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DIPHTHONGS Also called gliding vowels A significant glide from one articulatory position to another They have two target configurations represented by two vowel symbols joined together we will have to specify both targets in terms of the part of the tongue which is raised and in terms of the degree of tongue raising.

DIPHTHONGS Also called gliding vowels A significant glide from one articulatory position to another They have two target configurations represented by

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  • DIPHTHONGSAlso called gliding vowelsA significant glide from one articulatory position to anotherThey have two target configurations represented by two vowel symbols joined together we will have to specify both targets in terms of the part of the tongue which is raised and in terms of the degree of tongue raising.

  • the two targets (two elements of the diphthong) are rarely fully realised both most often, the second target is just aimed at diphthongs are conventionally represented in the vowel diagram by specifying the relative position of the first target element and drawing an arrow which just points in the direction of the second target element

  • Sometimes the first and the second element of a diphthong will differ with respect to their characteristic lip position. Length, however, is not a distinctive feature when diphthongs are concerned, because all the eight of them belong to the set of long vowels.a diphthong is a single vowel segment, recognized as such by the native speakers, and distinguished from a sequence of two monophthongs.

  • There are two sub-sets of diphthongs in English, distinguished by the nature of their second target, that is, by the direction in which the glide is made. closing diphthongs (5)-the glide is made from a more open to a more close position centring diphthongs (3)- the glide is made from a more peripheral to a more central position

  • Closing diphthongs / a / The articulators assume the first target position by raising the rather front part of the tongue to a very open position, keeping the lips in a neutral position. A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the front to central part of the tongue towards the close-mid position. The first element of the diphthong /a/ is not similar to any of the English monophthong phonemes.

  • / a /DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue FrontDegree of raising OpenLip positionNeutralGLIDE TO : Part of the tongue Front to centralDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionVery slightly spread or neutralSPELLING PATTERNS: i kind y spy ye dye ie die ei either eye eye eigh height igh high

  • Phoneme /e/ The articulators assume the first target position by raising the front part of the tongue to a position between open-mid and close-mid with the lips in a slightly spread position A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the front to central part of the tongue towards the close-mid position.

  • /e/DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue FrontDegree of raising Open-mid to close-midLip positionSlightly spreadGLIDE TO: Part of the tongue Front to centralDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionSlightly spread

    SPELLING PATTERNS: a take ay clay ai main ea break ei reign ey they

  • Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position by raising the back part of the tongue to a position around the open-mid level (somewhere between /:/ and //) A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the front to central part of the tongue towards the close-mid position.

  • //DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue BackDegree of raising Open-mid (to close-mid)Lip positionSlightly rounded GLIDE TO: Part of the tongue Front to centralDegree of raising Close-midLip positionNeutralSPELLING PATTERNSoy toy oi voice

  • Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position by raising the back (to central) part of the tongue to a very open position (similar to that of // ) A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the back to central part of the tongue towards the close-mid position. The position of the lips is changed from neutral to slightly rounded. // instead of /a/

  • //DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue Back (to central)Degree of raising OpenLip positionNeutralGLIDE TO: Part of the tongue BackDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionVery slightly roundedSPELLING PATTERNSow now, brown ou round, bound

  • Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position by raising the central part of the tongue to position between open-mid and close-mid. (this is the are of the long schwa //, but the symbol of the short schwa is used) A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the back to central part of the tongue towards the close-mid position. The position of the lips is changed from neutral to slightly rounded.

  • //DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue CentralDegree of raising Open-mid to close-midLip positionNeutralGLIDE TO: Part of the tongue Back to centralDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionSlightly rounded

    SPELLING PATTERNS: o no, go, alone oa load, goat ow know, bowl ou soul oe toe

  • Centring diphthongs

    Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position; the front- to-central part of the tongue is raised to the close-mid position, and the lips are only slightly spread, almost neutral. A glide is made towards the second target, by lowering the central part of the tongue to position between open-mid and close-mid (roughly, the area of schwa), with the lips neutrally open.

  • Centering diphthongs//DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue Front to centralDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionVery slightly spreadGLIDE TO: Part of the tongue CentralDegree of raising Open-mid to close-midLip positionNeutral

    SPELLING PATTERNS: ee, ea, ei, ie + r beer, snear, weird, pier ere here

  • Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position by raising the back to central part of the tongue to the close-mid position, with the lips only slightly rounded, almost neutral. A glide is made towards the second target, by lowering the central part of the tongue to position between open-mid and close-mid (roughly, the area of schwa), with the lips neutrally open.

  • //DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue Back to centralDegree of raising Above close-midLip positionVery slightly rounded GLIDE TO : Part of the tongue CentralDegree of raising Open-mid to close-midLip positionNeutral

    SPELLING PATTERNSoo, ou, u + r poor, tour, during ure pure

  • Phoneme // The articulators assume the first target position by raising the front part of the tongue to the open-mid position, with neutral lips. A glide is made towards the second target, by raising the central part of the tongue to a position equally open (open-mid) as that of the first target. The lips remain neutral, too.

  • //DISTINCTIVE FEATURESType of articulationVowelManner of articulationDiphthongFIRST TARGET:Part of the tongue FrontDegree of raising Open to open-midLip positionNeutralGLIDE TO : Part of the tongue Front to centralDegree of raising Below open-midLip positionVery slightly spread or neutral

    SPELLING PATTERNS: are hare air hair ear bear NB also there, their, heir

  • fire /fa/ and hour // vs. higher /ha/ and player /ple/. the second pair obviously contains a diphthong followed by a schwa (after all, the schwa belongs to a separate morpheme: high+er, play+er )native speakers feel that fire /fa/ and hour // contain one vowel, a so-called thripthong