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EEC 2501 / EEE 2501 FINAL YEAR PROJECTS ABSTRACTS

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  • ABSTRACTS

    JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OFAGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

    DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL &

    ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

    EEC 2501 / EEE 2501

    FINAL YEAR PROJECTS

    ABSTRACTS

    2014/2015 ACADEMIC YEAR

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P001

    REG. NO. : EN271-0551/2009

    NAME: IRUNGU GERALD WANGUNYU

    SUPERVISOR : MS. M. KIIO

    GSM BASED HOME APPLIANCE CONTROL

    AND SECURITY SYSTEM

    With the latest technological advancements in the 21st Century, human beings aremore concerned with security, convenience and comfort. As technology rapidly changes,so has crime. Hence, better and cheap innovations need to be developed to counter the newcrime tactics. Also, with people leading a busy lifestyle, there is a necessity of controllinghome appliances and performing home surveillance remotely. Most of the home applianceand security systems currently in the market are limited in terms of area of coverage andnumber of electronic devices to be controlled.

    The goal of the project is to design and implement a smart home system for controllingthe home appliances remotely with the help of a mobile device and getting alerts onintrusion. The major factors, which have been put into consideration, are affordabilityand scalability. The system will have features that can enable automatic monitoring andcontrol, intrusion detection and switching functionalities for home electronic appliances.As a representative, the parameter the system will monitor is temperature for automaticswitching of an air condition system. For intrusion detection, there will be a motion sensorfor controlling a security light. This is with the aim of improving safety and security andproviding more efficient utilization of energy.

    The project aims to use GSM module for sending and receiving text messages andArduino microcontroller for control of the entire system.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P002

    REG. NO. : EN271-0553/2009

    NAME: EVANS NGANGA KARIUKI

    SUPERVISOR : MS. M. KIIO

    ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEM

    USING RFID TECHNOLOGY

    A 2006 traffic count conducted by JICA revealed that the Nairobi Thika road carriedmore than 60,000 vehicles per day, the highest in the East African Region. This num-ber has continued to grow at an ever increasing pace as Nairobi and other areas fed bythe highway continue to develop. The traditional method of handling the increased roaddemand was to build more roads and remodeling the existing ones e.g. removal of round-abouts along Thika Road and building underpasses and flyovers in their place to minimizetraffic jams. However, these traditional solutions are proving not to be enough in the longterm. This is because the lower traffic congestion brought by these improvements hasalso led to an increase in road demand, bringing about increased road congestion andthus resulting in a vicious cycle of congestion on roads. One of the suggested alternativemethods is road pricing by locating toll stations along major highways such as ThikaRoad.

    This project aims at introducing an efficient and cost effective method of collectingtoll charges along Thika Road by use of RFID tags mounted on vehicle windscreens. Thissystem will eliminate the need for motorists and toll authorities to manually performpayment and collect toll fees respectively. It will therefore facilitate paperless passage oftoll gates, reduce toll gate traffic and avoid illegal passage of vehicles through the tollgates. The system will be prepaid and the vehicle owners will maintain an account fromwhich they will be charged every time they pass through a toll station. It will also haveSMS alerts for informing the vehicle owners of low balance in their accounts and when apayment is successfully made.

    I propose to use RFID readers and tags for identification and GSM modules for con-nectivity.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P003

    REG. NO. : EN272-0436/2009

    NAME: MWARUWA CHAKA

    SUPERVISOR : MS. M. KIIO

    AN INTELLIGENT SURVEILLANCE SOLUTION

    WITH MOTION DETECTION AND WEB BASED

    MONITORING

    Security is a major concern for many businesses and the government. Businesses spendlarge amounts of money to keep their properties safe from theft and vandalism as well asto keep their premises secure. It is common to find businesses or government installationsprocure expensive Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance systems so as to monitorevents in their premises at all times. With the emergence of terrorism and high levels ofinsecurity the contribution of such systems to security cannot be underestimated. Thesesystems require active monitoring personnel and produce lengthy footage (24 hours offootage for one day) for the security personnel to review in case of an incident henceprolonging investigations.

    This project aims to incorporate a motion sensor that will be used to actively monitorthe surroundings so that video surveillance is done only when motion is detected so thatonly useful footage is stored. The footage is sent to a server for processing from where itcan be viewed in a web based interface.

    This will be achieved using a raspberry pi (a credit card sized computer board) anda camera interfaced to a Passive Infrared (PIR) motion sensor for the camera and itscontrols. Video/image processing will be done using python and the web based interfacewill be developed in php.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P005

    REG. NO. : EN271-0605/2009

    NAME: MICHIRA VALENTINO MBAKA

    SUPERVISOR : PROF. S. KANGETHE

    RFID BASED ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

    ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM

    The theft of electronic devices such as laptops is a major problem in institutions. Thesystem currently employed involves a manual inspection and noting down of respectiveserial numbers of the devices. This system is both time-consuming and inefficient whilesubject to collusion between the inspector and a possible suspect.

    The aim of this project is to develop an automated system that checks and verifies theownership of such devices when the person enters or leaves a given premise. An RFID chipis embedded both on the intended devices and the owners Identification Card. A databasewill be created so as to store the details of ownership and used in the verification process.The RFID reader polls both tags and verifies such information as per the database andactivates a buzzer when a conflict occurs.

    The system entails the use of: MySQL as the database creation tool, A microcontrolleris used for the interpretation of signals from the RFID reader & communication withdatabase and Microsoft Visual studio for the creation of the source code.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P006

    REG. NO. : EN271-2712/2009

    NAME: KANYUI ANN WAMAITHA

    SUPERVISOR : PROF. S. KANGETHE

    SMART WATER METER

    Water is an invaluable resource to the human race. The use and consumption of itshould therefore be used with much care to ensure that it is not wasted. The cases ofvandalism and damage of water meters and pipes have become rampant. The aim of thisproject will be to help the water service providers to monitor the meter readings from thelocation and from their databases as opposed to using pen and paper as it is done now.This will not only reduce in the errors made by humans while taking readings but willalso help save on man power and costs used for the transport of the workers.

    The smart water meter is an micro-controller based residential water meter whichdigitally displays the readings of the water meter at location and sends these readings toa database via a GSM module. It will be able to control valves remotely which controlwater supply at every meter. Using the GSM module each and every water meter can bemonitored and mapped. The data collected from the meter will then be relayed back tothe consumer according to subscription.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P007

    REG. NO. : EN272-0587/2009

    NAME: KAMAU SAMUEL NJUGUNA

    SUPERVISOR : PROF. S. KANGETHE

    A WRIST-MOUNTED BLOOD PRESSURE, BODY

    TEMPERATURE AND PULSE WAVE

    MONITORING DEVICE.

    High blood pressure is known to be a silent killer. In most cases it does not presentobvious symptoms that compel the individual to seek medical attention yet it is a seriouslife-threatening condition. It is the most common cause of heart attacks, heart failure,stroke and other complications.

    The aim of this project is to design and implement an affordable and low-power bodyvitals monitoring device that can help many middle and low income earners keep theirhealth in check and identify extreme body malfunctions relating to the heart and bloodbefore they get out of hand.

    The device detects the blood pressure, body temperature and pulse by use of sensorsand displays the results on an LCD screen mounted on the gadget. The results are alsosent to the users mobile phone via Bluetooth or wireless connectivity. Limits of the vitalsigns are set and in case of extremities, a message is sent to a relevant person who cantake the necessary medical steps, preferably a doctor within reach.

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  • ABSTRACTS

    ABSTRACT

    S/NO. : P008

    REG. NO. : EN271-0558/2009

    NAME: BRYAN BUNDI KOOME

    SUPERVISOR : DR. S. KAMAU

    SERVOFILL CAP DETECTOR AND TUB

    DIVERTER MECHANISM IN UNILEVERS

    SAVOURY PLANT

    Unilever as a company values quality and in return always wants its products to be ofthe highest quality and standard, this point encouraged us to come up with this projectidea. The RMM is packaged in the servo fill line in 500g, 200g and 55g SKUs, these tubsare normally filled, capped, coded and a sleeve is applied, all this takes plac

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