October 2009All the Green Pieces of the HFC Puzzle David Kanter
Atmosphere 2009, BrusselsOctober 20, 2009
October 2009 Greenpeace & GreenFreeze
350 million units
40% of annual global fridge product-ion
All major European, Japanese and Chinese companies
October 2009New landscape
1989: Ozone Threat - 2009: Climate Danger Same actors, different hats: Chemical industry: HFCs & HFOs End users : some proactive players Natural refrigerant (NR) solutions available across all sectors New political momentum Pro-NR Regulations
October 2009New challenges
Key fronts:China, North America & EU reviewing regulationsDeveloping countries need to leapfrog HFCs
Business opportunities with NR: Potential to be global solution Cost savingsFinancial incentives
October 2009Greenpeace says:
Phase-out of all HFCs by 2020Close cooperation between the UNFCCC & Montreal Protocol (MP)
NO to new generation of HFCs (HFOs)YES to global commercialization of NR
MP and UNFCCC roles Multilateral Fund (MLF) must take key first step - presumption against HFCs MP should help control HFCs once UNFCCC sets a phase-out date. North American proposal (MP) Very weak. No action on HFCs until 2022.Mauritius & Micronesia proposal (MP) Still not ambitious enoughEU (UNFCCC) Closest to Greenpeace position BUT no specific roadmap
October 2009Industry HFOs pose unnecessary risksHFOs are only a short-term fix and delay NR deploymentNR are best available technology and long-term solution
New Greenpeace position paper - HFOs: the new generation of F-gases. Available at www.greenpeace.org/international/hfo-position-paper
October 2009Greenpeace will: Support regulatory reform and early moversConnect business, policy and market efforts to ease transition for OEMs and usersAdvocate pro-NR legislationPush for best outcomes in MP/UNFCCC forumsRaise awareness: Launch new report and video
October 2009NR industry should:
Work to promote natural refrigerants in political arena Continue to push Natural Voice petitionCall for and contribute to a new joint IPCC/TEAP on HFC-free alternativesShare information on positive experiences with NR within refrigeration industry, end-usersFocus on training, particularly in developing countries
October 2009Call to actionTime to act is now - industrialized and developing countries at a crossroadsDevelop NR forum - data, training & capacityIncrease presence of NR industry in political arena
Lets make natural refrigerants happen
October 2009More informationCool Technologies Report 2009: www.greenpeace.org/usa/assets/binaries/cool-technology-report-2009HFO position paper: www.greenpeace.org/international/hfo-position-paperBangkok position paper (UNFCCC): www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international/press/reports/hfc-s-a-growing-threat-to-the.pdfGreenpeace F-gas campaign website: www.greenpeace.org/f-gases
October 2009 Greenpeace International F-Gas Team:
Paula Tejon Carbajal [email protected] David Kanter - [email protected]
*Couldnt resist the word play. Title points to how Im going to go about this presentation. I will attempt to tie in most of the threads that the HFC issue is comprised of. I will give a brief overview of the technological, political and business developments to date in this area. Then give Greenpeaces stance on political and corporate issues of the day. Then what GP will be doing in the coming months to help bring natural refrigerants faster to market and what we expect of the natural refrigerant industry. Finally, a rousing call to action.*In 1986 Greenpeace start up one of its biggest and Most successful campaigns.Greenfreeze: In 1993 Greenpeace Germany succeeded in the development and commercialization of Greenfreeze, an ozone and climate friendly domestic refrigerator using cyclopentane in the insulation and isobutene as the refrigerant. Greenpeace launched the concept of Greenfreeze in 1992. We met two scientists who pointed out how to avoid HFC's altogether. We found an old fridge factory, appealed to our supporters to pre-order enough units to finance a refit, helped build the market and Greenfreeze was born.Greenfreeze is HCFC and HFC-free. Greenfreeze thus revolutionized the global domestic refrigeration market.
Change map to English. And production
Example of the global application of natural refrigerant technology - it can be done.
*HFC Climate challenge: To reduce and eliminate the growing problem of all HFC production and emissions, which have the potential to not only undermine the intent of the Kyoto Protocol but to also counteract the climate benefits achieved by the phase out of CFCs and HCFCs under the Montreal Protocol.
Check order of slide actions*I deleted last to bullet points: competitive advantages and level playing field for natural refrigerants - I think they are included in other bullet points.
Cost savings - energy efficiency, cost of refrigerants, manufacture less energy intensive (particularly vs. HFOs), economies of scaleFinancial incentives - HFC tax likely to spread*C02 (R744) in Supermarkets and MACHydrocarbons (R170, R290, R600a, R1270) in MAC, Domestic and Commercial refrigerationAmmonia (R717), water and air in Commercial and Industrial refrigeration.*No grace period for developing countries. MLF presumption against HFCs policy must be included in any proposal under the MP
However, no roadmap UNFCCC role should be more concrete and there should be a specific ambition level
*Maybe add link as last slide*Reform and early movers go hand in hand: companies can move ahead of regulation and influence it.****Report address