DAILY NEWS DIARY 18.07.2020 www.sosinclasses.com +91 99899 66744 [email protected]+91-99899 66744 / 90000 66690 H.NO. 1-10-196 (New No. 177), Street no. 1, Ashok Nagar X roads, Hyderabad, Telangana 500020. NEWS TIME All the news you need and more… DAILY NEWS DIARY of 18.07.2020 For Prelims & Mains
Q – Explain the state of the disaster relief program’s- relief fund
scheme appropriation and distribution in the country, in the light
of a recent example?
INTRO = Two months ago, Cyclone Amphan ripped through
Eastern India and Bangladesh. West Bengal bore the brunt of the
storm. Winds blowing at 130 km per hour destroyed nearly 30 lakh
houses and damaged crops in 17 lakh hectares of land. At least 95
people lost their lives. Ten days later, the West Bengal
government announced a relief package of Rs 6,250 crore.
But in less than two weeks, the state government’s relief efforts were riddled with allegations of corruption and it had to face protests – that there were irregularities in preparing lists of beneficiaries, misappropriation of relief material, and nepotism and political favouritism at panchayat-level institutions in the disbursal of funds.
Helping people pick up the pieces after a natural disaster requires
government intervention on multiple fronts — organising food,
potable water and medical aid, rebuilding houses flattened by the
cyclone, restoring livelihoods. With its human and financial
resources already taxed by the coronavirus pandemic, West
Bengal had its task out. Where –
1) Bogus names have appeared in the lists of beneficiaries. 2) People whose houses have withstood the ravages of the storm
have received compensation, apparently because they had links with the politically powerful.
3) The alleged participation of members of the political parties shows how deep the rot runs in West Bengal’s local-level bodies (Panchayat level fund distribution and etc).
A number of studies, including reports of the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), have pointed out that the
frequency of severe cyclonic storms — like Amphan — will increase
in the Indian Ocean because of global warming. These studies have
talked about building the resilience of people in the areas threatened
by these events by securing their livelihoods.
EX - The farmers in the state’s betel-vine belt, for instance, have not
received the promised compensation for their damaged crops.
Instead, those with political connections, including many who do not
cultivate betel, have siphoned off money.
Way Forward -
Such corruption is worrying given that building climate resilience will require robust institutions at the grass roots level. Those guilty in the Amphan relief scam must be brought to book.
International Relations Q – What is the UN blacklist and give an account of its recent entry?
BACKGROUND = Blacklisting by the Security Council entails that all
states are required to freeze without delay the funds and other
financial assets or economic resources of designated individuals and
And recently, The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) terror group’s
leader Noor Wali Mehsud has been designated as a global terrorist by
the UN for participating in the financing, planning and perpetrating
acts on behalf of and in support of entities associated with al-Qaeda.
The UN Security Council’s 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee added Mehsud, 42, to the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaeda Sanctions List.
The TTP was blacklisted by the UN on July 29, 2011 for its
association with al-Qaeda. Under Noor Wali’s leadership, TTP has claimed responsibility for
numerous deadly terrorist attacks across Pakistan, including an attack targeting Pakistani security forces in North Waziristan in July 2019 and a bomb attack against Pakistani soldiers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in August 2019.
The group had claimed responsibility for an attempted bombing in Times Square on May 1, 2010, and in April 2010, it had launched a multi-pronged assault against the United States Consulate in Peshawar, killing at least six Pakistanis and wounding 20 others.
The TTP is responsible for many deadly terrorist attacks in Pakistan. The U.S. domestically designated Noor Wali as a terrorist in September 2019.
Economic Development Q – Give an account of the state wise investments trajectory
status in the Indian States?
BACKGROUND = Tamil Nadu has emerged as the country’s top investment destination in the first quarter of this financial year, even as overall fresh investment announcements in India slumped to the lowest in five years amidst a period marred by the extended pandemic-induced lockdown.
The southern State accounted for 18.63% of the ₹97,859 crore of investments envisaged to execute 1,241 projects in the country in the first quarter, reckoned the latest ‘Projex Survey’ released by Projects Today, an independent firm that tracks investment projects in the country.
Tamil Nadu –
The Tamil Nadu government had signed 17 MoUs (memorandums of understanding)
While private sector investments on the whole collapsed to just 39.1% of total investments in the quarter, a ratio last seen in the first quarter of 2013-14, Tamil Nadu attracted large players like Daimler India Commercial Vehicles for a 2,277 crore project at Oragadam and the largest power project in the quarter — a 750 MW gas-based plant with an outlay of 3,000 crore.
Two private sector projects worth ₹2,900 crore in the State for producing wind mill equipment and semiconductor chips accounted for a bulk of the 16 machinery sector investment proposals worth ₹3,678 crore across the country.
The State is also host to three of the five data centres envisaged to come up in the country at a total investment of ₹7,400 crore Maharashtra –
Maharashtra had signed 12 MoUs with firms from Singapore, South Korea and the U.S. through a virtual summit.
two data centres are proposed in Maharashtra, which was second to Tamil Nadu with fresh investments worth 11,228.8 crore. However, the nationwide lockdown has led to suspension of
work on investment projects worth around 21.12 lakh crore due
to critical factors such as shortage of labour, funds and
Other States –
While States like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra held investors
meet and signed MoUs, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and
Karnataka reworked labour laws, started building land banks and
sent feelers to foreign companies for investing in their States
Way Forward –
1) India has all the potential to be the contract manufacturer of the world in several sectors, and has the required labour force.
2) However, slow-moving official machinery, archaic land and labour laws are some of the things preventing foreign companies from bringing in their technology and capital to India.
3) It is high time we address these issues at the earliest at the Central and State governments’ level.
International Relations UN’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) on “Multilateralism
after COVID-19: What kind of UN do we need at the 75th
The United Nations was originally born from the furies of the Second World War. Today, the fury of the pandemic provides the context for its rebirth and reform. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the multilateral system needed to more representative, and India believed that “the path to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity” was through multilateralism.”
Key Points - India had extended assistance to more than 150 countries, and helped set up a SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) COVID-19 emergency fund in the South Asian neighbourhood.
Economic measures to manage the impact of the pandemic, include a government package of $300 billion to “bring the economy back on track, build modern infrastructure and put in place a technology-driven system”. In the fight against COVID, India’s grassroots health system is helping India ensure one of the best recovery rates in the world.
According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), which of the following reasons is/are the cause why Assam suffers from flood woes every monsoon?
1. Brittle River Embankments 2. Poor Infrastructure and Town planning 3. Cyclones and the state’s topographical location 4. Inefficient administrative strategies a. 3 alone b. 1 alone c. 1,2,3 d. 1,2,3,4
Hey from yesterday….
According to the currently controversial Kerala Animals and Bird Sacrifices Prohibition Act of 1968. Which of the following sentences stand CORRECT? A. Section 28 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, does
not make killing of animals for religious purposes an offence.
B. If the sacrifice is not for propitiating any deity but for personal consumption even in the precincts of temple, it is not forbidden. This arbitrary classification is violative of Article 14 of the Constitution.
C. The 1968 State law bans killing of animals and birds for religious sacrifices but not for personal consumption.
a. A alone b. C alone c. A, B d. B, C
Note: Section 28 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1960 does
not make killing of animals for religious purposes an offence.
However the 1968 State law bans killing of animals and birds for
religious sacrifices but not for personal consumption.
And the Supreme Court on Thursday agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the Kerala Animals and Bird Sacrifices Prohibition Act of 1968 that prohibits sacrifice of animals and birds in
temples to ‘please’ the deity but allows personal consumption.