Text of American Romantic Period Also known as the American Renaissance
American Romantic Period Also known as the American Renaissance Slide 2 EXPANSION Slide 3 1800 - 1860 Whats going on in the world: 1803 Louisiana Purchase 1810 Mexico begins its war of independence from Spain 1812 British attempt to take back America in the War of 1812 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo 1820-1821 Missouri Compromise (free state/ slave state) 1830 Underground railroad begins 1837 Queen Victoria rules England 1845 United States annexes Texas (leads to war with Mexico in 1846) 1849 California gold rush 1854 Republican party formed (opposed extension of slavery) 1858 England takes over rule of India Slide 4 Louisiana Purchase From France 4 cents an acre (15 million dollars total) Doubled US Territory Slide 5 The Gold Rush Helped to develop the West Led to the building of railroads California and Alaska were major rushes Slide 6 REACTION TO RATIONALISM AND THE AGE OF REASON Romanticism Slide 7 NOT about love Values feeling and intuition over reason Romantics believed that imagination could discover truths that the rational mind could not Nature is very important Those who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night. -Edgar Allan Poe Slide 8 Characteristics of the American Romantic period Values feeling and intuition over reason Values the imagination over reality Civilization is bad Nature is good Educated sophistication is bad Youthful innocence is good Value the individual, NOT society Nature is the way to find God Progress is bad Most settings are in exotic locales or the supernatural Poetry is the highest expression of the imagination Lots of inspiration from myths and legends Slide 9 What genres of literature? Gets its basis in imagination? Has no use for facts, logic, and things that are actually possible? Deals with emotion and feeling? Fiction and poetry! Slide 10 The American Hero Young (or at least acts young) Innocent and pure Sense of honor higher than societys honor Has knowledge of people and life based on a deep understanding, not based on education Loves nature Quests for a higher truth Slide 11 The Hero First American Hero created by James Fennimore Cooper: Natty Bumppo (went by other names Hawkeye, Deerslayer, and Leatherstocking) Slide 12 The Fireside Poets Henry Wadsworth Longfellow John Greenleaf Whittier Oliver Wendell Holmes James Russell Lowell Slide 13 Fireside Poets People liked to read their works by the fireside at night For a very long time were known as the most popular poets ever Very un-Romantic in their style Slide 14 Romantics Subgroups: Extremists Transcendentalists Dark Romantics Slide 15 The Dark Romantics Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville Believed what the Romantics did, but felt that at the core of everyone was a dark, sinister being Has a lot of crazy or guilt-racked people in their stories Slide 16 Transcendentalists One must go beyond (transcend) the everyday human experience in order to determine the ultimate reality of God What is perceived by the senses is not necessarily true Believed in human perfectibility Ralph Waldo Emerson is best known Slide 17 The Over-Soul (by the Transcendentalists) God Nature Individual Slide 18 A Comparison RomanticsDark RomanticsTranscendentalists Individual is inherently good. Individual is inherently evil. Individual can achieve perfection. Nature should be respected/revered. Nature should be feared. We are connected to nature. God created nature.God has forsaken us to nature. God is within us. Society is hazardous to nature - progress destroys nature. Evil, evil, evil, groups of people!!!! Society restricts the individual. Let the tree grow!Fear the wrath of the tree! Become one with the tree!