15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos

  • Published on
    30-May-2018

  • View
    213

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<ul><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 1/33</p><p>How to Take GREAT Photos!</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 2/33</p><p> 2</p><p>Disclaimer</p><p>DISCLAIMER: This information is provided "as is". The author, publishers and</p><p>Marketers of this information disclaim any loss or liability, either directly or</p><p>indirectly as a consequence of applying the information presented herein, or in regard</p><p>to the use and application of said information. No guarantee is given, either expressed</p><p>or implied, in regard to the merchantability, accuracy, or acceptability of the</p><p>information.</p><p>Copyright 2007 To Present, All Rights Reserved.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 3/33</p><p> 3</p><p>Table of Contents</p><p>Click on the Chapter Title to forward to a topic.</p><p>Do You Prefer Film or Digital? 4</p><p>What Can YOUR Camera Do? 6</p><p>What Are You Taking a Picture Of? 8</p><p>How Light Affects Your Picture 10</p><p>How to Determine Correct Exposure 12</p><p>How to Use the Aperture 14</p><p>How Shutter Speed Affects Your Photos 16</p><p>Tips for Taking Outside Photos 18</p><p>Tips for Taking Indoor Photos 20</p><p>Tips for Taking Portrait Shots 22</p><p>Tips for Taking Motion Shots 24</p><p>Tips for Taking Group Pictures 26</p><p>Tips for Taking Macro Pictures 28Tips for Taking Candid Photos of Children 30</p><p>Tips for Taking Stunning Landscape Shots 32</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 4/33</p><p> 4</p><p>Do You Prefer Film or Digital?</p><p>Most people have embraced digital photography with enthusiasm. The lower cost of</p><p>printing and storage is a big factor in the popularity of digital photography, especially</p><p>for amateurs. With digital photography you dont have to pay for the printing of a</p><p>snapshot that has turned out awful. You can view the shot as soon as youve taken it</p><p>and if its not up to scratch, delete it from the memory card with a simple click. If you</p><p>want to wait and look at it on your computer or on the printout machine in the store,</p><p>you can do that too.</p><p>The low cost of taking a photo means that you can practice more and hone your skills</p><p>without spending lots of money. The LCD window is there for checking the quality.</p><p>You can take lots of photos before your memory card is full too. No counting to thirty</p><p>or so photos and then having to change the film. What if you forgot to buy an extra</p><p>one? You can easily miss that great snapshot just because your camera ran out of film.</p><p>With a traditional film camera, you have to take the shot without knowing just how it</p><p>will turn out. You send the film away to be developed and have to wait a week to get</p><p>it back, depending on where you live. You have to pay for the whole film, no matter</p><p>whether youve cut Uncle Joes head off, or one of the kids decided to poke out their</p><p>tongue just as you clicked.</p><p>The storage capacity of your computer is almost unlimited. You dont have to have a</p><p>cupboard full of photo albums (or cardboard boxes full of old photos) that you never</p><p>get around to updating. It can all go on the computer, and then be copied to a CD-R to</p><p>back it up or take it with you. With a digital photo, you can crop out that strangers</p><p>head or the rusty drum you didnt notice. You can change the color from cold to warm</p><p>and do all sorts of other fancy stuff to improve that snapshot you want to keep but is</p><p>not perfect.</p><p>Another great thing about digital photography is the position. You can hold the</p><p>camera at almost any angle to take a shot. With a traditional camera, you might have</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 5/33</p><p> 5</p><p>to lie on the ground to get the right focus for some difficult shots. And what happens</p><p>if youve bought film suited for bright sun and it rains nearly all the time on your</p><p>holiday? Wasted film equals wasted money. You can get distant shots and close upshots, shots on dull days or bright sunny days without changing the film or the setting</p><p>if you use the auto feature.</p><p>Of course, this doesnt mean that there is now no use for the traditional film. Many</p><p>professional photographers need to keep using their expensive film cameras for the</p><p>types of shots they need to take. But technology will soon catch up to them, too.</p><p>Digital cameras dont last as long as traditional ones do, but they are a lot of fun for</p><p>the amateur.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 6/33</p><p> 6</p><p>What Can YOUR Camera Do?</p><p>Many of todays digital cameras are multi-function; they do many things that wereonce not even dreamed of with traditional cameras. Even the cheapest, most basic</p><p>digital camera can take both still pictures and moving ones, so if your kids are having</p><p>a great game of soccer you should be able to shoot that winning goal for posterity. If</p><p>you are not experienced with cameras, its important to find out just what your camera</p><p>can do.</p><p>When you go into a shop to buy a camera, make sure the salesman gives you a good</p><p>demonstration of all the features in it. They are trained in camera usage or should be- for this very purpose, and there is nothing like having an expert show you the ropes.</p><p>Even if you buy from a generic store, the person behind the counter usually knows</p><p>something about the products.</p><p>Many digital cameras can capture a video clip right to the capacity of your memory</p><p>card, while others only go for thirty seconds. Some capture the sound as well, while</p><p>others do not, so if you want sound be sure to pay attention to what you are buying.</p><p>Some allow voice recording and also playback, which is a good feature if you want to</p><p>record notes to go with your photographs. The camera will need to have a built in</p><p>microphone to play back recordings.</p><p>Some cameras can play MP3 or other audio files; they also have earphones, which are</p><p>great for music-lovers, but the quality of the photos is often poor. So if you are more</p><p>shutterbug than music-lover, watch out for this. You will be able to resize, crop or</p><p>copy images, or edit video clips before you download them to your computer with</p><p>some cameras.</p><p>Digital camera makers have copied cell-phone technology to give us alarm clocks and</p><p>international time display, a very handy feature if you go overseas for business or</p><p>holidays. Even if you want to ring an overseas friend, this feature will enable you to</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 7/33</p><p> 7</p><p>find out what time it is over there. Your friend may not appreciate being woken at</p><p>2am.</p><p>If you are not sure what features your new camera has, you could take it to a specialty</p><p>shop and ask. The salesman will no doubt hope to sell you a better one and he may</p><p>even succeed, but at least youll know what youve got. Some regions host short</p><p>courses for digital photography and it could be worthwhile to attend one of these.</p><p>Otherwise, youll be down to reading the book that came with it and experimenting on</p><p>your own. At least the photos wont cost you an arm and a leg!</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 8/33</p><p> 8</p><p>What Are You Taking a Picture Of?</p><p>No matter what you are taking a picture of, there are tips and hints to guide you intoimproving it. Most people take photographs of their families, friends, pets, gardens</p><p>and family celebrations. We like to record our lives for ourselves and for future</p><p>generations. The days in which we had just one photo of grandpa sitting on a chair</p><p>and grandma standing next to him both wearing the most solemn expression - have</p><p>gone, thank goodness! Lets get into color, light, and happy smiles. Lets catch granny</p><p>cuddling the kids and granddad with a blob of birthday cake on his chin! Lets leave a</p><p>legacy for our great-grandchildren to enjoy. But let it be the best kind of photo that we</p><p>can manage.</p><p>When taking photographs of animals or children, remember that they are a lot lower</p><p>than where you are holding the camera, so get down to their level, otherwise their</p><p>photo will look bigheaded. Kneeling to take a photo of a pet will bring its face into</p><p>focus more sharply. Of course kneeling in front of your pet may also make him take a</p><p>flying leap into your arms, but thats a risk a photographer has to take.</p><p>Youve seen those photographs of people sitting on something (the sofa, a rock, the</p><p>ground) and their legs look huge? They are the ones everybody screams at. So what is</p><p>the cause of this? Its because when you take the photograph, the legs are in front,</p><p>closer to the camera. You have unwittingly focused the camera on the legs instead of</p><p>the faces. You may not have had the camera high enough.</p><p>Watch that sun! When taking photographs outdoors, the sun will cast a nasty, dark</p><p>shady over a face. Use the flash, or stand the subject in the shade. If your subject is in</p><p>the sun, it often makes them squint their eyes because the light is too bright. But if</p><p>they wear a cap or hat, the shadow thrown by it will screen the face. Thats why its</p><p>necessary to use a flash.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 9/33</p><p> 9</p><p>When taking photographs of that gorgeous rose in the garden, come up close to it.</p><p>Digital cameras are wonderful for taking close-ups. You can be just a few inches</p><p>away. Use the macro feature to achieve a sharp, clear photograph of flowers. Foranimals that you cant get close enough to, use your zoom feature. Also lock the focus</p><p>by half depressing the button and re-focusing on the animal. This will save you</p><p>getting a sharp background and a blurry animal.</p><p>Take time to pose your subject. A group standing straight up and looking at the</p><p>camera is a bit boring. Get some fun into it. Maybe they can all wear pink sunnies and</p><p>sling their arms around each other. Perhaps they could group around an interesting</p><p>tree one or two could be up in the tree. Whatever picture you decide to take, workon it just that bit more to upgrade from ordinary to spectacular.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 10/33</p><p> 10</p><p>How Light Affects Your Picture</p><p>Light is one of the main components of taking a good photograph. As soon as thatbutton clicks, light filters into the camera and records the image. In this case, you</p><p>might think that the more light the better, and so place your subjects in full sun. This</p><p>does not always work as you can see by the washed-out color and squinting eyes or</p><p>shadows in the finished product. Many otherwise good photographs have been spoiled</p><p>by a dark shadow thrown across the face so it cannot be seen clearly at all. You would</p><p>think a hat will take care of the squinting, but it will also cast a shadow over the</p><p>subjects face, so it wont be very clear in the photograph. Sometimes a shadow is</p><p>thrown across the lower part of the face by the nose, totally spoiling the shot. So howdo we utilize available light for the best effects?</p><p>First, a dull day will give excellent quality photos. There are no shadows cast in</p><p>unexpected places and no squinting needed. But all days are not dull, so what can we</p><p>do to eliminate those shadows? One way is to pose your subject on the shady side of a</p><p>building or tree. Make sure their face is in total shade, but it is best if the shade is not</p><p>too dark. Bright or light shade is best.</p><p>Another trick is to use a flash. This will eliminate or reduce the shadows that fall</p><p>across the face. You may need to manually adjust your camera to achieve this. Those</p><p>cameras on automatic flash will not be likely to flash if the sun is beaming down.</p><p>Keeping your back to the sun will take the glare out of an exposure, but there is a</p><p>problem. If your back is to the sun, your subject will then have to face it and squint.</p><p>Thats why its important to keep a shady spot reserved for the face. But the back to</p><p>sun rule is good to remember when you are taking scenery.</p><p>Of course if you are shooting indoors, youll need the flash for sure. Usually the</p><p>automatic feature will see that it comes on when needed, but sometimes, extra lighting</p><p>will enhance your photographs. Good artificial light is usually enough, but if you are</p><p>taking special photos, another strong source of light might be useful to give a</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 11/33</p><p> 11</p><p>highlight effect. One thing to be aware of is sunlight coming through windows or</p><p>doors onto the subject. Get rid of it by closing the blind or door. Otherwise your flash</p><p>will come on and the result will be an over-exposure, leaving the subject lookingfaded or washed out.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 12/33</p><p> 12</p><p>How to Determine Correct Exposure</p><p>Exposure is a term that really means how much light has been let into thephotographic medium, whether it is film or a digital image sensor. Most cameras</p><p>have an automatic exposure feature so why bother worrying about it? Well, automatic</p><p>feature or not, your camera can get it wrong sometimes. If over-exposure is the</p><p>problem, the colors will be really light or even white, with no fine details showing. If</p><p>it has been under-exposed, it will be really dark. This usually happens when there are</p><p>elements in the picture that are radically different. These could be in distance, or in</p><p>light/shade. For instance, if you are taking a picture of a mountain on a clear sunny</p><p>day, the mountain could be fine, but that wonderful, blue sky a long way off shows upso white youd think it was covered in light cloud. What happened? In setting the</p><p>correct exposure for the mountain, the sky has been overexposed.</p><p>Or perhaps you are trying to capture the way sunbeams slant through the trees, but the</p><p>finished product is mostly shadows, or else the suns rays did not show up at all.</p><p>Thats because the automatic exposure feature focused on either trees or sunbeams to</p><p>the detriment of the other. The problem was that there were dark and bright elements</p><p>in the same photo. So in these cases, it might be necessary to adjust the exposure</p><p>yourself. This will consist of adjusting both shutter speed and lens aperture.</p><p>Exposure is not only to do with the amount of light on the photographic medium</p><p>though; it is also to do with the length of time it is exposed. Many unusual</p><p>photographs can be taken by using long exposure techniques. A faster film requires</p><p>less exposure, with the time controlled by the shutter speed. If the exposure is to be a</p><p>long one, then a smaller aperture is needed to reduce the amount of light. This is</p><p>called reciprocity.</p><p>If you intend to photograph something using a long exposure time, youll need a</p><p>tripod on which to rest the camera to prevent movement. Purists would declare that</p><p>there is no such thing as correct exposure since using different exposures may give</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 13/33</p><p> 13</p><p>many different and delightful effects of a single scene. But unless you are an expert, it</p><p>may be wise to allow the automatic function on your camera to set it for you.</p><p>For studio photography, a light meter is needed to ensure your photograph will be</p><p>properly exposed. The most accurate readings are called compensation reading. To do</p><p>this you take a reading from the darkest point then adjust it by two stops. This ensures</p><p>that there will be the proper detail.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 15471867 Photography How to Take Great Photos</p><p> 14/33</p><p> 14</p><p>How to Use the Aperture</p><p>The aperture on your came...</p></li></ul>