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    Acknowledgement

    This thesis would not be possible without the help of the following:

    First of all, to The Almighty God for giving us the wisdom and the strength to overcome

    the trials and to finish this study and also for giving us our lives and the gift of wisdom and

    skills. We offer all of this for the greater glory of Him.

    We would like to thank our parents for providing us always with all our needs and for

    taking care of us for the whole of our existence. If not for them, we would not be here on earth in

    the first place.

    We would like to thank Professor Lindsey Espina, moderator of the SMP and coordinator

    of the Political Science Program of the University of Mindanao. Without him, the coordination

    between our group and their respective clubs will not be possible.

    Many thanks to James Sagal, president of SMAP of Holy Cross of Davao College.

    Without his patience, we cant get the necessary data that we need. Thanks also to Mr. Marlan T.

    Jose, OSA director of Holy Cross of Davao College for providing us access to their school and

    coordinating with James Sagal for our thesis.

    Thanks also for my own classmates in the Political Science program here in Ateneo de

    Davao University for providing us information and their patience for answering our

    questionnaires.

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    Many thanks to Mrs. Rosena Sanchez, our adviser, for tirelessly helping us in the

    improvement of our thesis. I would like to thank her for her great patience especially in the times

    that I am having difficulty coping up in her subject.

    Thanks also for Mrs. Rhodalie Emilio, our mentor, for helping us in our thesis and

    lending her talent and time to improve our paper.

    For those whom we forgot to mention, many thanks to all of you for making this thesis

    possible.

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    Unit of Analysis ---------------------------------------------------------------

    14

    Sampling Procedure ---------------------------------------------------------------

    14

    Research Instrument ---------------------------------------------------------------

    14

    Data Collection ---------------------------------------------------------------

    17

    Data Analysis ---------------------------------------------------------------

    17

    Ethical Considerations ---------------------------------------------------------------

    18

    Variables and Measures ---------------------------------------------------------------

    18

    Part IV. Data Analysis and Interpretation

    Presentation of Data and Analysis ---------------------------------------------------------- 22

    Part V. Summary of Findings and Recommendations

    Findings ---------------------------------------------------------------- 35

    Appendix

    Chapter I

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    Introduction

    Background of the Study

    Political theorists, from the Ancient to the Medieval periods up to the Contemporary

    times, recognize the importance of civic participation among individuals within a body politic.

    Aside from being a tenet of democracy, political participation is both a right and a privilege of

    every citizen, more so in a democratic state.

    In this note, college students who major in Political Science are presumed to be well-

    aware on the significance of civic participation. Students who focus their undergraduate studies

    on this field of study should recognize the idea that the involvement in the politics of the state

    attempts to improve their lives and the societies welfare as a whole and create a good society.

    Moreover, as well-informed in this science, Political Science Students are assumed to have been

    made aware that political participation is an aspect of democracy, and should exercise this right

    in order to live up to the democratic principle. And as a collective, a Political Science club,

    which is composed of undergraduate Political Science students, is also presumed to help increase

    political awareness of members.

    In the past two semesters, the Ateneo de Davao Universitys SAMAPULA, had not been

    recognized as a club in the said university. This limited the activities proposed by the said club.

    This alarmed the researchers who are also members of this club. Moreover, the researchers also

    observed the limited political participation of fellow members especially in their voting behavior,

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    among others. Thus, the researchers would like to examine the nature and extent of political

    participation of the members of Political Science clubs, not only within the Ateneo de Davao

    University, but also selected colleges and universities in Davao City.

    Objectives of the Study

    This study aims to:

    1. To present the socio-demographic characteristics of members of the respective Political

    Science Club

    2. To determine the nature and extent of political participation of the members and the

    Political Science Club

    3. To present the problems and constraints faced by the members and the organization

    Theoretical Considerations

    The rise of civilization, progress, and modernization, has always been attributed with

    politics of the state. In antiquity, Athens and Rome had a vast political landscape, which

    contributed to the further betterment of mankind in terms of the societys economic, cultural, and

    social lives. From the time of the ancient Greeks, participation of the constituency is said to be a

    vital part in the further alleviation of the society in terms of economics, politics, culture, military

    power, among others. This made ancient Greece one of the greatest societies in history. From the

    theories of Ancient down to the Medieval Periods, to the 16th and 18th Century political

    theorists like Locke and Rousseau, up to the contemporaries, participation of individuals in

    politics is placed with great significance.

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    For aspiring politicians:

    This study may show the availability of the clubs as conduits for campaigning and

    propaganda. This may prove to be a new source of material for such circumstances.

    For the respondents:

    This study may prove to be a source of new knowledge that would further develop facets

    of the person they choose to. Moreover, this study may prove useful in assessing their collective

    political participation as club members and act upon such with their discretion.

    For the Club Administration:

    This study may prove to be useful in assessing the clubs political participation. The

    information may be able to let future club administrations to act upon certain circumstances that

    previous administrations have gone through.

    For aspiring politicians:

    This study may show the availability of the clubs as conduits for campaigning and

    propaganda. This may prove to be a new source of material for such circumstances.

    Operational Definition of Terms

    1. Socio-demographic characteristics refers to the sex, age, year level, religion, civil

    status, school, and the Political Science club affiliation of the respondent

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    Review of Related Literature

    Some significant readings regarding and related to political participation, political

    organizations in educational institutions and youth engagement in politics will be mentioned in

    relation with this study. This chapter includes related literature, related studies and readings both

    in the international arena and the local arena as well.

    Meaning of Political Participation

    Political Participation applies to all political actions of individuals. These actions include

    specific activities such as the individuals involvement in local and national elections, attendance

    in community gatherings, in forming a group to work on local problems, active voting behavior,

    or affiliation in ones initiation an organization which influences its members to discuss political

    issues and keeps its members informed about politics. According to Milbrath and Goel, it is

    however possible to belong to one mode of participation and still perform other modes.

    Moreover, the more activities one is being involved in, the wider his political participation is.

    Political participation is defined as any activity by private citizens that are more or less

    directly aimed at influencing the selection of government officials, the decisions they make, or

    the actions they take on public policy issues (Verba and Nie 1972, 2). Political participation

    includes activities such as voting, lobbying, writing or calling a public official, writing letters to

    the newspaper, calling talk radio shows, persuading friends to vote for a particular candidate, and

    being active in private organizations for political purposes. Civic participation is defined as any

    activity by private citizens that bring them into contact with other citizens for the purpose of

    pursuing common ends. Civic participation includes political activity, but it also includes

    participation in other private organizations that establish and transmit community, civic, or