Regarding Development Activities Within Protection ZonePrepare Reasonable Consultation Standard For Construction of Military Installations By TypePrepare Clear Definition of Conditional Agreement For Development Activities Within Protection ZoneAllow Construction of Non-Residential Installations Within Safety Zone Near Munitions StoragePresentFutureLack of Standard For Assessing Operational Importance of Installations

    Deregulate Protection Zone Around Military Installations of Less Operational Importance Prepare Permissible Standard For Building Temporary Installations(i.e. Temporary Material, Tower Crane, etc) Guarantee Participation of Concerning Local Government Officials During Verification By Unit Protection Zone Inspection CommitteeContinuously Expand Zone Where Construction Can Be Approved By Local Communities Without Consultation With Military

  • *Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Relocation Project*

  • *1. Status of Military Installations Relocation ProjectRelocation MethodResult of Relocation Project(04~08)Reason for RelocationFinanceDonation & ConcessionNational Defense/Military Installations Relocation Project To Be Processed Using Ad-Hoc FinanceAlternative Installations To Be Constructed By Parties Concerned and Be Donated to Military Existing Land To Be Independently Developed By Parties Concerned 42%54%4%Military PurposeLocal DevelopmentLiving DiscomfortsLess Than 5 yrs5~ 10yrsMore Than 10 yrs58%38%4%Time Period(4.8yrs on average)Donate (Alternative Installations) Concede (Existing Land)Local Community, Contractor, etcMilitary Land Sales RevenueAd-Hoc FinanceRelocation CostTax RevenueTax ExpenditureFinancial Project : 42 projects Donation & Concession: 53 projects

  • *2. Change In Internal Military Environment (Present 2020)Combine Military Installations In Accordance With National Defense Reform PlanMilitary ReorganizationRelocation of Military InstallationsReduction of Military PostsPlan to Combine Nationally Dispersed Military Installations To Form Operation or Mission Level UnitsSell Urban Military PostsReduction of Land Size of Army PostsApprox. 280 million30%to be sold1,827 posts856posts70%Approx. 200 million Form Large-Scale Units to Minimize Required Land SizeConfidential Contents

  • *Resistance/Non cooperation from Local Governments (i.e. Special Warfare Command, Jeju Naval Base, etc)Inefficient Project ManagementDelay of Administrative Procedure & Low Participation Rate of Local CommunityMilitary Installations Considered Detrimental Due to Possible Imposition of New RestrictionsToo Many Requests (i.e. Support For Numerous Local Development Projects) From Local Governments In Exchange For Accepting Military InstallationsTendency To Construct Surplus Military Installations When Using Donation & Concession MethodInadequate Post Sales Revenue Could Lead to Project FailureComplicated Military Consultation Procedure Consultation Delayed(2~5yrs)Tension With Local Community3. Problems in Military Installations Relocation ProjectNecessity of Overarching ThemeNo Comprehensive Strategy & Plan For Military Installations Relocation Lack of Prior Consultation With Local Governments When Forming Military Installations Relocation Plan -> City Development Plan Not Reflected In Military Installations Relocation Plan

  • * Establish Comprehensive Development Plan To Relocate & Support Military Installationsby Dec. 2009 Dispersed Around TerritoryCombined Operation/Mission-Level UnitsContinue To Be UtilizedFuture PlacementPresentFuture(2020)Prepare Mid/Long-term Program Up To 2020Combine Dispersed Military Installations to Form Expandable Large-Scale Units to Minimize Required For Military Installations & to Improve Management EfficiencyEstablish Master Plan for Military Unit Relocation4. Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Relocation Project

  • *PresentBarracks Dispersed Among Units & Separate Use of Parade GroundLong Distance btw Units & Training Fields Contributes to Living Discomforts of Local PeopleDispersed Small-scale ResidenceCombine Dispersed Military Installations For Management EfficiencyParade GroundBarrackTraining FieldParade GroundBarrackMaintenance ShopParade GroundBarrackUnit AUnit BUnit CResidenceResidenceResidenceDistanceTraining Field4. Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Relocation Project

  • *FutureCombine Barracks & Joint Use of Parade GroundLocate Training Field Near Units, Build Large-Scale Residential ComplexCombine Dispersed Military Installations For Management EfficiencyParade GroundBarrackSubsidiary InstallationsMinimize Required For Military Installations Through Combining Units -> Efficient Unit ManagementCombined ResidenceA,B,C Units CombinedTraining Field4. Improving Efficiency of Military Installations Relocation Project

  • *Develop Existing Land In a Way To Contribute to Local DevelopmentDevelop Project Land In Connection With Local Development PlanSell Idle Military Land To Meet Budget For Military Installations Relocation Project Reflect Military Unit Relocation Plan In Local Development Plan Actively Consider Opinions of Experts & Local Residents During Relocation PlanningActively Utilize Existing Land to Improve Citizens Quality of Life & Competency of City Through Building Diverse Residential Area &amp

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