Governments ebook.pdf

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    World Governments

    WHO HAS THEPOWER?

    B Y I S S G R A D E 5 T E A C H E R S

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    LEARN

    There are many different types of

    government around the world, and

    throughout history. We can categorize

    these by how many people can take part in

    making decisions for a country. In this

    book you will explore governments led by

    one person, by a few leaders, and by many

    people.

    FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

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    A government in which the adults of a community

    share their different ideas with the leader, but a

    council of elders OR a chief makes the final

    decision. Today, many Native American reservations

    in the USA use this type of government.

    T e r m s

    1. Tribal Rule

    2. Dictatorship

    3. Absolute Monarchy

    4. Theocracy

    2

    ONE PERSON RULE

    Tribal Rule

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    3

    A government in which a leader seizes

    power, usually with the support of the

    military; the leader makes all

    decisions and does not allow public disagreement

    with his/her decisions. Today, North Koreas leader,

    Kim Jong il, is an example of a dictator.

    DictatorshipSouth Korean

    Kim Jong il

    Interactive 1.1 Dictatorship

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    Absolute Monarchy

    A government in which a leader is born

    and raised to be king or queen; the king

    or queen makes all decisions and does not allow

    protests against his/her decisions. Today, Saudi

    Arabias leader, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, is

    an example of an absolute monarch.

    King Abdullah

    Interactive 1.2 Absolute Monarchy

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    A government in which a religious leader makes all the

    decisions based on religious laws and does not allow

    protests against his/her decisions. Today, Irans

    government, with religious leader Grand Ayatollah Ali

    Khamenei in the position of Supreme leader, is an

    example of a theocracy.

    Ayatollah Khameni

    Interactive 1.3 Theocracy

    Theocracy

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    Review 1.1 One PersonGovernments

    The government form where one

    person has seized power and issupported by the military is a....

    A. theocracy

    B. dictatorship

    C. absolute monarchy

    D. tribal rule

    Review 1.2 One Person Governments

    The government form where a person is

    born and raised to make all thedecisions for a country is a.....

    A. tribal rule

    B. theocracy

    C. absolute monarchy

    D. dictatorship

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    A government in which a small group of

    leaders, all of whom share a belief about

    how the country should be governed, make allthe decisions and do not allow protests

    against their decisions. South Africa was an

    oligarchy until 1994 due to its policy of

    apartheid.

    7

    A FEW LEADERS

    outh Africa

    Interactive 1.4 Oligarchy

    Oligarchy

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    DIRECT DEMOCRACY:

    A government in which all adults can share their ideas and

    vote. Today, some small towns, such as Lakeville,

    Massachusetts, or certain cantons in Switzerland have this

    form of government.

    T e r m s

    1. Direct democracy

    2. Representative

    democracy3. Constitutional

    monarchy

    8

    Many People Decide

    Democracy

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    REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY:

    A government in which the people vote for leaders who will represent the voter by making decisions

    that the voters like if the leaders make many decisions that the voters dont like, the voters dont

    re-elect that leader. Today, the United States of America has a representative government.

    9

    Green means the

    countries are

    considered free.

    Red means the

    countries are not

    considered free.

    Interactive 1.5 Map of Freedom

    Go to the Map of Freedom if you are on a computer.

    http://www.democracyweb.org/new-map/http://www.democracyweb.org/new-map/http://www.democracyweb.org/new-map/
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    10

    Constitutional Monarchy

    A government which has a King or

    Queen, but the monarch has very

    limited power. Most of the real

    government leaders are elected by the

    people. Some of the real government

    leaders are appointed by the monarch

    or by the members of Parliament.Today, the United Kingdom has this a

    Constitutional Monarchy and a

    Parliamentary system of government.

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    11

    What do you think democracy is?

    Movie 1.1 Kids talk about democracy

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    THINK

    NOW ITS YOUR TURN!

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    How can you be a good citizen as a member

    of a community?

    Add to these examples:

    Stay informed and vote know the ideas and

    opinions of your leaders so that you know whom to

    elect, so that you dont give power to a dictator.

    Respect others opinions or else become an

    oligarchy, dictatorship, or other type of

    government that doesnt allow disagreement.

    Respect the religious rights of others or else

    become a theocracy, a government that allows no

    choice of belief, religion or religious practice.

    What do you think?

    Democracy requires that citizens have certain

    responsibilities to maintain the government.

    Give one example of a citizen's responsibility,

    tell why it's important, and explain what may

    happen if citizens DON'T live up to that

    responsibility.

    A citizen's responsibility:

    Why is it important?

    What might happen if citizens DON'T keep that

    responsibility?

    13

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    ISS 2013

    This book was made with materials developed by grade 5 teachers at ISS.

    xiv

    Picture Credits

    License Some rights reservedbyanon617http://www.flickr.com/photos/anon617/2272309405/sizes/l/License Some rights reservedbyjseattlehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jseattle/8212357396/sizes/o/Jos Fernandes Jr.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kim_Il-sung_and_Kim_Jong-il_statues_from_Flickr.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/King_Richard_II_from_NPG_(2).jpg

    Cropped version ofImage:Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah and George W. Bush.jpg[http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/04/images/20020425-4-515h.jpgOriginal source]

    http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Ayatollah_Ali_Khamenei,.jpg

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:South_Africa-National_Party-Republic_Campaign_Fund.jpg

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/8151795989/sizes/o/in/photostream/License

    Some rights reservedbyDavid Armanohttp://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-7341883812http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Uncle_Sam_(pointing_finger).png

    http://aster1989.deviantart.com/art/Star-Power-368828310

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/8151795989/sizes/o/in/photostream/Licensehttp://aster1989.deviantart.com/art/Star-Power-368828310http://aster1989.deviantart.com/art/Star-Power-368828310http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Uncle_Sam_(pointing_finger).pnghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Uncle_Sam_(pointing_finger).pnghttp://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-7341883812http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-7341883812http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/8151795989/sizes/o/in/photostream/Licensehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/8151795989/sizes/o/in/photostream/Licensehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:South_Africa-National_Party-Republic_Campaign_Fund.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:South_Africa-National_Party-Republic_Campaign_Fund.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Ayatollah_Ali_Khamenei,.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Ayatollah_Ali_Khamenei,.jpghttp://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/04/images/20020425-4-515h.jpghttp://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/04/images/20020425-4-515h.jpghttp://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/04/images/20020425-4-515h.jpghttp://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/04/images/20020425-4-515h.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/King_Richard_II_from_NPG_(2).jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/King_Richard_II_from_NPG_(2).jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kim_Il-sung_and_Kim_Jong-il_statues_from_Flickr.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kim_Il-sung_and_Kim_Jong-il_statues_from_Flickr.jpghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/jseattle/8212357396/sizes/o/http://www.flickr.com/photos/jseattle/8212357396/sizes/o/http://www.flickr.com/photos/anon617/2272309405/sizes/l/http://www.flickr.com/photos/anon617/2272309405/sizes/l/
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    Anarchy

    Absence of government and law.

    Related Glossary Terms

    Index

    Communism, Democracy, Monarchy

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    Citizen

    A person who has full rights of their town or country.

    Related Glossary Terms

    Index

    Democracy, Dictator, Government, President

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    Communism

    A system of government in which property is owned by