Asbestos : Country Profile BANGLADESH Dr. S M MorshedVice Chairperson, OSHEBangladesh Occupational Health, Safety and Environment Foundation (OHSE) www.oshebd.com
Presentation outlineDemographic and Socio Economic DateCurrent Regulation on the Different Forms of Asbestos Import of Asbestos in BangladeshAsbestos consumption Asbestos contained materials Domestic Production of Asbestos & Asbestos containing materialsEstimate workers exposed to asbestosIndustries exposure to asbestos and high risk of exposure Burden of Asbestos Related Diseases System for Inspection and exposure limitsMajor studies on epidemiology of asbestos related diseases
Bangladesh at a glance
Total Population153 millionLife Expectancy67 YearsPoverty Rate29.06 %Literacy Rate50.82%Total Labor Force 57 millionLabor in Industry 17.64%Per Capita Income923 US dollar
Current Regulation on the Different Forms of Asbestos By regulation Asbestos are not illegal or unauthorized in Bangladesh. Import Policy for 2009-2012 has no restriction on asbestos. there is no specific government circular prohibiting internal production of asbestos.Ministry of Commerce is responsible for controlling Asbestos in Bangladesh
Current Regulation on the Different Forms of Asbestos 1. Bangladesh Customs Tariff Code (BCTC) mentioned of asbestos as importable items 2. BCTC classifiably mentioned asbestos cement, fabricated asbestos of fibers, mixtures with a basis of asbestos, compressed asbestos fibers jointing, in sheets or rolls, friction materials containing asbestos.
Current Regulation on the Different Forms of Asbestos Labour Act -2006 of Bangladesh has declared 'Asbestosis' as a occupational disease. Govt. has imposed only 25% import tax on it. Asbestos traders are commonly alleged for hiding the information. Due to that exact volume of imported asbestos cannot be found.
Import of Asbestos in Bangladesh
Fiscal YearDurationTotal Import USDMonthly import USDRemarks2010-2011July 2010- January 201110,03,866143409Statistics Locally available but could not be verified from any alternate source2009-2010July 2009- June 201015,47,880128990Source: Import Department of Bangladesh2008Jan- DEC417240Source: United State Geographical Survey (USGS)2007Jan-Dec47018439182Statistics available in international documents2006Jan- Dec447876373232005Jan-Dec447876373232004Jan- Dec343200286002003Jan- Dec48048040040Source: Publicintegrity.org/asbestos consumption
Sources of Asbestos being imported in Bangladesh Australia, AustriaBulgaria, Canada China, CambodiaDenmark, FinlandFrench, GermanyHongkongIndia Source Bangladesh Bank
Types of asbestos & asbestos contained materials importedRaw AsbestosArticle of Asbestos Cement.Cellulose fibre-cement or the likeCorrugated SheetsAsbestos sheetsAsbestos PanelAsbestos TilesAsbestos TubesAsbestos PipesAsbestos Pipe FittingsFabricated asbestos fibers (thread, woven fabric, clothing, head-gear, footwear, gaskets).Clothing Footwear HeadgearPaperMill hoardAsbestos fiber jointing in sheet or rollFriction materials (sheets, rolls, stips, segments, disks, washers, pads for brakes or clutches)Brake linings or pads
Forms of AsbestosRaw asbestosMetallic formGaseous form Food-graded formPowder form
USE of ASBESTOSConstruction industry: insulation, sound absorption, strengthen cement. Car Manufacture: brake shoes clutch pads, gaskets.Shipbuilding: to insulate boilers, steam pipes, and hot water pipes. Everyday Exposure: heat mats, carpet, blankets etc.
Domestic production of asbestos containing materials
Asbestos is widely used in dying of clothes. The dying factories use liquid form of asbestos to ensure the color more brightness and longevity.
Estimate workers exposed to asbestos There is no specific survey findings on how many workers are exposed to asbestos in the country.
List of industries where exposure to asbestosa) Construction Industryb) Car manufacturing Industryc) Ship breaking Industryd) Shoe Making Industrye) Electronic Pen Production Industryf) Food Production Industryg) Shoe making Industryh) Paper production industry
Largest number of workers potentially exposed to asbestos
Construction IndustryCar Manufacturing Industry Ship breaking Industry
Ship Breaking Industries : High Risk of Exposure
Survey Findings Knowledge Level on Asbestos1 out of 17 ship breaking yard managers knows about Asbestos5% of the worker-supervisors are aware of Asbestos2% of the general workers heard the word ASBESTOS
RISK ANALYSIS : Workers Attitude towards ASBESTOS Workers show a reluctant attitude even when they hear about possible harmful affects of asbestos exposure as they never heard anybody suffering from any diseases due to this.
Burden of Asbestos Related Diseases National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM) under the Ministry of Health mentioned in the position paper that several serious conditions are indirectly caused by Asbestosis, such as Mesothelioma, heart disease and lung cancer. But NIPSOM did not mention any information on disability adjusted life years.
Incidence of diseases & compensationThere is no case of official acknowledgment as asbestos victimsDirectorate of Health Could not provide information on asbestos related diseasesThe Labour Act-2006 of GoB acknowledged asbestos related diseases as compensable.
Government Mechanism for Inspection and compensation The The Government mechanism is that Department of Inspection under the Ministry of Labour and Employment is responsible for enforcement even to ensure the compensation, where applicable in line with Labour Act
GAP Analysis 1. Inadequate Information on Asbestos 2. Lack of understanding at different levels 3. Lack of interest among Govt. agencies to explore asbestos related information 4. Lack of Media Role on asbestos as public health issue 5. Importers are not aware on health hazard of asbestos. 6. Lack of research on asbestos in public health domain 7. Lack of diagnosis and identification asbestos victim
a) Conducting basic research and compilation of information from secondary sources b) Sharing findings with stakeholdersPromoting the discussion and advocacy action on ban asbestos at different level Building social alliance with different stakeholders. Production & dissemination of campaign materials Awareness raising in ship breaking yard and construction sector.Ongoing campaign initiatives by OSHE
Extensive research /study on use and effects of asbestos in Bangladesh Strengthening collaborative actions ( Ban Asbestos Network, Bangladesh ) and Develop Campaign Strategy Production of IEC materials on asbestos issuesOrientation on Ban Asbestos for importers, GoV. officials and Media PersonsIntroduce special diagnosis facilities in public hospitals for workers dealing with asbestos Towards Future Campaign Program
*T H A N KY O US O M U C H