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FIRST AID FOR CUB SCOUTS. Instructors: Vicky and Jeff Cunningham. What is First Aid?. Knowing exactly what to do first to help a person What you must do immediately. Motor Vehicle Accidents. Make sure the scene is safe!!! Call for help. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



FIRST AID FOR CUB SCOUTSInstructors: Vicky and Jeff Cunningham

What is First Aid?Knowing exactly what to do first to help a person

What you must do immediately

Motor Vehicle AccidentsMake sure the scene is safe!!!Call for help.Do not move the injured person unless there is further danger.Check for breathing and pulse.Check for bleeding.Treat for shock if necessary.

Heart AttackSigns and symptomsChest pain/pressureShortness of breathSweatingNausea/VomitingPain radiating into neck and jawTreatment-call 911, keep person calm

StrokeSigns and SymptomsSlurred speechParalysis/Numbness on one sideFacial droop on one sideConfusion

Call 911, keep person calm

Minor Bleeding/CutsWash with soap and water.Apply antiseptic.Keep wound clean with adhesive bandage.

Severe BleedingIf possible, wear gloves.Put direct pressure on wound.Can use neckerchief as bandage. Arterial verses Venous bleedsPut pressure on pressure pointUse tourniquet as last resort

ShockSigns and symptomsWeak/UnconsciousPaleSweatingMay be confused and become unconsciousTreatmentHave person lie downElevate legs unless person has back or leg injuryIf unconscious, turn on side if there are no neck/back injuriesCall for help

BurnsFirst degree-Skin is red and soreTreatmentCold waterSecond degree-Skin has blistersTreatmentDo not pop blistersCover area with loose, sterile gauze padDO NOT use creams, ointments, or spraysThird degree-Skin is burned away, charred; may have no painTreatmentCover with clean sheet, if possibleDO NOT try to remove clothing

ChokingIf person is able to talk and pass air adequately through mouth, just stand by. If person cant breathe or is turning blue, you need to do Heimlich Maneuver.Stand behind person and put arms around themMake fist with one hand, above belly button Cover fist with other handGive four quick thrusts, inward and upward

10Bugs TicksUse tweezers to grasp tick close to skin and gently pull straight outWash the wound with soap and water, apply antisepticBee/Wasp stingsScrape away stingerDont squeeze stingerCan apply ice pack for swellingSpider bitesBlack Widow-Redness and pain at site; may have nausea/vomiting, stomach pain, shortness of breath, muscle painBrown Recluse-May not hurt at start, will have pain and swelling at site within 8 hours, may have fever, chills, nausea, joint pain, rashTreatment: Treat for shock if present, must be seen by doctor

Brown Recluse Bite

Snake Bite(Poisonous) Site will swell, become painful and discoloredTreatmentGet victim to medical care ASAPRemove rings and jewelry if in swollen areaPosition affected part lower than rest of bodyKeep person calmDO NOT make cuts on bite siteDO NOT apply ice

FrostbiteSigns and SymptomsMay feel pain or numbness in affected areaMay have grayish-white patches in areaTreatmentGet to warm placeRewarm affected areas slowlyDO NOT rub frostbitten area

NosebleedHave person sit up and lean forwardPinch nostrils together to maintain pressureApply cool, wet cloth to persons nose and face

Poisoning (By Mouth)Call hospital or poison control center immediatelyDO NOT give anything to drink unless told to by hospital or poison controlSave container so poison can be identified

Now, its time to practice your skills!