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GROUP WORK & COOPERATIVE LEARNING. AS TEACHING STRATEGIES. GROUP WORK . (COOPERATION) Small group work Large group work Critical outcomes (principles of OBE) Focus on the outcome. WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY GROUP WORK? (169). To reach the ultimate outcome (academic and social) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation





Small group workLarge group workCritical outcomes (principles of OBE)

Focus on the outcome

WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY GROUP WORK? (169)To reach the ultimate outcome (academic and social)Focus is placed on the active acceptors of informationReconstruct / make senseWork on a realistic taskLearners must work together effectively Focus on communicationImprove problem solving skills

DEFINE OUTCOMES LIMITATIONS (171)Learn how to learn in the environment skillsNot everybody is willing to do their part Not everybody is accepted in the groupCannot contribute and does not feel competentTeachers do not want take control and places responsibility on learnersIf the activity is not monitored can time be wastedArrange the classPLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION(172)PLANNINGPlan before handPrepare the learnersDesign how you will organise the groupPrepare the materialDevelop guidelinesSet the problemOrganise and set rules.2. IMPLEMENTATION (173)REMEMBER IF THE LEARNERS ARE NOT COMFORTABLE WITH THE METHOD LET THEM WORK TOGETHER IN A GROUP OF TWOStep 1: outcomesStep 2: give the necessary informationStep 3: form the groups under guidance and select role playersStep 4:facilitate /monitorStep 5:activities to make the conclusionsStep 6: plan assessmentWHAT WENT WRONG?

COOPERATIVE LEARNINGWHAT IS COOPERATIVE LEANING? ROLE OF THE TEACHERROLE OF THE LEARNERSADVANTAGES TO WORK TOGETHER TO REACH A SPECIFIC AIM8GROUPSSpecialist groupTheme1Using coopeartive learning2Why does it work3What might go wrong4Preparing for co operative earning5Advantages of co operative learning6Limitations7Reflect on learningROLE OF THE LEARNER

Positive interdependence between learnersLearners want to understand one another and support one anotherIndividual responsibilityAppropriate interpersonal skills are learntEach member must reflect one what said10ROLE OF THE TEACHERDivision of groups (board; role play)Task for each groupDetermine method of feedbackSummariseDetermine method of assessmentFacilitate (keep focused)MotivateTake charge of progress

11DISADVANTAGELearners do not like group work and prefer to work aloneMust learn from one another only if it is effectiveDo not want to be associated with the group Success is ensured if learners realize that they are interdependentCan fail if every learner does not realize that they have a responsibility

12ADVANTAGEEnhances and encourages cooperation between groupsImproves communication skillsIndividual and group attempts are successfulExchange and verbalizes ideasLearners are encourages to think how they learnLearners are responsible for own learning and realizes responsibilityA lot of work can be done in a short while

Think of an example from your subject where you can apply it.13Reflect critically on cooperative learning as a teaching strategy (see Killan)Reason for the implementation : more learners seem to be academically successful Theoretical perspectivesMotivationSocial cohesionCognitive development Cognitive elaboration MotivationGroup awards motivate students to support one another Group members achieve personal goals Must be motivated to learn does not matter which strategy is appliedIntrinsic motivationSocial cohesionStudents want to help one another , they care and want to be successfulSocial interdependentSelf-evaluation structure a positive climate

Cognitive perspectives Cognitive perspective s: Interaction -student involvement is enhanced (Vygotsky)Cognitive elaboration - Why? Motivation and support cohesion between groups - behaviourist: immediate feedback - cognitive : important verbalisation /conceptualisation- developmental process : peer modelling- humanistic :natural curiosity

Large group workProvide clear indications to ensure that all learners engage during the presentation.An advanced organizer directs the student on what to do and to listen with attentionMake use of non verbal signals to focus students attention during the presentationMake use of quality media and technologyMake eye contact and ask various questions/stop the videoInterject humor to make students more alertCirculate between the students Presentations should be a learning activity when all following a common pattern

Large group work /small class workIn a large group the learners would cover a common pattern or topic and work individually on it where in a small group the learners will work together on either a similar or common topic. In large groups learners have individually responsibilities where in small group roles are assigned to develop specific competencies. In small groups the selection of learners in groups must take place (to ensure that good cooperation will take place) before the time where in large groups the whole class is involved as a single group


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