Text of Data SnapShot Series 1.0 March 2015 DATA SNAPSHOT Pulaski County
Data SnapShot Series 1.0 March 2015 DATA SNAPSHOT Pulaski County
2 Hometown Collaboration Initiative This report has been produced by the Purdue Center for Regional Development as a part of the Indiana Hometown Collaboration Initiative (HCI). HCI is funded, in part, by the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs.
5 Purpose This document provides information and data about Pulaski County that can be used to guide local decision- making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introduction section 01
6 About Pulaski County Introduction section 01 County Background Established1839 County Seat Winamac Area435 sq. mi. Neighboring Counties Cass, IN Fulton, IN Jasper, IN Marshall, IN Starke, IN White, IN
Population change Population pyramids Race Ethnicity Educational attainment Takeaways 02 demography
8 Population change Components of Population Change, 2000-2013 Total Change-617* Natural Increase48 International Migration33 Domestic Migration-615 The total population is projected to remain the same between 2013 and 2020. Demography Sources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2013 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change section 02 Pulaski Countys total population decreased by 5 percent between 2000 and 2013. The major contributor to that contraction was domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving into the county versus moving out) with a net loss of over 600 persons. International migration had a positive effect on population with a net increase of 33, indicating that the county experienced a minor influx of new people from outside the U.S. Finally, natural Increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) also contributed 48 people to the population of Pulaski County. Total population projections 2000201020132020 *Total change in population differs from the sum of the components due to Census estimation techniques. Residuals (not reported here) make up the difference.
9 Population pyramids Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender. Approximately 49.6% of the population was female in 2000 (6,817) and that percent remained about the same in 2013. What did change is the distribution of people across the various age categories. A larger share of people shifted into the higher age groupings over the 2000 to 2013 time period. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 In particular, people 50 and over swelled from 14.7% to 19.6% for males and from 16.6% to 20.1% for females between 2000 and 2013. Individuals of prime working age -- 20-49 years old -- dipped from 20.4% to 17.9% for males and from 19.0% to 17.2% for females. Also declining were the percent of residents under 20 years of age. Male Female 20132000 Male Female
10 Race The number of non-White residents in Pulaski County increased by 1 percentage point between 2000 and 2013. Every race, except White, experienced a numerical increase. The number of individuals of Two or More Races increased the most, by 56 residents, and the population of people who are Native American or of Asian descent in Pulaski County nearly doubled since 2000. Growth in the non-White population helped to modestly expand the population of Other Races from 2 percent to 3 percent of the total population by 2013. Demography Race Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 2000 2013
11 Ethnicity Hispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish- speaking Central or South American country. There were 187 Hispanics residing in Pulaski County in 2000. This figure expanded to 355 by 2013a 47.3 percent increase. As a result, Hispanics now make up 3 percent of the overall population, a significant increase since 2000. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 3%3% 1%1% Hispanics - 2000 Hispanics - 2013
12 Educational attainment Pulaski County experienced a 4 percentage point increase in the number of adults (25 and older) with an associates, bachelors, or graduate degree between 2000 and 2013. The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 80 percent in 2000 to 85 percent by 2013. Those with only a high school degree remained at the 45 percent level in both 2000 and 2013. Adults with a college degree increased from 15 percent in 2000 to 19 percent in 2013. This was due to a 1 percentage point increase in the proportion of residents with associates degrees (5 percent versus 6 percent), while the proportion of adults with at least a bachelor's degree increased by 3 percentage points (to 13 percent). Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 ACS section 02 2000 2013
13 Takeaways Pulaski County has witnessed a modest decline in its population since 2000, mainly due to domestic out-migration (more people moved out of the county for other U.S. locations than moved into the county). The age structure of Pulaski County is changing. The population is aging and the largest age group of workers (50-59) is nearing retirement age. Additionally, the number of men and women of prime working age (20-29, 30-39 and 40-49) is slowly declining. Moreover, the racial and ethnic make-up of the county is gradually diversifying. In order to maintain the size of the labor force, Pulaski County will have to consider ways to build a vibrant economy with an expanding senior population and a declining pool of workers of prime working age. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the percent of adults with a high school education remains sizable (at 45%). Taking time to assess whether local economic development opportunities might be impeded by the presence of a sizable number of adults with a terminal high school degree may be worthy of attention. While 1 in 5 adult residents of the county have an associates, bachelors, or higher education, this figure is about 11 percent below the figure for the state of Indiana as a whole. Pulaski County may wish to assess the workforce skills of workers with a high school education only. Enhancing their skills so that they match the needs of local businesses and industries may be a worthy investment. Demography section 02
Establishments Industries Occupations Income and poverty Takeaways 03 economy
15 Establishments Components of Change for Establishments Total Change (2000-11) 311 Natural Change (births minus deaths) 311 Net Migration 0 The number of establishments in Pulaski County increased 31% from 2000 to 2011. The steady growth of establishments was due to natural change. That is, 991 units were launched in the county between 2000-2011, while 680 closed, resulting in a gain of 311 establishments. There was no net gain or loss of establishments in the county over the past decade or so. Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Database section 03 An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments. Definition of Company Stages 0 1 2 3 4 Self- employed 2-9 employees 10-99 employees 100-499 employees 500+ employees Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. Establishment information was calculated in-house and may differ slightly from publicly available data.
16 *ReferenceUSA only indicates one Stage 4 company, however, NETS records this company as two separate establishments. Number of establishments by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) 2012 Database section 03 20002011 StageEstablishmentsProportionEstablishmentsProportion Stage 0 33934%48337% Stage 1 54755%71955% Stage 2 9710%887% Stage 3 101%121% Stage 4 --2*0% Total 993100%1,304100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. The NETS Database is derived from the Dun & Bradstreet archival national establishment data, a population of known establishments in the United States that is quality controlled and updated annually. Establishments include both private and public sector business units and range in size from one employee (i.e., sole-proprietors and self-employed) to several thousand employees.