Feudalism & Manor Life

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Feudalism & Manor Life. World History March12, 2014. The Emergence of Feudalism. After the fall of Rome Europe was divided into smaller factions These small groups were unable to protect themselves from invaders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Feudalism & Manor Life

Feudalism & Manor LifeWorld HistoryMarch12, 2014The Emergence of FeudalismAfter the fall of Rome Europe was divided into smaller factionsThese small groups were unable to protect themselves from invadersBarbaric tribes, the Vikings, and the Moors were threatening to take over smaller cities & civilizationsThe idea of feudalism emerged in a response to a need for protectionThis system is based on mutual obligations between lords & vassalsKnown as a feudal contractThe lord promised to protect his vassal and the vassal promised loyalty and service

A Structured SocietyEveryone had a place in feudal societyMonarchKing & QueenLordsDukes or CountsHeld the largest fiefsVassalsMembers of the noble classOften times vassals had their own vassalsMeans they could be both vassals and lordsKnightsMembers of the noble classThe warrior eliteSerfsThe lowest members of societyThis made up a majority of the population

Kings & QueensIn the feudal age, the King was at the head of societyHe owned and controlled the land, made set rules and guidelinesThe king collected tax money from the peopleThis is how he gained most of his wealthAll of his land was divided up and given to lordsThese lords could control their land however they wanted toIncludes making laws, collecting tax money, raising a military, maintaining the upkeep of their manorThis made the monarch a figurehead ruler

The World of NoblesDuring the Middle Ages, many nobles lived in castlesThey were designed to withstand attackAlso symbolized wealth and powerNoblewomen were respected and valued in societyWhen her husband was out fighting, often the women would take over their jobsWomen were valued but had little rightsThey could not own landWould have arranged marriagesWould often come with a dowryHad very traditional roles

Medieval KnightsKnights had to be of noble birthMany nobles trained from childhood for an occupation as a knightThey often went through harsh and rigorous trainingBeing dubbed a knight was an honorable eventAs feudal warfare decreased in the 1100s, tournaments became popularThis allowed knights to win land, money and popularityKnights adopted a code of conduct called chivalry

Feudal WarfareEach manor operated independentlyHad their own laws, economy, produce, armyEurope was NOT united at this timeLords who led each manor wanted powerLand gives powerResourcesFarmlandPeople Because of this, feudal warfare was very commonFeudal Warfare = war or fighting between the different feudal manorsKnights would defend their lords from invaders and other lords and their armies

Manor LifeThe heart of the medieval economyManor = lords estateThe manor was self-sufficientThe economy was based on mutual obligationsPeasants gave their lord a lifetime of laborIn return the lord allowed peasants to farm for themselves & gained protectionManors includedA few dozen one room hutsWater millsA small churchThe manor house/castleStrips of farmland

Peasant LifeMost peasants on manors were serfsSerf = peasants bound to the lords landThey were not slaves who could be bought of sold but they also were not freeLife was harshThey worked long hoursTheir diet was very basic, only what they could produceThey slept in 1 room houses with any animals that they ownedThey could only work according to the seasonThey had to work hard in the warm seasons and then find other ways to make money in the off seasonThey made up the majority of the population