How did the fur trade affect The Native Peoples of the Northwest?. Chapter 4 – The Northwest to 1870. Geographical Background & Review. The Northwest is dominated by the Canadian Shield and covered by boreal forests. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Native Peoples of the Northwest
How did the fur trade affect The Native Peoples of the Northwest?Chapter 4 The Northwest to 1870Geographical Background & ReviewThe Northwest is dominated by the Canadian Shield and covered by boreal forests.
Canadian Shield area of land made up of igneous and metamorphic rock covered by a thin layer of soil from glacial impact.
Boreal forest - abiomecharacterized byconiferousforests consisting mostly ofpines,sprucesandlarches (also known as Taiga).
Located north of the 50th parallel and covers 60% of Canadas land mass.
Who were the First Nations People in the Northwest?Before European contact, the Northwest was home to 5 nations:OjibwaAssiniboinCreeChipewyanInuitMapping ActivityUse the map provided to colour the 5 First Nations Peoples territories make a legend on the right hand side to label each territory.Label the outline of Ruperts Land on your map.Label the trading routes associated with each company.First Nations in the Fur TradeEven prior to the 1800s, the aboriginal peoples of the Northwest had involvement in the fur trade as trappers, traders, and middlemen.Middlemen someone who acts as a dealer between 2 parties who want to exchange goods.How was each group involved in the fur trade? Read the articles provided to answer the question in your notebook.VideoCanada: A Peoples HistoryTitle Life at the Bay
Take notes by answering this question:What were David Thompsons experiences at Fort Churchill and his observations of the First Nations people there?
How did the fur trade affect First Nations culture?(Answer the questions on p. 136 #1-3):Forced full-time trappers to abandon their yearly cycle of fishing, hunting, and preserving food.Caused a clash of cultural values work, friendship, responsibility, humanity.Exposed to diseases smallpox and measles no immunity (as much as 90% of pop wiped out)
Partner Quiz GamePartner 1 - What is the Canadian Shield? Partner 2 What is a boreal forest?Partner 1 Who are the 5 first nations groups in the Northwest?Partner 2 How did the fur trade affect first nations culture?