Consul Klaus Sørensen Royal Danish Consulate General

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Энергоэффективность «по-датски». Consul Klaus Sørensen Royal Danish Consulate General. Энергетическая политика Дании и энергоэффективность. Марина Пиотровская Королевское Генеральное консульство Дании в Санкт-Петербурге. Датская точка отсчета. 1973-74 гг. – нефтяной кризис - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Consul Klaus Sørensen Royal Danish Consulate General

  • Consul Klaus SrensenRoyal Danish Consulate General

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    **Denmark has adopted several means to bring about its notable development of renewable energy. About 35 years ago, Denmark was in a total different position.The first oil crisis had a severe impact on the Danish economy. Denmark was together with Japan the country in the world which was most dependent on imported energy. We imported as much as 99 % of all energy used.Furthermore, the energy was used very inefficiently. There was a waste of energy. Pollution such as NOx and SO2 exceeded the sustainable limits.

    At the same time there were public concerns about the environmental policy. People looked at the smoke from the high power plant chimneys and asked: Could the yellow smoke harm me or my children. The Danish politicians took note of this and they were ready to take action.

    *When focusing on energy in Denmark we must also include the North Sea oil and gas exploration. Here you can se Danish sector of the North Sea. Just north of the Danish sector you will find the Norwegian part. Both Norwegian, German and Danish oil activities are linked together.We started oil production in the North Sea in 1972 and today we are the only net exporter of energy in the European Union. This is because of our oil and gas activities.

    I have to admit that the Norwegian oil export is larger, but Norway is not a member of the European Union.

    *In fact the Danish Government and almost all parties in Parliament took action. Allow me here only to focus on the energy policy, and not the environmental policies even though it is interesting.

    First thing was to focus on energy planning. The municipalities were given a number of energy-planning tools. Here is an example: The municipalities pointed out areas for district heating. For a house owner in a district heating area it was mandatory to connect to the district heating system within 9 years. The idea was to create a basis for the District heating companies, which often were organised as cooperatives or owned by the municipality itself. More heat consumers means more revenues and more investments in energy efficient heating technologies. Very often the house owners got an excellent offer from the district heating companies and the connected right away. Today more 60% of all residential building are heated by district heating systems.

    Next item was development and our oil and gas activities in the North Sea. I have already touched that subject, and I continue to next item.

    We set up programmes for research and development of the especially the renewable energy sources. The two most successful program have been the wind sector program and the biomass program. Seen from an energy point of view the biomass program have been the most successful but most foreigners know the development of the Danish wind sector as a successful story. And it certainly is.

    Last item is the energy savings program and subsidies for the private sector. A large number of residential buildings in Denmark got new windows and a thick layer of insulation on the roof in the first half of the 1980ies. The pay back time for the investments were just af few years.*Nothing will last forever. This includes also Danish oil and Gas production. Our oil production peaked in the year 2004. We can supply our selves for the next 15 20 years but afterwards we have import oil and gas from mainly Russia like the rest of Europe. The exact number of years with a Danish oil production depends of the level of the future oil and gas prices. A high price level gives incitements to extract oil from less productive and old fields.

    Please note that our degree of self sufficiency passed 100% in 1997.

    *The result is that Denmark has successfully de-coupled economic growth and energy consumption. Since 1980 the Danish GDP has grown by 56%, while the energy consumption has stagnated.It is notable that the total emission of CO2 has declined by as much as 35% in the same period.Thus, for each GDP unit the emitted CO2 is reduced by much more than half in the course of just 25 years.Very few countries can show a similar development. For the same reason Denmark has one of the most ambitious targets for CO2 reduction in the Kyoto agreement. *In fact the Danish Government and almost all parties in Parliament took action. Allow me here only to focus on the energy policy, and not the environmental policies even though it is interesting.

    First thing was to focus on energy planning. The municipalities were given a number of energy-planning tools. Here is an example: The municipalities pointed out areas for district heating. For a house owner in a district heating area it was mandatory to connect to the district heating system within 9 years. The idea was to create a basis for the District heating companies, which often were organised as cooperatives or owned by the municipality itself. More heat consumers means more revenues and more investments in energy efficient heating technologies. Very often the house owners got an excellent offer from the district heating companies and the connected right away. Today more 60% of all residential building are heated by district heating systems.

    Next item was development and our oil and gas activities in the North Sea. I have already touched that subject, and I continue to next item.

    We set up programmes for research and development of the especially the renewable energy sources. The two most successful program have been the wind sector program and the biomass program. Seen from an energy point of view the biomass program have been the most successful but most foreigners know the development of the Danish wind sector as a successful story. And it certainly is.

    Last item is the energy savings program and subsidies for the private sector. A large number of residential buildings in Denmark got new windows and a thick layer of insulation on the roof in the first half of the 1980ies. The pay back time for the investments were just af few years.*Over the years there have been fuel conversion from oil and coal to utilization of renewable wind & biomass sources and also gas from the North Sea.The fastest change from oil to coal was in the period 1975-1985 and the gradual introduction of natural gas was in 1985-2000.Today Natural Gas and biomass accounts for approximately 40% of total electricity production and wind contributes almost 20% of electricity supply.

    ***