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    BUKU DIKTAT EVALUASI PEMBELAJARAN

    OLEH: DWI IVAYANA SARI, S.Pd

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    DAFTAR ISI

    BAB I. PENDAHULUAN .......................................................................................... 2

    1. Pengertian Pengukuran, Penilaian dan Evaluasi ................................................... 2 2. Mengapa Menilai? ................................................................................................ 2 3. Tujuan atau Fungsi Evaluasi (Penilaian) ............................................................... 3 4. Ciri Ciri Evaluasi (Penilaian) dalam Pendidikan ................................................ 4

    BAB II. SUBJEK DAN SASARAN EVALUASI ...................................................... 7

    1. Subjek Evaluasi .................................................................................................... 7 2. Objek Evaluasi ..................................................................................................... 7

    BAB III. PRINSIP DAN ALAT EVALUASI ........................................................... 9

    1. Prinsip Evauasi ..................................................................................................... 9 2. Alat Evaluasi ........................................................................................................ 10

    BAB IV. MASALAH TES ......................................................................................... 15

    1. Pengertian ............................................................................................................ 15 2. Persyaratan Tes .................................................................................................... 16 3. Ciri Ciri Tes yang Baik ...................................................................................... 16 BAB V. VALIDITAS .................................................................................................. 19

    1. Pengertian Validitas .............................................................................................. 19 2. Macam Macam Validitas ................................................................................... 19 3. Cara Mengetahui Validitas Alat Ukur ................................................................... 20 4. Validitas Butir Soal atau Validitas Item ................................................................ 21 5. Tes Terstandar Sebagai Kriterium dalam Menentukan Validitas ........................... 22 6. Validitas Faktor .................................................................................................... 22 BAB VI. RELIABILITAS .......................................................................................... 23

    1. Arti Reliabilitas bagi Sebuah Tes .......................................................................... 23 2. Cara Cara Mencari Besarnya Reliabilitas ........................................................... 25 3. Cara Mencari Reliabilitas Bentuk Uraian .............................................................. 27 BAB VII. TAKSONOMI ............................................................................................ 28

    1. Arti dan Letak Taksonomi dalam Pendidikan......................................................... 28

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    BAB VIII. TUJUAN INSTRUKSIONAL .................................................................. 32

    1. Bermascam Macam Tujuan Pendidikan ............................................................. 32 2. Tujuan Instruksional ............................................................................................. 32 3. Merumuskan Tujuan Instruksional ........................................................................ 32 4. Kata Kata Operasional ....................................................................................... 33

    BAB IX. TES STANDAR DAN TES BUATAN GURU ............................................ 36

    1. Pengertian Tes Terstandar ..................................................................................... 36 2. Tes Prestasi Terstandar ......................................................................................... 36 3. Perbandingan Antara Tes Standar dengan Tes Buatan Guru .................................. 37 4. Kegunaan Tes Standar .......................................................................................... 38 5. Kegunaan Tes Buatan Guru .................................................................................. 38 6. Kelengkapan Tes Standar ..................................................................................... 38

    BAB X. PENYUSUNAN TES .................................................................................... 40

    1. Fungsi Tes ............................................................................................................ 40 2. Komponen Komponen Tes ................................................................................ 41 3. Langkah Langkah dalam Penyusunan Tes .......................................................... 41

    BAB XI. TES TERTULIS UNTUK PRESTASI BELAJAR .................................... 45

    1. Pengertian Tes ...................................................................................................... 45 2. Bentuk Bentuk Tes ............................................................................................ 45 BAB XII. PENILAIAN RANAH AFEKTIF ............................................................. 60

    1. Pengertian Penilaian Ranah Afektif ....................................................................... 60 2. Tingkatan Ranah Afektif ...................................................................................... 60 3. Karakteristik Ranah Afektif .................................................................................. 62 4. Contoh Pengukuran Ranah Penilaian Afektif ........................................................ 65

    BAB XIII. PORTOFOLIO......................................................................................... 66

    1. Pengertian Portofolio ............................................................................................ 66 2. Manfaat Portofolio ................................................................................................ 66 3. Tiga Komponen Utama Portofolio ........................................................................ 67 4. Tipe Tipe Portofolio .......................................................................................... 67 5. Mempersiapkan dan Menilai Portofolio ................................................................ 68

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    BAB XIV. PENILAIAN KINERJA ........................................................................... 70

    1. Penilaian Kinerja Secara Umum ........................................................................... 70 2. Penilaian Kinerja Secara Khusus .......................................................................... 70 3. Metode dalam Penilaian Kinerja ........................................................................... 71 4. Kriteria dalam Membuat Tugas Kinerja ................................................................ 72 5. Tujuan dan Manfaat Penilaian Kinerja .................................................................. 73 6. Instrumen Penilaian Kinerja .................................................................................. 73

    BAB XV. PENILAIAN KINERJA ............................................................................ 74

    1. Pengertian Tabel Spesifikasi .................................................................................. 74 2. Fungsi Tabel Spesifikasi ....................................................................................... 74 3. Langkah Langkah Pembuatan ............................................................................ 74 4. Tindak Lanjut Sesudah Penyusunan Tabel Spesifikasi .......................................... 77

    BAB XVI. MENGANALISIS HASIL TES................................................................ 79

    1. Menilai Tes yang Dibuat Sendiri ........................................................................... 79 2. Analisis Butir Soal (Item Analysis) ....................................................................... 80

    BAB XVII. MENSKOR DAN MENILAI .................................................................. 86

    1. Menskor ............................................................................................................... 86 BAB XVIII. MENGOLAH NILAI ............................................................................ 97

    1. Beberapa Skala Penilaian ...................................................................................... 97 2. Distribusi Nilai ..................................................................................................... 98 3. Standar Nilai ........................................................................................................ 101

    BAB XIX. KEDUDUKAN SISWA DALAM KELOMPOK ..................................... 106

    1. Pengertian ............................................................................................................ 106 2. Cara Cara Menentukan Ranking atau Kedudukan Siswa .................................... 106

    BAB XX. MENCARI NILAI AKHIR ....................................................................... 108

    1. Fungsi Nilai Akhir ................................................................................................ 108