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*13-3 The Unit Circle Holt Algebra 2 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Lesson...*

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13-3 The Unit Circle Holt Algebra 2 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Slide 2 Warm Up Find the measure of the reference angle for each given angle. 1. 1202. 225 3. 1504. 315 Find the exact value of each trigonometric function. 5. sin 606. tan 45 7. cos 45 8. cos 60 6045 30 45 1 Slide 3 Convert angle measures between degrees and radians. Find the values of trigonometric functions on the unit circle. Objectives Slide 4 radian unit circle Vocabulary Slide 5 So far, you have measured angles in degrees. You can also measure angles in radians. A radian is a unit of angle measure based on arc length. Recall from geometry that an arc is an unbroken part of a circle. If a central angle in a circle of radius r, then the measure of is defined as 1 radian. Slide 6 The circumference of a circle of radius r is 2r. Therefore, an angle representing one complete clockwise rotation measures 2 radians. You can use the fact that 2 radians is equivalent to 360 to convert between radians and degrees. Slide 7 Slide 8 Example 1: Converting Between Degrees and Radians Convert each measure from degrees to radians or from radians to degrees. A. 60 B.. Slide 9 Angles measured in radians are often not labeled with the unit. If an angle measure does not have a degree symbol, you can usually assume that the angle is measured in radians. Reading Math Slide 10 Check It Out! Example 1 Convert each measure from degrees to radians or from radians to degrees. a. 80 b... 4 9 20 Slide 11 Check It Out! Example 1 Convert each measure from degrees to radians or from radians to degrees. c. 36 d. 4 radians.. 5 Slide 12 A unit circle is a circle with a radius of 1 unit. For every point P(x, y) on the unit circle, the value of r is 1. Therefore, for an angle in the standard position: Slide 13 So the coordinates of P can be written as (cos, sin). The diagram shows the equivalent degree and radian measure of special angles, as well as the corresponding x- and y-coordinates of points on the unit circle. Slide 14 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 15 Example 2A: Using the Unit Circle to Evaluate Trigonometric Functions Use the unit circle to find the exact value of each trigonometric function. cos 225 The angle passes through the point on the unit circle. cos 225 = x Use cos = x. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 16 tan Example 2B: Using the Unit Circle to Evaluate Trigonometric Functions Use the unit circle to find the exact value of each trigonometric function. The angle passes through the point on the unit circle. Use tan =. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 17 Check It Out! Example 1a Use the unit circle to find the exact value of each trigonometric function. sin 315 sin 315 = y Use sin = y. The angle passes through the point on the unit circle. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 18 Check It Out! Example 1b Use the unit circle to find the exact value of each trigonometric function. tan 180 The angle passes through the point ( 1, 0) on the unit circle. tan 180 = Use tan =. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 19 Check It Out! Example 1c Use the unit circle to find the exact value of each trigonometric function. The angle passes through the point on the unit circle. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 20 You can use reference angles and Quadrant I of the unit circle to determine the values of trigonometric functions. Trigonometric Functions and Reference Angles EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 21 The diagram shows how the signs of the trigonometric functions depend on the quadrant containing the terminal side of in standard position. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 22 Example 3: Using Reference Angles to Evaluate Trigonometric functions Use a reference angle to find the exact value of the sine, cosine, and tangent of 330. Step 1 Find the measure of the reference angle. The reference angle measures 30 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 23 Example 3 Continued Step 2 Find the sine, cosine, and tangent of the reference angle. Use sin = y. Use cos = x. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 24 Example 3 Continued Step 3 Adjust the signs, if needed. In Quadrant IV, sin is negative. In Quadrant IV, cos is positive. In Quadrant IV, tan is negative. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 25 Check It Out! Example 3a Use a reference angle to find the exact value of the sine, cosine, and tangent of 270. Step 1 Find the measure of the reference angle. The reference angle measures 90 270 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 26 Step 2 Find the sine, cosine, and tangent of the reference angle. Use sin = y. Use cos = x. Check It Out! Example 3a Continued 90 tan 90 = undef. sin 90 = 1 cos 90 = 0 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 27 Step 3 Adjust the signs, if needed. In Quadrant IV, sin is negative. Check It Out! Example 3a Continued sin 270 = 1 cos 270 = 0 tan 270 = undef. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 28 Check It Out! Example 3b Use a reference angle to find the exact value of the sine, cosine, and tangent of each angle. Step 1 Find the measure of the reference angle. The reference angle measures. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 29 Check It Out! Example 3b Continued Step 2 Find the sine, cosine, and tangent of the reference angle. Use sin = y. Use cos = x. 30 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 30 Step 3 Adjust the signs, if needed. In Quadrant IV, sin is negative. Check It Out! Example 3b Continued In Quadrant IV, cos is positive. In Quadrant IV, tan is negative. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 31 Check It Out! Example 3c Use a reference angle to find the exact value of the sine, cosine, and tangent of each angle. Step 1 Find the measure of the reference angle. The reference angle measures 30. 30 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 32 Check It Out! Example 3c Continued Step 2 Find the sine, cosine, and tangent of the reference angle. Use sin = y. Use cos = x. 30 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 33 Step 3 Adjust the signs, if needed. In Quadrant IV, sin is negative. Check It Out! Example 3c Continued In Quadrant IV, cos is positive. In Quadrant IV, tan is negative. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 34 If you know the measure of a central angle of a circle, you can determine the length s of the arc intercepted by the angle. EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 35 Slide 36 Example 4: Automobile Application A tire of a car makes 653 complete rotations in 1 min. The diameter of the tire is 0.65 m. To the nearest meter, how far does the car travel in 1 s? Step 1 Find the radius of the tire. Step 2 Find the angle through which the tire rotates in 1 second. The radius is of the diameter. Write a proportion. Slide 37 Example 4 Continued The tire rotates radians in 1 s and 653(2 ) radians in 60 s. Simplify. Divide both sides by 60. Cross multiply. Slide 38 Example 4 Continued Step 3 Find the length of the arc intercepted by radians. Use the arc length formula. Simplify by using a calculator. Substitute 0.325 for r and for The car travels about 22 meters in second. Slide 39 Check It Out! Example 4 An minute hand on Big Ben s Clock Tower in London is 14 ft long. To the nearest tenth of a foot, how far does the tip of the minute hand travel in 1 minute? Step 1 Find the radius of the clock. The radius is the actual length of the hour hand. Step 2 Find the angle through which the hour hand rotates in 1 minute. Write a proportion. r =14 Slide 40 The hand rotates radians in 1 m and 2 radians in 60 m. Simplify. Divide both sides by 60. Cross multiply. Check It Out! Example 4 Continued Slide 41 Step 3 Find the length of the arc intercepted by radians. Use the arc length formula. Simplify by using a calculator. The minute hand travels about 1.5 feet in one minute. Check It Out! Example 4 Continued Substitute 14 for r and for . s 1.5 feet Slide 42 Lesson Quiz: Part I Convert each measure from degrees to radians or from radians to degrees. 1. 100 2. 3. Use the unit circle to find the exact value of. 4. Use a reference angle to find the exact value of the sine, cosine, and tangent of 144 EQ: How can we use the Unit Circle to help us solve for exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent? Slide 43 Lesson Quiz: Part II 5. A carpenter is designing a curved piece of molding for the ceiling of a museum. The curve will be an arc of a circle with a radius of 3 m. The central angle will measure 120. To the nearest