Data SnapShot Series 1.0March 2015DATA SNAPSHOTJackson CountyHometown Collaboration Initiative
This report has been produced by the Purdue Center for Regional Development as a part of the Indiana Hometown Collaboration Initiative (HCI). HCI is funded, in part, by the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs.
#Table of contentsIntroduction
About Jackson County
01introductionPurposeThis document provides information and data about Jackson County that can be used to guide local decision-making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introductionsection 01#About Jackson CountyIntroductionsection 01County Background Established1816CountySeatBrownstownArea514 sq. mi.NeighboringCountiesBartholomew, INBrown, INJennings, INLawrence, INMonroe, INScott, INWashington, IN
02demographyPopulation changeComponents of Population Change, 2000-2013Total Change2,865*Natural Increase2,219International Migration1,359Domestic Migration-500The total population is projected to remain about the same between 2013 and 2020.DemographySources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2013 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Changesection 02The total population increased by 5 percent between 2000 and 2013. The major contributor to that expansion was natural increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) with a net growth of over 2,200 persons. Data on domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving into the county versus moving out) show that out-migration outpaced in-migration by more than 500 people. On the other hand, international migration had a net increase of 1,300, indicating that the county experienced an influx of new people from outside the U.S.Total population projections2000201020132020*Estimation residuals are leading to a total change in population that differs from the sum of the components.#Population pyramidsPopulation pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender.Approximately 50.7% of the population was female in 2000 (20,949 people), and that percent remained about the same in 2013. What did change is the distribution of people across the various age categories. A larger share of people shifted into the higher age groupings over the 2000 to 2013 time period.DemographySource: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimatessection 02In particular, people 60 and over swelled from 7.2% to 9.4% for males, and from 10.3% to 11.5% for females between 2000 and 2013. Individuals of prime working age -- 20-49 years old -- dipped from 22.2% to 19.8% for males, and from 21.1% to 18.8% for females. Also declining were the percent of residents under 20 years of age.MaleFemale20132000MaleFemale#RaceThe number of non-White residents in Jackson County increased by two percentage points between 2000 and 2013.While every race experienced a numerical increase, the number of individuals classified as Asian or of Two or More Races increased, fueling the doubling of the percent of residents classified as nonwhite between 2000 and 2013. DemographyRace Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimatessection 0220002013#EthnicityHispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish-speaking Central or South American country.There were 1,112 Hispanics residing in Jackson County in 2000. This figure expanded to 2,697 by 2013a 142.5 percent increase. As a result, Hispanics now make up 6 percent of the overall population, a significant increase since 2000.DemographySource: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimatessection 026%3%Hispanics - 2000Hispanics - 2013#Educational attainment Jackson County had a 5 percentage point increase between 2000 and 2013 in the proportion of adults (25 and older) with an associates, bachelors, or graduate degree.The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 80 percent in 2000 to 86 percent by 2013. Those with only a high school degree remained at the 47 percent level in both 2000 and 2013.Adults with an associates degree grew by 2 percentage points from 2000 to 2013 (5 percent versus 7 percent), while the proportion with a college degree or more increased from 11 percent 14 percent over that same time period. While educational attainment is improving in Jackson County, the number of adults with Associate degrees or higher continues to lag behind the Indiana rate of 32 percent.DemographySource: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 ACSsection 0220002013#12TakeawaysThe population of Jackson County has experienced growth since 2000, and that growth has been fueled largely by two factors: natural increase and international migration. These two factors compensated for the loss of population due to net migration (more people who moved out of the county for other counties in Indiana or other U.S. locations than moved into the county). In examining the composition of Jackson County, one finds that a larger share of the population is now 50 years of age and over. As such, the number of men and women of prime working age (20-29, 30-39 and 40-49) is slowly declining. Furthermore, the county is becoming more diverse as a result of the growth of the Hispanic population. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the percent of adults with a high school education remains sizable (at 47%). Taking time to assess whether local economic development opportunities might be impeded by the presence of a sizable number of adults with a terminal high school degree may be worthy of attention. While 1 in 5 adult residents of the county have an associates, bachelors, or higher education, this figure is about 11 percent below the figure for the state of Indiana as a whole.Jackson County may wish to assess the workforce skills of workers with a high school education only. Enhancing their skills so that they match the needs of local businesses and industries may be a worthy investment.Demographysection 02#Establishments
Income and poverty
03economyEstablishmentsComponents of Change for EstablishmentsTotal Change (2000-11)780Natural Change (births minus deaths)778Net Migration2The number of establishments in Jackson County increased 33% from 2000 to 2011. The rapid growth of establishments was largely due to natural change. In particular, 2,723 establishments were launched in the county between 2000-2011 while 1,945 closed, resulting in a gain of 778 establishments. There was only a gain of 2 establishments due to net migration.EconomySource: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Databasesection 03An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments.
Definition of Company Stages0 1 3 4Self-employed2-9 employees10-99employees100-499employees500+employeesNote: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. Establishment information was calculated in-house and may differ slightly from publicly available data. #Number of establishments by stage/employment categoryEconomySource: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Databasesection 0320002011StageEstablishmentsProportionEstablishments ProportionStage 065428%99332%Stage 11,34357%1,78757%Stage 230413%31110%Stage 3362%281%Stage 460%40%Total2,343100%3,123100%Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.The NETS Database is derived from the Dun & Bradstreet archival national establishment data, a population of known establishments in the United States that is quality controlled and updated annually. Establishments include both private and public sector business units and range in size from one employee (i.e., sole-proprietors and self-employed) to several thousand employees.#Number of jobs by stage/employment categoryEconomySource: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Databasesection 0320002011StageJobsProportionJobs ProportionStage 06543%9934%Stage 14,83120%5,55324%Stage 27,80133%7,87735%Stage 35,90425%4,92922%Stage 44,43819%3,30015%Total23,628100%22,652100%Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.#Amount of sales (2011 dollars) by stage/employment categoryEconomySource: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Databasesection 0320002011StageSalesProportionSales ProportionStage 0$74,664,3282%$64,158,8342%Stage 1$587,069,23117%$567,922,88619%Stage 2$977,960,38729%$789,731,35926%Stage 3$859,248,31225%$1,201,083,86439%Stage 4$894,126,17027%$435,380,49614%Total$3,393,068,427100%$3,058,277,439100%Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.#Top five industries in 201361.7 percent of jobs are tied t