Evaluating the Teaching-Learning Program

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    The significant problems we face

    cannot be solved at the same level of

    thinking we were at when we createdthem

    -Albert Einstein

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    Evaluation Defined.

    Evaluation is the process of ascertainingor judging the value of somethingthrough careful appraisal. It is a means

    of helping an individual or group becomeself-directing. Evaluation assists in theestablishment of specific goals, which in

    turn serve as criteria for judgingdesirable changes. (Gregorio: 1971).

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    Evaluation is done everyday

    It is the way through which an individualexpresses her likes & dislikes

    Involves measurement or appraisal ofan activity in terms of a particularstandard

    Involves a continuous process ofgathering data and recording,assembling & interpreting information forpurposes of creating change that will

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    Promote better performance oraccomplish desired objectives.

    Evaluation in nursing requires

    assessment of the cognitive outcomesof knowledge & understanding. Itrequires evaluation of students personal

    traits, since nursing is a personalservice, one in which interpersonalrelationships are important and a must,

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    Personality plays a vital role in establishingeffective relationships with patients.

    Evaluation is based in principles: Anything exists at all exists in some

    amount and therefore can be measured.

    The worth or value of a teaching method, a

    learning method and materials ofinstruction is not known until their effect ismeasured.

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    Functions of EducationalEvaluation

    Evaluation and improvement of theeducational program

    Achievement of educational goals

    Motivation and guidance of the learningprocess of individual student

    Motivation of the teacher to evaluate

    critically her teaching practices, thestudents learning effectiveness and her

    own personal goals

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    Motivation of the faculty to work togetherfor the improvement of the curriculumand the educational program as well as

    of idividual courses

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    Purposes of Evaluation

    Evaluation serves to :

    o Determine the level of knowledege andunderstanding of the student in her

    classes at various time during thesemester

    o Asses the level of the students clinicalperformance at various stages

    o Become aware if the specific difficultiesof individual students, or of the entireclass, as basis for further teaching

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    Diagnose every students strengths and

    weaknesses and to suggest neededremedial measures

    Encourage students learning bemeasuring their achievement andinforming them of their success

    Help students acquire the attitude of andskills in self-evaluation

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    Help students become increasingly self-directing in their pursuit of knowledge

    Provide more examinations and

    opportunities to practice critical thinking,the application of principles and themaking of judgments, among others

    Estimate effectivenss of teaching and

    learning technics of subject content anduse on instructional media in reachinggoals of the course

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    Gather information needed foradministrative purposes, such as choiceof students for honors, courses,

    placement of students for advancestanding, writing recommendation andmeeting graduation requirements,

    among others

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    Steps in Evaluation

    State objectives. Progress cannot bemeasured unless direction is clear.

    Define change of behavior expected of

    educational outcomes. List and briefly describe situations that

    give opportunity for the expression ofthe behavior desired.

    Develop appropriate and systematicmeans of eliciting king of behaviorimplied in objectives to be evaluated.

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    Decide ways of recording andsummarizing (scoring, rating, ordescribing) behavior and the basis of

    evidence gathered. Check validity, reliability, and difficulty of

    the measures used.

    Establish conditions that permit thestudent to give her the bestperformance.

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    Assign scores on the basis of theforegoing steps.

    Develop methods of interpretation.

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    Criteria for Selection ofEvaluative Devices

    Sampling of the objectives

    Sampling of the contents

    Validity

    Reliability

    Practicality

    Usefulness

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    Widely Used EvaluativeDevices

    Essay examinations

    Objective examination

    Objective problem-solving situations

    Standardized tests

    Rating scales

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    Evaluating the Teacher

    Tape and video recording

    Observation by colleague

    Student opinion

    Teacher self-evaluation

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