Energy efficiency advice for business customers. For many businesses, the main reason for saving energy is financial. However, there are many other reasons why you should consider being more energy efficient, including minimising harm to the environment.
- 1. Save energyenergy efficiency advicefor business customers
2. For most businesses, the main reason for saving energy isfinancial. However, there are many other reasons why youshould consider being more energy efficient, includingminimising harm to the environment.This guide details a number of actions your business could take to become more energy efficient.Having read through them, draw up an action plan with the 10 priority items listed for attention.Use a table like the one shown in appendix 1 to identify what youre going to do, who will do itand when. SmartStart benefits 45Its not always necessary to spend money to save energy, but where there is a costManaging your energy67it can often be minimal and repaid very quickly from the resultant savings. Nor does saving Lighting 8 11energy need to be complicated or take a long time to achieve. Many energy savings can beOffice equipment 12 13delivered quickly and simply.Space heating14 15Buildings16 17Air conditioning 18 19Electric motors20 21Compressed air 22 23Boilers24 25Refrigeration26 27Process plant28 29Combined heat and power30 31Renewable energy 32 33Funding sources34 35How npower business can help 36 37Enquiries and complaintsSample action plan & energy policy 38 39 3. energy efficiency advice for business customers 5Benefits of SmartStartMoney matters (financial)Mother Earth (environment)There has always been a good financial case for saving energy, evenOil, coal and gas are the main fossil fuels. When burnt directlybefore the sharp increases in energy prices(e.g. as in a gas boiler) at your premises, or indirectly (e.g. in a coal-that have taken place recently. By minimising overhead costs, thefired power station at a remote site), they produce harmfulprofitability of any business could improve. So by using less energy,by-products such as carbon dioxide (a so-called greenhouse gas).or by gaining more from the same energy use, your business willCarbon dioxide is widely accepted as one of the main causes of climateoperate more efficiently. This will lead to lower costs and higher change. Climate change concerns us all as it can have dramatic effectsproductivity respectively. on our climate and weather patterns. Theres a direct link between burning fossil fuels and the production of carbon dioxide. By savingThe cheapest unit of energy is the one you dont use - but thats not energy, harmful emissions are also reduced.all. Electricity and gas bills have VAT added. By using less energyyoull also save on VAT, particularly useful if you arent VAT registeredAt the Kyoto Earth Summit, the Government agreed toor if your business is unable to fully reclaim all of the VAT. If you paybinding targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissionsVAT at 17.5% youll most likely be paying the Climate Change Levy* by certain dates. In order to help deliver on these targets, npowertoo, which adds even more to your bills. This provides an even greater business has produced this Guide to Saving Energy for its businessincentive to use less. customers. A companion guide for domestic customers is also available.For some businesses, energy savings of up to 30% may be achieved.#This could lead to much lower bills, without the need to spend lots of Big Brother (regulation)time or money to achieve them. And savings could be ongoing year In the UK and more widely throughout the European Union,after year. regulations can apply to the way businesses use energy. This includesThere is a direct link between burning fossil fuels and theprocesses covered by the Integrated Pollution, Prevention and Controlproduction of carbon dioxide, so by saving energy, harmful Regulations. Small businesses may be affected by the amendmentsemissions are also reduced.to the Building Regulations as detailed in Part L2 of the regulations. These amendments cover new build and certain refurbishment work, all with the aim of increasing energy efficiency. Quality Counts (quality) Many businesses operate under a quality assurance scheme such as ISO14001 (Environmental Management), either because they recognise the benefits themselves or because their customers or suppliers insist upon it. Part of the quality assurance process requires each business to look at its energy use and find ways to improve efficiency.* Heavy users of energy and those operating within certain designated business sectors may be eligible for a discount against the Climate Change Levy in exchange for a commitment to reduce energyconsumption by agreed amounts over time. These agreements are generally made via the sector trade associations, where further information and eligibility conditions can be determined.#The Carbon Trust Better Business Guide available at www.carbontrust.co.uk 4. energy efficiency advice for business customers 75Managing energyResponsibilityDepending upon the scale and complexity of a business, managing energy could involve a team of people or it could be the part time responsibilityof just one person. However, it does need to be defined, so that everyone understands their responsibility for energy management.PolicyOnce the responsibility for managing energy is established, you should put in place a policy that best suits the business. For a small business withlimited energy use, the policy shown at Appendix 2 may be appropriate. However for more complex businesses or those with more demandingenergy needs, a bespoke solution may be needed.The role of managing energy needsto be defined, so that everyoneunderstands their responsibility. 5. energy efficiency advice for business customers 9LightingCheck lighting levelsYou may have more light than you need. Removing an unnecessary 100 Watt incandescent bulb could save about 20 a year.Turn off fluorescent lights when not neededA popular myth is that its not worth turning off fluorescent lights for short periods. This isnt true. Turning off a single65 Watt fluorescent fitting at break times could save around 4 per year.Turn off unnecessary lightsEach twin 58 Watt fluorescent fitting costs about 23 a year to run.Rewire lighting controls for small groups of lights, or even individual lightsBetter control over what light you use is energy efficient. Each twin 100 Watt fluorescent fitting costs about 44 a yearto run.Fit a time switch to control fixed hours of lightingEach 70 Watt lamp lit all night, when part night operation would do, costs about an extra 14 per year.Label light switchesOnly turning on lights that are needed will save money a fitting with 4 x 18 Watt lamps will cost about 17 a year to run.Fit daylight and/or occupancy sensors to lightsFor a group of 6 x 80 Watt fluorescent fittings, savings in the order of 51 per year could be achieved.Replace incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbsStandard incandescent lamps (bulbs) are inefficient 10% light and 90% heat. A 20 Watt low energy lamp in place of a 100 Wattincandescent lamp could save you around 16 a year.Use task lighting rather than light the whole areaA single 18 Watt task light instead of an overhead fluorescent light with 4 x 18 Watt tubes could save about 12 per yearSimple steps to saving energy enough to cover the cost of the task light.LightingReplace 38mm fluorescent tubes with 26mm tubesEvery business needs lighting in one form or another and uses a The need for artificial lighting can vary from hour toFor each 65 Watt lamp substituted with a 58 Watt lamp, savings of 3 per year will result more than the cost of the lamp.significant amount of energy simply so that people can see to movehour and day to day. This is because of atmospheric conditions, whichThis will usually work with lamps that have starters excluding 8ft fittings. If in doubt, try one first.around, operate machines, play sports, etc. Retail outlets need display are constantly changing and affecting the available natural daylightlighting so that their goods are correctly lit to make them visible and and because of the relative Fluorescent fittings have been around a long time but modern technology has improved the energy efficiency of the fittings significantlyappealing. Lighting is used everywhere and comes in a variety ofposition of the sun. Also many businesses have changing needs increasing the lamp life. At the same time, colour appearance has been improved and flickering eliminated. Some can even be dimmed.forms, some more energy efficient than others. Many will agree that throughout their work hours. To be more energy efficient withthe best lighting comes from natural daylight. However, natural light lighting, you need a system that produces the maximum amount ofisnt available in every situation nor is it available at a constant level, light for the input power and is flexible and responsive to changingso artificial light is here to stay.circumstances. The control system is therefore crucial. 6. energy efficiency advice for business customers 11Lighting continuedConsider whole life cost approach when buying lightingBy replacing twin 80 Watt fluorescent fittings with new twin 58 Watt high frequency fluorescent fittings, energy savingsin the order of 13 per fitting will result. Plus, youll have the benefit of lamps that last twice as long and operate flicker-free.Replace or remove flashing fluorescent tubesA 100 Watt fluorescent tube flashing every couple of seconds could waste 72 worth of energy in a year.Consider turning off external lightingRather than leaving lights on all night, fit motion sensors. For a typical 300 Watt tungsten halogen lamp, you could save up to 20 a year,which is about the cost of a fitting. Where lights are required to be lit all night, choose discharge lighting a 70 Watt high pressure sodiumlamp rather than a 300 Watt tungsten halogen lamp saves around 42 over the year.Consider: does external lighting need to be on all night?Why not opt for sensor activated security lights?Need to know more about lighting?The following organisations can all he