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<p>UNIVERSITYy</p> <p>PENNSYLVANIA UBKARIES</p> <p>^^fHnfeHMT ^VVT^pf</p> <p>\</p> <p>/HIS</p> <p>MEMORIAL VOLUME</p> <p>IS</p> <p>PUB-</p> <p>I</p> <p>LISHED TO</p> <p>CELEBRATE THE</p> <p>209TH ANNIVERSARY OF THELANDING OF THE FIRST GER-</p> <p>MAN SETTLERS</p> <p>IN</p> <p>AMERICA.6,</p> <p>THURSDAY, OCTOBER</p> <p>1892.</p> <p>OFFICERS OF THE -GERMAN SOCIETY,,;,1892.President,</p> <p>Pi,;</p> <p>RUDOLPH BLANKENBURG.Vice-Presidents,</p> <p>FRANZ EHRLICH,Secretary of the</p> <p>F.</p> <p>OLDACH.</p> <p>Board</p> <p>of Directors,</p> <p>HENRY AUER.Secretary,</p> <p>Dr. JOS.</p> <p>BERNT.</p> <p>Treasurer,</p> <p>FR. LESER.Solicitor,</p> <p>H. D.</p> <p>WIREMAN.Dii-ectors,</p> <p>FR,J. C.</p> <p>BRAUN.</p> <p>HUNGERBUEHLER,MEYNEN,</p> <p>Dr. TH. H. E. V. KALCK,E.</p> <p>GRUEL, M. HOTZ,F. C.J. F.</p> <p>THEO. LEUPOLD,FR.</p> <p>LUEDECKE,C.</p> <p>REINHOLD P. LEDIG, MENDE,RAU.</p> <p>GEO.</p> <p>NEWMAN,HEXAMER.</p> <p>Chairman of Committee on Library,</p> <p>DR.Chairman</p> <p>C. J.</p> <p>of Committee on Medicine,</p> <p>DR. A. FRICKE.Chairman of Committee onSchools,</p> <p>GENERAL LOUIS WAGNER.Chairmanof Committee on Archives,</p> <p>DR.Chairman</p> <p>O.</p> <p>SEIDENSTICKER.</p> <p>of Committee on Immigration,</p> <p>GODFR. KEEBLER.Chairmanof</p> <p>Souse Committee,</p> <p>C. F.</p> <p>RUMPP.(2)</p> <p>COMMITTEE ON CELEBRATION</p> <p>GERMANDK. CHAS.J.</p> <p>DAY."</p> <p>HEXAMER,</p> <p>Chairman.</p> <p>HUGO THORSCH,</p> <p>Secretary.</p> <p>H. LIERZ,</p> <p>DR.O.</p> <p>JOSEPH BERNT,</p> <p>PROF. DR.</p> <p>SEIDENSTICKER,</p> <p>V.</p> <p>KALCK,</p> <p>HENRYC.</p> <p>D.</p> <p>WIREMAN,</p> <p>JOSEPH MORWITZ,E.</p> <p>A.</p> <p>HARTMANN,</p> <p>W. SIEGMAN,</p> <p>HENRY AUER,A.</p> <p>GENERAL LOUIS WAGNER,F,</p> <p>LEONHARDT,TEUBNER,</p> <p>LESER,</p> <p>ED.</p> <p>C. T.</p> <p>EBEN.</p> <p>(3)</p> <p>(3erman 2)^^</p> <p>(^.elebtation^</p> <p>Ipart</p> <p>1.</p> <p>OVERTURE" Tannhaeuser,"</p> <p>R.</p> <p>Wagner</p> <p>GRAND</p> <p>Grand Orchestra. S. L. Herrmann, Director. MALE CHORUS and ORCHESTRA" YoungH. ZoellnerBythe combined Siugers of the</p> <p>Siegfried,"</p> <p>Maennerchor, Junger Maennerchor, Harmonie, Quartett-Club and Philad'a Turners. C. A. Hartmann, Director.</p> <p>ORATION(Ex U.</p> <p>INS.</p> <p>GERMANByCol. F.</p> <p>Raine of Baltimore."</p> <p>Consul in Berlin and Publisher of the</p> <p>Deutsche Correspondent.").</p> <p>MIXED CHORUS " Meeresstille undBy</p> <p>Glckliche Fahrt,"</p> <p>.Beethoven</p> <p>the combined Male and Female Choruses of the</p> <p>Junger Maennerchor and Harmonie.</p> <p> Carl Samans, Director.Weber</p> <p>IPart 2.1.</p> <p>OVERTURE " Jubel,"Orchestra.</p> <p> Carl Samans, Director.. ..</p> <p>2.</p> <p>MALE CHORUS a.b.</p> <p>" Ich hub ein kleines Lied erdacht," " Lullaby,"</p> <p>Bukgert Brahms</p> <p>Maennerchor. S.3.</p> <p>L.</p> <p>Herrmann, Director.BeethovenJ.</p> <p>MALE CHORUS" Die</p> <p>Vesper,"</p> <p>Quartett-Club.4.</p> <p> C. A. Hartmann, Director.Fache</p> <p>MALE CHORUS" Waldeinsamkeit,"Janger Maennerchor.</p> <p> Carl Samans, Director.C.</p> <p>5.</p> <p>MALE CHORUS a.ORATIONIN</p> <p>"The Forest," "Wie die wilde Ros' im Wuld," Harmonie. "W. Kuenzel, Director.6.</p> <p>IsemannC.</p> <p>Maier</p> <p>6.</p> <p>ENGLISHBy the Hon.Charles</p> <p>Emory Smith.</p> <p>(Ex U.7.</p> <p>S.</p> <p>Minister to Russia and Editor of" The Press.")</p> <p>GRAND MALE CHORUS"</p> <p>and</p> <p>ORCHESTRAFr.</p> <p>Hail Columbia," By</p> <p>Lachner</p> <p>the combined Singers of the</p> <p>Maennerchor, Junger Maennerchor, Harmonie, Quartett-Club and Philad'a Turners. C. A. Hartmann, Director.</p> <p>.</p> <p>8.</p> <p>MARCH " La Reine</p> <p>de Saba,"</p> <p>..</p> <p>Gounod</p> <p>Orchestra.</p> <p> S.</p> <p>L.</p> <p>Herrmann, Director.(4)</p> <p>1. Ijcil.1.</p> <p>^aunpttfer^DutJcrturcrri)c)lcr</p> <p>SOBagner. i^crrmann,.. ,</p> <p>on 40 JHann. &gt;'^'^)^ ^rejj") an^ ^iya&gt;gr. Sac^ner</p> <p>7.</p> <p>e^or mit Oriftcfier eil olumBia"Cnrner-CBefanfehtton. (. 51. ;^rtmnnn,jDirigent.</p> <p>iHnnerd)or, Junger iHtnnerdjor, (fiiunrtett-CUib, iprmonie unJ)</p> <p>8.</p> <p>SRorf^ Knigin Don aba"rd)e|ler.</p> <p>ounobj0errmnnn, Birigent.(5)</p> <p>5-, if.</p> <p>INTRODUCTORY REMARKS.preparing the present volume, the main object has been to furnish an array of various and, it is to be hoped, acceptable information on the History of the German element in the United States. The verybrief statements crowded into the form of a chronological table, ofcourse, do not tell the</p> <p>Tn</p> <p>whole story, they merely remind of events worth</p> <p>recording, and should they arrest the attention of readers, so as to lead</p> <p>them to further inquiry, they will have served a very good purpose. The 400th anniversary of the landing of Columbus, which America is about to celebrate, conjures up before our minds, visions and musings of unusual interest. The veil which has shrouded the Western hemisphere from the ken of the Eastern half of the globe is dropped, and in course of time the sea-faring and powerful nations of Europe take possession of a new world. The track of Columbus is followed by Latin, that of Sebastian Cabot by Teutonic races. Plow would the world look now had the frail bark of the Genoese navigator been wafted to the northern coast ? How much depended at the critical moment on the current of air or the flight of birds coming from an unseen land ? A southern breeze might have given North America to Spaniards and what then ? A fertile theme for surmises and dreams;</p> <p>Fromkind.</p> <p>a wilderness of speculation Ave seek refuge in the conviction,</p> <p>that the course events have taken was ordained for the best of</p> <p>man-</p> <p>Withnewera.</p> <p>the discovery and seizure of America, history enters</p> <p>upon a</p> <p>Human</p> <p>culture not only finds</p> <p>new</p> <p>fields to</p> <p>spread over, but</p> <p>assumes new aspects and develops into forms of wonderful grandeur</p> <p>and promise.</p> <p>An</p> <p>energetic, restless,</p> <p>broad-minded race occupies the northern</p> <p>portion of the continent, which becomes the seat of a republican empire</p> <p>the like of which the world has never seen before</p> <p>;</p> <p>an empire, stupen-</p> <p>dous in expanse, blessed by bounteous Nature with every advantage she can bestow, pledged to secure to all its inhabitants freedom, justice</p> <p>and unrestricted pursuit of happiness a vast empire, Avith countless resources, controlled by one nation and its indomitable will. Here the overflow of Germany's population has for two hundred years found;</p> <p>congenial quarters.</p> <p>Among</p> <p>a people of kindred descent and similar(6)</p> <p>type, speaking a language which, historically,</p> <p>is</p> <p>a</p> <p>German</p> <p>dialect, in</p> <p>a</p> <p>country that affords unequalled opportunities for the fulfillment of the aims of life, the Germans feel more at home than in any other regionoutside their</p> <p>own fatherland. In the various pursuits of life, they haveas a</p> <p>in</p> <p>friendly emulation with native inhabitants secured successtion,</p> <p>when merited</p> <p>reward of industry,</p> <p>skill,</p> <p>and distinchonesty and steady</p> <p>habits.</p> <p>Appreciating the honor and recognizing the duties of citizen-</p> <p>ship, they</p> <p>have in peace and war been loyal to their adopted country, and contributed to its progress and welfare. In colonial times the defense of the frontier against hostile Indiansfell,</p> <p>in Pennsylvania, largely</p> <p>to the rural population of German nativity or extraction.</p> <p>The Revolution</p> <p>found the Germans eager partisans for independence and active combatants partly in batallions of their own, partly in the ranks of otherregiments.</p> <p>In the Mexican war, Germans fought shoulder to shouldercrisis</p> <p>with Americans, and when the great</p> <p>of the Civil war arrived, the</p> <p>German-Americans did more thanof the Union.</p> <p>their share in battling for the life</p> <p>spirit of its institutions,</p> <p>Loyalty to their adopted country and joyous acceptance of the do not imply indifference to their old father-</p> <p>land nor suppression of national characteristics and time-honoredcustoms.</p> <p>Nor can</p> <p>the entrance of so</p> <p>many</p> <p>millions of</p> <p>Germans</p> <p>into</p> <p>the body politic of the United States be looked upon as a mere procees</p> <p>of absorption</p> <p>and assimilation</p> <p>to</p> <p>existingleft</p> <p>conditions.</p> <p>Whereveris</p> <p>present in sufficient numbers, they have</p> <p>an impress which</p> <p>noticed</p> <p>approvingly, and they hope also hereafter to exert a salutary influence</p> <p>throbbing with</p> <p>They are not a passive niass, but an element The United States is not exclusively of English make or mould. The nation now forming will derive its distinctive features from more than one source, to fulfill its grand destiny. Looking back to the long line of years during which Germany has contributed to America's growth and progress, the present generation of Germans in the United States follow only a natural and proper impulse in solemnly honoring the day which marks the beginning of German immigration, the 6th of October, 1683, when the first column of Germans, under the auspices and at the invitation of "William Penn, arrived at Philadelphia. It was the charm of liberty, vouchsafed by the benign founder of Pennsylvania, that induced them to seek refugeon their environment.vitality.</p> <p>in a " wilderness,"</p> <p>and</p> <p>it is still</p> <p>liberty, in all its blessed manifestations,</p> <p>that draws</p> <p>them</p> <p>to this land of promise.</p> <p>O. S.</p> <p>GERMAN-AMERICAN EVENTS, PRINCIPALLY OFPENNSYLVANIA,UP TO1870,</p> <p>Collected and Chronologically Arranged</p> <p>By Oswald</p> <p>Seidensticker.</p> <p>Preceding the Time of Regular German Immigration.1626-1631.of</p> <p> Peter</p> <p>Minnewit (Miuuit), of Wesel,</p> <p>first</p> <p>governor</p> <p>New</p> <p>Netherlands (New York).</p> <p>^^,-</p> <p>1638. Peter Minnewit, having entered the Swedish service, plants a Swedish colony on the west side of the Delaware. 1642.</p> <p>Johann Printz von Buchau, a native of Holstein, second</p> <p>governor</p> <p>New</p> <p>Sweden.</p> <p>Herrmau, of Prague, acquires, on the Elk River, Maryland, 20,000 acres of land, subsequently known as the Bohemia Manor.-</p> <p> Augustin</p> <p>1668.</p> <p> Rev. Jacob Fabricius arrivesin</p> <p>1677-1691</p> <p>in New York. (Lived from Shackamaxon, now Kensington, Philadelphia.)</p> <p>1667-1670.</p> <p>Jcfhann Lederer explores the</p> <p>mountainous</p> <p>districts</p> <p>of Virginia and the Carolinas.1677. William Penn, traveling through Western Germany, forms the acquaintauce of persons who five years later buy land in</p> <p>Pennsylvania.1681.</p> <p> A German translation of Penu's "Account of the Provinceis</p> <p>of Pennsylvania,"1682.</p> <p>eagerly read in</p> <p>Germany.</p> <p> The</p> <p>"</p> <p>Frankfurt Company " buys, through John Furly,citizens</p> <p>25,000 acres of land in Pennsylvania.</p> <p>1682-1683. Fivein Pennsylvania.</p> <p>of Crefeld buy 18,000 acres of land</p> <p>German Immigration1683.arrives in Philadelphia,</p> <p>Begins.</p> <p>Franz Daniel Pastorius, agent of the Frankfurt Company,August 20(old style).families,</p> <p>Thirteen</p> <p>German Mennonite</p> <p>of Crefeld and vicinity,</p> <p>(8)</p> <p>The names of the arrive in Philadelphia, October 6 (old style). male adults were: Dirck Op den Grseff, Hermann Op den Grsefi', Abraham Op den Gri?eff, Lenert Arets, Tunes Kunders, Reinert Tisen,WilhelmBleikers,Strepers,</p> <p>Jan Lensen, Peter Keurlis, Jan Simens, JohannTunes, Jan Lcken.</p> <p>Abraham</p> <p>They build on a tract north of Philadelphia, and call their settlement " the Gei'man Town." 1684. Peter Schlter, of Wesel, and other followers of Jean Labadie, settle on the Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland. 1685 and following years. New arrivals of German and Dutch immigrants from Crefeld, Krisheim (Kriegsheim), Mhlheim, Emden, Amsterdam, and other places. 1686. Reorganization of the Frankfurt Company. The original</p> <p>settlers</p> <p>of</p> <p>German town have nearly</p> <p>all</p> <p>joined the Society of the</p> <p>Quakers.1687.</p> <p>respective owners.</p> <p>The land of Germantown surveyed and the 1688. Remonstrance of the German Quakers of Germantownallotted to</p> <p>A</p> <p>little</p> <p>meeting-house</p> <p>is</p> <p>built.</p> <p>against holdingin</p> <p>human</p> <p>beings as slaves (April 18).</p> <p>Number of houses</p> <p>Germantown about 50. 1690. Wilhelm Rittenhouse (Rittinghuysen) erects the first paper mill in America on a branch of the Wissahickon. The districts north of Germantown proper are surveyed and named respectively Krisheim, Sommerhausen and Crefeld.municipal government.seal</p> <p> Germantown, incorporated as a town, has independent Pastorius, elected drafts ordinances and devises a a with the inscription " Vinum, Linum1691.itsbailiflT,</p> <p>trefoil</p> <p>et</p> <p>Textrinum."</p> <p>liberty,</p> <p>Jacob Leisler, vice-governor of New York, champion of popular charged by his enemies with treason, is condemned to deathfind a</p> <p>and executed..'</p> <p>ready market.</p> <p>The linen fabrics and stockings of Germantown 1694. Johannes Kelpius, Daniel Falkner, and about1692.</p> <p>forty other</p> <p>mystically inclined Christians, settle on the banks of the Wissahickon,to lead-</p> <p>a</p> <p>life</p> <p>of self-denial.</p> <p>(Hermits of the Wissahickon.)in</p> <p>I</p> <p>Fairs (Jahrmterkte) held twice a year Germantown. Peter Keurlis brews the beer. 1698-1700. Pastorius has charge of the Quaker school Philadelphia. 1700. Act naturalization passed by the Assembly of</p> <p>for</p> <p>10sylvania (repealed in 1705).</p> <p>Many Mennonites arrive. In Germany an account of Pennsylvania is printed, consisting mainly of Pastorius' letters and reports. 1701. The Frankfurt Company locates, through its new agents,</p> <p>Falkner and Jawert, 22,025 acres of land (coustituting the unsatisfied residue of their claim) in Pottsgrove and New Hanover Townships,</p> <p>Montgomery County.1702.</p> <p>Settlement of Skippack (Montgomery County)first</p> <p>mainly by" Pas-</p> <p>Mennonites.torius'</p> <p>F. D. Pastorius opens a school in in Pennsylvania.</p> <p>Primer," the</p> <p>1703. Justus Falkner, first German Lutheran minister in America, ordained in the Swedish church at Wicaco (Southwark, Philadelphia.)</p> <p>vania to Bohemia Manor, in Maryland.</p> <p>Matthias Van Bebber and others remove from Pennsyl1706. About 150 Germans, who had been twenty-two years1704.</p> <p>in</p> <p>the country, are, upon their petition, naturalized by the ProvincialCouncil.</p> <p>Rev. Kocherthal publishes a very favorable account of(Second edition in 1709.)</p> <p>North Carolina.1708.fifty-two</p> <p>The Menuonite congregation of Germantowu, consisting of members, builds a meeting-house. 1709. Pastorius and eighty others are naturalized byspecial act,</p> <p>Mennonite refugees from Switzerland settle in Lancaster County. Graffenreid and Michel found the city of New Bern (Newbern) in North Carolina. Large immigration of Palatines (Pfselzer) in New York, and settlement of Newburg on the Hudson.passed September 28.</p> <p>Josua von Kocherthal, and Justus Falkner hold service in Newburg and vicinity. 1710. More Palatines arrive in New York and are settled on the -/Mst side of the Hudson, or Livingstone Manor, where, during the folc^yyT^ ierten,errid^tete</p> <p>im ^al^re 1747 gebaut;1. 9Jiaifid;</p> <p>bie jroeite</p> <p>an ber[e(6en tellein ber</p> <p>am</p> <p>1774</p> <p>eingeroei()t.</p> <p>2)er</p> <p>beut[rfj=rebcnbe 2:^^eil ber</p> <p>emeinbe trenntein ber</p> <p>im ^afjre 1817 unb</p> <p>errichtete</p> <p>t. ^oljn trafjc unterf^alb ber reen tra^e eine ^irc^e im ^al^re2)ie je^ige ird^e</p> <p>1817.</p> <p>^airmount Stcenue rourbe%. 20.33</p> <p>eingeinei[;t</p> <p>am</p> <p>11. Dfto6er 1873.</p> <p>^a\tov:</p> <p>(Sfjrn).</p> <p>erlemann.53Iair trafje.</p> <p>2. ^ctljIc^cmJ^irdjc,</p> <p>an ber Siorris unb</p> <p>G5egrnbet</p> <p>am</p> <p>4.</p> <p>Dftober 1852;</p> <p>eingeroei{)t</p> <p>am</p> <p>30. 2tugu[t 1856.</p> <p>^aftor: Gfjrm.</p> <p>!3of)ann3.</p> <p>eorg 9Zeu6er.</p> <p>^mi^:iv)t, an ber ec^ften tra^e oberl^alb ber irarb 3lenuc. egrnbet 1852. ^aftor: @l;rra. ^eter . 3:)ippen.4.</p> <p>(gmoiuteI=^ir^c in SribeSburg unb</p> <p>2BF)ite[)aII,;</p> <p>a...</p>