CPR & AED. CPR stands for… Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation The steps in CPR should be used whenever someone is unresponsive and not breathing. When Do

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CPR & AED Slide 2 CPR stands for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation The steps in CPR should be used whenever someone is unresponsive and not breathing. When Do You Use CPR? Slide 3 What are the 4 life threatening emergencies in adults? ~ Heart Attack ~ Cardiac Arrest ~ Choking ~ Stroke Slide 4 A heart attack occurs when One of the hearts major blood vessel becomes blocked so oxygen cannot get to the heart. Slide 5 The most common symptom of a heart attack is Severe pressure or pain in the center of the chest. Slide 6 Not all victims of heart attack have typical symptoms; women, elderly and diabetics may have vague symptoms such as ~ aches in the chest ~ heart burn ~ indigestion ~ lower back pain Slide 7 Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops pumping blood. Slide 8 What are the signs of a cardiac arrest victim? NO response NO normal breathing NO sign of circulation Slide 9 What are the 3 things you should do to check if the victim is breathing? ~ LOOK (to see if the chest is rising) ~ LISTEN (for breathing) ~ FEEL (for breathing on your cheek) Slide 10 What should you do if a victim is unresponsive and not breathing? Begin chest compressions with rescue breathing. Compressions = pushing on the chest 2 inches at a rate of 100 compressions/minute 30 compressions / 2 breaths STARTING COMPRESSIONS is the most important duty in CPR! Slide 11 Steps for compressions: Place heel of one hand in the center of chest Place other hand on top of first hand, interlocking fingers Position shoulders over hands, lock elbows Using your whole body, push the chest down (compress) 2 inches. 30 compressions should be done Slide 12 What does AED stand for and what does it do? Automated External Defibrillator It can analyze heart rhythm, recognize if a shock is needed, and administer a shock when ready. Slide 13 AED facts: The sooner you get an AED on the victim, the better chance of survival. The AED will walk you through what to do once it is connected to the victim. Once the AED is in place, it should not be removed, even if the patient recovers. Slide 14 What are the 4 special situations you should look for before using an AED? ~ children determine size of pads used. ~ water victim should not be in water; towel off sweat. ~ implanted pacemaker do not place pads over a pacemaker ~ medication patches remove medicated patches before placing AED pads in position. Slide 15 Chain of Survival Recognize cardiac arrest, Call 911 CPR Emphasis on chest compressions AED or rapid defibrillation Effective, advanced life support Post- cardiac arrest care Slide 16 What is the Good Samaritan law? This law provides protection from lawsuits to people who give first aid or treatment to someone suffering an injury or sudden illness. Slide 17