Final Report- RCUES-1ghn. ... 1 Acknowledgement The Slum Free Agra Plan under Rajiv Awas Yojana has

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    Acknowledgement

    The Slum Free Agra Plan under Rajiv Awas Yojana has been developed for Agra Nagar Nigam and District Urban Development Agency (DUDA), Agra. This report has been developed by the Centre for Urban and Regional Excellence (CURE) on behalf of the Regional Centre for Urban and Environmental Studies (RCUES), Hyderabad. The Centre for Urban and Regional Excellence (CURE), with financial assistance of Cities Alliance, has been working in Agra since 2005 with the objective of preparing an inclusive, Citywide Slum Upgrading Plan. Data from the Cities Alliance work has contributed to the development of the Slum Free Agra Plan. Information for the report has also been provided by the staff of Agra Nagar Nigam and DUDA, for which we would like to express our sincere gratitude. At CURE, 34 field facilitators have worked with the local communities to generate the required information that was essential for the development of the Plan. The final report has been developed by Dr. Renu Khosla, Director; Mr Manish Kumar, Programme Manager, Ar. Shahena khan, and Mr Rajesh Kumar, Project officer.

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    CONTENT

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4

    1. CONTEXT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -5-7 1.1. Slum Free Agra: Promoting Inclusive Development 1.2. National Missions for Slum Development and Poverty Reduction 1.3. Slum Free City Plan for Agra: Vision 2. AGRA: CITY SERVICES PROFILE------------------------------- --------------------- ---------------8-12 2.1. Population 2.2. Water supply 2.3. Sanitation 2.4. Roads 2.5. Electricity 2.6. Social infrastructure 3. SLUM SITUATION ASSESSMENT IN AGRA----------------------------------------------------13-17 3.1. Numbers and Population 3.2. Slum Households and Population 3.3. Social Composition 3.4. Land and Housing 3.5. Water Supply 3.6. Sanitation 3.7. Road and Drains 3.8. Power supply and Street lights 3.9. Social infrastructure 3.10. Livelihood 4. SLUM FREE CITY PLAN DEVELOPMENT: APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT-------------18-22 4.1. Initiating the process 4.2. Community-based Approach to Data Generation 5. AREA DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR WARD 17----------------------------------------------- ----23-30 5.1. Community Mobilization and Participation 5.2. Slum Situation assessment for Ward 17 5.3. Summary of Key Ward Issues and Proposed Solutions 5.4. Issue based follow up and planning 6. SCALING UP: SLUM DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR 140 SLUMS-------------------------------31-34 6.1. Household Numbers location and Population 6.2. Social Composition 6.3. Land and Housing 6.4. Water Supply 6.5. Sanitation 6.6. Road and transport 6.7. Power supply and Street lights 6.8. Social infrastructure 6.9. Livelihood

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    7. CITYWIDE APPROACH: PLANNING FOR 277 REMAINING CITY SLUMS----------------35-37 7.1. Household Numbers and Population 7.2. Social Composition 7.3. Land and Housing 7.4. Water Supply 7.5. Sanitation 7.6. Road and transport 7.7. Power Supply and Street lights 7.8. Social infrastructure 7.9. Livelihood 8. APPROACH TO SLUM DEVELOPMENT IN AGRA-----------------------------------------------38-39 8.1. In-situ Development with Incremental Housing 8.2. Inclusive Planning through Community Participation 8.3. Slum Development Components 9. SLUM FREE AGRA PLAN-----------------------------------------------------------------------------40-44 9.1. Housing 9.2. Water Supply 9.3. Sanitation 9.4. Roads and Transport 9.5. Power Supply & street lights 9.6. Social Infrastructure 10. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY----------------------------------------------------------------------45-51 10.1. Community Mobilization and Organization 10.2. Security of Land Tenure 10.3. Establishing Land Ownership and Tenability 10.4. Preparing Slum Development Plans with Housing Designs 10.5. Undertaking Total Station Surveys, Household Surveys and Preparing Biometric Cards 10.6. Mainstreaming Slums to City Services 10.7. Convergence with Social Service Provider Agencies 10.8. Institutional Arrangements 10.9. GIS-based MIS 10.10. Reform Plan 10.11. Resource Mobilization Plan 10.12. Phasing and timeline 10.13. Project monitoring 10.14. Institutional arrangement 10.15. Project Implementation 10.16. project budgeting LIST OF ANNEXURE:

    Annexure: 1: List of 417 Slum Settlements Annexure: 2: Map of listed and non listed slums of Agra Annexure: 3: Total Station Survey (TSS) maps of slums in ward 17 Annexure: 4: slum information matrix for ward 17 Annexure: 5: issue based follow up meetings in ward 17 Annexure: 6: ward 17 issue map Annexure: 7: proposed location for overhead water storage tank in Garhi Husaaini & Sushil Nagar

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    List of Abbreviation : CURE Centre For Urban And Regional Excellence DUDA District Urban Development Agenc y RAY Rajeev Awas Yozana MoHUPA Ministry Of Housing And Urban Poverty Alleviation RCUES Regional Centre For Urban And Environmental Resources ANN Agra Nagar Nigam WSP Water And Sanitation Programme USAID United States Agency For International Development NIUA National Institute Of Urban Affairs CSUP Citywide Slum Upgrading Plan For Agra JNNURM Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission BSUP Basic Services For The Urban Poor AJS Agra Jal Sansthan AJN Agra Jal Nigam UPJN Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam CDP City Development MLD Million Litres Per Day QPR Quarterly Progress Report MOUD Ministry Of Urban Development SWM Solid Waste Management STP Sewerage Treatment Plant BPL Below The Poverty Line SC Schedule Caste ST Schedule Tribe OBC Other Backward Caste PCC Plain Cement Concrete JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency DEWAT Decentralized Waste Water Treatment System HH Household GIS Geographic Information System PLA Participatory Learning And Action TSS Total Station Surveys NBO National Buildings Organisation CAP Crosscutting Agra Programme CT Community Toilets ICDS Integrated Child Development Services NH National Highway DPR Detailed Progress Report MIS Management Information System NGO Non Government Agency

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    1. Context

    1.1. Slum Free Agra: Promoting Inclusive Development

    Agra, the city of Tajmahal, is a global tourist destination, and offers huge potential for developing a strong and broad-based tourism-centric city economy. The main obstacles to realising the growth potential of Agra include its poor infrastructure facilities and ineffective services; in particular sanitation, which has restricted the City’s tourism potential.

    Agra, because of its tourism potential, has also attracted large number of poor migrants, many of whom are living in slums and underserved settlements without access to adequate basic services. Agra has 417 slums (CURE, 2011); numbers having increased from 378 in 2006 (CURE) and 252 listed with the District Urban Development Agency (DUDA) in 2001. The City Development Plan for Agra (2007) has estimated 1.2 million people (9% of total Agra population) to be living in slums. As per DUDA the population of 252 slums is around 5.5 lakhs i.e. about 44 percent of the total population. While all of Agra continues to be poorly served in terms of infrastructure services, slums in particular have substandard housing, lack of services and highly unsanitary living conditions.

    Agra has been identified as a Mission City under the Rajiv Awas Yozana (RAY) for affordable housing for the poor by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). As part of RAY, Agra is required to develop a Slum Free City Plan with an estimate of resources that may be required for making Agra a slum free city. The Regional Centre for Urban and Environmental Resources (RCUES), Hyderabad has been mandated by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to prepare the Slum Free City Plans in selected cities of the State, including for Agra.

    Centre for Urban and Regional Excellence (CURE), in partnership with the Agra Nagar Nigam (ANN), and financial and technical assistance of Cities Alliance, WSP, USAID and NIUA, has initiated the process of preparing an inclusive Citywide Slum Upgrading Plan for Agra (CSUP) since 2010 and implementing participatory slum upgrading activities in selected slum s since 2006. In view of the commonness of the goal and objectives of the two activities and to build on the information on slums generated under CSUP, RCUES identified CURE as the local partner for developing the Slum Free City Plan for Agra.

    1.2. National Missions for Slum Development and Poverty Reduction

    As India is urbanizing, problems of cities and slums are growing. The Government of India has been implementing several Missions to promote inclusive, sustainable and equitable, reform -linked-urban development. Two key urban development initiatives include the Jawaharlal National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and sub-mission

    1.3. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)

    In November 2005, the Government of India launched the Jawaharlal National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) to incentivise large urban areas to undertake institutional, structural and fiscal reforms critical for improved and sustainable urban services, and to address issues of urban poverty and equity. The Mission made available resources to 63 large cities for implementing these reforms. It also desi