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8/13/2019 Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja BiH u Sarajevu [sveska 53 (nova serija) djelimična, 2012.] http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/glasnik-zemaljskog-muzeja-bih-u-sarajevu-sveska-53-nova-serija-djelimicna 1/203   

Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja BiH u Sarajevu [sveska 53 (nova serija) djelimična, 2012.]

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    POHZOK / @EGXBGXP

    Lustoao Joctf;Pfljecfzol pedrbjgb proisb teiel prbibrolfied gbecfto g o Cbvogtu f Ogohecfkf (^rbdcbhgf roh)

    Xb syljecfsl ea lertuory pro`tf`bs fg tmb rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fg tmb Cbvogt ogh Ogotecfo (Zbvfbw ortf`cb) ........ 4

    Lortfgo Jcbf Iovur Oghrfkogo rovfhur;Fcfrsib io`fdb s pehruko Jesgb f Mbr`bdevfgb (Erfdfgocgf gougf / zgogstvbgf roh)

    Fccyrfog mbclbts arel Jesgfo ogh Mbrzbdevfgo (Erfdfgoc s`fbgtf` popbr) ..........................................................02

    Ohgog Jusucohf;Zflsio vfco go ceiocftbtu Lcfgff ^ehlefce u sbcu ffgo ieh [bgf`b (Erfdfgocgf gougf / zgogstvbgf roh)

    Xb Zelog vfcco ot Lcfgff ehlefce fg tmb vfccodb ea ffgo gbor [bgf`o (Erfdfgoc s`fbgtf` popbr) ......... ?04

    Poclbhfg Lbsfmevf Ohgog Iockogo`;Geveetirfvbgf ogtfif bpfdroasif spelbgfi fz Ckusfgb ieh Jesogsib Irupb (Erfdfgocgf gougf / zgogstvbgf roh)

    Xb gbwcy-hfs`evbrbh Ogtfqub bpfdropmf` legulbgt arel Ckusfgo gbor Jesogsio Irupo (Erfdfgoc s`fbgtf` popbr) ....:82

    Cfhfko Abibo;Zbzuctotf ormbeceifm fsiepovogko vkbrsied fejrozevged ielpcbiso Iocfg mohf-Ocfkb u Porokbvu (Erfdfgocgf gougf / zgogstvbgf roh)

    Zbsucts ea or`mobecedf`oc bx`ovotfegsea tmb Iocfg mokkf-Ocfko rbcfdfeus ogh bhu`otfegoc `elpcbx fg Porokbve (Erfdfgoc s`fbgtf` popbr) .....................:2?

    Bvo-Bcvfro Icegewsif;Ogtmrepecedf`oc bxolfgotfeg ea sibcbtoc rblofgs arel Jejevo`@elpcbtfgd ogh rbttfgd sibcbtoc rblofgs (Zbvfbw ortf`cb) ...............................................................................:60

    Rputb outerflo Fgstru`tfegs aer outmers ...................................................................................................................................0?1

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    Lustoao JoctfCfjrory Lumolbh Ojhodf, Pkbgf`o

    Xb syljecfsl ea lertuory pro`tf`bsfg tmb ^rb- ettbry Gbecftmf` fg tmb

    Cbvogt ogh Ogotecfo

    Zbvfbw ortf`cbRHI; 6>0.2 ( ?-6:2.2?+?.6:2.8? ) " 108 "

    Xfs popbr fs o pestlehbrg `rftfqub ea tmb tmbery ea tmb flpo`tea lertuory pro`tf`bs eg Gbecftmfzotfeg fg tmb Gbor Bost. Ftebrs o hbtofcbh tmberbtf`oc `egsfhbrotfeg ea sb`eghory jurfocsogh tmb flpo`t ea fhbecedy eg tmb trogsaerlotfeg ea se`fbtyarel lejfcb mugtbr-dotmbrbr te sbhbgtory aorlfgd se`fbtfbs.Egb port ea tmb syljecf` ospb`t ea cfab, tmb spfrftuoc, jurfocsogh tmbfr osse`fotbh rftuocs, aerls tmb arolbweri ea tmb popbrogh tmb cbgs tmreudm wmf`m `mogdb ogh tmb rst sfdgs ea tmbGbecftmf` `og jb ejsbrvbh. Xb `eg`cusfeg rbo`mbh fs tmot

    Gbecftmfzotfeg e``urrbh fgftfoccy fg tmb werch ea syljecs,ogh tmbrbjy ea fhbecedy, ogh tmot o iby bcblbgt ea tmb gbwGbecftmf` fhbecedy ogh `ucturoc lotrfx wos o gbw lertuorypro tf`b, o cbgdtmy pre`bss fgvecvfgd tmb bgtfrb `ellugfty,aer wmf`m `brtofg fghfvfhuocs wbrb portf`ucorcy rbspegsfjcb.Xb bvecutfeg ea tmb lertuory pro`tf`b ea tmb ^rb-^ettbryGbecftmf` fg tmb Cbvogt ogh Ogotecfo ot tmfs tflb mogdbh tmbfhbecedf`oc lotrfx ea se`fbty, ogh `egstftutbs egb ea tmb lestflpertogt ao`ters ea Gbecftmfzotfeg, su``bssauccy helbstf`otfgdhbotm ot tmb syljecf` cbvbc ogh rbotfgd ucts tmot wbrb ru`focte tmb sbhbgtory cfabstycb. Xb helbstf`otfeg ea hbotm tmreudm

    augbrory rftuocs prevbh te movb fgftfotbh mogdbs te tmb woy eacfab tmot prb`bhbh `mogdbs te tmb b`egely.

    Iby werhs; siucc lehbccfgd, Gbecftmfzotfeg, Cbvogt, syljecsea augbrory rftuocs

    Xmb `bgtroc ofl ea tmfs popbr fs te hfs`evbr tmbcfgi jbtwbbg augbrory rftuocs ogh se`foc `mogdb;mew tmesb `mogdbs wbrb sbbg jy tmesb wme wbrbo port ea tmbl, ogh mew tmby wbrb fgstfdotbh oghdrohuoccy hfrb`tbh jy o`tfvb fghfvfhuocs, fg toghbl

    wftm tmb logy etmbr ao`ters mulog, bgvfreglbgtoc

    Lustoao JoctfJfjcfetbio Lumolbh Ojhodf, Pkbgf`o

    Pfljecfzol pedrbjgb proisbteiel prbibrolfied gbecfto

    go Cbvogtu f Ogohecfkf

    ^rbdcbhgf rohRHI; 6>0.2 ( ?-6:2.2?+?.6:2.8? ) " 108 "

    Evok roh kb pestlehbrgo irftfio tberfko e utf`oku pedrbjgbproisb go pre`bs gbecftfzo`fkb go Jcfsiel fsteiu. ^ockfvetberfksif trbtfro pekovu sbiughorged somrogkfvogko, togf-kb utf`oko fhbecedfkb go pre`bsb trogsaerlo`fkb hrutvo fzcevoie-soiupckoied, lejfcged, u aorlbrsie, sbhbgtorgehrutve. Kbhog sbdlbgt sfljecfib sabrb fveto, humevgb,ioe te kb somrogkfvogkb f rftuocf vbzogf zo fste, prbhstovckoeiesgf`u roho f lbhfkul go iekbl sb ledco vfhkbtf pre-lkbgo f prvf trodevf gbecftsied fveto. Hece sb he zoicku-oio ho kb gbecftfzo`fko pre`bs iekf sb hbovoe prve u svfkbtusfljeco, f solfl tfl fhbecedfkb, o ho kb ickugf bcblbgotgevb gbecftsib fhbecedfkb f iucturgb lotrf`b ustvorf gevopedrbjgo proiso, ieko pehrozulfkbvo hudu ejrohu, ubbftovb zokbhgf`b f pekbhfgo`o iekf su pesbjge zohubgf zogku. ^edrbjgo proiso prbibrolfied gbecfto go Cbvogtuf Ogohecfkf u tel pbrfehu rozvfkoco sb u slkbru prelkb-gb fhbeceib lotrf`b hrutvo, ego kb kbhog eh gokjftgfkfmaoitero gbecftfzo`fkb, kbr kb irez sfljecfiu rovog uspkbcohelbstfievotf slrt f stverftf iuctevb iekf su ickugf zo sb-hbgtorgf gofg fveto. ^eiozoce sb ioie kb helbstfio`fko

    slrtf irez pedrbjgb rftuocb, pebco lfkbgkotf gofg fvetoprfkb gbde cf sb prelfkbgfco biegelfko.

    Ickugb rfkbf; lehbcevogkb cejogko, gbecftfzo`fko, Cbvogt,sfljecf pedrbjgfm rftuoco

    Esgevgf `fck roho kb pregocobgkb vbzb fzlbupedrbjgfm rftuoco f pre`bso prelkbgb hrutvo, tk.ioie su tb prelkbgb vfbgb eflo solfm ubsgf-io, ehgesge ioie su fzozvogb f pestbpbge uslkb-rovogb eh strogb oitfvgfm pekbhfgo`o, o u sprbzf

    so svfl estocfl aoiterflo, jfce ckuhsib, bieceib

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    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    er etmbr tmot orb fgvecvbh fg trogsftfeg, wftm tmbrbsuctfgd aerlotfeg ea o gbw mojftus. Xe `corfay, ftfhbgtfbs pessfjcb rbsucts ogh tro`bs tmb tmberbtf-`oc ogh lbtmehecedf`oc trokb`tery jy wmf`m `brtofg`eg`cusfegs orb te jb rbo`mbh. O prbcflfgory hbgf-

    tfeg `euch jb og flpbrsegoc bssbg`b `eg`rbtfzbh jywoy ea bxolpcbs ea tmb trogsftfeg arel Gotuog te^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` se`fbtfbs fg tmb Gbor Bost.

    Xmb dbgbrocfzbh fssub ea `mogdbs te fhbecedf`ocarolbweris, ogh tmb pco`b ea tmb fghfvfhuoc fg tmbsb`mogdbs, fs tmus oppcfbh te pbrmops tmb drbotbst`mogdb bvbr te e``ur fg mulog se`fbty, tmb smfat teGbecftmfzotfeg. Xe jb bxo`t, ft fs get ojeut Gbecftmf-zotfeg pbr sb, jut og ottblpt te fhbgtfay mew ft fl-po`tbh eg lertuory pro`tf b, fg tmb aerl ea sb`egh-

    ory jurfocs fg tmb rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`, ogh portf`u-corcy tmb `elleg pmbgelbgeg ea siucc lehbccfgdfg ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` J, ogh vf`b vbrso.

    Ft fs s`or`bcy gb`bssory te qubstfeg tmb flper-tog`b ea tmfs aer or`mobecedy, os ft jrfgds tedbtmbro guljbr ea `ru`foc or`mobecedf`oc fssubs. Xmbcfgi jbtwbbg augbrory rftuocs ogh Gbecftmfzotfegfs ftsbca sua`fbgt rboseg te ohhrbss tmb lottbr.Gbecftmfzotfeg ftsbca fs tmb lest flpertogt fssubor`mobecedy mos bvbr bg`eugtbrbh, ogh tmb hfaabr-bg`bs tmot movb blbrdbh fg eur ughbrstoghfgd ogh

    vfbw ea ft orb augholbgtoc te trbghs fg or`mobec-edy os wbcc os tmb josfs aer bstojcfsmfgd tmb s`fbg-tf` pestucotbs ea or`mobecedy.?

    Xmfs jrfgds us te `brtofg `egstrofgts. Pfg`b tmbpopbr fs josbh eg o rbfgtbrprbtotfeg ea popbrs wrft-tbg jy etmbrs, eur rbb`tfegs eg tmb recb ea tmb el-pcbx augbrory rftuocs ea tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fgtmb `rbotfeg ea tmb fhbecedf`oc lotrfx ea tmesb se-`fbtfbs, ogh eg tmb pessfjcb recb ea tmb fghfvfhuocfg tmot pre`bss, orb cflftbh jy tmesb weris. Lu`mlerb bxpbrfbg`b ogh igewcbhdb, jbttbr o``bss te

    fgaerlotfeg ogh, goccy, lu`m lerb weri eg tmbfssub, orb occ gbbhbh. @brtofg eg`cusfegs orb mfdmcyspb`ucotfvb fg goturb, wmf`m hebs get gb`bssorfcylottbr sfg`b, uctflotbcy, s`fbg`b fs lbogfgdcbss faft fs ge lerb tmog o rbstotblbgt ea etmbrs epfgfegsogh tmfgifgd wftmeut aerlfgd egbs ewg. Oworb-gbss tmot ejkb`tfvb ejsbrvotfeg ea ogy `ucturoc pmb-gelbgeg fs flpessfjcb, ogh portf`ucorcy ea o pmb-gelbgeg tmot e``urrbh sbvbroc tmeusogh ybors ode,wmf`m wb `euch get movb jbbg port ea, smottbrs tmb

    ? Trfdmt ?64?, :0.

    fcf gbib hrudb prfrehb, iekf ubstvuku u trogzf`fkf,f solfl tfl stvorogku kbhged geved mojftuso. ^e-kogkbgko rohf, `fck evhkb etirfvo leduf rbzuctot ftrosfro tberfksiu f lbteheceiu putogku iekel sbbcf hef he ehrbbgfm zoickuoio. ^rbtmehgo hb-

    gf`fko kb, ledce jf sb rbf, jbzcfgo bsbg`fko iekokb iegirbtfzevogo go prflkbru trogzf`fkb fz gotu-kbgsifm u prbibrolfib gbecftsib zokbhgf`b goJcfsiel fsteiu.

    Hoicb, kbhge dbgbrocfzevoge pftogkb prelkbgbfhbeceifm eivfro, tb lkbste pekbhfgo`o u toivflprelkbgolo prflfkbgkbge kb go leho gokvbuprelkbgu u ckuhsiel hrutvu he soho, go gbecf-tfzo`fku. ^rb`fzgfkb, gb rohf sb e gbecftfzo`fkf vbsb peiuovo ustogevftf rbbisfko tb pekovb go pe-

    drbjgu proisu, ehgesge sbiughorgel somrogkfvo-gku teiel prbibrolfied gbecfto, pesbjge ubsto-cek pekovf lehbcevogfm cejogko u prbibrolfielgbecftu J, f ejrotge.

    Gfkb petrbjge pestovckotf pftogkb e zgooku evedprejcblo zo ormbecedfku, eg u sbjf fgtbdrfb gbie-cfie vbelo jftgfm ormbeceim pftogko. Pol spek pe-drbjgfm rftuoco f gbecftfzo`fkb heveckog kb rozced zopestovckogkb kbhged evoived pftogko. Gbecftfzo`fkosolo pe sbjf prbhstovcko gokjftgfkf prejcbl so ie-kfl sb ormbecedfko susrbco, o rozcfib iekb su gostocb

    u tulobgku f pedcbhu go gku prbhstovckoku sutfg-siu rozcfiu u ormbeceifl prov`flo, ioe f tblbckuspestovckogko gougfm pestucoto ormbecedfkb.?

    Evhkb hecozfle he fzvkbsgfm edrogfbgko. Ioiekb roh zosgevog go rbfgtbrprbto`fkf tufm rohevo,svekb rozlfckogkb e ucezf scebgfm pedrbjgfm rf-tuoco prbibrolfied gbecfto u irbfrogku fhbeceiblotrf`b tfm zokbhgf`o, f leduek ucezf pekbhfg`o utel pre`bsu, edrogfbge kb tfl rohevflo. etrbjgekb lgede vbb fsiustve f zgogkb, zgookgfkf prfstupfgaerlo`fkolo f, go iroku, lgede huf roh go evel

    prejcblu. Evoie pekbhfgf zoicku`f hejfkoku vbe-lo spbiucotfvgu aerlu, te gb lero jftf zgookgekbr, gokzoh, jovckbgkb gouiel f gblo gfioived slf-sco uiecfie prbhstovcko prbprfovogkb tufm stovevof lfckbgko jbz aerlfrogko sved cfged. Pvfkbst etelb ho kb gbledub ejkbitfvge peslotrotf iuc-turgu pekovu ueptb, o pesbjge oie sb rohf e pekovfieko sb hbovoco prfkb gbiecfie mfckoho dehfgo f fkfubsgf`f svoioie gfsle ledcf jftf, rozjfko fcuzfkue ejkbitfvgestf, fcf e telb ho b evhkb jftf gbte

    ? Trfdmt ?64?, :0.

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    L. JOCXF, XMB PVLJECFPL EA LEZXROZV [email protected]@BP FG XMB ZB-^EXXBZV [email protected], D[L g.s. O., 20

    fccusfeg ea ejkb`tfvfty, er ea tmb fhbo tmot ogytmfgdwfcc jb secvbh. O`ohblf` ejkb`tfvfty hbrfvbs arellehbrg Tbstbrg se`fbtys `eg`bpt ea s`fbg`b os oso`rbh `ew, fg wmf`m s`fbgtf` pesftfvfsl rbpco`bhrbcfdfeus trutm, evbrceeifgd tmb ao`t tmot tehoys s`f-

    bg`b fs eatbg telerrews aofrytocb.:Lertuory pro`tf`bs orb `egsfhbrbh mbrb arel o

    hfaabrbgt ogdcb arel tmb egb wb orb o``ustelbhte fg or`mobecedf`oc cftbroturb, wmbrb jurfocs orb oseur`b ea fgaerlotfeg eg ge lerb tmog tmb dbghbrogh ifg stru`turb ea o pepucotfeg, se`foc hfaabrbg-tfotfeg, stotus ogh su`m cfib, ovefhfgd ogy `egsfh-brotfeg ea tmb etmbr recbs ea jurfoc9 ft fs o `elpcbxrftuoc bljro`fgd bvbry ospb`t ea cfab, fg`cuhfgdselb tmot movb ge rftuoc sfdgf`og`b fg eur se-`fbty.0Jurfoc rftuocs orb og bx`bccbgt bch aer tmbfhbecedf`oc rbprbsbgtotfeg ea pewbr rbcotfegs oghtmbfr logfpucotfeg,8ogh mbg`b ea `brtofg pre`bss-bs tmot sbrvb te rbbstojcfsm erhbr fg tmb `ellugfty.

    Jurfoc lbtmehs fg tmb Cbvogt ogh seutm-bost Ogo-tecfo ot tmb tflb Gbecftmf` se`fbty wos toifgd smopbsuddbst tmot tmb drohuoc `mogdbs toifgd pco`b fg ler-tuory pro`tf`bs, ogh portf`ucorcy tmb blbrdbg`y ea sb`-eghory siucc jurfoc ogh siucc lehbccfgd, os o strfifgdrbb`tfeg ea tmb mulog vfbw ea tmb werch, moh og fl-po t eg tmb rbotfeg ea tmb Gbecftmf` woy ea cfab ftsbca.

    Xmfs rofsbs twe fssubs rst, wmot fs tmb `errbco-tfeg, fa ogy, jbtwbbg `mogdbs te o `brtofg rftuoc ogh`mogdbs te tmb se`foc erhbr os o wmecb, ogh sb`egh,wmbrb hfh tmb abbcfgd ea `egtrec evbr hbotm elb arel.

    Piucc lehbccfgd

    Egb ea tmb lest flpertogt ospb`ts ea `ucturoc jb-movfeur hfs`ussbh fg tmfs popbr, spb`f` te tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` J fg tmb Cbvogt, fs siucc lehbc-

    cfgd. Og ottblpt fs lohb fg tmfs popbr te hfs`evbrtmb sfdgf`og`b ea siucc lehbccfgd fg tmb Gbecftmf`,ogh tmb goturb ea tmb lbssodb tmot Gbecftmf` pbepcbwbrb sbghfgd bo`m etmbr jy tmfs lbogs. Ft fs gb`bs-sory tmbrbaerb te jbdfg wftm o jrfba bxpcogotfeg eatmb pre`bss ea lehbccfgd, tmb tb`mgfqubs ogh lotbrf-ocs usbh, ogh se eg, te dofg o `cborbr fgsfdmt fgte tmberdogfzotfeg ea tmb rftuoc ogh tmb bgbrdy bxpbghbheg ft jy tmb fghfvfhuoc ogh jy se`fbty os o wmecb.

    : @ouvfg :>>>o, :01.0 Qbrmebvbg :>>:, :01.8 Mbrtz :>>1, 14.

    rfkbbge. Xoiezvogo gougo ejkbitfvgest petfb fzieg`bpto svbtb gouib iekf prfpoho sovrblbgelzopohgel hrutvu, dhkb kb gougf pezftfvfzol zo-lfkbgfe rbcfdfksiu fstfgu, zogblorukuf fgkbgf`uho kb bste hogogko gouio sutrogko jokio.:

    ^edrbjgo proiso evhkb sb peslotro fz kbhgedhrudofkbd udco eh eged go iekf sle govfigutf u or-mbeceiek cftbroturf dhkb somrogb prbhstovckoku fzverfgaerlo`fko sole pecgek f rehgek struiturf pepuco`f-kb, hrutvbgek hfabrbg`fko fkf, stotusu f sc., prf blusb fzjkbdovoku estocb ucedb somrogo kbr egb su iel-pcbisog rftuoc iekf ejumvoto svb ospbitb fveto, ehiekfm gbif gbloku rftuocge zgobgkb u gobl hru-tvu.0^edrbjgf rftuocf prbhstovckoku ehcfge peckb zofhbeceiu rbprbzbgto`fku ehgeso lef, f logfpuco`f-ku gkflo8, o solfl tfl f zo gbib pre`bsb iekf scubpegevgel uspestovckogku perbtio u zokbhgf`f.

    Gofg somrogkfvogko go tbrfterfkf Cbvogto f ku-defstegb Ogohecfkb u pbrfehu gostogio gbecftsiedhrutvo upuukb go te ho kb go irbfrogkb soledgbecftsied gofgo fveto, ioe sgoog ehroz ckuh-sied pedcbho go svfkbt, utf`oco prelkbgo ieko sbpestbpbge hbovoco u pedrbjgek proisf, pesbjgepekovo f rozvek sbiughorged somrogkfvogko cejogkof lehbcevogko fstfm.

    Evhkb sb pestovckoku hvo prejcblo prvf, io-ivo kb ierbco`fko f ho cf ego ueptb pestekf fzlbuprelkbgb kbhged rftuoco f prelkbgb `kbceiupgedperbtio u hrutvu, f hrudf, ehoicb pekol iegtrecf-sogkb slrtf.

    Lehbcevogkb cejogko

    Kbhgo eh gokvogfkfm iucturgfm pekovo iekb sbejrouku u evel rohu, o ieko svekel pesbjgeuezgoovo pbrfeh prbibrolfied gbecfto J go Cb-

    vogtu, kbstb lehbcevogkb cejogko. R evel rohu sbuprove peiuovo etirftf zgobgkb lehbcevogfm ce-jogko u gbecftu tb prfreho peruib ieku su gbecfogfprbie gkb scocf kbhgf hrudflo. Ptedo sb go evellkbstu lero irotie ejkosgftf sol pre`bs lehbce-vogko, tbmgfib iekb su ierfbgb, lotbrfkocf f sc. hojf sb go tok gofg stbioe jeckf uvfh u erdogfzo`fkueved rftuoco f bgbrdfku ieku su pekbhfgo` f zokbhgf-`o ueptb prf tel utrefcf.

    : @ouvfg :>>>o, :01.0 Qbrmebvbg :>>:, :01.8 Mbrtz :>>1, 14.

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    ?>

    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    Xmbrb orb brtofg lehbccfgd stoghorhs tmot wbrboppcfbh fg bvbry Cbvogtfgb sftb, jut tmb sflfcorftfbsea jetm lehbccfgd tb`mgfqub ogh f`egedropmy orblu`m drbotbr wftmfg bo`m sftb.

    Xmb pcostbr fs cflftbh te tmb ao`b ogh, ot tflbs, te

    tmb sfhbs ogh josb ea tmb mboh, jut get te tmb `rewg,wmf`m loy fghf`otb tmb mboh wos `evbrbh fg selbetmbr woy. Egb siucc arel Xbc Zoloho fs ugfqub fgtmot tmb gb`i tee fs pcostbrbh, suddbstfgd tmot tmb siuccloy movb jbbg leugtbh eg o s`ucptbh terse ea selbifgh. Ft sbbls ugcfibcy tmot siucc lehbccfgd wos fg-tbghbh os o pertroft ea tmb hb`bosbh, portf`ucorcy sfg`blogy ea tmbl co`i tmb loghfjcb, `rbotfgd og ugrboc-fstf` jro`my`bpmocf` eutcfgb. Ge ottbgtfeg wos pofh tetmb ogotelf`oc `moro`tbrfstf`s ea tmb siucc. Xwe siuccs,egb arel Kbrf`me ogh tmb etmbr arel Ofg Dmozoco, orbtmeudmt te jb tmb lest rbocfstf` pertroyocs ea tmb hb-`bosbh, tmeudm o hbtofc eg tmb mfg ea o siucc arel IaorMo Merbsm fs ocse og o`tuoc aboturb ea tmb hb`bosbh.

    Etmbr ogotelf`oc aboturbs ea tmb siucc orb hb-pf`tbh fg lerb er cbss stycfzbh aosmfeg. Xmb mbbisorb slocc ogh ugpregeug`bh, ogh tmb bors orb getbvbg ocwoys smewg.

    Fg selb tmb bybs orb tmb lest strfifgd aboturb,usuoccy rbprbsbgtbh jy smbccs, os tmeudm wfhb epbg.Fg Jbfsolug, tmb byb se`ibts orb cbat ugpcostbrbh,

    ogh fg selb osbs (Iaor Mo Merbsm ogh Ofg Dmozoc)tmb bybs orb os fa `cesbh. Xmb gesb fs slocc ogh ug-pregeug`bh, tmb cbgdtm hbpbghfgd eg tmb prbsbg`bea tmb loghfjcb. Xmb leutm fs usuoccy rbprbsbgtbhjy o merfzegtoc scft er cfgb, wftm tmb cfps fghf`otbh teselb hbdrbb.

    Occ tmb pcostbrbh ports ea tmb mboh orb pofgtbhwftm vorfeus pfdlbgts rogdfgd arel pfgi ogh rbhte jrewg. Ft fs get igewg wmbtmbr tmb jborh oghleusto`mb wbrb fghf`otbh fg selb woy.

    Ce`oc `roatslbg bx`mogdbh igew-mew ogh

    tb`mgfqubs fg o vorfbty ea woys, tmeudm ft fs ug-cfibcy tmot tmby trovbccbh te etmbr sbttcblbgts9 rotm-br, bo`m sbttcblbgt weuch movb moh fts ewg ortfsog.

    Xb hfstrfjutfeg ea sb`eghory siucc jurfocs

    Gotuog

    Xmb borcfbst bxolpcb fg tmb Gbor Bost ea o sb`-eghory jurfoc fg wmf`m tmb siucc fs sbporotbh arel

    tmb rbst ea tmb sibcbteg fs fg tmb borcy Gotuog, ot

    ^estekb ehrbbgf stoghorhf lehbcevogko iekf sbprflkbgkuku go svfl cbvogtfgsifl ceiocftbtflo, ocfscfgestf, ioie u tbmgf`f lehbcevogko toie f u fie-gedrokf, lgede su vbb ugutor ceiocftbto.

    Lehbcevogkb kb edrogfbge go cf`b, pegbioh go

    strogb dcovb f go jozu, ocf gb f go tkblb, te lebfghf`frotf gbif hrudf gofg prbirfvogko dcovb. Kbhfg-stvbg kb prflkbr cejogkb fz Xbc Zoloho dhkb kb le-hbcevog f vrot, te uiozukb ho kb cejogko ledco sto-kotf go gbiek siucpturf terzo. Gb fgf sb ledufl hosu lehbcevogb cejogkb prbhstovckocb pertrbtb ulr-cfm, pesbjge te lgedflo eh gkfm gbhestokb log-hfjuco, te kb uscevfce gbrbocgf jromfibaocgf ejcfi.Gfkb sb ejrooco pogko go ogotelsib ioroitbrfstfibcejogkb. Plotro sb ho su hvfkb cejogkb, kbhgo fz Kbrf-mego f kbhgo fz Ofg Dmozoco, gokrbocgfkb prbhstovbulrcedo, s tfl te kb hbtock go jrohf cejogkb fz IaorMo Merbsmo rbocgo ioroitbrfstfio peiekgfio.

    Estocf ogotelsif hfkbcevf cejogkb prbhstovckbgfsu logkb fcf vfb stfcfzevoge. Ejrozf su locf f gb-godcobgf, o uf gfsu oi uvfkbi gf prfiozogb.

    Ef, prblo gbiflo, prbhstovckoku gokjftgfkf hb-tock, zo gkfm sb gokbb ierfstb ieckib f prfiozukuetverbgb ef. R Jbfsolugu egb kolb su estovckbgbgblehbcevogb, o pegbdhkb (Iaor Mo Merbsm f OfgDmozoc) ef su prfiozogb zotverbgfl. Hbovo sb ho

    sb ef godcosb jftulbgel (Ofg Dmozoc). Ges kb locff gbgodcobg, hufgo zovfsf eh prfsustvo loghfjucb.Rsto sb gokbb prbhstovckoku merfzegtocgfl prerb-zel fcf cfgfkel, so hegbicb godcobgfl usgolo.

    Pvf lehbcevogf hfkbcevf dcovb jekb sb rozgflpfdlbgtflo u rospegu eh rufostb, `rvbgb hejroeg gfkogsb. Gfkb pezgote ho cf sb go gbif gofgezgoovoku jroho f jrievf.

    Ceiocgf loksterf su go rozcfftb gofgb rozlkb-gkfvocf zgogko f tbmgfib f loce kb vkbrevotge ho suputevocf u hrudo gosbcko, vb kb svoie gosbckb flo-

    ce svekb loksterb.

    Lrbo rosprestrogkbgestfsbiughorge pemrogkbgfm cejogko

    Gotukbg

    Gokstorfkf prflkbr sbiughorged somrogkfvogko uiekbl sb cejogko ehvoko eh estotio sibcbto go Jcf-siel fsteiu kovcko sb u rogel gotukbgu go ceiocf-

    tbtu Brq bc-Omlorgo zopohu Kerhogo, dhkb su pre-

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    Brq bc-Omlor fg wbstbrg Kerhog, wmbrb tmb rb-lofgs ea sbvbg fghfvfhuocs fg o dreup wbrb aeugh,aeur ohucts ogh tmrbb `mfchrbg, sfx ea wmf`m wbrbrbprbsbgtbh egcy jy tmbfr siuccs.2

    Mewbvbr, o`tuoc preea ea tmfs ifgh ea jurfoc e`-

    `urs fg tmb cotb Gotuog, fg MoVegfl `ovb, oghprejojcy fg tmb goc pmosb ea Ofg Loccomo. Xmbsiuccs wbrb rblevbh egcy arel ohucts9 `mfchrbgssibcbtegs wbrb cbat fgto`t. Hbto`mbh siuccs wbrbselbtflbs aeugh fg hwbccfgds er fg purpesb-jufctprblfsbs.1

    Pfx ohuct siuccs wbrb aeugh fg MoVegfl `ovb.O mfchs siucc wos aeugh fg tmb lfhhcb ea o hwbcc-fgd ot Ofg Loccomofg gertmbrg ^ocbstfgb. Pfdgsea lb`mogf`oc holodb wbrb ejsbrvbh eg tmb twe`brvf`oc vbrtbjrob stfcc otto`mbh te tmb siucc, sud-dbstfgd tmot hb`opftotfeg wos pbraerlbh os port eao rftuoc so`rf`b.4

    Xmbrb orb ge aurtmbr hbtofcs ea sb`eghorysiucc jurfocs get jb`ousb tmbrb wbrb gegb, jutjb`ousb gegb mos jbbg aeugh. Xmbrb fs o lfs-lot`m jbtwbbg tmb guljbr ea sb`eghory jurfocsogh sibcbtegs wftmeut siuccs ogh ea siuccs, dfvbgtmot lerb tmog :2% ea Gotuog jurfocs orb sb`-eghory. Ot Ofg Loccomo, sb`eghory jurfocs orblest `elleg fg tmb cotb pmosb, wmbg tmbrb orb

    ge siuccs. Xmbrb fs egcy egb `osb ea o sb`eghoryjurfoc fg tmb goc pmosb tmot ea tmb siucc kustrbabrrbh te. Ptfcc lerb sfdgf`ogt fs tmb ao`t tmotot tmb Gotuog sftbs ea bc Toh, Ibjoro, GomocErbg,Ofg Loccomo ogh Froq bh-Hujj, cflb-stegb jce`is orb pco`bh eg tmb terse ermboh eatmb hb`bosbh.=

    Hfsrbdorhfgd tmb arbqubgt pco`fgd ea cflbstegbjce`is eg tmb tmerox, Iufkt fs ea tmb vfbw tmot tmberfdfgs ea tmb cotbr rblevoc ea siuccs fg ^rb-^et-tbry Gbecftmf` O cfb jbmfgh tmfs rftuoc, fg wmf`m tmb

    mboh fs hbsfdgotbh os o spb`foc port ea tmb mulogjehy.6

    ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` O

    Fg tmb gbxt pbrfeh, tmb hb`opftotfeg ea sibcbtegsjb`elbs lu`m lerb arbqubgt tmog fg tmb Gotuog9

    2 Iufkt ?661, 0:8.1 Jor-Vesba ?66=, ?4?.4 Jfbgbrt ?662, 44.= Jyrh bt oc.?662, :4=, :46.6 Iufkt ?661, 0::.

    gobgf esto`f sbhol fghfvfhuo slkbtbgfm zokbhge,btfrf ehroscb esejb f trf hkbfkb fghfvfhub, eh iekfmkb bst jfce prbhstovckbge sole cejogkolo.2

    Fpoi, provb petvrhb evoived somrogkfvogkoflole u iosgel gotukbgu u pbfgf Mokegfl

    (Moyegfl) f vkbrevotge u gocgek aozf Ofg Lo-ccomo. Ricogkogkb cejogkb sb vrfce kbhfge gohehroscfl esejolo, hkbfkf sibcbtf jfcf su gbtoigu-tf. Fzhvekbgb cejogkb pegbioh su jfcb pregobgbu stogfgfl presterfkolo fcf u ejkbitflo spb`fkoc-gb golkbgb.1

    R pbfgf Mokegfl pregobge kb bst cejogkoehroscfm esejo. Go ceiocftbtu Ofg Loccomou skb-vbrgek ocbstfgf pregobgo kb hkbfko cejogko u srb-hftu stogfto. Ioie kb go hvo vrotgo prckbgo ieko

    su estoco pevbzogo so cejogkel pregobg trod lb-mogfied etbbgko, slotro sb ho kb hbiopfto`fkojfco ejovckbgo u sicepu ejrbho rtvevogko.4

    Hockfm pehotoio e sbiughorgel somrogkfvogkucejogko gblo, gb zote te fm gfkb jfce, vb zote tegfsu pregobgb. Goflb, pestekf gbsrozlkbr fzlb-u jreko sbiughorgfm somrogo f sibcbto jbz cejogkof cejogko s ejzfrel ho kb uiupge ubb sbiughor-ged somrogkfvogko u gotukbgsiek pedrbjgek proi-sf :2%. Go ceiocftbtu Ofg Loccomo sb sbiughorgesomrogkfvogkb kovcko uprove gokvfb u iosgek aozf,

    ioho gblo cejogko. Pole kbhog scuok sbiughor-ged somrogkfvogko flole u gocgek aozf, f te upro-ve cejogku e iekek deverfle. Ke kb vogfkb ho sbgo gotukbgsifl ceiocftbtflo bc Toh, Ibjoro, Go-moc Erbg, Ofg Loccomo, Froq bh-Hujj, irbgkoifjceievf stovckoku go terze fcf dcovu ulrcedo.=

    Ioht (Iufkt) slotro ho sb u evel rftuocu, uielb sb uprove dcovo ezgoovo ioe pesbjog hfeckuhsied tfkbco, zogblorukuf vbelo bste pestov-ckogkb irbgkoifm jceievo go teroiocgf hfe tfkbco,irfku ierfkbgf iosgfkbd uicogkogko cejogko u prbib-

    rolfiel gbecftu O.6

    ^rbibrolfif gbecft O

    R pbrfehu iekf scfkbhf, hbiopftevogkb sibcbtopestokb lgede bo proiso gbde u gotukbgu. Xepestokb, rbice jf sb, uejfokgo pekovo u kugel f

    2 Iufkt ?661, 0:8.1 Jor-Vesba ?66=, ?4?.4 Jfbgbrt ?662, 44.= Jyrh bt oc.?662, :4=, :46.6 Iufkt ?661, 0::.

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    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    egb `euch soy tmot ft wos tmb gerl fg tmb seutm-brg ogh `bgtroc Cbvogt, aboturfgd ot logy sftbs fg^^GO, su`m os Kbrf`me, Gbtfv Modhuh, Lurbyjbtogh _brlbz Hbrb.

    Kbrf`meArel tmb jbdfggfgd ea tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbe-

    cftmf`, Kbrf`me er Xbcc bs-Puctog wos e``upfbhocc ybor reugh, ugcfib tmb Gotuafog pbrfehwmbg ft wos o sbosegoc sbttcblbgt. Gbecftmf`Kbrf`me smews sfdgs ea se`foc hfaabrbgtfotfeg,jetm fg or`mftb`turb ogh fg lertuory pro`tf`b.Ft wos mbrb tmot, fg ?621, siucc jurfocs hotfgdarel ^^GO wbrb afrst aeugh. Xmb afrst dreupea siuccs wos aeugh eg tmb aceer ea o `eurtyorh.

    Xmb siuccs wbrb orrogdbh fg o `fr`cb, occ ao`-fgd tmb `bgtrb. Xmb sb`egh dreup `egsfstbh eagfgb siuccs fg tmrbb rews ea tmrbb, occ ao`fgdfg tmb solb hfrb`tfeg.?> Afvb siuccs ea fgaogtswbrb aeugh ughbr tmb lfhhcb ea tmb aceer eao cordb pofgtbh peec surreughbh jy o slocccflbwosmbh wocc9 selb ea tmbsb moh `brvf`ocvbrtbjrob, suddbstfgd so`rfaf`b. Xmbrb wbrb 04ohuct sibcbtegs arel wmf`m tmb siuccs moh jbbgrblevbh, jut egcy bcbvbg siuccs, er ?:.6% ea

    occ jurfocs.??

    Gbtfv Modhuh

    Xmrbb ohucts siuccs wbrb aeugh mbrb eg tmbeer ea o reel. Ft fs get `cbor wmbtmbr tmby wbrbcbat eg tmb eer wmbg tmb jufchfgd wos ojoghegbh,er wbrb pco`bh fg o pft oatbr ft wos ojoghegbh.Xmbrb loy movb jbbg ybt ogetmbr siucc, tmeudmtmfs mos get jbbg `egrlbh.?:

    Xwe sftbs fg tmb Gbor Bost jut get fg tmb Cb-vogt ot wmf`m siucc jurfocs movb jbbg fhbgtfbhorb Lurbyjbt fg Pyrfo ogh _brlbz Hbrb fgFroq. Fg tmrbb `osbs fg Lurbyjbt, tmb siuccs wbrbfg woccs ogh ughbr eers, ogh wbrb `eotbh wftmrbh `coy9 ogetmbr, aeugh fg tmb lfhhcb ea tmbeer ea o reugh jufchfgd, wos hb`erotbh wftmdbelbtrf` arbs`ebs. Pfx ohuct siuccs wbrb aeughfg tmb gertm-wbstbrg port ea o hwbccfgd ot _br-lbz Hbrb.

    ?> Jfbgbrt ?662, 4=.?? Iufkt ?661, 0:>.?: Jor-Vesba ?66?, 8?:.

    `bgtrocgel Cbvogtu. Go lgedfl ceiocftbtflo sbu prbibrolfiek O aozf kovcko evo pekovo, ioe gpr.u Kbrfmegu, Gbtfv Modhuhu, Lurbyjbtu, _brlbzHbrbu.

    KbrfmegKbrfmeg, fcf Xbcc bs-Puctog, sb pebtiel prbib-

    rolfied gbecfto gosbckovo teiel fkbcb dehfgb, zorozcfiu eh gotukbgsied pbrfeho ioho kb prbhstov-ckoe sbzegsie gosbckb. Gbecftsif Kbrfmeg peiozukbzgoib se`fkocgb hfabrbg`fko`fkb, ioie u ormftbiturftoie f u pedrbjgek proisf. Evhkb su ?621. dehfgbprvf put pregobgb somrogkbgb cejogkb iekb su ho-tevogb u prbibrolfif gbecft O. ^rvo drupo cejo-gko gocozfco sb go pehgf`f hverfto drobvfgb. Ce-

    jogkb su jfcb perbogb u irud f svb su jfcb erfkbgtf-sogb prblo bgtru ted irudo. Hrudo drupo cejogko,gkfm 6, jfcb su slkbtbgb u trf revo pe trf cejogkb fsvb su u fstel slkbru erfkbgtfsogb.?>Fspeh `bgtro

    pehgf`b vbcfied ejekbged jozbgo eirubged epbtlocfl eirbbgfl zfhel pregobge kb 2 cejogkoiekb sb svrstovoku u fgaogt uzrost, eh iekfm su gbibflocb vrotgb prckbgevb, te leb uiozfvotf gortvevogkb. Riupog jrek sibcbto ehroscfm esejo soiekfm su uicegkbgb cejogkb kb 04, hei kb toivfm ce-jogko ??, te fgf ?:,6% uiupgfm somrogo.??

    Gbtfv Modhuh

    Go evel ceiocftbtu, go pehgf`f ejkbito, prego-bgb su 0 cejogkb iekb su prfpohocb ehroscfl ese-jolo. Gfkb kosge ho cf su estovckbgb go pehu iohokb struituro goputbgo, fcf su sb gocb ugutor kolbgoieg te kb struituro goputbgo. Ledub kb ho kbpestekoco ke kbhgo cejogko ocf te gfkb petvrbge.?:

    Hvo jcfsiefstego ceiocftbto ieko sb gb gocozbgo Cbvogtu go iekflo su iegstotevogb somrogb ce-

    jogko su Lurbyjbtu Pfrfkf f _brlbz Hbrbu Froiu.R trf scuoko u Lurbyjbtu cejogkb su sb gocozfcbu zfhevflo f fspeh pehgf`b f jfcb su prbirfvbgb`rvbgel dcfgel, hei kb kbhgo cejogko, pregob-go u `bgtrocgel hfkbcu pehgf`b ejkbito eirudcbesgevb, jfco uirobgo dbelbtrfksifl arbsiolo.Go ceiocftbtu _brlbz Hbrb pregobge kb bst cejo-gko ehroscfm esejo slkbtbgfm u skbvbrezopohgelhfkbcu iub.

    ?> Jfbgbrt ?662, 4=.?? Iufkt ?661, 0:>.?: Jor-Vesba ?66?, 8?:.

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    ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` J

    Rgcfib tmb prbvfeus pbrfeh, wmbrb tmb or`mobe-cedf`oc bvfhbg`b ea lertuory pro`tf`b fs s`ogty,ogh bxolpcbs orb eatbg fsecotbh ogh ug`eggb`tbh,

    tmeudm smewfgd o `brtofg pottbrg, se`foc ogh rftuoccfab fg ^^GJ jb`elbs lu`m lerb `elpcbx. Occtmesb `mogdbs tmot teei pco`b evbr o cegd pbrfeh,jbdfggfgd fg tmb Gotuog ogh `egtfgufgd te bvecvbtmreudmeut ^^GO, rbo`mbh `uclfgotfeg fg tmfs pb-rfeh. ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` J wftgbssbh selb eatmb lest preaeugh trogsaerlotfegs fg mulog mfs-tery; tmb fg`bptfeg ogh sprboh ea odrf`ucturb oghogfloc musjoghry, pbrlogbgt sbttcblbgt fg secfhmeusbs, drewfgd pepucotfegs oreugh xbh ce`ocbs,cegd-hfstog`b trohb fg row lotbrfocs su`m os ejsfh-

    fog, `roat spb`focfzotfeg fg cftmf` prehu`tfeg... tmbusb ea pyretb`mgecedy fg tmb loifgd ea pcostbr oghtmb prehu`tfeg ea `brolf`s, ...ogh tmb `egstru`tfegea stru`turbs aer so`rbh rftuocs.?0

    Aer eur purpesbs, tmb lest sfdgf`ogt `mogdbtmot teei pco`b fg tmb Gbor Bost ot tmfs tflb wos fgsiucc lehbccfgd. Xmb bvecutfeg ea tmfs rftuoc pro`-tf`b wfcc jb `egsfhbrbh cotbr9 mbrb wb smocc lbrbcybgulbrotb tmb sftbs wmbrb siucc lehbccfgd oghsiucc jurfoc fg dbgbroc orb aeugh.

    Kbrf`meXwbcvb pcostbrbh siuccs movb jbbg rb`erhbh fg

    Kbrf`me, tbg ea wmf`m wbrb aeugh eg tmb eer eahwbccfgds sbvbg fg egb meusb ogh tmrbb fg etmbrs, fgtmb rst bx`ovotfeg sbosegs, ogh tmb rblofgfgd tweot tmb gertmbrg bgh ea tmb sftb. Egcy tmb aregt ea tmbsiuccs wos pcostbrbh, fg mulog aerl. Pfx ea tmb sbvbgsiuccs aeugh tedbtmbr moh fg`rustbh smbccs sbt fg `coysbrvfgd os bybs. Xmby smewbh tro`bs ea pfdlbgt, oghtmb bybs wbrb o``bgtuotbh wftm jftulbg.?8

    Iufkt lbgtfegs o durb ea 26 siuccs fg Kbrf-`me, 0= ea wmf`m wbrb fg `ellugoc jurfocs, ogh:? aeugh fghfvfhuoccy. Xmb guljbr fg`cuhbs jetmlehbccbh siuccs ogh tmesb tmot moh get jbbg dfvbgogy spb`foc trbotlbgt oatbr rblevoc.?2

    Ofg Dmozoc

    Xmfs sftb, gbor lehbrg-hoy Ollog, fs tmb lestflpertogt ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` J sftb fg tmb Gbor

    ?0 Mecb :>>>, ?:4.?8 Cbwfs-Tfccfols bt oc.:>>2, ?1, ?4.?2 Iufkt ?661, 0::.

    ^rbibrolfif gbecft J

    [o rozcfiu eh prbtmehged pbrfeho, fz iekbd flo-le esiuhgb ormbeceib pehotib e pedrbjgek proisf,dhkb su prflkbrf bste kbhfgstvbgf f gbpevbzogf, foie

    pestekf fzvkbstog ejrozo`, u prbibrolfiel gbecftuJ hrutvbgf f rftuocgf fvet pestoku lgede ielpcbi-sgfkf. Pvb egb prelkbgb iekb su sb hbovocb teielhuded vrblbgsied pbrfeho, zopebtb u gotukbgu fgostovfcb ho sb rozvfkoku irez prbibrolfif gbecft O,u svoiel pedcbhu hefvckovoku vrmugo` u evel pb-rfehu. ^rbibrolfif gbecft J kb toie svkbhei kbhgbeh goktblbckgfkfm trogsaerlo`fko u ckuhsiek fsterfkf;prfmvotogkb f frbgkb zblckerohgkb f steorstvo, stoc-ged gosbckovogko u secfhgfl iuolo, rosto pepuco-`fkb u stocgfl gosbckflo, trdevfgb sfrevfgolo ioe

    epsfhfkog fzlbu uhockbgfm `bgtoro, spb`fkocfzo`fkou cftfiek fghustrfkf... upetrbjo votrb u fzrohf jeko... fiegstrui`fko struituro zo soirocgb rftuocb.?0

    [o gou tblu gokjftgfko prelkbgo ieko sb he-dehfco go Jcfsiel fsteiu u evel pbrfehu kb peko-vo lehbcevogfm cejogko. E rozveku rftuocgb proisbjfb iosgfkb rfkbf, hei ble evhkb sole gojrekotfceiocftbtb go iekflo sb susrbu lehbcevogb cejo-gkb f ueptb somrogb cejogko.

    Kbrfmeg

    R Kbrfmegu kb iegstotevoge hvogobst lehbcevo-gfm cejogko, eh iekfm kb hbsbt pregobge go pehgf-`olo iuo, togfkb sbhol cejogko go pehgf`f kbhgedejkbito, o trf u hrudfl ejkbitflo, u prvfl aozolofsiepovogko, hei su hvfkb estocb gobgb u skbvbr-gel iroku ceiocftbto. Cejogkb su lehbcevogb soleso aregtocgb strogb, u ckuhsiel cfiu. bst eh sbholspelbgutfm cejogko floce kb fgirustrfrogb ieckib udcfgf ulkbste efku. Go gkflo su prflfkbbgf trodevfjekbgko, o ef su godcoovogb jftulbgel.?8

    Ioht govehf `faru eh 26 cejogko u Kbrfmegu,eh iekfm kb gkfm 0= u drupgfl somrogolo, o :? kbpregobgo fghfvfhuocge. Evok jrek sb ehgesf f golehbcevogb cejogkb f go egb iekb gfsu prbtrpkbcbpesbjgu ejrohu goieg uicogkogko.?2

    Ofg Dmozoc

    Ceiocftbt sb gocozf jcfzu hogogkbd Ologo.^rbhstovcko gokvogfkb gocozftb prbibrolfied

    ?0 Mecb :>>>, ?:4.?8 Cbwfs-Tfccfols bt oc.:>>2, ?1, ?4.?2 Iufkt ?661, 0::.

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    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    Bost, sfg`b ft fs mbrb tmot logfabstotfegs ea tmb trogs-aerlotfeg ea tmb syljecf` systbl fg tmb Gbecftmf`orb aeugh. Ft fs lest aoleus aer fts gulbreus og-tmrepelerpmf` cflbstegb stotubs. Bx`ovotfegs eatmb sftb jbdog fg ?6=: ogh orb stfcc eg-defgd.?1

    Ojeut twe-tmfrhs ea tmb ohuct jurfocs orb sb`-eghory. Xmb usuoc loggbr ea jurfoc `egsfsts eatmb pest-lertbl rblevoc ea tmb siucc wmf`m wostmbg hbpesftbh jbgbotm er eg tmb eer ea o meusber `eurtyorh. Xmb siuccs orb eatbg pcostbrbh, juttmfs fs get tmb rucb. Aeur siuccs wbrb hbpesftbh te-dbtmbr fg og eutheer pft, egb ea wmf`m jerb pcos-tbr wftm tro`bs ea jco`i jftulbg eg ft fg tmb rfdmtbyb-se`ibt.?4 Ogetmbr pcostbrbh siucc, aeugh jb-gbotm tmb eer ea o meusb, jbcegdbh te og ohuct

    locb9 tmb loghfjcb wos get aeugh. Xmb e``fpftocjegb bxmfjfts aeur hfstfg`t `ut loris, suddbstfvbeapest-lertblhbbsmfgd ea tmb `rogful. ^estb-rfer ports ea tmb siucc loy movb jbbg pcostbrbh; oarodlbgt fs stfcc ohmbrfgd te tmb e``fpftoc, octmeudmocc etmbr pestbrfer jegbs ea tmb `rogfoc vouct orbarbb ea pcostbr. Xmb bxtogt pcostbr ao`foc aboturbsfg`cuhb jetm bybs, tmb gesb, tmb rfdmt`mbbi, oghog bor Xmbrb wos ge fghf`otfeg tmot tmb spb`f-lbg moh jbbg pofgtbh, ger wos tmbrb bvfhbg`b eajftulbg bybcfgbr, jetm `elleg aboturbs eg selb

    ea tmb Kbrf`me bxolpcbs.?=Xmbrb wbrb ocse logy siuccs fg sb`eghory

    jurfocs jut wftmeut lehbccfgd. _uogtftfbs ea arod-lbgtbh siuccs, lest jbcegdfgd te egb fghfvfhuoc,wbrb aeugh eg tmb eer ea o meusb. Fg ogetmbr, tweohuct siuccs ogh egb `mfchs wbrb aeugh jbgbotmtmb eer. Xmb holodbh siucc ea o 4 er = ybor ech`mfch moh jbbg jurfbh fg tmb eer ea ogetmbr reelfg tmfs solb meusb.

    Jbfsoleug

    Xwe pcostbrbh siuccs wbrb aeugh sfhb jy sfhbjbgbotm tmb stegb eer ea o jufchfgd. Egb wosjohcy holodbh, tmb etmbr wbcc prbsbrvbh. Rg-cfib tmb Kbrf`me siuccs, tmbsb moh loghfjcbs9 jutcfib Kbrf`me, egcy tmb cewbr port ea tmb siucc wospcostbrbh. Fg ohhftfeg, o guljbr ea fsecotbh siuccstmot moh rb`bfvbh ge pest-lertbl trbotlbgt wbrbaeugh.

    ?1 Zeccbaseg bt oc.?66:, 880, 888.?4 Fjfhbl 811, 814.?= Zeccbaseg bt oc. ?66>, ?>=.

    gbecfto J go Jcfsiel fsteiu, kbr sb uprove evhkbgocozb fzrozf trogsaerlo`fkb sfljecfied sfstblou gbecftu. Gokpezgotfkf kb pe vbcfifl irbgkoiflogtrepeleragfl stotuolo. Fsiepovogko eved ce-iocftbto zopebto su ?6=:. f troku f hogos.?1

    Qbfgo somrogo ehroscfm esejo, eie hvfkb trb-fgb, su sbiughorgb. Rejfokbgf lehbc somrogkf-vogko kbstb pestmulge uicogkogkb cejogkb f gkbgehbpegevogkb u pehgf`olo fcf go pehgf`olo iuofcf hverfto. Cejogkb su bste lehbcevogb u dcfgf,ocf te gfkb provfce. btfrf cejogkb jfcb su hbpege-vogb zokbhge u hverftgek kolf, prf blu kb kb-hgo eh gkfm floco lehbcevoge hbsge eie u dcfgf

    uirobge jftulbgel.?4Hrudo lehbcevogo cejo-gko pregobgo kb fspeh pehgf`b iub f prfpohoco

    kb ehroscel luior`u, ieh iekb gfkb pregobgologhfjuco. Ei`fpftocgo iest evb cejogkb sohr-ovoco kb btfrf urbzo (`ut-loris), te deverf epestmulgel iosopckbgku. Hegkf hfkbcevf cejogkbledcf su jftf lehbcevogf, ioe gpr. es e``fpftocb,hei su estocf hfkbcevf jbz trodevo lehbcevogko.Lehbcevogb su ef, ges, hbsgf ejroz f ume... Gblotrodevo jekb go lehbcevogfl hfkbcevflo, gftf jf-tulbgo eie efku, te kb uejfokbge go prflkbr`flofz Kbrfmego.?=

    ^estekoe kb f vbcfif jrek cejogko iekb su sb-

    iughorge somrogkfvogb, ocf gfsu flocb pesbjogtrbtlog u slfscu lehbcevogko. Xoie kb go pehgf-`f iub pregobgo vbcfio iecffgo cejogksifm aro-dlbgoto. R hrudel ejkbitu pregobgb su hvfkbcejogkb ehroscfm esejo f kbhgo hkbfko fspeh peh-gf`b. R fstek iuf, ocf u hrudek presterfkf, u peh-gf`u kb uiepogo etbbgo cejogko hkbtbto storedsbhol fcf esol dehfgo.

    Jbfsoleug

    Hvfkb lehbcevogb cejogkb pregobgb su fspehiolbgel pepceogb pehgf`b ejkbito. Jfcb su pe-stovckbgb kbhgo perbh hrudb kbhgo kb jfco koieetbbgo, hei kb hrudo souvogo. [o rozcfiu ehkbrfmegsifm, evb cejogkb floku loghfjucb, o ioef u Kbrfmegu, lehbcevog kb sole hegkf hfe cejo-gkb. ^erbh lehbcevogfm, pregobge kb ke gbie-cfie fzecevogfm cejogko iekb gfsu precb gfioiovpestmulgf trbtlog.

    ?1 Zeccbaseg bt oc.?66:, 880, 888.?4 Fjfhbl 811, 814.?= Zeccbaseg bt oc. ?66>, ?>=.

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    bc Zoloh

    Logy siuccs wbrb aeugh ot tmfs Pyrfog sftb,selb ea tmbl pcostbrbh ogh pofgtbh wftm e`mrb. Osfg tmb prbvfeus fgstog`b, mbrb tee tmb loghfjcbs

    wbrb aeugh tedbtmbr wftm tmb rbst ea tmb mboh.?6

    Iaor Mo Merbsm

    Xmb aregt ea o siucc aeugh ot Iaor Mo Merbsm,wmf`m wfcc jb hbs`rfjbh cotbr, wos pcostbrbh oghpofgtbh wftm e`mrb.:>

    Gomoc Mblor

    Xmb pest-lertbl trbotlbgt ea tmb siuccs arelGomoc Mblor fg ^ocbstfgb hfaabr arel occ tmesb hb-s`rfjbh ojevb. Xmb e``fpftoc orbo ea tmrbb siuccswos `evbrbh wftm o coybr ea ospmoct9 tmbrb wbrb gesfdgs ea lehbccfgd eg tmb ao`b. Xmfs suddbsts tmot ohfaabrbgt lotbrfoc wos usbh aer tmb ao`b, os cordbcy`egrlbh jy tmb hfs`evbry ea stegb losis gbortmb siuccs. Xmb vorfeus ao`foc aboturbs orb fghf`otbh`egvbgtfegoccy eg tmb losis, wmf`m wbrb lohb eacflbstegb arel tmb Kuhobog mfccs. Xmb lbogfgd oghaug`tfeg ea tmbsb losis wfcc jb `egsfhbrbh cotbr.:?

    Xojcb 0Guljbrs ea sb`eghory siucc jurfocsfg tmb Cbvogt ogh Pyrfo.

    ^brfeh Gotuog ^^GO ^^GJ

    Xrbotlbgtge spb`foc pest-lertbl

    trbotlbgtpcostbrbh

    Brq bc-Omlor 1

    Ofg Loccomo ?

    MoVegfl 1

    Kbrf`me :?5 84 ?>, ?:5

    Lurbyjbt 85

    Gbtfv Modhuh 0, 85

    _brlbz Hbrb 1Ofg Dmozoc 5 :, 85

    Jbfsoleug :

    Xbc Zoloh 5

    Iaor Mo Merbsm ?

    Gomoc Mblor 0*

    5 < bxo`t guljbr get hbtbrlfgbh, * siuccs wftm cflb-stegb losis, get pcostbrbh

    ?6 @ouvfg :>>>o, ??0, ??8.:> Iufkt, Derrfgd-Lerfs :>>:, ?04.:? Jfbgbrt ?662, =>.

    bc Zoloh

    Go evel sfrfksiel ceiocftbtu pregobg kb vbcf-if jrek cejogko. Gbib eh gkfm su lehbcevogb f je-kbgb eibrel. Ioe f u prbtmehgel scuoku, f evhkb

    su loghfjucb gobgb zokbhge so estotiel dcovb.?6

    Iaor Mo Merbsm

    Cejogko ieko kb pregobgo go ceiocftbtu Iaor MoMerbsm, e iekbl b iosgfkb jftf rfkbf, lehbcevogokb dcfgel so aregtocgb strogb f ejekbgo kb eibrel.:>

    Gomoc Mblor

    Hrudofkf pestmulgf trbtlog eh svfm he sohogovbhbgfm cejogko floku egb so ceiocftbto Gomoc

    Mblor u ^ocbstfgf. Xrf cejogkb prbirfvbgb su kbh-gel vrstel osaoctged sceko so ei`fpftocgb strogb.Gbloku zgoievo lehbcevogko go cf`u. Xe gos upu-ukb go ledugest ho sb prbie cf`o stovckoe hrudo-fkf lotbrfkoc, te kb ulgedelb petvrbge prego-cosiel iolbgfm losif u jcfzfgf cejogko. Losibsmblotsif prfiozuku pekbhfgb hfkbcevb cf`o f prov-ckbgb su eh irbgkoio so Kuhbksifm jrho. E zgob-gku f augi`fkf evfm losif jfb rfkbf iosgfkb.:?

    Xojbco 0^rfioz jrekgestf sbiughorge somrogkbgfm cejogkogo cbvogtfgsiek f sfrfksiek ejcostf.

    pbrfeh gotukbgprbi.

    gbec. Oprbi. gbec. J

    trbtlogjbz pesbjgb pestmulgb

    ejrohblehbcevogb

    Brq bc-Omlor 1

    Ofg Loccomo ?

    Moyegfl 1

    Kbrf`me :?5 84 ?>, ?:5

    Lurbyjbt 85

    Gbtfv Modhuh 0,85

    _brlbz Hbrb 1

    Ofg Dmozoc 5 :,85

    Jbfsoleug :

    Xbc Zoloh 5

    Iaor Mo Merbsm ?

    Gomoc Mblor 0*

    5- gfkb utvrbg toog jrek, * gfsu u pftogku lehbcevogbcejogkb vb cejogkb so irbgkoifl losiolo

    ?6 @ouvfg :>>>o, ??0, ??8.:> Iufkt, Derrfgd-Lerfs :>>:, ?04.:? Jfbgbrt ?662, =>.

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    Ogotecfo

    Xmb pf`turb fg Ogotecfo fs rotmbr hfaabrbgt areltmot ea tmb Cbvogt. Xmbrb orb ge pcostbrbh siuccsmbrb, jut tmbrb orb bxolpcbs ea hb`opftotbh sibc-

    btegs fg tmb o`brolf` Gbecftmf`. Cordbr guljbrsea siuccs oppbor fg tmb mfdm Gbecftmf`, wmbg se-`foc trogsaerlotfeg fs ocrbohy elpcbtb. Xmby loysbrvb os bxolpcbs er fghf`oters ea tmb mogdbs tmotmoh toibg pco`b ot borcfbr stodbs fg tmb bvecutfegea tmb `ellugftfbs fg Osfo Lfger. Cotbr fg tmfspopbr, rbabrbg`b wfcc jb lohb te tmb sftbs ea otoc-myui, Gbvocf erf ogh Djbdcf Xbpb9 mbrb, wbsmocc `egsfhbr egcy tmb sb`eghory jurfocs ot Mo`f-cor ogh oyg.

    Mo`fcorMo`fcor, fg seutm-wbstbrg Ogotecfo, fs get

    gb`bssorfcy port ea tmb solb `ucturoc dreup ossftbs fg tmb aor seutm-bost ea Ogotecfo. Pb`egh-ory siucc jurfocs aboturb fg ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`hwbccfgds. Xwe siuccs sbt uprfdmt, preppbh upwftm slocc stegbs, wbrb aeugh fg tmb coybr ojevbtmb sujsefc fg o `eurtyorh, ao`fgd tmb meusb. Otmfrh, co`ifgd tmb loghfjcb, ogh ea cotbr hotbtmog tmb rst twe, wos ocse aeugh fg o `eurt-

    yorh. Xmb siucc ea og fgaogt, prejojcy cbat eg tmbeer jy o `eurtyorh wocc, hotbs arel tmb turgea tmb ^rb-^ettbry te tmb ^ettbry Gbecftmf`. Occtmb siuccs ot Mo`fcor wbrb pco`bh fg pcofg sfdmt,prejojcy fg o pujcf` pco`b.::

    oyg

    Xmfs sftb fs lest aoleus aer fts siucc jufch-fgd, ogh fs hfstfg`t arel bvbry etmbr sftb wmbrbsb`eghory siucc jurfocs orb aeugh. Xmb siuccjufchfgd wos rbjufct sbvbroc tflbs9 tmb borcf-bst stroto hotb arel tmb borcy ^^GJ. Xmb siuccswbrb hbpesftbh eg tmb erfdfgoc eer9 86 jurgtsiuccs ea cotbr pmosbs wbrb aeugh, movfgd prej-ojcy aoccbg arel smbcvbs. Ogfloc siuccs wbrbaeugh ocegd wftm tmb mulog egbs. Qbstfdbs eamulog ogh jevfgb jceeh wbrb aeugh eg o fgtigfab, `cbor fghf`otfeg ea rftuoc so`rf`b. Josbheg tmb bvfhbg`b ea tmb siuccs, tmbrb wbrb ot cbost82> fghfvfhuocs fg tmfs jufchfgd.:0

    :: Xococoy :>>8, ?8?.:0 zhedog ?666, 48.

    Ogohecfko

    R Ogohecfkf flole gbte hrudofku scfiu gbdego Cbvogtu. Goflb, evhkb gblole prflkbrb le-hbcevogko cejogko, o flole loce prflkbro hbiopf-

    tevogko sibcbto u oibrolfiel gbecftu. Qbf jrekcejogko kovcko sb u solel rozvfkbgel gbecftu iohosu pre`bsf trogsaerlo`fkb hrutvo vb zovrbgf. Egfledu pescuftf ioe prflkbrf, ehgesge ioe fghfiote-rf prelkbgo iekb su sb hbsfcb u prbtmehgfl btopolorozveko zokbhgf`o go tel presteru. Fpoi, iosgfkb urohu b jftf spelbgutf ceiocftbtf otocmyui, Gbvo-cf erf f Djbdcf Xbpb, hei ble sb soho esvrgutfsole go sbiughorgb somrogb u Mohfcoru (Mo`fcor)f bkbgflo (oyg).

    MohfcorIoe ceiocftbt u kudezopohgek Ogohecfkf, Mohfcor

    gb lero fgftf kbhfgstvbgu iucturgu `kbcfgu so ceio-cftbtflo go irokgkbl kudefsteiu Ogohecfkb. R oibro-lfiel gbecftu kovckoku sb sbiughorgb somrogb cejo-gko u ejkbitflo zo stogevogkb. Hvfkb cejogkb, pestov-ckbgb usprovge, escegkbgb go iolbgfb, pregobgbsu u hverftu eirbgutb cf`bl io iuf. Cejogkb su jfcbu sceku fzgoh zhrovf`b. Xrbo cejogko, iekek gbhestokbloghfjuco, mregeceif lcoo eh prvb hvfkb, prego-

    bgo kb toiebr u hverftu. R solu drogf`u fzlbuoibrolfied f ibrolfied gbecfto hotukb sb cejogkojbjb, vkbrevotge estovckbgo go pehu peirok hverf-ged zfho. Pvb cejogkb so Mohfcoro slkbtbgb su govfhckfvek f vkbrevotge kovgek pevrfgf.::

    bkbgf

    Evok ceiocftfbt kb gokpezgotfkf pe iuf cejogkof spb`fog kb u ehgesu go svo estoco gocozfto goiekflo susrbble sbiughorge somrogkbgb cejogkb.Iuo cejogko sui`bsfvge kb ejgovckogo gbiecfieputo, o gokstorfkf scekbvf hotuku sb u rogf prbibrolf-if gbecft J. Cejogkb su hbpegevogb go erfdfgocgekpehgf f, u iosgfkfl aozolo pregobge kb 86 cejogkoiekb su fzderkbcb f vkbrevotge pepohocb so pecf`o.^erbh ckuhsifm, tu su gobgb f fvetfgksib cejogkb.Go irblbgel geu pregobgf su esto`f irvf ckuhff devbbto, te gbhveslfscbge deverf e pesteko-gku ejrbho rtvevogko. Go esgevu cejogko u evelejkbitu iegstotevoge kb goklogkb 82> fghfvfhuo.:0

    :: Xococoy :>>8, ?8?.:0 zhedog ?666, 48.

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    Zftuoc, syljecs

    Occ tmot `og jb stotbh wftm `brtofgty fs tmot rftuocjbmovfeur fs og fgtbdroc port ea pbepcbs hofcy cfab,

    portf`ucorcy os rbdorhs jurfoc. Oljfduftfbs orfsbwmbg wb ottblpt te hbtbrlfgb wmbtmbr rftuoc fg-ubg`bh `mogdb, er wmbtmbr `mogdbs e``urrfgdo`ress tmb jeorh moh og baab`t eg rftuoc.

    Mewbvbr, fa wb jbdfg wftm tmb ossulptfeg tmottmb fghfvfhuoc fs og o`tfvb pcoybr fg tmb `rbotfeg eaog fhbecedf`oc lotrfx, tmfs flpcfbs tmot os mb bl-jbhs mflsbca fg rftuoc, fgtrehu`fgd te ft mfs ewgvfbws ogh ughbrstoghfgd os o portf`fpogt, mb fs sf-luctogbeuscy `egstru`tfgd og bgtfrb systbl. Xe jbprb`fsb, tmfs fs og fgtbro`tfeg jbtwbbg `ucturoc lo-

    trf`bs ogh tmb fghfvfhuoc, er se`fbty ogh tmb fghfvfh-uoc. Fghfvfhuoc jbmovfeur fs get wmeccy hbtbrlfgbhjy `ucturb, jut `ucturb hebs te selb bxtbgt `mog-gbc tmb cfab ea tmb fghfvfhuoc. ^bepcb o``bpt `ucturocgerls ug`egs`feuscy, os ft wbrb, ogh tmbsb gerlsbgojcb tmbl te egstru`t strotbdfbs ea se`foc o``bpt-og`b ogh survfvoc. Xmfs fs wmot `egstftutbs mojftus,igewcbhdb ea se`foccy o``bptojcb jbmovfeur. Os tmbfghfvfhuoc `mogdbs tmb rucbs, ohoptfgd tmbl te spb-`f` sftuotfegs, se mb `mogdbs tmb bgtfrb mojftus.:8

    Lotbrfoc `ucturb, os tmb rbb`tfeg ea jbcfbas ogh

    hoy-te-hoy cfab, os tmb ejkb`tfvfzotfeg ea tmb spfrft,ocse ughbrdebs tmb mogdbs e``urrfgd wftmfg se`fbty,fg fts syljecf` systbl ogh ocse, fa tmby orb hfstfg`t,fg fts b`egelf` systbl. Lotbrfoc `ucturb hebs getkust bxfst. Ft fs lohb jy selbegb. Ft fs prehu bh tehe selbtmfgd. Xmbrbaerb ft hebs get possfvbcy rbb`tse`fbty rotmbr, ft `rbotbs se`fbty tmreudm tmb o`ts ease`foc odbgts... Lotbrfoc `ucturb `ogget ea ftsbca heogytmfgd; fa ft hebs o`t jo`i eg se`fbty ft lust he sewftmfg tmb arolbweris ea lbogfgd wftmfg tmb se`fbtyftsbca... Lotbrfoc `ucturb ogh fts osse`fotbh lbogfgdsorb pcoybh eut os ports ea se`foc strotbdfbs... wb usb olyrfoh ea lbogs, fg`cuhfgd lotbrfoc ucturb syljec-fsl, te rbotb gbw recbs, te rbhbgb bxfstfgd egbs oghte hbgy tmb bxfstbg`b ea etmbrs.:2

    Xmb rblevoc ogh rbjurfoc ea siuccs ogh, fg^^GJ, siucc lehbccfgd, wos pbraerlbh jy fg-hfvfhuocs wme hfh se aer o spb`f` rboseg. Xmbpro`tf`b e``urrbh ot o tflb ea pbrmops tmb drbotbst`mogdbs bvbr bxpbrfbg`bh jy mulog se`fbty, fg og

    :8 Jeurhfbu ?644, 20.:2 Mehhbr ?6=1, ?>, ??.

    Zftuoc, sfljecf

    Evhkb sb leb sole petvrhftf ho kb rftuocgo proisogbehvekfv hfe svoiehgbvf`b ckuhf, pesbjge ioh sb

    rohf e pedrbju. Gbheulf`o leb gostotf egho iohpeiuole pregof ho cf kb rftuoc utf`oe go prelkb-gb fcf su prelkbgb iekb su sb hbsfcb go `kbceiup-gel pcogu utf`ocb go rftuoc.

    Lbutfl, uiecfie irbgble eh prbtpestovibho pekbhfgo` oitfvge utfb go irbfrogkb fhbeceiblotrf`b, te flpcf`fro ho udroukuf sbjb u ejrbh,ehgesge ugesbf u rftuoc svekb vfbgkb, svekb tu-lobgkb hei ubstvuku u gkblu, eg fstevrblbgedrohf f `kbceiupgf sfstbl. Xogfkb, eve kb fgtbroi-`fko iucturgfm lotrf`o f pekbhfg`o, fcf hrutvo f

    pekbhfg`o. ^egoogkb pekbhfg`o gfkb u petpugestfhbtbrlfgfsoge iucturel, ocf ego fpoi iogocfb uehrbbgek lkbrf gkbdev fvet. ^ekbhfgo` prfmvotoiucturgb gerlb ledce jf sb rbf gbsvkbsge, egblu eleduovoku fzdrohgku strotbdfkb prfmvotogkoeh zokbhgf`b f prbfvckovogko u gkek. Xe sb hbgf-b ioe mojftus, zgogkb e hrutvbge prfmvotckfvelpegoogku. ^rf telb pekbhfgo` lfkbgko provfco fprfcodeovo fm spb`fgek sftuo`fkf f toie lfkbgko fftov mojftus.:8

    Lotbrfkocgo iucturo ioe ehroz uvkbrbgko f svo-

    iehgbvged fveto ckuhf, ioe ejkbitfvfzo`fko humo,toiebr trpf prelkbgb iekb sb hbovoku u hrutvu, ugkbdevel sfljecfiel sfstblu f u biegelsiel,oie su rozhvekbgf. Lotbrfkocgo iucturo gb soleho pestekf gbde ku kb gbie f prefzvbe. Ptverbgo kbho jf gbte fgfco. [ote gfkb posfvog ehroz hru-tvo ego gokprfkb stvoro hrutve irez oitfvgestpekbhfgo`o. ...lotbrfkocgo iucturo gb leb gfto hourohf solo; oie ego uzvroo hrutvu, egho leroho hkbcukb u eivfru zgobgko sohrogfm u solelhrutvu. ...Lotbrfkocgo iucturo f zgobgko ieko sbzo gku vbzuku prbhstovckoku ospbitb se`fkocgfm stro-tbdfko. ...Lf gokprfkb ierfstfle lgetve srbhstovo,uickuukuf f sfljecfzol lotbrfkocgb iucturb, hostverfle gevb ucedb, rbhbgfble pestekbb f gb-dfrole pestekogkb gbifm hrudfm.:2

    Ricogkogkb cejogko f pegevge somrogkfvogkb fu prbibrolfiel gbecftu J lehbcevogkb cejogkbvrbge kb eh strogb pekbhfgo`o iekf su te rohfcf soehrbbgel golkbrel. Xe sb hbovo u pbrfehu

    :8 Jeurhfbu ?644, 20.:2 Mehhbr ?6=1, ?>, ??.

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    orbo tmot wos rbcotfvbcy meledbgbeus `ucturoccy,ot o tflb wmbg egb b`egely wos jbfgd rbpco`bhjy ogetmbr, egb ifgh ea sbttcblbgt jb`elfgd tmbgerl, o``elpogfbh jy wmot Qbrmebvbg `occs ogbxpcesfeg ea syljecfslfg ^^GJ.

    Fghfvfhuocs hfspcoybh tmbfr vfbw ea trogsftfegfg Gbecftmf` se`fbty fg port fg tmbfr lertuory pro`-tf`b. Xmb hfstfg`tfvb trbotlbgt ea tmb siucc fg tmfspbrfeh wos o strotbdy sbghfgd lbssodbs ea sbhbg-tofrzotfeg, spotfoc erdogfzotfeg ogh o gbw `eccb`-tfvb `egs`feusgbss te tmb dreup ogh fghfvfhuocs fggbw Gbecftmf` se`fbtfbs.

    Xmfs occews us te `eg`cuhb tmot tmb lertuoryrftuoc, os port ea tmb `ucturoc lotrfx eg tmb tmfgi-fgd ea tmb fghfvfhuoc, flpo`tbh eg mogdbs te hofcy

    cfab, ogh vf`b vbrso.

    Gbecftmfzotfeg fg tmb Gbecftmf`

    Pb`eghory siucc jurfocs, cfib bvbrytmfgd bcsb aerlfgdport ea tmb rftuoc (sbcb`tfeg, rblevoc arel tmb erpsb,lehbccfgd, pbrmops o augbroc pre`bssfeg, jurfoc fg ospb`foc pco`b), tedbtmbr wftm tmb vbry syljecfsl eatmb siucc, `og jb sofh te jb o Gbecftmf` pmbgelbgeg,ogh tmot os su`m, ft wos get port ea tmb pre`bss ea Gb-

    ecftmfzotfeg. Xmfs weuch jb trub fa Gbecftmfzotfeg mohmoppbgbh suhhbgcy ogh wos rbb`tbh egcy fg sbh-bgtorfzotfeg. Jut Gbecftmfzotfeg wos o cegd-costfgdpre bss, fts reets hbbp fg tmb Rppbr ^ocobecftmf , fgloker `mogdbs te tmb werch ea syljecfsl, mugtfgdstrotbdy ogh tmb stoghorhfzotfeg ea tmb cftmf` fghfstry.Fg tmb Cbvogt, Gbecftmfzotfeg dofgbh lelbgtul fgtmb Gotuog pbrfeh, `egtfgufgd jy hbdrbbs tmreudm-eut tmb bgtfrb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`, ugtfc Gbecftmf`se`fbty wos auccy bstojcfsmbh fg tmb cotb ^^GJ.:1

    Os rbdorhs tmb b`egely, ^^GO fs ge hfaabr-bgt arel tmb Gotuog. ^bepcbs hfbt stfcc `egsfstbhlofgcy ea wfch `brbocs, slocc lollocs ogh tmbcfib9 tmeudm tmbrb orb sfdgs ea `uctfvotfeg oghhelbstf`otfeg, tmby orb ea ge b`egelf` sfdgf-`og`b.:4 Xmfs fs ocse trub ea ^^GJ, wmbrb wfchpcogts `egtfgubh te prbhelfgotb te o cotb stodb. Jytmb cotb ^^GJ, mewbvbr, ojeut =>% ea tmb lbot`egsulbh `olb arel helbstf`otbh ogflocs.:=

    :1 Iufkt :>>>, 60.:4 Jor-Vesba ?6=>, ??:.:= Iufktbt oc.:>>:, :08.

    leho gokvbfm prelkbgo u ckuhsiel hrutvu, goehrbbgel iucturge rbcotfvge meledbgel pre-steru, u trbgutiu ioh kbhgo biegelfko zolkbgkukbhrudu, ioho sb kbhog gofg gosbckovogko ustocku-kb, te jfvo preprobge bispcezfkel sfljecfzlouprbibrolfiel gbecftu J, ioie tvrhf Qbrmevbg.

    ^ekbhfg`f su svekb vfbgkb trogzf`fkb u gbecft-siel hrutvu escfiocf hfkbcel f u pedrbjgek proisf.^esbjog trbtlog cejogkb u tel pbrfehu jfco kb stro-tbdfko iekel su peruib e sbhbgtorfzo`fkf, prestergekerdogfzo`fkf f gevek iecbitfvgek svfkbstf scotb drupf fpekbhfg`flo u gevfl gbecftsifl hrutvflo.

    Go tok gofg leble zoickuftf ho su utf`okfpedrbjged rftuoco ioe hfkbco iucturgb lotrf`b gorozlfckogko pekbhfg`o f prelkbgb u sabrf svoieh-

    gbvged fveto uzokolgf.

    Gbecftfzo`fko u gbecftu

    Ledce jf sb rbf ho kb sbiughorge somrogkfvogkb ce-jogko, ioe f svf pre`bsf iekf su hfe ted rftuoco (ehojfr,ehvokogkb eh cbo, lehbcevogkb, bvbgtuocgo pre`bsf-ko, pemrogkfvogkb go pesbjgo lkbsto), tb solo sfl-jecfio cejogkb gbecftsio pekovo, f ioe toivo gfkb jfcohfe gbecftfzo`fksied pre`bso. Xe jf jfce toge ho kb

    gbecftfzo`fko jfco lelbgtocgo f ioho jf sb edcbhocosole u sbhbgtorfzo`fkf. Lbutfl, gbecftfzo`fko kb kb-hog hudetrokog pre`bs, fkf su proierfkbgf u dergkblpocbecftu, vbcfifl prelkbgolo u sfljecfiel svfkb-tu, strotbdfkf cevo f stoghorhfzo`fkf cftfib fghustrfkb.Go Cbvogtu gbecftfzo`fko kb uzbco lomo u gotukbgu,trokoco pestbpbge irez ftov prbibrolfif gbecft,ho jf sb gbecftsie hrutve u petpugestf uspestovfceirokbl prbibrolfied gbecfto J.:1

    R biegelsiel pedcbhu prbibrolfif gbecft Ogb rozcfiukb sb eh gotukbgo. Ke uvfkbi sb fsmrogosostekf prbtbge eh hfvckfm vrsto `brbocfko, cevo gosftgfkb sfsorb f sc., foie pestekb gozgoib iuctfvo`fkbf prfpftelckovogko, egb gfsu eh biegelsied zgo-oko.:4Xoivo scfio vof f zo prbibrolfif gbecftJ, dhkb he iosgb aozb prbvcohovoku hfvckb jfckibu fsmrogf. te sb fvetfgko tfb, u iosgel prbibro-lfiel gbecftu J eie =>% lbso u fsmrogf petfbeh helbstfievogfm vrsto.:=

    :1 Iufkt :>>>, 60.:4 Jor-Vesba ?6=>, ??:.:= Iufktbt oc.:>>:, :08.

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    Pbbg arel tmfs pbrspb`tfvb, tmb lertuory pro`-tf`b tmot jbdog fg tmb cotb Gotuog hbvbcepbhocegdsfhb tmb blbrdbg`b ogh hbvbceplbgt ea tmbGbecftmf` fg tmb Cbvogt, jbaerb tmb oppborog`b eatmb Gbecftmf` b`egely.

    Ft loy jb ossulbh tmot tmbrb wos o `brtofg rft-uoc egtfgufty fg jurfoc pro`tf`bs tmreudmeut, areltmb cotb Gotuog te tmb bgh ea tmb rb-^ettbry Gbe-cftmf`, o pbrfeh ea selb 0,>>> ybors, fg o `brtofgcflftbh tbrrftery.

    Piucc lehbccfgd, os o aboturb ea tmb lfhhcb^^GJ, `egstftutbs tmb bvecutfegory pfggo`cb ea tmbrftuoc. Xmfs loy sbbl te jb og bxoddbrotfeg, jut tmbreets ea siucc lehbccfgd orb te jb aeugh fg cotb Gotu-og sb`eghory siucc jurfocs. Jbmovfeur tmot jb`olb`elleg er bvbg prbhelfgogt fg ^GJ wos o rorftyfg tmb cotb Gotuog ogh o sperohf` aboturb ea ^GO.

    Os sbttcblbgts bvecvbh arel slocc sbosegocegbs te cordbr, pbrlogbgt egbs, `uclfgotfgd fg^^GJ (ot tmb bgh ea wmf`m pbrfeh tmby jreib up),fg`rbosfgdcy elpcbx urjog stru`turbs ogh or`mftb`-turb wbrb o``elpogfbh jy og bvbr lerb `elpcbxjurfoc rftuoc. Kust os `egtrec wos bstojcfsmbh evbrspo`b (tmb reels fg meusbs jb`olb lerb cborcy hb-gbh ogh ughbr mulog `egtrec), se tee wftm hbotm,jy lbogs ea jurfoc osse`fotbh wftm tmb hwbccfgd ogho spb`f` reel. Xmb pre`bss wos ocse o``elpogfbhjy tmb helbstf`otfeg ea ogflocs ogh tmb `uctfvotfegea pcogts, occ ea wmf`m teei pco`b gbor tmb hwbccfgdmeusbs, ogh loy ocse jb sbbg os o aerl ea `egtrec,sfg`b helbstf`otfeg fs ftsbca o aerl ea `egtrec evbrtmb bvecutfeg ea pcogts ogh ogflocs.

    Fg tmfs cfdmt, tmb cedf`oc `egsbqubg`b ea occ tmfsfs tmot tmb hbvbceplbgt ea lertuory rftuoc hurfgdtmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fg tmb Cbvogt ogh seutm-bostbrg Ogotecfo fs getmfgd cbss tmog tmb bstojcfsm-lbgt ea mulog `egtrec evbr hbotm, tmb helbstf`o-

    tfeg ea hbotm, os wfcc jb bxpcofgbh fg hbtofc fg tmb`egtbxt ea sb`eghory siucc jurfocs.

    Xb lbogfgd ogh/er aug`tfeg ea tmb siucc

    Xmbrb orb hfaabrbgt vfbws ea tmb syljecfslea tmb siucc, jut occ smorb tmb jbcfba tmot tmbrb fsog bssbgtfoc `eggb`tfeg jbtwbbg tmb lbogfgd eatmb spb`foc trbotlbgt ea tmb siucc ogh fhbecedf-`oc `eg`bpts ea se`fbty. Fg bo`m `osb, tmfs lbogs

    og fgtflotb osse`fotfeg wftm tmb pre`bssbs ea

    Po eved ospbito peslotroge, pedrbjgo proisoieko kb zopebto u iosgel gotukbgu rozvfkoco sbporocbcge so pekovel f rozvekbl gbecfto go Cbvog-tu, o prfkb pekovb gbecftsib biegelfkb.

    Leb sb prbtpestovftf ho kb pestekoe ehrbbg

    rftuocgf iegtfguftbt u pedcbhu somrogkfvogko, u f-tovel pbrfehu eh iosged gotukbgo he iroko prb-ibrolfied gbecfto, hoicb eie 0>>> dehfgo, o gokbhgek edrogfbgek tbrfterfkf.

    Lehbcevogkb cejogko, ioe ioroitbrfstfio srbh-gkbd prbibrolfied gbecfto J, prbhstovcko bvecu-tfvgf vrmugo` ted rftuoco. Eve kb leho prbkoioiegstoto`fko, ocf ierfkbgf lehbcevogko cejogkogocozb sb u iosgegotukbgsiel sbiughorgel so-mrogkfvogku cejogko. Ege te kb u prbibrolfielgbecftu J uejfokbgo, oi helfgogtgo pekovo, uiosgel gotukbgu jfco kb provo rfkbtiest, o teielprbibrolfied gbecfto O tbi sperohfgo pekovo.

    Rperbhe so rozvekbl gosbcko, ieko eh locfmsbzegsifm pestoku stocgo f vbo, ho jf vrmugo` he-fvkbco uprove u prbibrolfiel J gbecftu (irokbleved pbrfeho sb rospohoku), uz ielpcbisgfku ur-jogu struituru f ormftbituru pedrbjgf rftuoc kb svbscebgfkf. Egoie ioie sb iegtrecfb tbrfterfko (pre-ster u iuolo pestokb hbgfsogfkf, stovckbg pehckuhsiu iegtrecu), fste sb hbovo f so slru, prbie

    somrogo iekb sb vbzuku zo iub f pesbjge hbgf-sog prester. Helbstfio`fko fvetfgko f iuctfvfsogkbjfckoio toiebr protf evok pre`bs, svb sb hbovo ugosbckflo u jcfzfgf iuo, f te sb epbt sole pe sbjfleb slotrotf iegtrecfsogkbl, kbr helbstfio`fko fkbstb iegtreco, ehgesge uslkbrovogkb rozveko jf-ckoio f fvetfgko.

    R tel slfscu, cedfog scfkbh svbdo govbhbgedkb; rozvek pedrbjged rftuoco teiel prbibrolfiedgbecfto go Cbvogtu f kudefstegek Ogohecfkf gfkbgfto hrude he stovckogkb slrtf peh iegtrecu cku-

    hf, ehgesge helbstfio`fko slrtf, te b sb hbtockgeejkosgftf ioho sb juhb deverfce e iegtbistu sbiug-horge somrogkbgfm cejogko.

    [gobgkb f/fcf augi`fko cejogkb

    Pfljecfio cejogkb tulobgo kb go rozcfftb gof-gb. Ege te kb zokbhgfie zo svoie eh tfm tulo-bgko kb sutfgsio pevbzogest zgobgko pesbjgedtrbtlogo cejogkb so fhbeceifl ieg`bptflo hru-

    tvo. R evel scuoku te zgof ho su svo ejkogkbgko

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    sbhbgtorfzotfeg ogh helbstf`otfeg, ogh ea o gbwrbcfdfeus ogh rftuoc systbl, wmf`m orb `bgtroc tetmb blbrdbg`b ogh bstojcfsmlbgt ea tmb Gbecftmf`woy ea cfab.

    Xmb iby te occ tmbsb pre`bssbs fs `egtrec, wmbtmbrevbr tbrrftery, rbseur`bs, pcogts ogh ogflocs, rftuocjbmovfeur er spfrftuoc cfab. @egtrec evbr hbotm, fg tmbaerl ea lertuory rftuoc wftmfg Gbecftmfzotfeg, fs ocseport ea tmbsb swbbpfgd `mogdbs. Fg tmfs, lbogfgd fseatbg bquotbh wftm aug`tfeg, er sbbg tmreudm tmb cbgsea aug`tfeg. Xmb lest `elleg bxpcogotfegs aer tmfs`ucturoc pmbgelbgeg wfcc tmbrbaerb jb `ftbh mbrb.

    Piucc `uct og`bster `uct

    P`mecors rbsbor`mfgd tmb Gbecftmf` fg tmb GborBost, tmb dbgbsfs ea odrf`ucturb ogh o gbw b`eg-ely, tmb `ucturoc pmbgelbgeg ea sbporotb sb`-eghory siucc jurfoc ogh siucc lehbccfgd fg ^^GJusuoccy bxpcofg ft os og`bster `uct er sflfcoraerls ea wersmfp. Xmfs fs og bxtrblbcy rotfegoc-fst bxpcogotfeg ea siucc syljecfsl, hbrfvfgd areleur lehbrg getfegs ea jurfoc dreughs, tbrrfteryogh tmb hboh, ogh mos wftmsteeh occ rftfqub hurfgdtmb rbhbgftfeg ea or`mobecedy os o s`fbg`b ogh ftslbtmehecedy. Xmeudm ft rblofgs tmb cbohfgd bx-

    pcogotfeg bvbg gew, tmfs hebs get lbog tmot ft fs`errb`t, er tmb egcy egb.Xmb siucc `uct tmot rst oppborbh fg tmb ^rb-^ettbry

    Gbecftmf` fs usuoccy osse`fotbh wftm og`bsters, oghtmbrbjy wftm tmb cogh, rbprbsbgtfgd get tmb hb`bosbhjut o eccb tfvb flodb ea tmb ellugfty os o wmecb.

    Piucc lehbccfgd syljecfzbs hb`bosbh lbl-jbrs ea tmb aolfcy er `cog, ogh tmus tmb `cog `mfba-tofg er etmbr cbohfgd durb, wmesb pewbr gbbhs tejb prbsbrvbh aer tmb auturb, aer tmb wbcaorb ea tmb`cog er vfccodb.

    Xmb og`bster `uct fs lerb tmog kust og`bsterwersmfp9 ft fs bssbgtfoccy osse`fotbh wftm tmb pes-sbssfeg ea cogh. @errejerotfeg ea tmfs mypetmbsfsloy jb sbbg fg tmb ao`t tmot wmbg o mugtbr-dotmbr-br se`fbty ohepts o sbhbgtory cfabstycb, ft jb`elbscordbcy hbpbghbgt eg tbrrftery. Ft fs bgtfrbcy pes-sfjcb, tmbrbaerb, tmot tmby seudmt te prbsbrvb tmbspfrftuoc jegh wftm tmbfr cbohbrs. Xmby turgbh tetmb siucc aer mbcp fg spb`f` rfsfs sftuotfegs, sfg`bft wos tmb pbrsegf`otfeg ea tmb cbohbr.:6

    :6 Jfbgbrt ?662, 46.

    tfkbsge pevbzogo so pre`bsflo sbhbgtorfzo`fkb fhelbstfio`fkb, geved rbcfdfksied f rftuocged sfstb-lo, iekf su ickugf zo pekovu f utblbckbgkb gbecft-sied gofgo fveto.

    Icku svfm tfm pre`bso kb iegtreco, jfce ho kbu pftogku tbrfterfko, rbsursf, fvetfgkb f jfckib, rf-tuocge pegoogkb f humevgf fvet. Iegtrecfsogkbslrtf, ehgesge pedrbjged rftuoco u slkbru gbecf-tfzo`fkb kb toiebr kbhog hfe `kbceiupgb prelkb-gb. ^rf tel kb zgobgkb bste fstevkbtge so augi-`fkel, ehgesge peslotro sb irez augi`fku. [oteb evhkb jftf govbhbgo gokbo ejkogkbgko evediucturged abgelbgo.

    Iuct cejogkb iuct prbtio

    Fstrofvof iekf su sb jovfcf gbecftel Jcfsiedfsteio, gostogiel zblckerohgkb f gevb biegelf-kb, iucturgf abgelbg pesbjged sbiughorged so-mrogkfvogko cejogko f lehbcevogko cejogko u prb-ibrolfiel gbecftu J gokbb su ejkogkovocfiuctel prbtio f scfgfl ejcf`flo ejeovogko. Xekb irokgkb ro`fegocfstfie ejkogkbgkb sfljecfzlocejogkb, prefstbice fz gobd sovrblbged peflogkodrejcko, tbrfterfkb f ulrcfm. Lbutfl, f ioe toiveprbfvkbce kb svb irftfib teiel rbhbgfsogko ormbe-

    cedfkb ioe gouib f gkbgb lbtehecedfkb. Foie kb prb-evcoukub ejkogkbgkb f hogos, te gfioie gb zgofho kb toge f kbhfge.

    Iuct cejogkb iekf sb pekovfe u prbibrolfielgbecftu gokbb sb vbzukb zo prbtio, o solfl tflzo zblcku, o eg prbhstovcko scfiu gb ulrced vbiecbitfvgu scfiu ftovb zokbhgf`b.

    Lehbcevogb cejogkb sfljecfu ulrcb prbh-stovgfib perehf`b fcf icogo. R tel scuoku egbsfljecfu veb icogo fcf estocb vogb durb fkosb le trbjo souvotf zo juhugest f hejrejft

    icogo fcf sbco.Iuct prbtio gb ezgoovo sole ejeovogkb

    prbtio vb kb tok iuct sutfgsif pevbzog so peskbhe-vogkbl zblckb. Evo mfpetbzo sb petirbpckukb tflbte gbioho cevoiesoiupckoio hrutvo ioho prb-u go sbhbgtorgf gofg fveto ulgedelb zovfsbeh tbrfterfkb. [ote kb sosvfl ledub ho su bckbcfsouvotf humevgu vbzu so svekfl veolo. Eh ce-jogkb sb u spb`fgfl, irfzgfl sftuo`fkolo trofpele, kbr kb ego pbrsegfio`fko veb.:6

    :6 Jfbgbrt ?662, 46.

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    @ouvfg mos o rotmbr lerb hbgftb vfbw ea tmblottbr, wftm rbabrbg`b te rftuoc jbmovfeur ogh tmb`egtbxt ea tmb ghs, wmf`m wfcc jb ohhrbssbh fg hbtofccotbr. Mb spb`f`occy osse`fotbs tmb siucc uct wftm tmb`rbotfeg ea tmb Gbecftmf` woy ea cfab ogh fhbecedy.

    Xmb ao`t tmot tmb siuccs wbrb prbsbrvbh fg o stotbtmot occewbh tmbl te jb vfbwbh jy tmb ruroc `el-lugfty wos o gbw pmbgelbgeg fg augbrory pro`-tf`b, wmbrb prbvfeuscy tmb hboh moh sflpcy jbbgcofh fg tmb dreugh ogh `egsfdgbh te ejcfvfeg. Xmfsfghf`otbs tmot sbhbgtory `ellugftfbs, portf`ucorcytmesb ea ^^GJ, o pbrfeh ea rbvecutfeg fg syljec-fsl, hbcfjbrotbcy prbsbrvbh tmb lblery ea tmbfrog`bsters jy lbogs ea rftuoc `brblegfbs ogh siucclehbccfgd ftsbca. Xmb spb`foc trbotlbgt ea tmb siucc,

    tmb vorfeus pre`bssbs fgvecvbh fg fts prbsbrvotfeg,ogh tmb `brblegy ea sb`eghory jurfoc pco`bh tmbo``bgt eg erfdfgs, rbfgaer`bh se`foc jeghs, ogh oa-rlbh smorbh prepbrty fg o hbgbh tbrrftery.

    Xmfs hebs get gb`bssorfcy lbog tmot tmfs fhbec-edy wos tmb egcy rboseg aer tmb blbrdbg`b ea o gbwse`foc erdogfzotfeg. Xmeudm ft fs hfa`uct te hbtbr-lfgb wmf`m `olb rst, ft fs cfibcy tmot tmbsb orb twesfluctogbeus ao`bts, egb tmb fggbr ogh tmb etmbr tmbeutworh ao`b ea tmb solb trogsaerlotfeg ea GborBostbrg pepucotfegs fg tmb prb-pettbry pbrfeh.0>

    Pb`eghory siucc jurfocs, wmbtmbr pcostbrbh erget, rbb`t tmb woy tmb cfvfgd bxpbrfbg`b tmbfr aerb-jbors wmbrbos tmb hb`opftotbh `erpsbs cfb hfrb`tcyjbgbotm tmb abbt ea tmb cfvfgd, tmb siuccs smorb tmbsolb spo`b wftm tmb cfvfgd. Xmfs syljecfzbs o luc-tfdbgbrotfeg prbsbg`b fg o dfvbg tbrrftery, jbstew-fgd eg tmb cfvfgd tmb cbdftflotb rfdmt te e``upy ft.0?

    Fg ^^GO, jbaerb tmb oppborog`b ea siucc leh-bccfgd, tmb siuccs tmot wbrb rblevbh aer sb`eghoryjurfoc rbprbsbgtbh og`bsters, ogh tmb vbry o`t fs tmbbqufvocbgt ea og`bster wersmfp ogh tmb jegh wftm

    tmb sefc, tmb hbvbceplbgt ea o sbgsb ea rbspegsfjfc-fty aer tmb hbotm ogh jbcfba fg tmb ugfvbrsoc erhbr.

    Xmeudm ae`usbh eg `brtofg fghfvfhuocs arelspb`f` meusbmechs, sb`eghory lertuory pro`tf`bfs sbbg os port ea `ellugoc og`bster wersmfp oghea eccb`tfvb se`foc lblery ogh fhbgtfty.

    Occ tmfs suddbsts tmot tmb siuccs, er rotmbr tmbsyljecs tmby bljehy, aerl o `eccb`tfvb jegh jb-twbbg tmb cfvfgd ogh tmb hboh.

    0> @ouvfg :>>>j, :8=.0? ^oribr-^borseg :>>2, ?26, ?1>.

    Iuvog flo hesto hbgfsogfkb vfbgkb prejcb-lo, esvruf sb f go rftuocgu proisu f go iegtbistgocozo, e blu b iosgfkb hbtockge jftf rfkbf. Egiuct cejogkb kosge pevbzukb so irbfrogkbl gbecft-sied gofgo fveto f fhbecedfkb.

    fgkbgf`o ho su dcovb jfcb souvogb u stogkuiekb kb eleduovoce peslotrogkb eh strogb sbe-sib zokbhgf`b jfco kb gevf abgelbg zo hetohogkuaugbrorgu proisu, pe iekek su lrtvf kbhgestovgesomrogkfvogf u zblckf f estovckbgf zojerovu. Evefghf`fro ho su sbhbgtorgb zokbhgf`b, te sb pe-sbjge ehgesf go prbibrolff gbecft J ioe pbrfehsfljecfib rbvecu`fkb, pockfve uvocf uspelbgugo svekb prbtib irez rftuocgb `brblegfkb f solelehbcevogkb cejogkb. ^esbjog trbtlog cejogkb,

    svf pre`bsf vbzogf zo gkbge euvogkb f `brblegfkosbiughorgb somrogb jfcf su godcoovogkb perfkb-ico, esgofvogkb hrutvbgfm vbzo, orlo`fko zo-kbhgfib flevfgb u hbgfsogek tbrfterfkf.

    Xe gb lero zgoftf ho kb evo fhbecedfko kbhfgfrozced pekovb gevb se`fkocgb erdogfzo`fkb. Foie kbtbie ehrbhftf to kb gostoce prfkb, vkbrevotge kb hoflole hvfkb sfluctogb strogb, kbhgu ugutrogku,hrudu speckogku, fstb trogsaerlo`fkb jcfsiefste-gfm pepuco`fko u prbibrolfiel pbrfehu.0>

    Pbiughorge somrogkbgb cejogkb, jfcb lehbce-

    vogb fcf gb, ehscfiovoku gofg ioie fvf hefvcko-voku svekb prbtib hei sb cbbvf, hbiopftevogf,gocozb hfrbitge fspeh gedu fvfm, cejogkb hfkbcbprester so fvflo. Xe sfljecfb vfbdbgbro`fksieprfsustve go gbiek tbrfterfkf, tb hokb cbdftflftbt f-vflo ho ierfstb tok prester.0?

    R prbibrolfiel gbecftu O, prfkb lehbcevo-gko cejogko, cejogkb iekb sb fzhvokoku zo sbiughor-gu somrogu prbhstovckoku prbtib, o sol fg kb ioeejeovogkb ted prbtio f vbzfvogkb zo tce, rozvekehdevergestf zo ulrcb f uvkbrbgko e ugfvbrzocgel

    perbtiu.Foie kb aeiusfrogo go ehrbbgb fghfvfhub fz pe-

    sbjgfm helofgstovo, sbiughorgo pedrbjgo proi-so kb vfbgo ioe bcblbgt zokbhgfied ejeovogkoprbhoio f ioe hfe iecbitfvged hrutvbged polb-gko f fhbgtftbto.

    Go esgevu svbdo govbhbged leb sb zoicku-ftf ho su cejogkb, ehgesge sfljecf iekf sb irfku ugkflo, vbzo fzlbu fvfm f lrtvfm, f te iecbitfvgo.

    0> @ouvfg :>>>j, :8=.0? ^oribr-^borseg :>>2, ?26, ?1>.

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    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    Xmfs tmbery hbrfvbs arel tmb ogtmrepecedf`octrohftfeg, wmf`m osse`fotbs tmb aerlotfeg ea o dfv-bg `ellugfty wftm tmb oppborog`b ea o lytmf`ocog`bster, ogh mos fts reets fg tmb lytmecedfbs eaigewg se`fbtfbs. Fa lytms dbgbrotb se`foc stru`-

    turbs, os stru`turocfsts cofl,tmb bxpcogotfeg ea tmbsyljecf` lbogfgd ea tmb siucc fg dbgbroc weuchjb `errb`t. Btmgedropmf` bxpbrfbg`b ocse prevfhbsbvfhbg`b fg suppert ea tmfs mypetmbsfs.

    Mewbvbr, tmfs hebs get bxpcofg tmb prbsbg`bea `mfchrbgs siuccs ot tmbsb sftbs. O `mfchs siucc`og s`or`bcy syljecfzb og og`bster, stfcc cbss o`cog `mfbatofg er etmbr fghfvfhuoc bgkeyfgd spb-`foc stotus wftmfg tmb `ellugfty. Xe tmfs loyjb ejkb`tbh tmot tmfs ossbrtfeg fs tmb prehu`t eaeur ewg syljecf` systbl, wmf`m fs cordbcy aofr`ellbgt. Fg tmb se`fbtfbs wb igew, o `mfch hebsget rbprbsbgt o aerbjbor, ger hebs ft movb o sfd-gf`ogt, er lerb prb`fsbcy o `elloghfgd, recbfg se`fbty. O `mfch `og egcy bgkey prfvfcbdbh sto-tus tmot fs ocrbohy rbdfstbrbh fg se`fbty. Xmfs, ea`eursb, hebs get rucb eut tmb pessfjfcfty tmot fgtmb syljecf` systbl ea ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`pepucotfegs o `mfchs siucc lfdmt movb hbsfdgotbhselbtmfgd quftb hfaabrbgt arel wmot ft lbogs teus. Or`mobecedfsts arbqubgtcy evbrceei fsecotbh

    `osbs, hbcfjbrotbcy er ug`egs`feuscy, sbbfgd tmblos o stotfstf`oc ogelocy9 os o rbsuct, tmb sfdgf-`og`b ea tmb slocc pbr`bgtodb ea `mfchrbgs siuccsfs evbrceeibh wmbg fgtbrprbtfgd tmb or`mobecedf-`oc lotbrfoc.

    Piucc vftocfty

    Qbrmebvbgs fgtbrprbtotfeg ea tmb syljecfsl eatmb siucc fg tmb siucc uct ea tmb rb-^ettbry Gbecftm-f` hfaabrs arel tmb usuoc vfbw. Mbrb tee ft fs o qubs-

    tfeg ea helbstf`otfeg, tbrrftery ogh se`foc erdogfzo-tfeg, ogh fs tmbrbaerb `egsfhbrbh fg tmfs popbr.Xe bxpcofg tmb pmbgelbgeg ea sb`eghory

    siucc jurfocs ogh siucc lehbccfgd, Qbrmebvbgusbs tmb tbrl vftocfty. Xmb `eg`bpt ea vftocfty ostmb bssbg`b ea ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fhbecedy fslogfabstbh fg tmb siucc `uct. Mb hebs get hfslfsstmb og`bster `uct, jbcfbvfgd tmot pcostbrbh siuccsrbprbsbgt aerbjbors er cbohbrs, wmfcb tmesb wftm-eut pcostbr stogh aer cbss flpertogt lbljbrs eatmb `ellugfty, jut vftocfty fs tmb josf` lbogfgd

    ea tmb siucc `uct.

    Evo tberfko prefzoco kb fz ogtrepeceib tro-hf`fkb, ieko esgfvogkb gbib zokbhgf`b vbzukb zo

    pekovu lftsied prbtio f flo ierfkbgb u lftece-dfkolo pezgotfm gol hrutovo. Riecfie lftevfdbgbrfu struiturb hrutvo, ioie te tvrhb struitu-

    rocfstf, egho jf ejkogkbgkb sfljecfied zgobgkocejogkb u eptbl scuoku jfce petpuge fsprovge.Btgedroasio fsiustvo toiebr ledu ho petvrhbevu mfpetbzu.

    Lbutfl, prejcbl gostokb ioho trbjo ejko-sgftf prfsustve hkbfkfm cejogko go evfl ceiocf-tbtflo. Hkbfkb cejogkb tbie ho ledu sflje-cfsotf prbtib, o ke logkb veu icogo fcf gbiufghfvfhuu ieko flo pesbjog stotus u zokbhgf`f.Leb sb prfdeverftf ho kb evoivo iegstoto`fkoprefzveh gobd sepstvbged sfljecfied sf-stblo, te kb hejrfl hfkbcel toge. Goflb, uhrutvflo ieko su golo pezgoto hfkbtb gb prbh-stovcko prbtio f gblo zgookgu, fcf jeckb rbfuprovckoiu ucedu u hrutvu. Hfkbtb leb flo-tf sole vb upfsog pevcobg stotus u hrutvu.Gorovge, gb fsickuukb sb ledugest ho u sfl-jecfiel sfstblu pepuco`fko u prbibrolfielgbecftu cejogko hkbtbto leb ezgoovotf gbtesosvfl hrudofkb eh egedo te jf ledco zgof-tf u gobl. Ormbecezf bste prbvfhb, jfce svkb-

    sge fcf gbsvkbsge, pekbhfgogb scuokbvb. Egfsb prfmvotoku ioe stotfstfio drbio, tb kb toiezjed loced uhkbco hkbfkfm cejogko u uiupgeljreku zogblorbg gkfmev zgook u fgtbrprbto`fkformbeceib drob.

    Cejogko vftocgest

    Pfljecfzol cejogkb u tzv. iuctu cejogkb uprbibrolfiel gbecftu fgtbrprbtfrog kb eh strogbQbrmevbgo go hrudofkf gofg eh uejfokbged. F

    evhkb sb rohf e helbstfio`fkf, tbrfterfkf, se`fkoc-gek erdogfzo`fkf, po kb f ego uzbto u rozlotrogkbu evel rohu.

    Ho jf ejkosgfe pekovu sbiughorge somrogkb-gfm cejogko f lehbcevogfm cejogko, Qbrmevbg kbfsierfstfe tbrlfg vftocgest. Ieg`bpt vftocgestf ioesutfgo fhbecedfkb prbibrolfied gbecfto lotbrf-kocfzevog kb u iuctu cejogkb. Eg gb ehjo`ukb iuctprbtio, slotro ho lehbcevogb cejogkb prbhstov-ckoku prbtib fcf veb, hei gblehbcevogb prbhstov-ckoku logkb vogb cogevb zokbhgf`b, ocf vftocgest

    kb esgevge zgobgkb iucto cejogko.

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    L. JOCXF, XMB PVLJECFPL EA LEZXROZV [email protected]@BP FG XMB ZB-^EXXBZV [email protected], D[L g.s. O., 20

    Mb hbgbs vftocfty jy lbogs ea tmrbb `eg`bptswmf`m mb rbdorhs os `ru`foc te tmb `egstftutfeg eaGbecftmf` se`fbty; helbstf`otfeg, ab`ughfty oghcfab-aer`b. Fg tmb ^^GJ tmfs pre`bss bgtofcbh tmbhelbstf`otfeg, er `egtrec, ea sbttcblbgt spo`b ogh

    tmb coghs`opb. @elporbh te tmb prb`bhfgd mugt-fgd-ogh-dotmbrfgd woy ea cfab, pbepcb jbdog te bx-brt bvbr-lerb `egtrec evbr tmbfr surreughfgds. Osrbdorhs rftuocs, F weuch prepesb tmot tmb loribh^^GJ rftuoc syljecfsl wos og bxprbssfeg ea tmbhbsfrb te egtrec rftuoc jbmovfeur ogh tmb supbrgot-uroc werch, fg erhbr te egtrec tmb mulog werch.0:

    Xmb gbxt `eg`bpt, ab`ughfty, rbabrs te abrtfcfty(lerb spb`f`occy te sefc abrtfcfty ogh jfrtm-dfvfgd) wmf`m, trutm te tbcc, mos ge portf`ucor `eggb`tfegwftm siuccs. Jy cfab-aer`bfs lbogt tmb vftoc pewbrwmf`m prfg`fpoccy rbsfhbs fg tmb mboh,se tmot tmbmboh syljecfzbs tmb petbgtfoc aer o gbw stort, rb-jfrtm ogh se eg.

    Xmb mypetmbsfs fs jo`ibh up jy btmgedropmf-`oc lotbrfoc. Aer fgstog`bs, fg logy `ellugftfbs,jrfgdfgd bgbly siuccs jo`i te tmb vfccodb sb`urbstmb `ellugftys abrtfcfty ogh stojfcfty, rboarlstmb pewbr ea og`bsters, bt`. Qbrmebvbg `eg`cuhbstmot wmfcb og`bsters, os lytmf`oc pbrsegs, wbrbprejojcy wersmfppbh, mulog siuccs (pcostbrbh os

    wbcc os ugpcostbrbh), wbrb spb`foccy megeurbh jb-`ousb tmby wbrb tmb sbot ea cfab-aer`b, wmf`m euchjb usbh te bgsurb ab`ughfty (ea tmb bchs, helbstf-`otbh ogflocs ogh welbg) ogh wbcc-jbfgd.00

    0: Qbrmebvbg :>>:, :86.00 Fjfhbl :2?.

    Evok outer vftocgest kb hbgfsoe irez trf pek-lo, zo ieko tvrhf ho su gokjftgfkf zo iegstftufsogkbgbecftsied hrutvo. Xe su helbstfio`fko,pcehgestf fvetgo sfco. Helbstfio`fko fcf iegtreco gosbcko fprestero kb u prbibrolfiel gbecftu J hevrbgo.

    R perbbgku so prbtmehgfl cevoie-soiupckoiflgofgel fveto, ckuhf su pevbovocf iegtrecu goheirubgkbl. ^eslotrokuf rftuocb, prbtpestovfejfm ho kb ezgobgf sfljecfzol prbibrolfied gb-ecfto J jfe fzroz bckb zo iegtrecfsogkbl rftuocgedpegoogko f gotprfrehged svfkbto, ho jf sb iegtrecf-soe ckuhsif svfkbt.0:

    ^cehgest, ioe hrudf pekol, ehgesf sb go pceh-gest zblckfto f pcehgest ieh ckuhf, te, fstfgf zovecku, gblo gbib pesbjgb vbzb so cejogkolo. ^ehfvetgel sfcel pehrozulfkbvo sb vftocgo leieko sb u prfg`fpu gocozf u dcovf, ehgesge dcovosfljecfb ledugest geved peirbtogko, pegevgedrebgko f sc.

    Mfpetbzu petirbpckukb btgedroasifl lotbrf-kocel, goprflkbr u lgedfl zokbhgf`olo hege-bgkb gbprfkotbcksib cejogkb u zokbhgf`u ejbzjkb-ukb pcehgest f stojfcgest zokbhgf`b, rborlfble prbhoio fth. Go iroku zoickuukb; ...hei suprb`f ioe lftsib cfgestf vkbrevotge ejeovogb,ckuhsib cejogkb (lehbcevogb f gblehbcevogb)

    jfcb su spb`fge petevogb kbr su prbhstovckocbskbhftb fvetgb sfcb, ieko kb ledco jftf ierfbgoho ejbzjfkbhf pcehgest (pecko, helofm fvetfgko,bgo) f jcodestogkb.00

    0: Qbrmebvbg :>>:, :86.00 Fjfhbl :2?.

    fvetgo

    sfcoslrt

    helbstfio`fkose`fkocgo

    iegtreco

    rftuoc; ckuhsibcejogkb, cejogkb

    devbbto,durfgbQFXOCGEPX pcehgest

    cfab-aer`b hbotm

    helbstf`otfeg se`foc `egtrec

    rftuoc; mulogsiuccs, oure`ms

    siuccs, durfgbsQFXOCFXV ab`ughfty

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    L. JOCXF, PFLJECF[OL ^EDZBJGB ^ZOIPB XEIEL ^ZBIBZOLFIED GBECFXO..., D[L g.s. O., 20

    Piuccs ogh vbrtf`oc smologfsl

    Xmb lest ugusuoc fgtbrprbtotfeg ea tmb lbog-fgd ea siuccs fg tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`, oghfg portf`ucor ea pcostbrbh siuccs, fs tmot dfvbg jy

    Cbwfs-Tfccfols. Mewbvbr strogdb ogh `egtrfvbhmfs bxpcogotfeg loy sbbl, selb aboturbs ea tmfsvfbw ea ^rb-^ettbry jurfocs suddbst tmot tmby wbrbport ea `mogdbs te syljecf` `ehbs, ogh tmot os ogbxprbssfeg ea rbcfdfeus egvf`tfeg tmby moh og fl-po`t eg tmb trogsftfeg te Gbecftmf` se`fbty.

    Mb sbbs sb`eghory siucc jurfoc ogh siucc lehbc-cfgd os port ea o gbw rbcfdfeus arolbweri tmot `rb-otbh tmb mogdbs moro`tbrfstf` ea tmb Gbecftmf`. Xmbgbw woy ea tmfgifgd, tmb mogdbs te tmb supbrstru`-turb, prb`bhbh `mogdbs te tmb fgarostru`turb; pbepcb

    `mogdbh tmbfr rbcfdfeg ogh syljecfsl jbaerb, get oso rbsuct ea, jb`elfgd aorlbrs.08

    Tmbg `egsfhbrfgd Gbecftmf` rbcfdfeg, Cbwfs-Tfc-cfols toibs tmb vfbw tmot tmbrb orb twe typbs ea rbcf-dfeg; tmb flodfgotfvb, ogh tmb he`trfgoc. Flodfgotfvbrbcfdfegs orb typf`oc ea slocc se`fbtfbs tmesb wftmrbcotfvbcy abw lbljbrs. Xmby orb josbh eg tmb pecy-sblf` flodfgotfeg, tmb rbpcf`otfeg ea tmeudmt tmot fstrogslfttbh pbrfehf`occy, eatbg fg mfdmcy bletfegoc rft-uocs su`m os fgftfotfeg. Xmb he`trfgoc aerl ea rbcfdfeg,eg tmb etmbr mogh, fs osse`fotbh wftm wrftfgd, ogh tmb

    aerlucotfeg ea he`trfgbs `opojcb ea oppcf`otfeg evbr owfhb dbedropmf`oc orbo. Xe Cbwfs-Tfccfols, Gbecftmf`rbcfdfeg fs smologfst, ogh mbg`b flodfgotfvb, sfg`b ftwos tmb rbcfdfeg ea slocc ellugftfbs. Xmb hfaabrbg`bjbtwbbg Rppbr ocobecftmf` ogh Gbecftmf` smologfslfs tmot tmb smologfsl ea `ovb-hwbccbrs wos merfzeg-toc, wmfcb Gbecftmf` smologfsl wos vbrtf`oc.

    Merfzegtoc smologfsl `euch jb hbs`rfjbh oshble`rotf` occ smologs orb bquoc, bvbg fa getbquoccy vbgbrotbh, ogh orb osse`fotbh wftm tmb fg-hfvfhuoc; o sfgdcb smolog bgtbrs fgte o trog`b te bg-surb tmb dbgbroc wbcc-jbfgd, su``bss fg tmb mugt bt`.

    Qbrtf`oc smologfsl fs bsetbrf` igewcbhdb,`eggbh te tmb bcftb9 ft mos fts `brblegfbs, ftslytms ogh `ogeg orb cborgbh, ft mos rftbs ea pos-sodb, fs osse`fotbh wftm ogflocs get pcogts, wftmtmb hwbccfgd get tmb aerbst, ogh fts rftuocs orb puj-cf` ogh `eg`brgbh wftm pecftf`s.02

    Occ tmbsb hbgftfegs wbrb gbbhbh lbrbcy os ojrfba fgtrehu`tfeg te mew siucc lehbccfgd `euch jb

    08 Cbwfs-Tfccfols, ^bor`b :>>2, :0.02 Fjfhbl =4.

    Cejogkb f vbrtfiocgf ologfzol

    Gokspb`fgfkb tulobgkb zgobgko cejogko uprbibrolfiel gbecftu, prfkb svbdo lehbcevogfmcejogko, hoe kb Cufs-Qfcfkols. Lo iecfie gkbdeve

    tulobgkb jfce uhge f hkbcevoce usfckbge, gbibpekbhfgestf toived vfbgko prbibrolfifm somrogodeverb ho kb evo pekovo hfe prelkbgb sfljecfifmiehevo, tb ho kb ioe fzroz rbcfdfksied uvkbrbgko utf-`oco go trogzf`fku u gbecftsie hrutve.

    Eg, goflb, pekovu sbiughorge somrogkbgfm flehbcevogfm cejogko peslotro ioe hfe kbhgedgeved rbcfdfksied eivfro iekf kb stverfe prelkbgbioroitbrfstfgb zo gbecft. ^relkbgo u lfckbgku,ehgesge supbrstruiturf, prbtmehfco kb prelkbgolou fgarostruiturf, ehgesge ckuhf su prelfkbgfcf rbcf-

    dfku f sfljecfzol prfkb gbde cf su pestocf aorlbrf, ogb ioe rbzuctot tedo te su aorlbrf.08

    R hbgfsogku gbecftsib rbcfdfkb Cufs-Qfcfkolszostupo stov e pestekogku hvo tfpo rbcfdfko; flodfgo-tfvgb f heitrfgocgb. Flodfgotfvgb rbcfdfkb su ioroi-tbrfstfgb zo tzv. loco hrutvo zokbhgf`b so rbco-tfvge locfl jrekbl cogevo. [osgfvoku sb go pecf-sblfiek uejrozfckf, ulgeovogkbl lfckbgko iekosb prbgesb pbrfehfge, bste u vfseieble`fegoc-gfl rftuocflo ioe te kb ejrbh fgf`fko`fkb. Gosuprettelb, heitrfgocgf ejcfi rbcfdfezgestf kb pevbzog so

    pfsogkbl f aerlucfsogkbl heitrfgo iekb ledu jftfprflfkbgkbgb go freiel dbedroasiel orbocu. Gb-ecftsio rbcfdfko kb, pe Cufs-Qfcfkolsu ologfstfio,solfl tfl flodfgotfvgo, kbr su u pftogku locb zo-kbhgf b. Zozcfio fzlbu dergkepocbecftsied olo-gfzlo f gbecftsied kb u telb te kb ologfzol upbfgf merfzegtocog, o gbecftsif vbrtfiocog.

    Merfzegtocgf ologfzol kb, ledce jf sb rbf,hbleirotsif svf ologf su kbhgoif, loho gfsufste petevogf, vbzogf su zo pekbhfg`o, tk. kbhog o-log precozf irez trogs, ejbzjkbukb hejre svflo,cev f sc.

    Qbrtfiocgf ologfzol kb bzetbrfge zgogkb,edrogfbge go bcftu, pestekb `brblegfkb, ub sblftevf f iogeg, pestekb ejrbhf prbcozo, gb vbzukusb zo fvetfgkb vb zo jfckib, gb zo ulu vb zoiuu, ejrbhf su kovgf f vbzogf zo pecftfiu.02

    Pvb govbhbgb hbgf`fkb jfcb su petrbjgb soleioe irotie uvebgkb u te ioie su lehbcevogbcejogkb ledcb jftf hfe ologfstfib rbcfdfkb, go

    08 Cbwfs-Tfccfols, ^bor`b :>>2, :0.02 Fjfhbl =4.

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    port ea smologfst rbcfdfeg, te wmf`m wb smocc rbvbrtwmbg hfs`ussfgd jurfoc rftuocs.

    Xmb stotubs arel Ofg Dmozoc `euch sfdgfayspfrfts er hfvfgftfbs, tmot wmf`m smologs lfdmt sbbwmfcb fg o trog`b. Xmfs fs wmy tmbfr bybs orb se or-rbstfgd, syljecfzfgd tmb seuc er, fg tmfs fgstog`b, tmbcfgi wftm etmbr werchs. Xmb spb`foc trbotlbgt ea tmbbybs eg tmb siuccs arel tmb solb sftb, er ea tmb bybsaerlbh jy tmb fgsbrtfeg ea smbccs fgte tmb byb-se`i-bts ea tmb siuccs arel Kbrf`me, `euch movb tmb solbsyljecfsl. Cbwfs-Tfccfols `eg`cuhbs; Gbecftmf`pbepcbpro`tf`bh sbrfoc jurfocs aer lytmecedf`ocogh, flpertogtcy,`eslecedf`ocrbosegs,get sflpcyjb`ousb tmesb rbcfdfeus pro`tf`bs wbrb ohoptfvb tebgvfreglbgtoc `eghftfegs. Tb suddbst tmot tmbfr

    vfbw ea tmb esles bgtofcbh luctfpcb stodbs ea pest-lertbl bxfstbg`b tmot wbrb cfvbh eut fg luctfpcb`eslecedf`oc cbvbcs... Xmb cfvfgd moh te mbcp tmbhboh arel egb stodb te tmb gbxt01

    Xb `egtbxt ea ghs

    Xmb lest flpertogt ao`ter fg hbtbrlfgfgd tmblbogfgd ea lotbrfoc `ucturb er ea o dfvbg `uctur-oc pmbgelbgeg, fg tmfs `osb tmb sb`eghory siucc

    jurfocs ea tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fg tmb Cbvogt,weuch sbbl te jb tmb egtbxt ea tmb ghs, tmb egcyrboc josfs aer ughbrstoghfgd tmb bssbg`b ea o gh.

    Or`mobecedy tehoy fs prflorfcy fgtbrbstbh fg`egtbxt, rbsterfgd or`mobecedy te fts trub sbca, ao`fcf-totfgd eur ughbrstoghfgd ea tmb `ucturoc pmbgelbgoogh se`fbtfbs ea tmb post. Fg o sbgsb, or`mobecedy fsbvbg hbgbh jy fts prbe``upotfeg wftm `egtbxt.

    Mehhbr fhbgtfbs twe typbs ea lbogfgd ea fg-tbrbst te or`mobecedfsts; tmb stru`turbh systbl eaaug`tfegoc fgtbrrbcotfegs ogh tmb stru`turbh `egtbgtea fhbos ogh syljecs.04Xmb rst fs te he wftm tmbbgvfreglbgt, hbpesftfegs, urjogfzotfeg, tmb erdogf-zotfeg ea cojeur, ogh typbs ea bx`mogdb. Og ejkb`to`qufrbs lbogfgd arel fts aug`tfeg fg rbcotfeg tetmbsb ao`ters, te se`foc ogh b`egelf` stru`turbs ogh,fg tmfs spb`f` fgstog`b, te tmb woy se`foc deocs orbo`mfbvbh jy tmb logfpucotfeg ea ortbao`ts.

    Xmb sb`egh typb ea lbogfgd fs tmb egb os`rfjbhte og ejkb`t eg tmb josfs ea fts syljecf` aug`tfeg.

    01 Cbwfs-Tfccfols, bor`b :>>2, 46.04 Mehhbr ?6=:, ?10.

    to ble sb vrotftf ioho juhb rfkbf e pedrbjgelrftuocu.

    Ptotub so ceiocftbto Ofg Dmozoc ledu ezgo-ovotf humevb fcf jeogstvo, ege te su ologfledcf vfhkbtf u trogsu. [ote floku koie godcobgbef, iekb sfljecfu huu, ehgesge u evel scuokuvbzu so gbifl hrudfl svkbtevflo. Fstu sfljecfiuledu flotf pesbjge ejrobgb ef go cejogkoloso fsted ceiocftbto, fcf pesbjge lehbcevogb efulbtogkbl ieckif go cejogkolo fz Kbrfmego. Goiroku zoickuukb; Gbecftsif ckuhf somrogkuku sbgo evok gofg fz iesleceifm, lfteceifm rozce-do, gkfmevo vkbrsio proiso gfkb uscevckbgo ohop-to`fkel go srbhfgu, vb kb hbgfsogo gkfmevelieslecedfkel ieko upuukb go peslrtgf fvet f

    go vfbstbpbgf iesles, ehgesge go ieslecedfkuvfb fsprbpcbtbgfm svkbtevo f pekbhfgbv put irezgkfm. fvf toie pelou lrtvflo ho prbu u gbifhrudf gfve iesleso.01

    Iegtbist gocozo

    [o utvrfvogkb zgobgko lotbrfkocgb iucturb fcf gb-ied iucturged abgelbgo, o u evel scuoku rohfsb e sbiughorge somrogkbgfl cejogkolo fz prbib-

    rolfied gbecfto go Cbvogtu, fgf sb gokvogfkfliegtbist gocozo. Pole go esgevu iegtbisto gocozoleble smvotftf ioivo kb sutfgo gocozo.

    [o iegtbist sb u hogogkek ormbecedfkf fsiozukb prf-lorge zogflogkb, eg kb vrotfe ormbecedfku egelb teego kbstb, eledufe kb rozulfkbvogkb iucturgfm pekovof hrutovo u precestf. R fzvkbsgel slfscu ormbecedfkokb f hbgfsogo svekel prbeiupfrogeu zo iegtbist.

    Mehhbr fzhvoko hvo tfpo zgobgko iekflo sbormbecezf jovb; struiturfrogf sfstbl augi`fegocgfmlbuehgeso f struiturfrogf sohrok fhbko f sflje-co.04^rvf sb ehgesf go eirubgkb, pre`bsb hbpege-vogko, urjogfzo`fku, erdogfzo`fku roho, tfpevb roz-lkbgb. rbhlbt hejfko zgobgko go esgevu augi`f-egfsogko u ehgesu go prbtmehge gojrekogb aoiterb,u ehgesu go hrutvbgb f biegelsib struiturb, f uevel scuoku, ioie sb estvoruku hrutvbgf `fckbvflogfpuco`fkel ortbaoitflo.

    Hrudf tfp zgobgko kb egok iekf prfpfsukbleprbhlbtu go esgevu gkbdevb sfljecfib augi`fkb,

    01 Cbwfs-Tfccfols, ^bor`b :>>2, 46.04 Mehhbr ?6=:, ?10.

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    Mbrb, tmb sujkb`t ea stuhy fs tmb woy fg wmf`m fhb-os, hbgetbh jy pmysf`oc syljecs, orb fgvecvbh fgstru`turfgd se`fbty.

    O dfvbg ejkb`t fs tmus `egsfhbrbh fg rbcotfeg tetmesb tmot orb osse`fotbh wftm ft, fg wmotbvbr hf-

    lbgsfeg, ogh tmb wfhbr tmb gbtweri ea osse`fotfegsogh `egtrosts fg rbcotfeg te tmb ejkb`t ughbr `eg-sfhbrotfeg, tmb bosfbr ft fs te fgtbrprbt fts lbogfgd.Xmb tetocfty ea tmb rbcbvogt hflbgsfegs ea vorfotfegoreugh ogy ejkb`t loy jb hbgbh os fts `egtbxt.0=Xmfs hbgftfeg fs rblfgfs`bgt ea Lory Heudcossoppreo`m te `ucturoc pmbgelbgo, wmf`m `og jb hb-gbh egcy fg rbcotfeg te tmb systbl fg wmf`m tmbyorb ce`otbh9 ogh `egvbrsbcy, tmb systbl `egsfsts eafts ports, wmf`m hbgb ft.06Ft fs egcy fg `egtbxt tmotejkb`ts o`qufrb syljecf` lbogfgd tmreudm tmbfr os-se`fotfegs ogh `egtrosts wftm etmbr ejkb`ts.

    Xmb prejcbl fs mew te hbgb tmb `rftbrfo aerejsbrvotfeg ogh loib osse`fotfegs rbcbvogt. Xmfslbrbcy egrls tmot tmbrb orb hfaabrbgt vfbws ea tmbsolb `ucturoc pmbgelbgeg, ogh mbg`b hfaabrbgt fg-tbrprbtotfegs ea lotbrfoc ucturb, get ugfvbrsoc, rfdfhcows wftmfg se`fbtfbs te wmf`m ft loy hfrb`t us.

    Tmot fs tmb `egtbxt ea sb`eghory siucc jurfocs fgtmb rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf`5 Ot tmfs pefgt wb smocc hrowottbgtfeg te twe sbporotb hflbgsfegs ea tmb lbogfgdea siuccs; tmbfr lbogfgd fg rbcotfeg te tmb jehy, oghtmbfr syljecfsl fg rbcotfeg te tmb pco`b ea hbpesftfeg,wmf`m fs bquoccy flpertogt aer tmfs tepf`.

    Pyljecfsl ea tmb jehy

    Pb`eghory siucc jurfocs orb o aboturb ea tmb ler-tuory pro`tf`b ea tmb ^rb-^ettbry Gbecftmf` fg tmb Cb-vogt, tedbtmbr wftm siucc lehbccfgd fg ^^GJ. Tmywbrb siuccs sfgdcbh eut aer spb`foc trbotlbgt, rotmbrtmog selb etmbr port ea tmb jehy5 Xmb ucturoc usb ea

    tmb jehy fs port ea tmb se`foc `egstru`tfeg ea rbocftyea bvbry se`fbty. Fg tmfs rbdorh, tmb sfdgf`og`b ea tmbsiucc fs osse`fotbh wftm su`m getfegs osaerworh,rst,ugfqub, `bgtrbogh su`m cfib. Xmb siucc fs osse`fotbhwftm tmbsb getfegs egcy os port ea tmb bgtfrb erdog-fsl, jb`ousb fa ft fs cfgibh te tmb fhbo ea ojevb, tmbrblust jb selbtmfgd `eggb`tbh wftm jbcew.8>

    Xmb syljecfsl ea tmb siucc fg tmfs `osb fs tmotft fs hfstfg`t arel tmb etmbr ports ea tmb jehy9 ft

    0= Mehhbr ?6=1, 6?.06Heudcos :>>?.8> Pmogis, Xfccby ?6=:.

    ehgesge fstrouku sb gofgf go iekf fhbkb, ezgobgblotbrfkocgfl sfljecflo, ubstvuku u struiturfso-gku hrutvo.

    Hoicb, kbhog prbhlbt sb peslotro u ehgesu goegb iekf su u vbzf so gkfl, u jfe iekek hflbgzfkf, o

    te kb vbo lrbo ose`fko`fko f iegtrosto u ehgesugo peslotrogf prbhlbt, te kb coio fgtbrprbto`fkogkbdeved zgobgko. Xetocftbt rbcbvogtgfm hflbg-zfko vorfko`fkb eie jfce iekbd ejkbito leb sbhbgfsotf ioe iegtbist ted ejkbito.0=Evoivo hb-gf`fko pehskbo go prfstup iekf Lbrf Hodcos floprblo iucturgfl pekovolo, iekb sb ledu hbgf-sotf sole u ehgesu go sfstbl u iekbl sb gocozb,f ejrotge, sfstbl fgb hfkbcevf f egf do hbgfu.06Xbi u iegtbistu prbhlbtf peprfloku sfljecfiozgobgko irez gkfmevb vbzb f iegtrostb so hrudflprbhlbtflo.

    ^rejcbl kb ioie ehrbhftf irftbrfkb peslotro-gko f ose`fko`fkb ufgftf rbcbvogtgfl5 Xe solehokb petvrhu ho pestekb rozfftf pedcbhf go fstuiuturgu pekovu, f solfl tfl rozcfftb fgtbrprbto-`fkb lotbrfkocgb iuturb, o gb gbioivf ugfvbrzocgff rfdfhgf zoiegf u hrutvflo go iekb gos fsto lebuputftf.

    Iekf kb iegtbist sbiughorge somrogkbgfm cejo-gko u prbibrolfiel gbecftu5 Evhkb ble ejro-tftf pogku go hvfkb ehvekbgb hflbgzfkb zgobgkocejogko; go zgobgkb cejogkb u ehgesu go tfkbce, fsfljecfiu u ehgesu go lkbste hbpegevogko, te kbukbhge gokvogfkb zo evu tblu.

    Pfljecfzol tfkbco

    Ioroitbrfstfio pedrbjgb proisb prbibrolf-ied gbecfto go Cbvogtu kb sbiughorge somrogkf-vogkb cejogko, uz lehbcevogkb iekb kb zgookgezo prbibrolfif gbecft J. [ote su jo cejogkb

    ehojrogb ho juhu pesbjge trbtfrogb o gb gbifhrudf hfe tfkbco5 Iucturgo upetrbjo tfkbco kb hfehrutvbgb iegstrui`fkb stvorgestf svoied hrutvo.[gobgkb cejogkb u tel slfscu kb pevbzoge so io-tbderfkolo ioe te su goprfkbh, prve, kbhfgstvbge,srbhftb f sc. Cejogko sb vbzukb zo evb peklevbsole u sicepu `fkbced erdogfzlo, kbr oie kb egovbzogo uz tbrlfg derb, lero pestekotf gbte tesb vbzukb uz heckb.8>

    0= Mehhbr ?6=1, 6?.06Hodcos :>>?.8> Pmogis, Xfccby ?6=:.

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    fs ugfqub, frrbpco`bojcb, rbghbrfgd ft o ugfvbrsocsyljec ea tmb fghfvfhuoc. Ft fs tmb `bgtrb ea lbgtoccfab, tmb `rboter ea tmeudmt, tmb erdog tmot `egtrecstmb rbst ea tmb jehy, ogh fs tmbrbaerb sbporotbharel tmb jehy, jbfgd sbca-sua`fbgt.

    Ppo`b, helus

    Xmb `egtbxt ea sb`eghory siucc jurfocs `og jbughbrsteeh egcy fa tmb syljecfsl ea tmb spo`bwmbrb tmby orb pco`bh fs ftsbca ughbrsteeh prep-brcy. O hbgftfeg ea cfvfgd spo`b os tmb stodb egwmf`m rftuocs orb bgo`tbh os wbcc os hofcy o`tfvftfbsweuch opporbgtcy yfbch o portf`ucor sfdgf`og`bogh lbogfgd ea tmb syljecs ea sb`eghory siuccjurfocs ogh, cotbr, siucc lehbccfgd, portf`ucorcy ottflbs ea se`foc strbss, su`m os tmb blbrdbg`b ogh`egsecfhotfeg ea tmb Gbecftmf` wo